Data from: Pleistocene niche stability and lineage diversification in the subtropical spider Araneus omnicolor (Araneidae)Elen A. Peres, Thadeu Sobral-Souza, Manolo F. Perez, Isabel A. S. Bonatelli, Daniel P. Silva, Marcio J. Silva & Vera N. Solferini
The influence of Quaternary climate oscillations on the diversification of the South American fauna is being increasingly explored. However, most of these studies have focused on taxa that are endemic to tropical environments, and relatively few have treated organisms restricted to subtropical biomes. Here we used an integrative phylogeographical framework to investigate the effects of these climate events on the ecological niche and genetic patterns of the subtropical orb-weaver spider Araneus omnicolor (Araneidae). We analyzed...
The recent publication of a time-tree for the plant family Solanaceae (nightshades) provides the opportunity to use independent calibrations to test divergence times previously inferred for the diverse Neotropical butterfly tribe Ithomiini. Ithomiini includes clades that are obligate herbivores of Solanaceae, with some genera feeding on only one genus. We used 8 calibrations extracted from the plant tree in a new relaxed molecular-clock analysis to produce an alternative temporal framework for the diversification of ithomiines....
Data from: Relationship among medical student resilience, educational environment and quality of lifePatricia Tempski, Itamar S. Santos, Fernanda B. Mayer, Sylvia C. Enns, Bruno Perotta, Helena B. M. S. Paro, Silmar Gannam, Munique Peleias, Vera Lucia Garcia, Sergio Baldassin, Katia B. Guimaraes, Nilson R. Silva, Emirene M. T. Navarro Da Cruz, Luis F. Tofoli, Paulo S. P. Silveira & Milton A. Martins
Context: Resilience is a capacity to face and overcome adversities, with personal transformation and growth. In medical education, it is critical to understand the determinants of a positive, developmental reaction in the face of stressful, emotionally demanding situations. We studied the association among resilience, quality of life (QoL) and educational environment perceptions in medical students. Methods: We evaluated data from a random sample of 1,350 medical students from 22 Brazilian medical schools. Information from participants...
Quantifying global patterns of terrestrial nitrogen (N) cycling is central to predicting future patterns of primary productivity, carbon sequestration, nutrient fluxes to aquatic systems, and climate forcing. With limited direct measures of soil N cycling at the global scale, syntheses of the 15N:14N ratio of soil organic matter across climate gradients provide key insights into understanding global patterns of N cycling. In synthesizing data from over 6000 soil samples, we show strong global relationships among...
1. Experimental studies linking community composition to functioning are typically confined to small and closed micro- or mesocosms. Such restricted conditions may affect both species’ biology and their environment. Yet, targeting simple features in the behaviour of species may circumvent these constraints. Focusing on ecological functions provided by dung beetles, we test whether large, open-top cages – MESOCLOSURES – will intercept the flight trajectories of beetles, thereby allowing manipulation of local community composition. 2. MESOCLOSURES...
The Amazon forest is known for its astonishing amphibian diversity, yet the potential distribution and underlying impacts of the most important amphibian pathogen is unknown for most of Amazonia. In this retrospective survey of preserved Leptodactylus frogs, collected over a 119 yr period, we used quantitative PCR to detect the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and performed spatial scan analyses to identify spatiotemporal clusters of Bd. We also quantified the potential effect of environmental factors...
Data from: Unravelling the role of allochthonous aquatic resources to food web structure in a tropical riparian forestFátima Carolina Recalde Ruiz, Thaís Cifuentes Postali & Gustavo Q. Romero
1. The role of matter and energy flow across ecosystem boundaries for subsidized consumer populations is well known. However, little is known on the effects of allochthonous subsidies on food web structure and trophic niche dimensions of consumers in the tropics. 2. We excluded allochthonous aquatic insects from tropical streams using greenhouse-type exclosures to test the influence of aquatic allochthonous subsidies on the trophic structure and niche dimensions of terrestrial predators using stable isotope methods....
Data from: Carbon assimilation and habitat segregation in resurrection plants: a comparison between desiccation- and non-desiccation-tolerant species of Neotropical Velloziaceae (Pandanales)Suzana Alcantara, Renato De Mello-Silva, Grazielle S. Teodoro, Kamila Drequeceler, David Ackerly & Rafael S. Oliveira
Desiccation tolerance is the ability that some organisms show to equilibrate their water content with that of dry air and recover when water supplies are re-established. This is a widespread although rare strategy in angiosperms, and most desiccation-tolerant (DT) species are restricted to tropical rock outcrops. Such restricted ecological range is attributed to weak competitive potential caused by low productivity, due to the temporal limitation in carbon assimilation that occurs when plants desiccate. However, few...
Data from: Flower colour and visitation rates of Costus arabicus support the \"bee avoidance\" hypothesis for red-reflecting hummingbird-pollinated flowersPedro Joaquim Bergamo, André Rodrigo Rech, Vinícius L. G. Brito & Marlies Sazima
Floral colour mediates plant–pollinator interactions by often signalling floral resources. In this sense, hummingbird-pollinated flowers are frequently red-coloured, and there are two tentative hypotheses to explain this pattern: 1. hummingbirds are attracted to red due its easier detection and 2. bees are sensorially excluded from red flowers. The second hypothesis is based on bees’ red colour blindness, which lead them to be less frequent and less important than hummingbirds as pollinators of red-reflecting flowers. Here,...
Data from: Network analyses support the role of prey preferences in shaping resource use patterns within five animal populationsPaula Lemos-Costa, Mathias M. Pires, Márcio S. Araújo, Marcus A. M. De Aguiar &
Individual variation is an inherent aspect of animal populations and understanding the mechanisms shaping resource use patterns within populations is crucial to comprehend how individuals partition resources. Theory predicts that differences in prey preferences among consumers and/or differences in the likelihood of adding new resources to their diets are key mechanisms underlying intrapopulation variation in resource use. We developed network models based on optimal diet theory that simulate how individuals consume resources under varying scenarios...
State University of Campinas10
University of Sao Paulo4
Federal University of São Carlos2
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences2
Sao Paulo State University1
École Nationale Supérieure des Sciences Agronomiques de Bordeaux-Aquitaine1
Federal University of Lavras1
University of Waikato1
Tennessee State University1