57 Works

Santiaguito Volcano 2014-2018 explosion catalogue

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Seismic waveforms from an explosion catalogue from a seismic network at Santiaguito volcano between November 2014 and December 2018. A network of 6 broadband and 6 short-period stations was used to record explosive volcanic activity. Waveforms from 18,895 explosions have been automatically been detected and extracted.

Carbon and nitrogen flux, meteorological, management and soil data from a grazed, cut and fertilised temperate grassland in south east Scotland

S.K. Jones, C. Helfter, M. Anderson, M. Coyle, C. Campbell, D. Famulari, C. Di Marco, N. Van Dijk, Y.S. Tang, C.F.E. Topp, R. Kiese, R. Kindler, J. Siemens, M. Schrumpf, K. Kaiser, E. Nemitz, P.E. Levy, R.M. Rees, M.A. Sutton & U.M. Skiba
This dataset contains measured daily values of precipitation, air and soil temperature, soil water content, measured net ecosystem exchange (NEE) fluxes using eddy covariance, calculated gross primary production (GPP), terrestrial ecosystem respiration (TER) and net biome production (NBP) fluxes using an online tool (http://www.bgc-jena.mpg.de/~MDIwork/eddyproc/upload.php), measured fluxes of methane and nitrous oxide using static chambers and measured fluxes of nitrous oxide using eddy covariance, measured fluxes of nitrogen oxides (NOx) using automatic chambers, measured nitrogen and...

Data from: Measuring β‐diversity by remote sensing: a challenge for biodiversity monitoring

Duccio Rocchini, Sandra Luque, Nathalie Pettorelli, Lucy Bastin, Daniel Doktor, Nicolò Faedi, Hannes Feilhauer, Jean-Baptiste Féret, Giles M. Foody, Yoni Gavish, Sergio Godinho, William E. Kunin, Angela Lausch, Pedro J. Leitao, Matteo Marcantonio, Markus Neteler, Carlo Ricotta, Sebastian Schmidtlein, Petteri Vihervaara, Martin Wegmann & Harini Nagendra
Biodiversity includes multiscalar and multitemporal structures and processes, with different levels of functional organization, from genetic to ecosystemic levels. One of the mostly used methods to infer bio- diversity is based on taxonomic approaches and community ecology theories. However, gathering extensive data in the field is difficult due to logistic problems, especially when aiming at modelling biodiversity changes in space and time, which assumes statistically sound sampling schemes. In this context, airborne or satellite remote...

Data from: Coupled land use and ecological models reveal emergence and feedbacks in socio‐ecological systems

Nicholas W. Synes, Calum Brown, Stephen C. F. Palmer, Greta Bocedi, Patrick E. Osborne, Kevin Watts, Janet Franklin & Justin M. J. Travis
Understanding the dynamics of socio‐ecological systems is crucial to the development of environmentally sustainable practices. Models of social or ecological sub‐systems have greatly enhanced such understanding, but at the risk of obscuring important feedbacks and emergent effects. Integrated modelling approaches have the potential to address this shortcoming by explicitly representing linked socio‐ecological dynamics. We developed a socio‐ecological system model by coupling an existing agent‐based model of land‐use dynamics and an individual‐based model of demography and...

DEEP-TEE Phase 2

The seismological experiment in and around the East Eifel Volcanic Field ( Germany) DEEP-TEE was continued in 2017. Following two unusually deep micro-earthquakes in September 2013 (about 40 km depth) a seismic network was installed to record more local seismic events in order to better understand the seismicity and dynamics of this region in phase I of this experiment. Phase II of DEEP-TEE experiment was motivated due the recordings of several deep low-frequency (DLF) events...

