4 Works

Data from: A single evolutionary innovation drives the deep evolution of symbiotic N2-fixation in angiosperms

Gijsbert D. A. Werner, William K. Cornwell, Janet I. Sprent, Jens Kattge & E. Toby Kiers
Symbiotic associations occur in every habitat on earth, but we know very little about their evolutionary histories. Current models of trait evolution cannot adequately reconstruct the deep history of symbiotic innovation, because they assume homogenous evolutionary processes across millions of years. Here we use a recently developed, heterogeneous and quantitative phylogenetic framework to study the origin of the symbiosis between angiosperms and nitrogen-fixing (N2) bacterial symbionts housed in nodules. We compile the largest database of...

Data from: Resource-mediated indirect effects of grassland management on arthropod diversity

Nadja K. Simons, Martin M. Gossner, Thomas M. Lewinsohn, Steffen Boch, Markus Lange, Jörg Müller, Esther Pašalić, Stephanie A. Socher, Manfred Türke, Markus Fischer & Wolfgang W. Weisser
Intensive land use is a driving force for biodiversity decline in many ecosystems. In semi-natural grasslands, land-use activities such as mowing, grazing and fertilization affect the diversity of plants and arthropods, but the combined effects of different drivers and the chain of effects are largely unknown. In this study we used structural equation modelling to analyse how the arthropod communities in managed grasslands respond to land use and whether these responses are mediated through changes...

Data from: Demographic legacies of fire history in an African savanna

Shaun R. Levick, Claire A. Baldeck & Gregory P. Asner
Fire is a key determinant of woody vegetation structure in savanna ecosystems, acting both independently and synergistically through interactions with herbivores. Fire influences biodiversity and ecological functioning, but quantifying its effects on woody structure is challenging at both species and community scales. Deeper insight into fire effects, and fire-herbivore interactions, can be gained through the examination of species-specific demographic and dynamic changes occurring across areas with different fire regimes in the presence of large herbivores....

Data from: Differential responses of herbivores and herbivory to management in temperate European beech

Martin M. Gossner, Esther Pašalić, Markus Lange, Patricia Lange, Dominik Hessenmöller, Jörg Müller, Stephanie A. Socher, Markus Fischer, Ernst-Detlef Schulze, Wolfgang W. Weisser & Steffen Boch
Forest management not only affects biodiversity but also might alter ecosystem processes mediated by the organisms, i.e. herbivory the removal of plant biomass by plant-eating insects and other arthropod groups. Aiming at revealing general relationships between forest management and herbivory we investigated aboveground arthropod herbivory in 105 plots dominated by European beech in three different regions in Germany in the sun-exposed canopy of mature beech trees and on beech saplings in the understorey. We separately...

Registration Year

  • 2014

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
  • University of Bern
  • Technical University Munich
  • University of Potsdam
  • VU University Amsterdam
  • University of Dundee
  • Carnegie Institution for Science
  • State University of Campinas