67 Works

Data from: Out of the Mediterranean? post-glacial colonisation pathways varied among cold-water coral species

Joana Boavida, Ronan Becheler, Marvin Choquet, Norbert Frank, Marco Taviani, Jean-Francois Bourillet, Anne-Leila Meistertzheim, Anthony Grehan, Alessandra Savini & Sophie Arnaud-Haond
Aim. To infer cold-water corals' post-glacial phylogeography and assess the role of Mediterranean Sea glacial refugia as origins for the recolonisation of the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Location. Northeastern Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Taxon. Lophelia pertusa, Madrepora oculata. Methods. We sampled cold-water corals using remotely operated vehicles and one sediment core for coral and sediment dating. We characterized spatial genetic patterns (microsatellites and a nuclear gene fragment) using networks, clustering and measures of genetic differentiation....

Data from: Outlier SNP markers reveal fine-scale genetic structuring across European hake populations (Merluccius merluccius)

Ilaria Milano, Massimiliano Babbucci, Alessia Cariani, Miroslava Atanassova, Dorte Bekkevold, Gary R. Carvalho, Montserrat Espiñeira, Fabio Fiorentino, Germana Garofalo, Audrey J. Geffen, Einar E. Nielsen, Rob Ogden, Tomaso Patarnello, Marco Stagioni, Fausto Tinti & Luca Bargelloni
Shallow population structure is generally reported for most marine fish and explained as a consequence of high dispersal, connectivity and large population size. Targeted gene analyses and more recently genome-wide studies have challenged such view, suggesting that adaptive divergence might occur even when neutral markers provide genetic homogeneity across populations. Here, 381 SNPs located in transcribed regions were used to assess large- and fine-scale population structure in the European hake (Merluccius merluccius), a widely distributed...

Data from: NMDA receptor antagonists and pain relief: a meta-analysis of experimental trials

Trevor Thompson, Fiona Whiter, Katy Gallop, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Paul Newton & Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a meta-analysis of controlled trials that used experimental models of acute pain and hyperalgesia to examine the analgesic effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonists. METHODS: Six major databases were systematically searched (to 03/2018) for studies using human evoked pain models to compare NMDAR antagonists with no-intervention controls. Pain outcome data were analyzed with random-effects meta-analysis. RESULTS: Searches identified 70 eligible trials (N=1069). Meta-analysis found that low-dose ketamine (<1 mg/kg) produced a decrease...

Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution L3S Sea Surface Temperature

EU Copernicus Marine Service Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution L3S Sea Surface Temperature Product

Black Sea - High Resolution Diurnal Subskin Sea Surface Temperature Analysis

EU Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea - High Resolution Diurnal Subskin Sea Surface Temperature Analysis Product

Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution L4 Sea Surface Temperature Reprocessed

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Marine Service Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution L4 Sea Surface Temperature Reprocessed Product

Plastic adjustments of biparental care behaviour across embryonic development under elevated temperature in a marine ectotherm

Davide Spatafora, Gloria Massamba N’Siala, Federico Quattrocchi, Marco Milazzo & Piero Calosi
Phenotypic plasticity in parental care investment allows organisms to promptly respond to rapid environmental changes by potentially benefiting offspring survival and thus parental fitness. To date, a knowledge gap exists on whether plasticity in parental care behaviours can mediate responses to climate change in marine ectotherms. Here, we assessed the plasticity of parental care investment under elevated temperatures in a gonochoric marine annelid with bi-parental care, Ophryotrocha labronica, and investigated its role in maintaining the...

Baltic Sea Surface Ocean Colour Plankton from Sentinel-3 OLCI L4 monthly observations

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Baltic Sea Surface Ocean Colour Plankton from Sentinel-3 OLCI L4 monthly observations Product

Data from: Habitat mapping of coastal wetlands using expert knowledge and Earth observation data

Maria Adamo, Cristina Tarantino, Valeria Tomaselli, Giuseppe Veronico, Harini Nagendra & Palma Blonda
Long-term habitat mapping and change detection are essential for the management of coastal wetlands as well as for evaluating the impact of conservation policies. Earth observation (EO) data and techniques are a valuable resource for long-term habitat mapping. Although the use of EO data is well developed for the automatic production of land cover (LC) maps, this is not the same for habitat maps, which are highly related to biodiversity. In a previous paper, we...