Au uniaxial compression in x-direction 10 % engineering strain

Wolfram G. Nöhring, Adam R. Hinkle & Lars Pastewka
This surface is the result of a Molecular Dynamics simulation of uni-axial compression of single crystal Au. The initial configuration was an Au cube with side length 100 nm. The x- and y-directions of the simulation cell were parallel to the [-110] and [-1-12] directions of the crystal, respectively. The z-direction was parallel to the [111] crystal direction. The x- and y-directions were periodic, but the z-direction was free, hence the crystal had free surfaces...

Oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (OPAH) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations in soils with soil properties: A global data set

Wolfgang Wilcke, Moritz Bigalke, Chong Wei, Yongming Han & Benjamin Musa Bandowe
The hazardous oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OPAHs) originate from combustion (primary sources) or post-emission conversion of PAHs (secondary sources). We evaluated the global distribution of up to 15 OPAHs in 195 mineral topsoils from 33 study sites (covering 52°N-47°S, 71°W-118°E), to identify indications of primary or secondary sources of OPAHs. The sums of the (frequently measured 7 and 15) OPAH concentrations correlated with those of the S16EPA-PAHs. The relationship of the S16EPA-PAHs concentrations with the...

Determination of Binding Constants of Hydrogen-Bonded Complexes by ITC, NMR CIS, and NMR Diffusion Experiments

Christiane Dethlefs, Jens Eckelmann, Hauke Kobarg, Thomas Weyrich, Stefan Brammer, Christian Näther & Ulrich Lüning
Abstract The host–guest complex formation between barbital and various acylaminopyridyl isophthalamides (Hamilton receptors) has been determined quantitatively. The syntheses of nine isophthalamide...

Highly Sensitive Fluorescence Response to Inclusion Complex Formation of Berberine Alkaloid with Cucurbit[7]uril

Mónika Megyesi, László Biczók & István Jablonkai
The effect of inclusion complex formation on the fluorescence properties of berberine, a clinically important natural alkaloid, was studied using cucurbit[7]uril as macrocyclic host compound. The formation of a very stable 1:1 inclusion complex led to about 500-fold fluorescence intensity enhancement, which facilitated the detection of berberine even below nanomolar concentration. Addition of NaCl caused a significant change in the association constant and the fluorescence characteristics of the complex, whereas the variation of the anion...

TCCON data from Izana (ES), Release GGG2020.R0

O. E. García, M. Schneider, B. Herkommer, J. Gross, F. Hase, T. Blumenstock & E. Sepúlveda
The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This is the GGG2020 data release of observations from the TCCON station at Izana, Tenerife, Spain

TCCON data from Karlsruhe (DE), Release GGG2020.R0

F. Hase, B. Herkommer, J. Groß, T. Blumenstock, M.ä. Kiel & S. Dohe
The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This is the GGG2020 data release of observations from the TCCON station at Karlsruhe, Germany

High Resolution Imaging of the Pedernales Earthquake Rupture zone

Understanding the physical processes that control the behavior of subduction zone megathrust faults remains one of the outstanding challenges in Earth sciences. These faults generate the largest earthquakes and giant tsunami (e.g. Mw 9.5 Chile 1960, Mw 9.2 Alaska 1964, Sumatra 2004 Mw 9.1, Mw 9.0 Tohoku 2011). Furthermore, deformation along megathrust faults is ultimately responsible for mountain building processes which generate the longest and tallest mountain ranges on Earth and therefore shaping Earth surface...

Inter-Wind

The goal of Inter-Wind is to investigate and predict the induced seismic signals of wind turbines at different locations in Southern Germany. The experiments involve various sensor types and data loggers.

Data from: Evolution of flexible biting in hyperdiverse parasitoid wasps

Thomas Van De Kamp, István Mikó, Arnold H. Staniczek, Benjamin Eggs, Daria Bajerlein, Tomáš Faragó, Lea Hagelstein, Elias Hamann, Rebecca Spiecker, Tilo Baumbach, Petr Janšta & Lars Krogmann
One key event in insect evolution was the development of mandibles with two joints, which allowed powerful biting, but restricted their movement to a single degree of freedom. These mandibles define the Dicondylia, which constitute over 99 percent of all extant insect species. It was common doctrine that the dicondylic articulation of chewing mandibles remained unaltered for more than 400 million years. We report highly modified mandibles overcoming the restrictions of a single degree of...

