7 Works

Data from: Sex-specific differences in the response of prey to predation risk

Sarah Donelan & Geoffrey Trussell
The nonconsumptive effects of predation risk can strongly affect prey behavior and fitness with emergent effects on community structure and ecosystem functioning. Prey may respond differently to predation risk based on key traits such as sex, but the influence of sex-specific variation is typically explored in species with strong sexual dimorphism. However, sex-specific responses to predation risk may arise even in prey species lacking sexual dimorphisms based on differences in the relative cost of reproduction....

Data from: Biogeography of ocean acidification: differential field performance of transplanted mussels to upwelling-driven variation in carbonate chemistry

Bruce Menge, Francis Chan, Jeremy Rose, Eric Sanford, Peter Raimondi, Carol Blanchette & Tarik Gouhier
Ocean acidification (OA) represents a serious challenge to marine ecosystems. Laboratory studies addressing OA indicate broadly negative effects for marine organisms, particularly those relying on calcification processes. Growing evidence also suggests OA combined with other environmental stressors may be even more deleterious. Scaling these laboratory studies to ecological performance in the field, where environmental heterogeneity may mediate responses, is a critical next step toward understanding OA impacts on natural communities. We leveraged an upwelling-driven pH...

PERMANOVA results from Principal component analysis of avian hind limb and foot morphometrics and the relationship between ecology and phylogeny

Amanda Falk, James Lamsdell & Enpu Gong
Principal component analysis has been used to test for similarities in ecology and life habit between modern and fossil birds, however, the two main portions of the hindlimb—the foot and the long bone elements—have not been examined separately. We examine the potential links between morphology, ecology, and phylogeny through a synthesis of phylogenetic paleoecological methods and morphospace analysis. Both hindlimb morphologies and species’ ecologies exhibit extreme phylogenetic clumping, although these patterns are at least partially...

Transcriptomics Reveal Specific Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Transgenerational Immunity in Manduca sexta

Charles Roesel, Rebeca Rosengaus, Wendy Smith & Steven Vollmer
The traditional view of innate immunity in insects is that every exposure to a pathogen triggers an identical and appropriate immune response, and that prior exposures to pathogens do not confer any protective (i.e. adaptive) effect against subsequent exposure to the same pathogen. This view has been challenged by experiments demonstrating that encounters with sub-lethal doses of a pathogen can prime the insect’s immune system and thus, have protective effects against future lethal doses. Immune...

Coastal Habitat Restoration Survey

A. Randall Hughes, Peter Edwards, Jonathan H. Grabowski, Steven Scyphers & Susan L. Williams
Online expert elicitation survey of the membership of Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation (CERF) and International Coral Reef Society (ICRS). This dataset includes responses to a series of questions exploring scientist and practitioner experience restoring particular coastal habitats (coral reefs, oyster reefs, mangroves, salt marsh, and seagrasses), as well as perceptions of the purpose of restoration, site selection practices, the types of metrics used to evaluate restoration success, and the potential challenges to successful restoration.

Altered corticolimbic connectivity reveals sex-specific adolescent outcomes in a rat model of early life adversity

Heather Brenhouse, Jennifer Honeycutt, Camila Demaestri, Shayna Peterzell, Marisa Silveri, Xuezhu Cai, Praveen Kulkarni, Craig F Ferris, Jennifer A Honeycutt, Miles G Cunningham & Heather C Brenhouse
Exposure to early-life adversity (ELA) increases the risk for psychopathologies associated with amygdala-prefrontal cortex (PFC) circuits. While sex differences in vulnerability have been identified with a clear need for individualized intervention strategies, the neurobiological substrates of ELA-attributable differences remain unknown due to a paucity of translational investigations taking both development and sex into account. Male and female rats exposed to maternal separation ELA were analyzed with anterograde tracing from basolateral amygdala (BLA) to PFC to...

Influence of density and salinity on larval development of salt-adapted and salt-naïve frog populations

Molly Albecker
Environmental change and habitat fragmentation will affect population densities for many species. For those species that have locally adapted to persist in changed or stressful habitats, it is uncertain how density dependence will affect adaptive responses. Anurans (frogs and toads) are typically freshwater organisms, but some coastal populations of green treefrogs (Hyla cinerea) have adapted to brackish, coastal wetlands. Tadpoles from coastal populations metamorphose sooner and demonstrate faster growth rates than inland populations when reared...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    7

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    7

Affiliations

  • Northeastern University
    7
  • Northeastern University
    2
  • University of California, Davis
    2
  • North Park University
    1
  • Oregon State University
    1
  • Centre College
    1
  • West Virginia University
    1
  • McLean Hospital
    1
  • University of California, Santa Barbara
    1
  • Pew Charitable Trusts
    1