Landscape genomics of a widely distributed snake (Dolichophis caspius, Gmelin, 1789) across Eastern Europe and Western AsiaSarita Mahtani-Williams, William Fulton, Amelie Desvars-Larrive, Sara Lado, Jean Elbers, Bálint Halpern, Dávid Herczeg, Gergely Babocsay, Boris Lauš, Zoltán Tamás Nagy, Daniel Jablonski, Oleg Kukushkin, Pablo Orozco-TerWengel, Judit Vörös & Pamela Burger
Across the distribution of the Caspian whipsnake (Dolichophis caspius), populations have become increasingly disconnected due to habitat alterations. To understand population dynamics and the adaptive potential of this widespread but locally endangered snake, we investigated population structure, admixture and effective migration patterns. We took a landscape-genomic approach to identify selected genotypes associated with environmental variables relevant to D. caspius. With double-digest restriction-site associated DNA (ddRAD) sequencing of 53 samples resulting in 17,518 single nucleotide polymorphisms...
Data from: Competition induces increased toxin production in toad larvae without allelopathic effects on heterospecific tadpolesVeronika Bókony, Bálint Üveges, Ágnes Móricz & Attila Hettyey
1. Inducible defences are a form of phenotypic plasticity by which organisms respond to and mitigate the threat posed by predators, parasites and competitors. While anti-predatory defences are often in trade-off with anti-competitor responses, chemicals that deter predators may have negative effects on competitors as well. Allelopathy is well known in plants and plant-like animals, but whether the toxins of mobile, behaviourally and morphologically complex animals are induced by and exert allelopathic effects on competitors...
Predator-induced plasticity has been in the focus of evolutionary ecological research in the last decades, but the consequences of temporal variation in the presence of cues predicting offspring environment have remained controversial. This is partly due to the fact that the role of early environmental effects has scarcely been scrutinized in this context while also controlling for potential maternal effects. In this study we investigated how past environmental conditions, i.e. different combinations of risky or...
Data from: Impact of urbanization on abundance and phenology of caterpillars and consequences for breeding in an insectivorous birdGábor Seress, Tamás Hammer, Veronika Bókony, Ernő Vincze, Bálint Preiszner, Ivett Pipoly, Csenge Sinkovics, Karl Evans, András Liker & Karl L. Evans
Urbanization can have marked effects on plant and animal populations’ phenology, population size, predator-prey interactions and reproductive success. These aspects are rarely studied simultaneously in a single system, and some are rarely investigated, e.g. how insect phenology responds to urban development. Here, we study a tri-trophic system of trees – phytophagous insects (caterpillars) – insectivorous birds (great tits) to assess how urbanization influences i) the phenology of each component of this system, ii) insect abundance...
Data from: First insights into the transcriptome and development of new genomic tools of a widespread circum-Mediterranean tree species, Pinus halepensis Mill.Sara Pinosio, Santiago C. González-Martínez, Francesca Bagnoli, Federica Cattonaro, Delphine Grivet, Fabio Marroni, Zaida Lorenzo, Juli G. Pausas, Miguel Verdú & Giovanni G. Vendramin
Pinus halepensis is a relevant conifer species for studying adaptive responses to drought and fire regimes in the Mediterranean region. Deciphering the molecular basis of Aleppo pine to the Mediterranean environment is therefore needed. In this study we performed Illumina next-generation sequencing of two phenotypically divergent Pinus halepensis accessions with the aims of i) characterizing the transcriptome through Illumina RNA-Seq of two accessions, phenotypically divergent for adaptive traits link to fire adaptation and drought, ii)...
Assessing the impact of natural enemies of plant and animal pathogens on their host's population dynamics is needed to determine the role of hyperparasites in affecting disease dynamics, and their potential for use in efficient control strategies of pathogens. Here we focus on the long-term study describing metapopulation dynamics of an obligate pathogen, the powdery mildew (Podosphaera plantaginis) naturally infecting its wild host plant (Plantago lanceolata) in the fragmented landscape of the Åland archipelago (southwest...
Plant Protection Institute6
University of Lausanne1
Institute of Biosciences and Bioresources1
Eötvös Loránd University1
University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna1
Spanish National Research Council1
Balaton Limnological Institute1
Agriculture and Food1
University of Pannonia1