49 Works

SoilGrids250m 2.0 - Volumetric Water Content at 1500kPa

Laura Poggio, Maria Eliza Turek, Niels H. Batjes, Gerard B.M. Heuvelink & Luis De Sousa
Volumetric Water Content at 1500kPa in 10-3 cm3cm-2 at 6 standard depths. Predictions were derived using a digital soil mapping approach based on Quantile Random Forest, drawing on a global compilation of soil profile data and environmental layers.

Eighty-four per cent of all Amazonian arboreal plant individuals are useful to humans

Sara D. Coelho, Carolina Levis, Fabrício B. Baccaro, Fernando O. G. Figueiredo, André Pinassi Antunes, Hans Ter Steege, Marielos Peña-Claros, Juliana Schietti & Charles R. Clement
Plants have been used in Amazonian forests for millennia and some of these plants are disproportionally abundant (hyperdominant). At local scales, people generally use the most abundant plants, which may be abundant as the result of management of indigenous peoples and local communities. However, it is unknown whether plant use is also associated with abundance at larger scales. We used the population sizes of 4,454 arboreal species (trees and palms) estimated from 1946 forest plots...

Microsatellite data from various African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) populations throughout Africa

Pim Van Hooft, Wayne Getz, Ben Greyling, Rasmus Heller, Knut Røed & Armanda Bastos
1280 African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) samples genotyped with up to 19 microsatellites. 1275 samples are from East (12 populations) and southern Africa (4 populations). 5 samples are from central Africa (2 populations).

Disentangling temporal food web dynamics facilitates understanding of ecosystem functioning

Susanne Kortsch, Romain Frelat, Laurene Pecuchet, Pierre Olivier, Ivars Putnis, Erik Bonsdorff, Henn Ojaveer, Iveta Jurgensone, Solvita Strāķe, Gunta Rubene, Ēriks Krūze & Marie C. Nordström
Studying how food web structure and function varies through time represents an opportunity to better comprehend and anticipate ecosystem changes. Yet, temporal studies of highly resolved food web structure are scarce. With few exceptions, most temporal food web studies are either too simplified, preventing a detailed assessment of structural properties, or binary, missing the temporal dynamics of energy fluxes among species. Using long-term, multi-trophic biomass data coupled with highly resolved information on species feeding relationships,...

Data from: Chicken gut microbiome members limit the spread of an antimicrobial resistance plasmid in Escherichia coli

Sarah Duxbury, Jesse Alderliesten, Mark Zwart, Arjan Stegeman, Egil Fischer & Arjan De Visser
Plasmid-mediated antimicrobial resistance is a major contributor to the spread of resistance genes within bacterial communities. Successful plasmid spread depends upon a balance between plasmid fitness effects on the host and rates of horizontal transmission. While these key parameters are readily quantified in vitro, the influence of interactions with other microbiome members is largely unknown. Here, we investigated the influence of three genera of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) derived from the chicken gastrointestinal microbiome on...

Hydraulic prediction of drought-induced plant dieback and top-kill depends on leaf habit and growth form

Ya-Jun Chen, Brendan Choat, Frank Sterck, Phisamai Maenpuen, Masatoshi Katabuchi, Shu-Bin Zhang, Kyle Tomlinson, Rafael Oliveira, Yong-Jiang Zhang, Kun-Fang Cao & Steven Jansen
Hydraulic failure caused by severe drought contributes to aboveground dieback and whole-plant death. The extent to which dieback or whole-plant death can be predicted by plant hydraulic traits has rarely been tested among species with different leaf habits and/or growth forms. We investigated 19 hydraulic traits in 40 woody species in a tropical savanna and their potential correlations with drought response during an extreme drought event during the El Niño–Southern Oscillation in 2015. Plant hydraulic...

Fast life-histories are associated with larger brain size in killifishes

Will Sowersby, Simon Eckerström-Liedholm, Alexander Kotrschal, Joacim Näslund, Piotr Rowiński, Alejandro Gonzalez-Voyer & Björn Rogell
The high energetic demands associated with the vertebrate brain are proposed to result in a trade-off between the pace of life-history and relative brain size. However, because both life-history and brain size also have a strong relationship with body size, any associations between the pace of life-history and relative brain size may be confounded by coevolution with body size. Studies on systems where contrasts in the pace of life-history occur without concordant contrasts in body...