Data from: Population biology of establishment in New Zealand hedgehogs inferred from genetic and historical data: conflict or compromise?

Barbora Bolfikova, Adam Konečný, Miriam Pfäffle, Jasmin Skuballa & Pavel Hulva
The crucial steps in biological invasions, related to the shaping of genetic architecture and the current evolution of adaptations to a novel environment, usually occur in small populations during the phases of introduction and establishment. However, these processes are difficult to track in nature due to invasion lag, large geographic and temporal scales compared with human observation capabilities, the frequent depletion of genetic variance, admixture and other phenomena. In this study, we compared genetic and...

Au biaxial compression 30% engineering strain

Wolfram G. Nöhring, Adam R. Hinkle & Lars Pastewka
This surface is the result of a Molecular Dynamics simulation of bi-axial compression of single crystal Au. The initial configuration was an Au cube with side length 100 nm. The x- and y-directions of the simulation cell were parallel to the [-110] and [-1-12] directions of the crystal, respectively. The z-direction was parallel to the [111] crystal direction. The x- and y-directions were periodic, but the z-direction was free, hence the crystal had free surfaces...

Au biaxial compression 10% engineering strain

Wolfram G. Nöhring, Adam R. Hinkle & Lars Pastewka
This surface is the result of a Molecular Dynamics simulation of bi-axial compression of single crystal Au. The initial configuration was an Au cube with side length 100 nm. The x- and y-directions of the simulation cell were parallel to the [-110] and [-1-12] directions of the crystal, respectively. The z-direction was parallel to the [111] crystal direction. The x- and y-directions were periodic, but the z-direction was free, hence the crystal had free surfaces...

Rational design and implementation of a cucurbit[8]uril-based indicator-displacement assay for application in blood serum

Stephan Sinn, Eduard Spuling, Stefan Braese & Frank Biedermann
In this study, we report the first supramolecular indicator displacement assay (IDA) based on cucurbit[n]uril (CBn) host and a [2.2]paracyclophane derivative as indicator that is operational in blood serum.

Electrostatic interactions contribute to the control of intramolecular thiol–disulfide isomerization in a protein

Tomáš Kubař, Denis Maag, Marina Putzu, Claudia L. Goméz-Flores, Frauke Gräter & Marcus Elstner
The role of structural factors and of electrostatic interactions with the environment on the outcome of thiol–disulfide exchange reactions were investigated in a mutated immunoglobulin domain (I27*) under mechanical stress. An extensive ensemble of molecular dynamics trajectories was generated by means of QM/MM simulations for a total sampling of 5.7 μs. A significant number of thiol–disulfide exchanges were observed, and the Cys32 thiolate preferred to attack Cys55 over Cys24, in agreement with previous experimental and...

Mikroseismisches Kandel Elztal Experiment

The aim of the microseismic Kandel-Elztal experiment (MiKaEl-Ex) is to continuously record the micro-earthquakes with a highly sensitive measuring network. From this measurement data, the micro-earthquake signals will then be identified from the background noise using innovative methods based on artificial intelligence. Then the arrival time of the earthquakes waves are used to calculate the exact location of their sources in the interior of the earth. In this way, potential active faults are found and...

Data from: Molecular dynamics investigation of gluazo, a photo-switchable ligand for the glutamate receptor GluK2

Yanan Guo, Tino Wolter, Tomáš Kubař, Martin Sumser, Dirk Trauner & Marcus Elstner
Photochromic ligands (PCLs), defined as photoswitchable molecules that are able to endow native receptors with a sensitivity towards light, have become a promising photopharmacological tool for various applications in biology. In general, PCLs consist of a ligand of the target receptor covalently linked to an azobenzene, which can be reversibly switched between two configurations upon light illumination. Gluazo, as a PCL that targets excitatory amino acid receptors, in its dark-adapted trans iso-form was characterized to...

