67 Works

Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution L4 Sea Surface Temperature Reprocessed

Marine Service Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution L4 Sea Surface Temperature Reprocessed Product

Plastic adjustments of biparental care behaviour across embryonic development under elevated temperature in a marine ectotherm

Davide Spatafora, Gloria Massamba N’Siala, Federico Quattrocchi, Marco Milazzo & Piero Calosi
Phenotypic plasticity in parental care investment allows organisms to promptly respond to rapid environmental changes by potentially benefiting offspring survival and thus parental fitness. To date, a knowledge gap exists on whether plasticity in parental care behaviours can mediate responses to climate change in marine ectotherms. Here, we assessed the plasticity of parental care investment under elevated temperatures in a gonochoric marine annelid with bi-parental care, Ophryotrocha labronica, and investigated its role in maintaining the...

Data from: Ocean acidification affects fish spawning but not paternity at CO2 seeps

Marco Milazzo, Carlo Cattano, Suzanne H. Alonzo, Andrew Foggo, Michele Gristina, Riccardo Rodolfo-Metalpa, Mauro Sinopoli, Davide Spatafora, Kelly A. Stiver & Jason M. Hall-Spencer
Fish exhibit impaired sensory function and altered behaviour at levels of ocean acidification expected to occur owing to anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions during this century. We provide the first evidence of the effects of ocean acidification on reproductive behaviour of fish in the wild. Satellite and sneaker male ocellated wrasse (Symphodus ocellatus) compete to fertilize eggs guarded by dominant nesting males. Key mating behaviours such as dominant male courtship and nest defence did not differ...

Data from: Outlier SNP markers reveal fine-scale genetic structuring across European hake populations (Merluccius merluccius)

Ilaria Milano, Massimiliano Babbucci, Alessia Cariani, Miroslava Atanassova, Dorte Bekkevold, Gary R. Carvalho, Montserrat Espiñeira, Fabio Fiorentino, Germana Garofalo, Audrey J. Geffen, Einar E. Nielsen, Rob Ogden, Tomaso Patarnello, Marco Stagioni, Fausto Tinti & Luca Bargelloni
Shallow population structure is generally reported for most marine fish and explained as a consequence of high dispersal, connectivity and large population size. Targeted gene analyses and more recently genome-wide studies have challenged such view, suggesting that adaptive divergence might occur even when neutral markers provide genetic homogeneity across populations. Here, 381 SNPs located in transcribed regions were used to assess large- and fine-scale population structure in the European hake (Merluccius merluccius), a widely distributed...

Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution L3S Sea Surface Temperature

EU Copernicus Marine Service Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution L3S Sea Surface Temperature Product

Black Sea - High Resolution Diurnal Subskin Sea Surface Temperature Analysis

EU Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea - High Resolution Diurnal Subskin Sea Surface Temperature Analysis Product

Data from: Out of the Mediterranean? post-glacial colonisation pathways varied among cold-water coral species

Joana Boavida, Ronan Becheler, Marvin Choquet, Norbert Frank, Marco Taviani, Jean-Francois Bourillet, Anne-Leila Meistertzheim, Anthony Grehan, Alessandra Savini & Sophie Arnaud-Haond
Aim. To infer cold-water corals' post-glacial phylogeography and assess the role of Mediterranean Sea glacial refugia as origins for the recolonisation of the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Location. Northeastern Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Taxon. Lophelia pertusa, Madrepora oculata. Methods. We sampled cold-water corals using remotely operated vehicles and one sediment core for coral and sediment dating. We characterized spatial genetic patterns (microsatellites and a nuclear gene fragment) using networks, clustering and measures of genetic differentiation....

Data from: NMDA receptor antagonists and pain relief: a meta-analysis of experimental trials

Trevor Thompson, Fiona Whiter, Katy Gallop, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Paul Newton & Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a meta-analysis of controlled trials that used experimental models of acute pain and hyperalgesia to examine the analgesic effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonists. METHODS: Six major databases were systematically searched (to 03/2018) for studies using human evoked pain models to compare NMDAR antagonists with no-intervention controls. Pain outcome data were analyzed with random-effects meta-analysis. RESULTS: Searches identified 70 eligible trials (N=1069). Meta-analysis found that low-dose ketamine (<1 mg/kg) produced a decrease...

