28 Works

Context-dependent dispersal determines relatedness and genetic structure in a patchy amphibian population

Bianca Unglaub, Hugo Cayuela, Benedikt R. Schmidt, Kathleen Preißler, Julian Glos & Sebastian Steinfartz
Dispersal is a central process in ecology and evolution with far reaching consequences for the dynamics and genetics of spatially structured populations (SSPs). Individuals can adjust their decisions to disperse according to local fitness prospects, resulting in context-dependent dispersal. By determining dispersal rate, distance, and direction, these individual-level decisions further modulate the demography, relatedness, and genetic structure of SSPs. Here, we examined how context-dependent dispersal influences the dynamics and genetics of a Great Crested Newt...

Do ecological specialization and functional traits explain the abundance–frequency relationship? Arable weeds as a case study

Guillaume Fried, Laura Armengot, Jonathan Storkey, Bérenger Bourgeois, Sabrina Gaba, Cyrille Violle & François Munoz
Aim: The abundance-frequency relationship (AFR) is among the most-investigated pattern in biogeography, yet the relative contributions of niche-based processes related to ecological strategies, and of neutral processes related to spatial colonization-extinction dynamics, remains uncertain. Here, we tested the influences of ecological specialization and functional traits on local abundance and regional frequency, to determine the contribution of niche-based processes. Location: France and the UK. Taxon: Vascular plants. Methods: We used two arable weed surveys covering 1544...

Sensitivity analysis of the maximum entropy production method to model evaporation in boreal and temperate forests

Audrey Maheu, Pierre-Erik Isabelle, Laure Viens, Daniel F. Nadeau, François Anctil & Jingfeng Wang
The maximum entropy production (MEP) approach has been little used to simulate evaporation in forests and its sensitivity to input variables has yet to be systematically evaluated. This study addresses these shortcomings. First, we show that the MEP model performed well in simulating evaporation during the snow-free period at six sites in temperate and boreal forests (0.68 ≤ NSE ≤ 0.82). Second, we computed a sensitivity coefficient S representing the proportion of change in the...

Linking genetic, morphological, and behavioural divergence between inland island and mainland deer mice

Joshua Miller, Dany Garant, Charles Perrier, Tristan Juette, Joël Jameson, Denis Réale, Eric Normandeau & Louis Bernatchez
The island syndrome hypothesis (ISH) stipulates that, as a result of local selection pressures and restricted gene flow, individuals from island populations should differ from individuals within mainland populations. Specifically, island populations are predicted to contain individuals that are larger, less aggressive, more sociable, and that invest more in their offspring. To date, tests of the ISH have mainly compared oceanic islands to continental sites, and rarely smaller spatial scales such as inland watersheds. Here,...

Dataset for: Effects of chloride and nutrients on freshwater plankton communities

Danielle Greco, Shelley Arnott, Isabelle Fournier & Brandon Schamp
Increasing chloride concentrations threaten freshwater zooplankton. We questioned the protectiveness of the Canadian Water Quality Guideline for chloride because it is based on individual species studied under laboratory conditions and does not account for potential interactive factors, such as nutrient concentration. We exposed plankton communities to thirty chloride concentration increments for six weeks, crossed with either ambient or high nutrient treatments. Total zooplankton abundance, biomass, and richness declined with increasing chloride, with losses observed below...

Variable strength of predator-mediated effects on species occurrence in an arctic terrestrial vertebrate community

Éliane Duchesne, Jean-François Lamarre, Gilles Gauthier, Dominique Berteaux, Dominique Gravel & Joël Bêty
Indirect effects resulting from species sharing the same enemy can shape spatio-temporal variations in species occurrence. The strength of such effects remains poorly known in natural communities composed of species from different trophic levels interacting in heterogeneous landscapes. Benefiting from a well-known arctic vertebrate community and marked spatio-temporal variations in the density of key prey species, we examined the effects of direct predator-prey and indirect predator-mediated effects on species occurrence in the landscape. We found...

Data from: Interspecific hybrids show a reduced adaptive potential under DNA damaging conditions

Carla Bautista, Souhir Marsit & Christian R. Landry
The data is framed in a context of experimental evolution. Popular Summary: Hybridization between species can be a dead end or a stimulus for adaptation and speciation. This stimulus could be fueled, among other things, by the intrinsic elevated rate of evolution of hybrid genomes. Whether this serves as an advantage for hybrids when faced with extreme stress is largely unknown. Here we tested this by evolving yeast species and their hybrids in UV mimetic...

Données sur les hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques dans les sédiments de l'estuaire et du golfe du Saint-Laurent (est du Canada)

Anne Corminboeuf
The St. Lawrence Estuarine System is a major seaway connecting eastern Canada with the Atlantic Ocean. Approximately 4000 vessels travel along this seaway every year that contribute, in addition to industrial activities, to anthropogenic stress in regard to many pollutants, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this study, the concentrations of 23 PAHs (16 parent PAHs and 7 alkyl-PAHs), total organic carbon (TOC) as well as grain-size distributions were determined in 45 surface sediment and...

