Data from: Conservation genetics of the pond bat (Myotis dasycneme) with special focus on the populations in northwestern Germany and Jutland, DenmarkLiselotte Wesley Andersen, Ronja Dirksen, Elena A. Nikulina, Hans J. Baagøe, Gunars Petersons, Péter Estók, Oleg L. Orlov, Maria V. Orlova, Florian Gloza-Rausch, Matthias Göttsche, Esben Fjederholt, Frauke Krüger & Morten Elmeros
Conservation genetics is important in the management of endangered species, helping to understand their connectivity and long-term viability, thus identifying populations of importance for conservation. The pond bat (Myotis dasycneme) is a rare species classified as ‘Near threatened’ with a wide but patchy Palearctic distribution. A total of 277 samples representing populations in Denmark, Germany, Latvia, Hungary and Russia were used in the genetic analyses; 224 samples representing Denmark, Germany and Russia were analysed at...
Light has been demonstrated to enhance calcification rates in hermatypic coral species. To date, it remains unresolved whether calcifying epithelia change their ion transport activity during illumination, and whether such a process is mediated by the endosymbiotic algae or can be controlled by the coral host itself. Using a modified Ussing chamber in combination with H+ sensitive microelectrode measurements, the present work demonstrates that light triggers the generation of a skeleton positive potential of up...
Data from: The interplay of landscape composition and configuration: new pathways to manage functional biodiversity and agro-ecosystem services across EuropeEmily A. Martin, Matteo Dainese, Yann Clough, András Báldi, Riccardo Bommarco, Vesna Gagic, Michael Garratt, Andrea Holzschuh, David Kleijn, Anikó Kovács-Hostyánszki, Lorenzo Marini, Simon G. Potts, Henrik G. Smith, Diab Al Hassan, Matthias Albrecht, Georg K. S. Andersson, Josep Asis, Stephanie Aviron, Mario Balzan, Laura Baños-Picón, Ignasi Bartomeus, Peter Batary, Françoise Burel, Berta Caballero-López, Elena D. Concepcion … & Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter
Managing agricultural landscapes to support biodiversity and ecosystem services is a key aim of a sustainable agriculture. However, how the spatial arrangement of crop fields and other habitats in landscapes impacts arthropods and their functions is poorly known. Synthesising data from 49 studies (1515 landscapes) across Europe, we examined effects of landscape composition (% habitats) and configuration (edge density) on arthropods in fields and their margins, pest control, pollination and yields. Configuration effects interacted with...
Data from: Resilin in the flight apparatus of Odonata (Insecta) – cap tendons and their biomechanical importance for the flightFabian Bäumler & Sebastian Büsse
In Odonata, a direct flight mechanism with specialised tendons evolved. One particular adaptation, the implementation of the rubber-like protein resilin in these cap tendons might be of major importance. Although, resilin was firstly described in one tendon of Odonata, no comprehensive study about the presence of resilin in the thorax exists yet. We investigated various species of Odonata, using µCT, dissection and fluorescence microscopy. Here we show a complete mapping of the odonatan pterothorax, regarding...
Data from: Stiffness gradients facilitate ovipositor bending and spatial probing control in a parasitic waspUroš Cerkvenik, Johan L. Van Leeuwen, Alexander Kovalev, Stanislav N. Gorb, Yoko Matsumura & Sander W. S. Gussekloo
Many parasitic wasps use slender and steerable ovipositors to lay eggs in hosts hidden in substrates, but it is currently unknown how steering is achieved. The ovipositors generally consist of three longitudinally connected elements, one dorsal and two ventral valves that can slide along each other. For the parasitic wasp Diachasmimorpha longicaudata, it has been shown that protraction of the ventral valves causes incurving of the ventral valves towards the dorsal one, which results in...
Marine species tend to have extensive distributions, which are commonly attributed to the dispersal potential provided by planktonic larvae and the rarity of absolute barriers to dispersal in the ocean. Under this paradigm, the occurrence of marine microendemism without geographic isolation in species with planktonic larvae poses a dilemma. The recently described Maya hamlet (Hypoplectrus maya, Serranidae) is exactly such a case, being endemic to a 50-km segment of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System (MBRS)....
Data from: Exotic plant species are locally adapted but not to high UV‐B radiation: a reciprocal multi‐species experimentMaria Hock, Rainer W. Hofmann, Caroline Müller & Alexandra Erfmeier
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation intensities differ among global regions, with significantly higher levels in the southern hemisphere. UV-B may act as an environmental filter during plant invasions, which might particularly apply to plant species from Europe introduced to New Zealand. Just like for any other abiotic or biotic filter, successful invaders can cope with novel environmental conditions via plastic responses and/or through rapid adaptation by natural selection in the exotic range. We conducted a multi-species experiment...
GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel2
University of Padua1
Estación Biológica de Doñana1
University of Würzburg1
École Nationale Supérieure des Sciences Agronomiques de Bordeaux-Aquitaine1
Philipp University of Marburg1