Baltic Sea Surface Ocean Colour Plankton from Sentinel-3 OLCI L4 monthly observations

Baltic Sea Surface Ocean Colour Plankton from Sentinel-3 OLCI L4 monthly observations Product

A new approach to assessing the space use behaviour of macroinvertebrates by automated video tracking

Milad Shokri, Francesco Cozzoli, Mario Ciotti, Vojsava Gjoni, Vanessa Marrocco, Fabio Vignes & Alberto BASSET

RETRACE-3D Central Italy Geological Model

Mauro Buttinelli, Francesco Emanuele Maesano, Lorenzo Petracchini, Chiara D'Ambrogi, Davide Scrocca, Daniela Di Bucci, Roberto Basili, Pierluigi Cara, Sergio Castenetto, Roberta Giuliani, Ilaria Salvi, Sabina Bigi, Gian Paolo Cavinato, Michele Di Filippo, Paolo Messina, Raffaele Castaldo, Vincenzo De Novellis, Susi Pepe, Giuseppe Solaro, Pietro Tizzani, Marco Anzidei, Christian Bignami, Lorenzo Bonini, Pierfrancesco Burrato, Daniele Cheloni … & Renato Ventura
Three-dimensional geological model of the area of the central Apennines affected by the 2016-2018 seismic sequence. The model consists of stratigraphic surfaces (top or basal unconformity of units, or sequences of units, with homogeneous behavior) and main faults of the area. The stratigraphic surfaces are, from the oldest to the most recent: the top of pre-Upper Triassic units, the top of the intra-Triassic units, the top of Calcare Massiccio, the top of the Marne a...

Global Observed Ocean Physics 3D Quasi-Geostrophic Currents (OMEGA3D)

EU Copernicus Marine Service Global Observed Ocean Physics 3D Quasi-Geostrophic Currents (OMEGA3D) Product

Data from: In situ genetic association for serotiny, a fire-related trait, in Mediterranean maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton)

Katharina B. Budde, Myriam Heuertz, Ana Hernández-Serrano, Juli G. Pausas, Giovanni G. Vendramin, Miguel Verdú & Santiago C. González-Martínez
Wildfire is a major ecological driver of plant evolution. Understanding the genetic basis of plant adaptation to wildfire is crucial, because impending climate change will involve fire regime changes worldwide. We studied the molecular genetic basis of serotiny, a fire-related trait, in Mediterranean maritime pine using association genetics. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) set was used to identify genotype : phenotype associations in situ in an unstructured natural population of maritime pine (eastern Iberian Peninsula)...

Data from: Recent population decline and selection shape diversity of taxol-related genes

Concetta Burgarella, Miguel Navascués, Mario Zabal-Aguirre, Elisa Berganzo, Miquel Riba, María Mayol, Giovanni G. Vendramin & Santiago C. González-Martínez
Taxanes are defensive metabolites produced by Taxus species (yews) and used in anticancer therapies. Despite their medical interest, patterns of natural diversity in taxane related genes are unknown. We examined variation at five main taxol-related genes of T. baccata in the Iberian Peninsula, a region where unique yew genetic resources are endangered. We looked at several gene features and applied complementary neutrality tests, including diversity/divergence tests, tests solely based on site-frequency spectrum and Zeng’s compound...

Gene-drive suppression of mosquito populations in large cages as a bridge between lab and field

Andrew Hammond, Paola Pollegioni, Tania Persampieri, Ace North, Roxana Minuz, Alessandro Trusso, Alessandro Bucci, Kyros Kyrou, Ioanna Morianou, Alekos Simoni, Tony Nolan, Ruth Müller & Andrea Crisanti
CRISPR-based gene-drives targeting the gene doublesex in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae effectively suppressed the reproductive capability of mosquito populations reared in small laboratory cages. To bridge the gap between laboratory and the field, this gene-drive technology must be challenged with vector ecology. Here we report the suppressive activity of the gene-drive in age-structured An. gambiae populations in large indoor cages that permit complex feeding and reproductive behaviours. The gene-drive element spreads rapidly through the...

A droplet reactor on a super-hydrophobic surface allows control and characterization of amyloid fibril growth

Peng Zhang, Enzo Di Fabrizio, Manola Moretti, Marco Allione, Yuansi Tian, Javier Ordonez-Loza, Davide Altamura, Cinzia Giannini, Bruno Torre, Gobind Das, Erqiang Li, Sigurdur T. Thoroddsen, Mani Sarathy, Ida Autiero, Andrea Giugni, Francesco Gentile, Natalia Malara & Monica Marini
Methods to produce protein amyloid fibrils, in vitro, and in situ structure characterization, are of primary importance in biology, medicine, and pharmacology. We first demonstrated the droplet on a super-hydrophobic substrate as the reactor to produce protein amyloid fibrils with real-time monitoring of the growth process by using combined light-sheet microscopy and thermal imaging. The molecular structures were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and X-ray scattering. We demonstrated that the convective flow induced by...