Attractiveness of sown wildflower strips to flower-visiting insects depends on seed mixture and establishment success

Jeroen Scheper, Tibor Bukovinszky, Martinus E. Huigens & David Kleijn
Establishing wildflower strips has been suggested as an effective measure to promote pollination services, pest control or general insect biodiversity, but little is known about the integration of these different objectives when selecting flower seed mixtures. In ten agricultural landscapes in the Netherlands, we established a wildflower strip (0.4 – 4.9 ha) with half of each strip sown with a mixture targeting longer-tongued pollinators and the other half sown with a mixture targeting shorter-tongued pollinators...

Nonlinear responses of ecosystem carbon fluxes to nitrogen deposition in an old-growth boreal forest

Aijun Xing, Enzai Du, Haihua Shen, Longchao Xu, Wim De Vries, Mengying Zhao, Xiuyuan Liu & Jingyun Fang
Nitrogen (N) deposition is known to increase carbon (C) sequestration in N-limited boreal forests. However, the long-term effects of N deposition on ecosystem carbon fluxes have been rarely investigated in old-growth boreal forests. Here we show that decade-long experimental N additions significantly stimulated net primary production (NPP) but the effect decreased with increasing N loads. The effect on soil heterotrophic respiration (Rh) shifted from a stimulation at low-level N additions to an inhibition at higher...

Dead wood diversity promotes fungal diversity

Shanshan Yang
Dead wood is a source of life as it provides habitat and substrate for a wide range of fungal species. A growing number of studies show an important role of wood quality for fungal diversity, but in most cases for a limited number of wood traits or tree species. In this study, we evaluate how abiotic and biotic factors affect the fungal diversity and composition during dead wood decomposition. For 10 common European tree species,...

Why forest fails to recover after repeated wildfires in Amazonian floodplains? Experimental evidence on tree recruitment limitation

Bernardo Flores & Milena Holmgren
Amazonian floodplain forests are particularly vulnerable to wildfires that spread during extreme droughts, causing large scale forest dieback. After a second wildfire, these forests persist trapped with low tree cover and empty seed banks, yet the mechanisms that could explain this arrested succession remain unknown. Here we use a four-year field experiment to test whether tree recruitment failures in burnt floodplain forests are caused by environmental filtering, limiting early seedling emergence and establishment. We sowed...

Functional biogeography of Neotropical moist forests: trait-climate relationships and assembly patterns of tree communities

Bruno Pinho, Marcelo Tabarelli, Cajo Ter Braak, S. J. Wright, Victor Arroyo-Rodriguez, Maíra Benchimol, Bettina Engelbrecht, Simon Pierce, Peter Hietz, Bráulio Santos, Carlos Peres, Sandra Müller, Ian Wright, Frans Bongers, Madelon Lohbeck, Ülo Niinemets, Martijn Slot, Steven Jansen, Davi Jamelli, Renato Augusto Ferreira De Lima, Nathan Swenson, Richard Condit, Jos Barlow, Ferry Slik, Manuel Hernández-Ruedas … & Felipe Melo
Aim: Here we examine the functional profile of regional tree species pools across the latitudinal distribution of Neotropical moist forests, and test trait-climate relationships among local communities. We expected opportunistic strategies (acquisitive traits, small seeds) to be overrepresented in species pools further from the equator due to long-term instability, but also in terms of abundance in local communities in currently wetter, warmer and more seasonal climates. Location: Neotropics. Time period: Recent. Major taxa studied: Trees....

ddRAD of Hawaiian Ariamnes spiders

Ellie Armstrong, Benoît Perez-Lamarque, Ke Bi, Leontine Becking, Jun Lim, Tyler Linderoth, Rosemary Gillespie & Henrik Krehenwinkel
The diversification of a host organism can be influenced by both the external environment and its assemblage of microbes. Here, we use a young lineage of spiders, coupled with a chronologically arranged series of volcanic mountains, to determine the evolutionary history of a host and its associated microbial communities, altogether forming the “holobiont”. Using the stick spider Ariamnes waikula (Araneae, Theridiidae) on the island of Hawaiʻi, and outgroup taxa on older islands, we tested whether...

