18 Works

From glacial refugia to hydrological microrefugia: factors and processes driving the persistence of the climate relict tree Zelkova sicula

Giuseppe Garfi
With only two tiny populations, the climate relict Zelkova sicula (Sicily, Italy) is one of the rarest trees in the world. It also represents the most marginal member of genus Zelkova that was widespread in the broadleaved forests thriving in warm-temperate climates throughout Eurasia until the Last Glacial Age. Occurring at the westernmost range of the genus under typical Mediterranean climate, the micro-topographic settings have always appeared crucial for the survival of this Sicilian relict....

Specialized terminology limits the citability of scientific papers

Alejandro Martinez & Stefano Mammola
Words are the building blocks of communicating science. As our understanding of the world progresses, scientific disciplines naturally enrich their specialized vocabulary (jargon). However, in the era of interdisciplinarity, the use of jargon may hinder effective communication amongst scientists that do not share a common scientific background. The question of how jargon limits the transmission of scientific knowledge has long been debated but rarely addressed quantitatively. We explored the relationship between the use of jargon...

Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution L3S Sea Surface Temperature

EU Copernicus Marine Service Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution L3S Sea Surface Temperature Product

Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution L4 Sea Surface Temperature Reprocessed

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Marine Service Mediterranean Sea - High Resolution L4 Sea Surface Temperature Reprocessed Product

Black Sea - High Resolution Diurnal Subskin Sea Surface Temperature Analysis

EU Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea - High Resolution Diurnal Subskin Sea Surface Temperature Analysis Product

Plastic adjustments of biparental care behaviour across embryonic development under elevated temperature in a marine ectotherm

Davide Spatafora, Gloria Massamba N’Siala, Federico Quattrocchi, Marco Milazzo & Piero Calosi
Phenotypic plasticity in parental care investment allows organisms to promptly respond to rapid environmental changes by potentially benefiting offspring survival and thus parental fitness. To date, a knowledge gap exists on whether plasticity in parental care behaviours can mediate responses to climate change in marine ectotherms. Here, we assessed the plasticity of parental care investment under elevated temperatures in a gonochoric marine annelid with bi-parental care, Ophryotrocha labronica, and investigated its role in maintaining the...

Multi Observation Global Ocean Sea Surface Salinity and Sea Surface Density

EU Copernicus Marine Service Multi Observation Global Ocean Sea Surface Salinity and Sea Surface Density Product

Mediterranean Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis

EU Copernicus Marine Service Mediterranean Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis Product

Black Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis

EU Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis Product

Black Sea - High Resolution L4 Sea Surface Temperature Reprocessed

EU Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea - High Resolution L4 Sea Surface Temperature Reprocessed Product

RETRACE-3D Central Italy Geological Model

Mauro Buttinelli, Francesco Emanuele Maesano, Lorenzo Petracchini, Chiara D'Ambrogi, Davide Scrocca, Daniela Di Bucci, Roberto Basili, Pierluigi Cara, Sergio Castenetto, Roberta Giuliani, Ilaria Salvi, Sabina Bigi, Gian Paolo Cavinato, Michele Di Filippo, Paolo Messina, Raffaele Castaldo, Vincenzo De Novellis, Susi Pepe, Giuseppe Solaro, Pietro Tizzani, Marco Anzidei, Christian Bignami, Lorenzo Bonini, Pierfrancesco Burrato, Daniele Cheloni … & Renato Ventura
Three-dimensional geological model of the area of the central Apennines affected by the 2016-2018 seismic sequence. The model consists of stratigraphic surfaces (top or basal unconformity of units, or sequences of units, with homogeneous behavior) and main faults of the area. The stratigraphic surfaces are, from the oldest to the most recent: the top of pre-Upper Triassic units, the top of the intra-Triassic units, the top of Calcare Massiccio, the top of the Marne a...