Data from: Retrotransposon proliferation coincident with the evolution of dioecy in asparagus

Alex Harkess, Francesco Mercati, Loredana Abbate, Michael McKain, J. Chris Pires, Tea Sala, Francesco Sunseri, Agostino Falavigna & Jim Leebens-Mack
Current phylogenetic sampling reveals that dioecy and an XY sex chromosome pair evolved once or possibly twice in the genus Asparagus. Although there appear to be some lineage-specific polyploidization events, the base chromosome number of 2n=2x=20 is relatively conserved across the Asparagus genus. Regardless, dioecious species tend to have larger genomes than hermaphroditic species. Here we test whether this genome size expansion in dioecious species is related to a polyploidization and subsequent chromosome fusion or...

Data from: An inverse latitudinal gradient in speciation rate for marine fishes

Daniel L. Rabosky, Jonathan Chang, Pascal O. Title, Peter F. Cowman, Lauren Sallan, Matt Friedman, Kristin Kaschner, Cristina Garilao, Thomas J. Near, Marta Coll & Michael E. Alfaro
Far more species of organisms are found in the tropics than in temperate and polar regions, but the evolutionary and ecological causes of this pattern remain controversial1,2. Tropical marine fish communities are much more diverse than cold-water fish communities found at higher latitudes3,4, and several explanations for this latitudinal diversity gradient propose that warm reef environments serve as evolutionary ‘hotspots’ for species formation5,6,7,8. Here we test the relationship between latitude, species richness and speciation rate...

Data from: Toward a better understanding of Apis mellifera and Varroa destructor microbiomes: introducing PhyloH as a novel phylogenetic diversity analysis tool

Anna Sandionigi, Saverio Vicario, Erica M. Prosdocimi, Andrea Galimberti, Emanuele Ferri, Antonia Bruno, Bachir Balech, Valerio Mezzasalma & Maurizio Casiraghi
The study of diversity in biological communities is an intriguing field. Huge amount of data are nowadays available (provided by the innovative DNA sequencing techniques), and management, analysis and display of results are not trivial. Here, we propose for the first time the use of phylogenetic entropy as a measure of bacterial diversity in studies of microbial community structure. We then compared our new method (i.e. the web tool phyloh) for partitioning phylogenetic diversity with...

Data from: Spatial dynamics and mixing of bluefin tuna in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea revealed using next generation sequencing

Gregory Neils Puncher, Alessia Cariani, Gregory E. Maes, Jeroen Van Houdt, Koen Herten, Rita Cannas, Naiara Rodriguez-Ezpeleta, Aitor Albaina, M. Andone Estonba, Molly Lutcavage, Alex Hanke, Jay Rooker, James S. Franks, Joseph M. Quattro, Gualtiero Basilone, Igaratza Fraile, Urtzi Laconcha, Nicolas Goñi, Ai Kimoto, A. David Macías, Francisco Alemany, Simeon Deguara, Salem W. Zgozi, Fulvio Garibaldi, Isik K. Oray … & Fausto Tinti
The Atlantic bluefin tuna is a highly migratory species emblematic of the challenges associated with shared fisheries management. In an effort to resolve the species’ stock dynamics, a genome-wide search for spatially informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was undertaken, by way of sequencing reduced representation libraries. An allele frequency approach to SNP discovery was used, combining the data of 555 larvae and young-of-the-year (LYOY) into pools representing major geographical areas and mapping against a newly...

Data from: Molecular and morphological diversity of on-farm hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) landraces from southern Europe and their role in the origin and diffusion of cultivated germplasm

P. Boccacci, M. Aramini, N. Valentini, L. Bacchetta, M. Rovira, P. Drogoudi, A. P. Silva, A. Solar, F. Calizzano, V. Erdoğan, V. Cristofori, L. F. Ciarmiello, C. Contessa, J. J. Ferreira, F. P. Marra & R. Botta
Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is a traditional nut crop in southern Europe. Germplasm exploration conducted on-farm in five countries (Portugal, Spain, Italy, Slovenia, and Greece) identified 77 landraces. The present work describes phenotypic variation in nut and husk traits and investigates genetic relationships using 10 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers among these landraces, 57 well-known references cultivars, and 19 wild accessions. Among the 77 landraces, 42 had unique fingerprints while 35 showed a SSR profile...

Data from: Genetic evidence for a Janzen-Connell recruitment pattern in reproductive offspring of Pinus halepensis trees.