Plant traits of grass and legume species for flood resilience and N2O mitigation

Natalie J. Oram, Yan Sun, Diego Abalos, Jan-Willem Van Groenigen, & Gerlinde De Deyn
Flooding threatens the functioning of managed grasslands by decreasing primary productivity and increasing nitrogen losses, notably as the potent greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O). Sowing species with traits that promote flood resilience and mitigate flood-induced N2O emissions within these grasslands could safeguard their productivity while mitigating nitrogen losses. We tested how plant traits and resource acquisition strategies could predict flood resilience and N2O emissions of 12 common grassland species (eight grasses and four legumes) grown...

Adaptive population structure shifts in invasive parasitic mites, Varroa destructor

Arrigo Moro, Tjeerd Blacquière, Bjorn Dahle, Vincent Dietemann, Yves Le Conte, Locke Barbara, Peter Neumann & Alexis Beaurepaire
Comparative studies of genetic diversity and population structure can shed light on the ecological and evolutionary factors governing host–parasite interactions. Even though invasive parasites are considered of major biological importance, little is known about their adaptive potential when infesting the new hosts. Here, the genetic diversification of Varroa destructor, a novel parasite of Apis mellifera originating from Asia, was investigated using population genetics to determine how the genetic structure of the parasite changed in distinct...

Inconsistent effects of agricultural practices on soil fungal communities across twelve European long‐term experiments

S. Emilia Hannula, D. P. Di Lonardo, B. T. Christensen, F.V. Crotty, A. Elsen, P.J. Erp, E.M. Hansen, G. H. Rubæk, M. Tits, Z. Toth & A. J. Termorshuizen
Cropping practices have a great potential to improve soil quality through changes in soil biota. Yet the effects of these soil improving cropping systems on soil fungal communities are not well known. Here, we analysed soil fungal communities using standardized measurements in 12 long‐term experiments and 20 agricultural treatments across Europe. We were interested in whether the same practices (i.e. tillage, fertilization, organic amendments and cover crops) applied across different sites have predictable and repeatable...

Genome and transcriptome analysis of the beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua reveals targets for pest control

Sabrina Simon, Thijmen Breeschoten, M. Eric Schranz, Vera I.D. Ros, Hans J. Jansen & Ron P. Dirks
The genus Spodoptera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) includes some of the most infamous insect pests of cultivated plants including Spodoptera frugiperda, Spodoptera litura and Spodoptera exigua. To effectively develop targeted pest control strategies for diverse Spodoptera species, genomic resources are highly desired. To this aim, we provide the genome assembly and developmental transcriptome comprising all major life stages of S. exigua, the beet armyworm. Spodoptera exigua is a polyphagous herbivore that can feed from > 130 host...

Data from: Ecological requirements drive the variable responses of wheat pests and natural enemies to the landscape context

Ezequiel Gonzalez, Felix J.J.A. Bianchi, Philipp Eckerter, Verena Pfaff, Sarah Weiler & Martin H. Entling
1. Semi-natural habitats (SNH) are considered essential for pest suppressive landscapes, but their influence on crop pests and natural enemies can be highly variable. Instead of SNH per se, the availability of resources, such as pollen and nectar, may be more relevant for supporting pest control. 2. Here, we assessed the spatio-temporal variation of multiple insect pests (cereal leaf beetles and aphids) and natural enemies (predators and aphid parasitoids) in wheat fields and their responses...

Zebra finch song and distance call amplitude measurements: A transmission experiment and observational transects in the natural environment

Hugo Loning, Simon C. Griffith & Marc Naguib
Birdsong is typically seen as a long-range signal functioning in mate attraction and territory defense. Among birds, the zebra finch is the prime model organism in bioacoustics, yet almost exclusively studied in the lab. In the wild, however, zebra finch song differs strikingly from songbirds commonly studied in the wild as zebra finch males sing most after mating and in the absence of territoriality. Using data from the wild, we here provide an ecological context...