The predator activity landscape predicts the anti‐predator behavior and distribution of prey in a tundra community

Jeanne Clermont, Alexis Grenier-Potvin, Éliane Duchesne, Charline Couchoux, Frédéric Dulude-De Broin, Andréanne Beardsell, Joël Bêty & Dominique Berteaux
Predation shapes communities through consumptive and non-consumptive effects. In the latter case, prey respond to perceived predation risk through proactive or reactive risk management strategies occurring at different spatial and temporal scales. The predator-prey space race and landscape of fear concepts are useful to better understand how predation risk affects prey behavioral decisions and distribution. We assessed predation-risk effects in a terrestrial Arctic community, where the arctic fox is the main predator of ground-nesting birds....

Shedding light on the threespine stickleback circadian clock

Marie-Pier Brochu & Nadia Aubin-Horth
The circadian clock is an internal timekeeping system shared by most organisms, and knowledge about its functional importance and evolution in natural environments is still needed. Here, we investigated the circadian clock of wild-caught threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) at the behavioural and molecular levels. While their behaviour, ecology, and evolution are well studied, information on their circadian rhythms are scarce. We quantified the daily locomotor activity rhythm under a light-dark cycle (LD) and under constant...

Copy Number variants in Mallotus villosus

Hugo Cayuela & Louis Bernatchez
Taking advantage of recent developments allowing CNV analysis from RAD-seq data (10.1111/mec.15565), we investigated how variation in fitness-related traits, local environmental conditions and demographic history are associated with CNVs, and how subsequent copy number variation drives population genetic structure in a marine fish, the capelin (Mallotus villosus). We collected 1536 DNA samples from 35 sampling sites in the north Atlantic Ocean and identified 6620 putative CNVs. Raw sequencing data for GBS libraries have been published...

Data from: Growth and reproduction trade-offs can estimate previous reproductive history in alpine ungulates

Benjamin Larue, Sandra Hamel, Steeve D. Côté, Fanie Pelletier & Marco Festa-Bianchet
1. Life-history theory predicts energy allocation trade-offs between traits when resources are limited. If females reduce allocation to growth when they reproduce, annual growth could reveal past reproductive effort, which would be useful to assess population dynamics and harvest sustainability. The potential and accuracy of growth measures for predicting reproductive success have rarely been evaluated with individuals with known reproductive history. 2. We used long-term monitoring of annual growth and reproduction of marked female bighorn...

Early social deprivation shapes neuronal programming of the social decision-making network in a cooperatively breeding fish

Diogo Antunes, Magda Teles, Matthew Zuellig, Caitlin Friesen, Rui Oliveira, Nadia Aubin-Horth & Barbara Taborsky
The early social environment an animal experiences may have pervasive effects on its behaviour. The Social Decision-Making network (SDMN), consisting of interconnected brain nuclei from the forebrain and midbrain, is involved in the regulation of behaviours during social interactions. In species with advanced sociality such as cooperative breeders, offspring are exposed to a large number and a great diversity of social interactions every day of their early life, which may have life-long consequences on the...

Patterns and determinants of lichen abundance and diversity across a subarctic to arctic latitudinal gradient

Catherine Chagnon, Martin Simard & Stéphane Boudreau
Macrolichen abundance at the species level in 42 sites across a subarctic (56°N) to arctic (62°N) latitudinal gradient in Nunavik (Québec, Canada). Data was collected in the dominant vegetation types of six regions sampled along this gradient.

Data from an experimental study to determine the impact of snow hardness on lemming locomotion

Mathilde Poirier, Dominique Fauteux, Gilles Gauthier, Florent Dominé & Jean-François Lamarre
Lemmings are an essential link of the Arctic food web as they are the main prey of many predators inhabiting these regions. These small rodents exhibiting cyclic fluctuation of their population can stay active throughout the winter and must dig a network of tunnels in the snow to reach vegetation on which they are feeding. Therefore, snow hardness where they dig has the potential to affect their effort while digging as well as their performance....

Temporal changes in the potential geographic distribution of Histiotus velatus (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae), the “decade effect\"

Liriann Chrisley Da Silva, Rafaela Almeida, Pablo Henrique Da Silva, Monik Oprea, Poliana Mendes, Daniel Brito & Thiago Vieira
Also investigate how the potential distribution of this species changes with the addition of new records over the decades (decade effect). Assuming that (1: hypothesis of the effect of the decade) the addition of new occurrence records over time increases the potential size of the species distribution; and (2: Wallacean distance hypothesis) over the years, the new points added are increasingly distant from the research centers. Considering the geographic knowledge gap of Histiotu velatus, our...

Mesophyll conductance to CO2 in relation to drought in hybrid poplar

Lahcen Benomar
The study examines the physiological response of two hybrid poplar clones to two soil moisture: control (80% field capacity) and drought (40 % field capacity). Four weeks after treatments, we measured the photosynthetic CO2 response curve and estimated mesophyll conductance, Vcmax and Jmax. Amax, gse, gm et Vcmax decreased under drought. The ratio gm to gs increased under drought conditions.