A droplet reactor on a super-hydrophobic surface allows control and characterization of amyloid fibril growth

Peng Zhang, Enzo Di Fabrizio, Manola Moretti, Marco Allione, Yuansi Tian, Javier Ordonez-Loza, Davide Altamura, Cinzia Giannini, Bruno Torre, Gobind Das, Erqiang Li, Sigurdur T. Thoroddsen, Mani Sarathy, Ida Autiero, Andrea Giugni, Francesco Gentile, Natalia Malara & Monica Marini
Methods to produce protein amyloid fibrils, in vitro, and in situ structure characterization, are of primary importance in biology, medicine, and pharmacology. We first demonstrated the droplet on a super-hydrophobic substrate as the reactor to produce protein amyloid fibrils with real-time monitoring of the growth process by using combined light-sheet microscopy and thermal imaging. The molecular structures were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and X-ray scattering. We demonstrated that the convective flow induced by...

Gene-drive suppression of mosquito populations in large cages as a bridge between lab and field

Andrew Hammond, Paola Pollegioni, Tania Persampieri, Ace North, Roxana Minuz, Alessandro Trusso, Alessandro Bucci, Kyros Kyrou, Ioanna Morianou, Alekos Simoni, Tony Nolan, Ruth Müller & Andrea Crisanti
CRISPR-based gene-drives targeting the gene doublesex in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae effectively suppressed the reproductive capability of mosquito populations reared in small laboratory cages. To bridge the gap between laboratory and the field, this gene-drive technology must be challenged with vector ecology. Here we report the suppressive activity of the gene-drive in age-structured An. gambiae populations in large indoor cages that permit complex feeding and reproductive behaviours. The gene-drive element spreads rapidly through the...

Life-history responses of a freshwater rotifer to copper pollution

Federica R. Schanz, Stefan Sommer, Andrea Lami, Diego Fontaneto & Arpat Ozgul
In organisms with dormant stages, life-history responses to past pollution can be studied retrospectively. Here, we study such responses in a rotifer (Brachionus calyciflorus) from the once heavily copper-polluted Lake Orta (Italy). We extracted resting eggs from sediments, established clonal lineages from hatchlings, and exposed newborns of these lineages to one of three copper concentrations that each mimicked a specific period in the lake’s pollution history. For each rotifer, we daily collected life-table data. We...

Global Observed Ocean Physics 3D Quasi-Geostrophic Currents (OMEGA3D)

EU Copernicus Marine Service Global Observed Ocean Physics 3D Quasi-Geostrophic Currents (OMEGA3D) Product

Black Sea - High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution L3S Sea Surface Temperature

EU Copernicus Marine Service Black Sea - High Resolution and Ultra High Resolution L3S Sea Surface Temperature Product

Comparative phylogeography reveals consistently shallow genetic diversity in a mitochondrial marker in Antarctic bdelloid rotifers

Diego Fontaneto, Zeyneb Vildan Cakil, Giuseppe Garlasché, Nataliia Iakovenko, Andrea Di Cesare, Ester M. Eckert, Roberto Guidetti, Lina Hamdan, Karel Janko, Dzmitry Lukashanets, Lorena Rebecchi, Stefano Schiaparelli, Tommaso Sforzi, Eva Štefková Kašparová, Alejandro Velasco-Castrillón & Elizabeth Walsh
Aim: The long history of isolation of the Antarctic continent, coupled with the harsh ecological conditions of freezing temperatures could affect the patterns of genetic diversity in the organisms living there. We aim (1) to test whether such pattern can be seen in a mitochondrial marker of bdelloid rotifers, a group of microscopic aquatic and limno-terrestrial animals, and (2) to speculate on the potential mechanisms driving the pattern. Location: focus on Antarctica. Taxon: Rotifera Bdelloidea....

Microscale modelling of dielectrophoresis assembly processes

Marco Lauricella, Adriano Tiribocchi, Andrea Montessori, Fabio Bonaccorso, Sauro Succi & Keith A. Brown
This work presents a microscale approach for simulating the dielectrophoresis (DEP) assembly of polarizable particles under an external electric field. The model is shown to capture interesting dynamical and topological features, such as the formation of chains of particles and their incipient aggregation into hierarchical structures. A quantitative characterization in terms of the number and size of these structures is also discussed. This computational model could represent a viable numerical tool to study the mechanical...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    18

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    18

Affiliations

  • National Research Council
    17
  • European Commission
    1
  • University of Ostrava
    1
  • Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV)
    1
  • Johns Hopkins University
    1
  • University of Genoa
    1
  • King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
    1
  • Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA)
    1
  • Sapienza University of Rome (Uni Sapienza)
    1
  • University of Zurich
    1