Responses of tropical tree seedlings in the forest-savanna boundary to combined effects of grass competition and fire

Hamza Issifu, Philippine Vergeer, George K. D. Ametsitsi, Jelle Klijn, Paolo Sartorelli, Millicent Tanson, Hypolite Bayor, Vincent Logah, Frank Van Langevelde, Elmar Veenendaal, Hamza Issifu, Philippine Vergeer, George K. D. Ametsitsi, Jelle Klijn, Paolo Sartorelli, Millicent Tanson, Hypolite Bayor, Vincent Logah, Frank Van Langevelde, Elmar Veenendaal., Hamza Issifu, Philippine Vergeer, George K. D. Ametsitsi, Jelle Klijn, Paolo Sartorelli … & Elmar Veenendaal.
Co-occurring tree functional types (TFTs) within forest-savanna transitions may differ in seedling responses to grass competition and fire in savannas. We performed a common garden experiment in the Guinea savanna of Ghana to test hypotheses related to competition effects on growth, allocation to root storage reserves and subsequent survival responses to dry season fire for savanna-transitional TFT (i.e., species occurring both in forest and savanna) and forest TFT. The experiment included factorial combinations of TFT,...

Microplastics in Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) spraints and their potential as a biomonitoring tool in freshwater systems

James D. O'Connor, Heather T. Lally, Anne-Marie Mahon, Ian O'Connor, Róisín Nash, John J. O'Sullivan, Michael Bruen, Linda Heerey, Albert A. Koelmans, Ferdia Marnell & Sinéad Murphy
The ubiquitous nature of microplastics in aquatic ecosystems may have serious implications for aquatic biota. While microplastic research in freshwater ecosystems is increasing, very few studies have assessed the physical presence of microplastics among top predators. The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra), a top predator of aquatic ecosystems, is one of the most widely distributed otter species and has a broad habitat niche. The opportunistic collection of otter spraints (i.e. feces) presents a valuable opportunity to...

The effect of body size on co-occurrence patterns within an African carnivore guild

Sander Vissia
Intraguild interactions among mammalian carnivores are important in shaping carnivore guild composition. Competing species may inhabit different areas and/or being active during different times to reduce the risk of aggressive interactions, but the role of body size in intraguild interactions within carnivore guilds remains largely unknown. We determined spatial and temporal co-occurrence of small, medium-sized and large carnivores of the carnivore guild in central Tuli, Botswana: lion Panthera leo, leopard Panthera pardus, spotted hyena Crocuta...

Intra-specific variation in plant associated herbivore communities is phylogenetically structured in Brassicaceae

Daan Mertens, Klaas Bouwmeester & Erik Poelman
As a result of co-evolution between plants and herbivores, related plants often interact with similar herbivore communities. Variation in plant-herbivore interactions is determined by variation in underlying functional traits and by ecological and stochastic processes. Hence, typically only a subset of possible interactions is realized on individual plants. We show that insect herbivore communities assembling on individual plants are structured by plant phylogeny among twelve species in two phylogenetic lineages of Brassicaceae. This community sorting...

Lianas have more acquisitive traits than trees in a dry but not in a wet forest

José Medina-Vega, Frans Bongers, Lourens Poorter, Stefan Schnitzer & Frank Sterck
Lianas are increasing in relative abundance and biomass in many tropical forests. We tested the hypothesis that lianas conform to the fast and acquisitive end of the continuum of plant strategies, allowing lianas to acquire resources faster than trees. We assessed functional traits representative of the leaf (LES) and wood economics spectrum (WES), including plant hydraulics, in 16 liana and 16 tree species in the canopy of two tropical forests at the extremes of the...

The Enterprise, a massive transposon carrying Spok meiotic drive genes

Sandra Lorena Ament-Velásquez, Aaron A. Vogan, Eric Bastiaans, Ola Wallerman, Sven J. Saupe, Alexander Suh & Hanna Johannesson
The genomes of eukaryotes are full of parasitic sequences known as transposable elements (TEs). Most TEs studied to date are relatively small (50 – 12000 bp), but can contribute to very large proportions of genomes. Here we report the discovery of a putative giant tyrosine-recombinase-mobilized DNA transposon, Enterprise, from the model fungus Podospora anserina. Previously, we described a large genomic feature called the Spok block which is notable due to the presence of meiotic drive...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    49

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    49

Affiliations

  • Wageningen University & Research
    49
  • National Autonomous University of Mexico
    4
  • Aarhus University
    3
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
    3
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
    2
  • University of Groningen
    2
  • University of California, Berkeley
    2
  • Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie
    2
  • Netherlands Institute of Ecology
    2
  • Macquarie University
    2