7 Works

Data from: Intersexual 'arms race' and the evolution of the sphragis in Pteronymia butterflies

Ana Paula S. Carvalho, Luísa L. Mota & Akito Y. Kawahara
Sexual reproduction is often associated with intra- and intersexual conflict, especially in species where females mate multiple times. A strategy that has evolved in males to ensure offspring paternity is the ability to produce a complex, external mating plug called a sphragis. The sphragis has been found in 273 butterfly species; however, little is known about the sphragides of the butterflies in the nymphalid genus Pteronymia. In this study, we describe the sphragides of all...

Data from: Abundance drives broad patterns of generalisation in plant-hummingbird pollination networks

Benno I. Simmons, Jeferson Vizentin-Bugoni, Pietro K. Maruyama, Peter A. Cotton, Oscar H. Marín-Gómez, Carlos Lara, Liliana Rosero-Lasprilla, María A Maglianesi, Raúl Ortiz-Pulido, Márcia A. Rocca, Licléia C. Rodrigues, Boris Tinocco, Marcelo F. Vasconcelos, Marlies Sazima, Ana M. Martín González, Jesper Sonne, Carsten Rahbek, Lynn V. Dicks, Bo Dalsgaard & William J. Sutherland
Abundant pollinators are often more generalised than rare pollinators. This could be because abundant species have more chance encounters with potential interaction partners. On the other hand, generalised species could have a competitive advantage over specialists, leading to higher abundance. Determining the direction of the abundance-generalisation relationship is therefore a ‘chicken-and-egg’ dilemma. Here we determine the direction of the relationship between abundance and generalisation in plant-hummingbird pollination networks across the Americas. We find evidence that...

Data from: Seed-dispersal networks in tropical forest fragments: area effects, remnant species, and interaction diversity

Carine Emer, Pedro Jordano, Marco Aurélio Pizo, Milton Cezar Ribeiro, Fernanda Ribeiro Da Silva & Mauro Galetti
Seed dispersal interactions involve key ecological processes in tropical forests that help to maintain ecosystem functioning. Yet this functionality may be threatened by increasing habitat loss, defaunation and fragmentation. However, generalist species, and their interactions, can benefit from the habitat change caused by human disturbance while more specialized interactions mostly disappear. Therefore changes in the structure of the local, within fragment, networks can be expected. Here we investigated how the structure of seed-dispersal networks changes...

Data from: Molecular responses to freshwater limitation in the mangrove tree Avicennia germinans (Acanthaceae)

Mariana Vargas Cruz, Gustavo Maruyama Mori, Dong-Ha Oh, Maheshi Dassanayake, Maria Imaculada Zucchi, Rafael Silva Oliveira & Anete Pereira De Souza
Environmental variation along the geographical space can shape populations by natural selection. In the context of global warming and changing precipitation regimes, it is crucial to understand the role of environmental heterogeneity in tropical trees adaptation, given their disproportional contribution to water and carbon biogeochemical cycles. Here, we investigated how heterogeneity in freshwater availability along tropical wetlands has influenced molecular variations of the Black Mangrove (Avicennia germinans). Fifty-seven trees were sampled in seven sites differing...

Vellozioid roots allow for habitat specialisation among rock- and soil-dwelling Velloziaceae in campos rupestres

Anna Abrahão, Patrícia De Britto Costa, Grazielle Sales Teodoro, Hans Lambers, Diego L. Nascimento, Sara A. L. De Andrade, Megan H. Ryan & Rafael S. Oliveira
1. Plant growth on harsh substrates (habitat specialisation) requires specific traits to cope with stressful conditions. 2. We tested whether traits related to nutrient acquisition (root colonisation by fungal symbionts, and plant morphological and physiological specialisations), and nutrient use (leaf nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) concentrations and N- and P-remobilisation efficiency), were related to habitat specialisation for 27 species of Velloziaceae growing either in soil or on rocks in extremely P-impoverished campos rupestres habitats. If...

Data from: Behavior, morphology, and microhabitat use: what drives individual niche variation?

Raul Costa-Pereira & Jonathan Pruitt
Generalist populations are often composed of individuals each specialized on only a subset of the resources exploited by the entire population. However, the traits underlying such niche variation remain underexplored. Classically, ecologists have focused on understanding why populations vary in their degree of intraspecific niche variation, with less attention paid to how individual-level traits lead to intraspecific differences in niches. We investigated how differences in behavior, morphology, and microhabitat affect niche variation between- and within-individuals...

Data from: Land use alters trophic redundancy and resource flow through stream food webs

Elliott L. Price, Mirela Sertić Perić, Romero Q. Gustavo & Pavel Kratina
1. The changes to physical and chemical ecosystem characteristics as a response to pervasive and intensifying land use have the potential to alter the consumer-resource interactions and to rewire the flow of energy through entire food webs. 2. We investigated these structural and functional properties of food webs in stream ecosystems distributed across woodland, agricultural and urban areas in the Zagreb region of Croatia. We compared resource availability and consumer diet composition using stable isotope...

Registration Year

  • 2019

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • State University of Campinas
  • Sao Paulo State University
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
  • Plymouth University
  • University of Hohenheim
  • University of Zagreb
  • Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios
  • University of Cambridge
  • Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • University of East Anglia