Black Sea - High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution L3S Sea Surface Temperature

EU Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea - High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution L3S Sea Surface Temperature Product

Life-history responses of a freshwater rotifer to copper pollution

Federica R. Schanz, Stefan Sommer, Andrea Lami, Diego Fontaneto & Arpat Ozgul
In organisms with dormant stages, life-history responses to past pollution can be studied retrospectively. Here, we study such responses in a rotifer (Brachionus calyciflorus) from the once heavily copper-polluted Lake Orta (Italy). We extracted resting eggs from sediments, established clonal lineages from hatchlings, and exposed newborns of these lineages to one of three copper concentrations that each mimicked a specific period in the lake’s pollution history. For each rotifer, we daily collected life-table data. We...

Electrically tunable Berry curvature and strong light-matter coupling in liquid crystal microcavities with 2D perovskite

, , , , , , , , , , , , , De Marco Luisa, G. Lagoudakis Pavlos, &
Experimental data from the article "Tunable by electric field photonic Berry curvature in strongly coupled liquid crystal microcavity with 2D perovskite" by Karolina Łempicka-Mirek et. al. The article is available online in arXiv:2203.05289 [physics.optics] and in Science Advances 2022 (Fig.2, Fig.3, Fig.4 and Fig.5).

Baltic Sea Ocean Colour Plankton, Reflectances, Transparency and Optics L3 NRT daily observations

Baltic Sea Ocean Colour Plankton, Reflectances, Transparency and Optics L3 NRT daily observations Product

Mediterranean Sea Ocean Colour Plankton, Reflectance, Transparency and Optics L3 NRT daily observations

Mediterranean Sea Ocean Colour Plankton, Reflectance, Transparency and Optics L3 NRT daily observations Product

Leaf flammbility and volatiles of Ginkgo, Agathis, and Dicksonia

Rebecca Dewhirst, Sarah Baker, Jennifer McElwain, Matthew Haworth & Claire Belcher
The Triassic-Jurassic Boundary marks the third largest mass extinction event in the Phanerozoic, characterised by a rise in CO2-concentrations from ~600 ppm to ~2100 – 2400ppm, coupled with a ~3.0 – 4.0°C temperature rise. This is hypothesized to have induced major floral turnover, altering vegetation structure, composition and leaf morphology, which in turn are hypothesized to have driven changes in wildfire. However, the effects of elevated CO2 on fuel properties, such as chemical composition of...

Specialized terminology limits the citability of scientific papers

Alejandro Martinez & Stefano Mammola
Words are the building blocks of communicating science. As our understanding of the world progresses, scientific disciplines naturally enrich their specialized vocabulary (jargon). However, in the era of interdisciplinarity, the use of jargon may hinder effective communication amongst scientists that do not share a common scientific background. The question of how jargon limits the transmission of scientific knowledge has long been debated but rarely addressed quantitatively. We explored the relationship between the use of jargon...

From glacial refugia to hydrological microrefugia: factors and processes driving the persistence of the climate relict tree Zelkova sicula

Giuseppe Garfi
With only two tiny populations, the climate relict Zelkova sicula (Sicily, Italy) is one of the rarest trees in the world. It also represents the most marginal member of genus Zelkova that was widespread in the broadleaved forests thriving in warm-temperate climates throughout Eurasia until the Last Glacial Age. Occurring at the westernmost range of the genus under typical Mediterranean climate, the micro-topographic settings have always appeared crucial for the survival of this Sicilian relict....

Data from: All is fish that comes to the net: metabarcoding for rapid fisheries catch assessment

Lorenzo Talarico, Tommaso Russo, Giulia Maiello, Charles Baillie, Giuliano Colosimo, Lorenzo D'Andrea, Federico Di Maio, Fabio Fiorentino, Simone Franceschini, Germana Garofalo, Dario Scannella, Stefano Cataudella & Stefano Mariani
AbstractMonitoring marine resource exploitation is a key activity in fisheries science and biodiversity conservation. Since research surveys are time-consuming and costly, fishery-dependent data (i.e. derived directly from fishing vessels) are increasingly credited with a key role in expanding the reach of ocean monitoring. Fishing vessels may be seen as widely ranging data-collecting platforms, which could act as a fleet of sentinels for monitoring marine life, in particular exploited stocks. Here, we investigate the possibility of...

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Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • National Research Council
  • European Commission
  • Marche Polytechnic University
  • University of Bologna
  • University of Georgia
  • University of Genoa
  • University of Valladolid
  • Institute of Biosciences and Bioresources
  • Humboldt University of Berlin
  • University of Salford