Ofer Steinitz, David Troupin, Giovanni G Vendramin & Ran Nathan
Effective seed dispersal, combining both dispersal and post-dispersal (establishment) processes, determines population dynamics and colonization ability in plants. According to the Janzen-Connell (JC) model, high mortality near the mother plant shifts the offspring establishment distribution farther away from the mother plant relative to the seed dispersal distribution. Yet, extending this prediction to the distribution of mature (reproductive) offspring remains a challenge for long-living plants. To address this challenge we selected an isolated natural Aleppo pine...

Data from: Spatial genetic structure in continuous and fragmented populations of Pinus pinaster Aiton

Ana De-Lucas, Santiago González-Martínez, Giovanni G Vendramin, Elena Hidalgo & Myriam Heuertz
Habitat fragmentation, i.e., the reduction of populations into small isolated remnants, is expected to increase spatial genetic structure (SGS) in plant populations through non-random mating, lower population densities and potential aggregation of reproductive individuals. We investigated the effects of population size reduction and genetic isolation on SGS in maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton) using a combined experimental and simulation approach. Maritime pine is a wind-pollinated conifer which has a scattered distribution in the Iberian Peninsula...

Data from: Comparison of pollen gene flow among four European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) populations characterized by different management regimes

Andrea Piotti, Stefano Leonardi, Joukje Buiteveld, Thomas Geburek, Sophie Gerber, Koen Kramer, Cristina Vettori & Giovanni G. Vendramin
The study of dispersal capability of a species can provide essential information for the management and conservation of its genetic variability. Comparison of gene flow rates among populations characterized by different management and evolutionary histories allows one to decipher the role of factors such as isolation and tree density on gene movements. We used two paternity analysis approaches and different strategies to handle possible presence of genotyping errors to obtain robust estimates of pollen flow...

A major combustion aerosol event had a negligible impact on the atmospheric ice-nucleating particle population

Michael Adams, Mark Tarn, Alberto Sanchez-Marroquin, Grace Porter, Daniel O'Sullivan, Alexander Harrison, Zhiqiang Cui, Jesús Vergara Temprado, Federico Carotenuto, Mark Holden, Martin Daily, Thomas Whale, Sebastien Sikora, Ian Burke, Jung-uk Shim, Jim McQuaid & Benjamin Murray
Clouds containing supercooled water are important for both climate and weather, but our knowledge of which aerosol particle types nucleate ice in these clouds is far from complete. Combustion aerosols have strong anthropogenic sources and if these aerosol types were to nucleate ice in clouds they might exert a climate forcing. Here, we quantified the atmospheric ice-nucleating particle (INP) concentrations during the UK’s annual Bonfire Night celebrations, which are characterised by strong anthropogenic emissions of...

Data from: Integrated network analysis identifies fight-club nodes as a class of hubs encompassing key putative switch genes that induce major transcriptome reprogramming during grapevine development

Maria Concetta Palumbo, Sara Zenoni, Marianna Fasoli, Mélanie Massonnet, Lorenzo Farina, Filippo Castiglione, Mario Pezzotti & Paola Paci
We developed an approach that integrates different network-based methods to analyze the correlation network arising from large-scale gene expression data. By studying grapevine (Vitis vinifera) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) gene expression atlases and a grapevine berry transcriptomic data set during the transition from immature to mature growth, we identified a category named “fight-club hubs” characterized by a marked negative correlation with the expression profiles of neighboring genes in the network. A special subset named “switch...

Black Sea Ocean Colour Plankton and Transparency NRT L4 daily and monthly observations

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Black Sea Ocean Colour Plankton and Transparency NRT L4 daily and monthly observations Product

Black Sea - High Resolution L4 Sea Surface Temperature Reprocessed

EU Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea - High Resolution L4 Sea Surface Temperature Reprocessed Product

Black Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis

EU Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis Product

Multi Observation Global Ocean Sea Surface Salinity and Sea Surface Density

EU Copernicus Marine Service Multi Observation Global Ocean Sea Surface Salinity and Sea Surface Density Product

Mediterranean Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis

EU Copernicus Marine Service Mediterranean Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis Product

Towards a taxonomically unbiased EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030

Stefano Mammola, Nicoletta Riccardi, Vincent Prié, Ricardo Correia, Pedro Cardoso, Manuel Lopes-Lima & Ronaldo Sousa
Through the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) and the LIFE projects financial investments, Europe has been the world’s experimental arena for biological conservation. With an estimated budget of €20 billion/year, the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 has set an ambitious goal of reaching 30% Protected Areas and ensure no deterioration in conservation trends and status of all protected species. We analyzed LIFE projects focused on animals from 1992 to 2018 and we found that investment towards vertebrates...

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Affiliations

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