Data from: Differing impacts of two major plant invaders on urban plant-dwelling spiders (Araneae) during flowering season

Tobias Bauer, Daria Bäte, Fabian Kempfer & Jens Schirmel
The dataset contains spider (Araneae) specimen numbers collected from flowering invasive American goldenrod (Solidago canadensis/gigantea) and invasive Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) stands occuring naturally in urban areas of the city of Karlsruhe, Germany. Corresponding plots with native ruderalized vegetation in direct vicinity of each invaded plot were used as a comparison plot, resulting in a fully paired design for each plant invader study. An additional column represents potential non-araneae prey items collected together with the...

Data from: EPA-ng: massively parallel evolutionary placement of genetic sequences

Pierre Barbera, Alexey M. Kozlov, Lucas Czech, Benoit Morel, Diego Darriba, Tomas Flouri & Alexandros Stamatakis
Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies have led to a ubiquity of molecular sequence data. This data avalanche is particularly challenging in metagenetics, which focuses on taxonomic identification of sequences obtained from diverse microbial environments. Phylogenetic placement methods determine how these sequences fit into anevolutionary context. Previous implementations of phylogenetic placement algorithms, such as the Evolutionary Placement Algorithm (EPA) included in RAxML, or pplacer, are being increasingly used for this purpose. However, due to the steady...

Data from: A taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic perspective on the community assembly of passerine birds along an elevational gradient in southwest China

Xuelian He, Kang Luo, Calum Brown & Luxiang Lin
Integrating multiple-facets of biodiversity to describe spatial and temporal distribution patterns is one way of revealing the mechanisms driving community assembly. We assessed the species, functional and phylogenetic composition and structure of passerine bird communities along an elevational gradient both in wintering and breeding seasons in the Ailao Mountains, southwest China, in order to identify the dominant ecological processes structuring the communities and how these processes change with elevation and season. Our research confirms that...

Data from: New records of very high nitrous oxide fluxes from rice cannot be generalized for water management and climate impacts

Reiner Wassmann, Bjoern Ole Sander, Sudhir Yadav, Bas Bouman, Grant Singleton, Alexander Stuart, Jonathan Hellin, David Johnson, Jacqueline Hughes, Klaus Butterbach-Bahl, Ralf Kiese, David Kraus, Baldur Janz, Bruce Linquist, Yam Kanta Gaihre, Ngonidzashe Chirinda & Eva Wollenberg
This supplement aims to substantiate and expand our comments made in the Letter to the Editor. This format as a separate document was necessary due to the complexity of the issues raised in our comments vis-à-vis the word limit of PNAS Letters (500 words). The text elaborates on individual concerns raised in the letter and also adds new aspects on the research quality that have not yet been discussed in the letter. Moreover, the supplement...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    21
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    15
  • 2020
    5
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    2
  • 2018
    6
  • 2017
    3
  • 2016
    1
  • 2015
    2
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    1
  • 2013
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Resource Types

  • Dataset
    57

Affiliations

  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
    35
  • Material, Physical and Chemical Sciences Center, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87123, USA
    14
  • Cluster of Excellence livMatS, Freiburg Center for Interactive Materials and Bioinspired Technologies, University of Freiburg, Georges-Köhler-Allee 105, 79110 Freiburg, Germany
    14
  • Department of Microsystems Engineering, University of Freiburg, Georges-Köhler-Allee 103, 79110 Freiburg, Germany
    14
  • Institute for Applied Materials, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
    13
  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT GPI Germany)
    5
  • Institute of Nanotechnology
    4
  • Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies
    2
  • University of Koblenz and Landau
    2
  • Charles University
    2