Effects of population density on static allometry between horn length and body mass in mountain ungulates

Christophe Pelabon, Marco Festa-Bianchet, Steeve Côté, Carole Toigo, Mathieu Garel & Anne Loison
Little is known about the effects of environmental variation on allometric relationships of condition-dependent traits, especially in wild populations. We estimated sex-specific static allometry between horn length and body mass in four populations of mountain ungulates that experienced periods of contrasting density over the course of the study. These species displayed contrasting sexual dimorphism in horn size; high dimorphism in Capra ibex and Ovis canadensis and low dimorphism in Rupicapra rupicapra and Oreamnos americanus. The...

Data for the detection of the boreal chorus frog (Pseudacris maculata) using environmental DNA and call surveys at 180 ponds sampled in 2017-2018 in southeastern Québec, Canada

Marc J. Mazerolle, Marie-Pier Dubois-Gagnon, Louis Bernatchez, Marc Bélisle & Yohann Dubois
The boreal chorus frog (Pseudacris maculata) is at risk of extinction in parts of its range in Canada. Our objectives were to quantify the influence of local and landscape characteristics on the occurrence of the species in wetlands in southern Québec. We hypothesized that site occupancy depends on local characteristics and landscape characteristics contributing to site connectivity. We developed an environmental DNA (eDNA) method to detect the species and compared the detection probability of this...

eDNA metabarcoding as a means to assess distribution of subterranean fish communities: Iranian blind cave fishes as a case study

Iraj Hashemzadeh Segherloo, Seyedeh Narjes Tabatabaei, Eisa Abdolahi-Mousavi, Cecilia Hernandez, Eric Normandeau, Martin Laporte, Brian Boyle, Mohsen Amiri, Nabiallah GhaedRahmati, Eric Hallerman & Louis Bernatchez
One of the most important steps in conservation of the subterranean life forms is to decipher their distribution and ecology, which is challenging using traditional approaches. Development of an environmental DNA (eDNA) assay provides an efficient means for discovering and monitoring subterranean life forms. In this study, the distribution of three Iranian blind cave fish species (blind Iran cave barb Garra typhlops, blind Lorestan cave barb Garra lorestanensis, and blind cave loach Eidinemacheilus smithi) was...

Raw data of eDNA quantities from an experimental study testing temperature, water masses, and fish species

Isabeau Caza-Allard, Martin Laporte, Guillaume Côté, Julien April & Louis Bernatchez
Environmental DNA (eDNA) is a very promising approach to facilitate and improve the aquatic species monitoring, which is crucial for their management and conservation. In comparison with the plethora of monitoring studies in the fields, relatively few studies have focused on experimentally investigating the “ecology” of eDNA, in particular pertaining to processes influencing the detection of eDNA. The paucity of knowledge about its ecology hampers the use of eDNA analysis to its full potential. In...

Insect-mediated apparent competition between mammals in a boreal food web

Guillemette Labadie, Philip D. McLoughlin, Mark Hebblewhite & Daniel Fortin
Datasets generated and analyzed within the study area located in the Côte-Nord region of Québec, Canada. "DataFinal_Vegetation.csv" was used to evaluate the availability of deciduous vegetation (column Cover_Deciduous) in stands impacted by the spruce budworm (SBW, severity index values presented in column SBW_SevCum) outbreak and test our prediction that the reduction in canopy cover caused by SBW in coniferous stands would result in greater deciduous vegetation. We determined the percentage cover of deciduous vegetation for...

DNA microarray of long-lived neutrophils versus control

Patrice Poubelle
The concept of plasticity of neutrophils is highlighted by studies showing their ability to transdifferentiate into antigen-presenting cells. In this regard, transdifferentiated neutrophils were found at inflammatory sites of autoimmune arthritis (AIA). Exposure of neutrophils to inflammatory stimuli prolongs their survival, thereby favoring the acquisition of pathophysiologically relevant phenotypes and functions. By using microarrays, qRT-PCR, and ELISAs, we showed that long-lived (LL) neutrophils obtained after 48 h of culture in the presence of GM-CSF, TNF,...

Terrestrial lichen data for Northwest Territories, Canada

Jennifer Baltzer, Geneviève Degré-Timmons, Nicola Day, Steve Cumming, Merritt Turetsky & Jill Johnstone
Increased fire activity due to climate change may impact the successional dynamics of boreal forests, with important consequences for caribou habitat. Early successional forests have been shown to support lower quantities of caribou forage lichens, but geographic variation in, and controls on, the rates of lichen recovery have been largely unexplored. In this study, we sampled across a broad region in northwestern Canada to compare lichen biomass accumulation in ecoprovinces, including the Saskatchewan Boreal Shield,...

Dataset for \"Theoretical analysis of backscattering in hollow-core antiresonant fibers\"

Eric Numkam Fokoua, Vincent Michaud-Belleau, Jérôme Genest, Radan Slavik & Francesco Poletti
Dataset for "Theoretical analysis of backscattering in hollow-core antiresonant fibers" in APL Photonics

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Université Laval
  • Université de Sherbrooke
  • Université du Québec à Rimouski
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
  • Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
  • University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • Grenoble Alpes University
  • University of Quebec at Montreal
  • Universidade Federal de Goiás
  • MacEwan University