38 Works

Wing plasticity and associated gene expression varies across the pea aphid biotype complex

Benjamin J. Parker, Rose M. H. Driscoll, Mary E. Grantham, Jan Hrcek & Jennifer A. Brisson
Developmental phenotypic plasticity is a widespread phenomenon that allows organisms to produce different adult phenotypes in response to different environments. Investigating the molecular mechanisms underlying plasticity has the potential to reveal the precise changes that lead to the evolution of plasticity as a phenotype. Here, we study wing plasticity in multiple host-plant adapted populations of pea aphids as a model for understanding adaptation to different environments within a single species. We describe the wing plasticity...

Culture performance, gene marker, and transcriptome data for fungal isolates (Chalara longipes, Laccaria bicolor, Serpula lacrymans, and Trichoderma harzianum)

Fahri Hasby, Florian Barbi, Stefano Manzoni & Björn Lindahl
Metatranscriptomics holds the prospect of predicting fungal phenotypes based on patterns of gene expressions, providing new opportunities to obtain information about metabolic processes without disturbance of natural systems, and with taxonomic resolution. Acquisition of fungal metabolic carbon and its subsequent partitioning between biomass production and respiration, i.e. the carbon-use efficiency, are central parameters in biogeochemical modelling. However, current available techniques for estimating these parameters in natural systems are all associated with practical and theoretical shortcomings,...

Spatial relationships between spiders and their host vascular epiphytes within shade trees in a Mexican coffee plantation

Luis Guillermo Quijano Cuervo, Luis G. Quijano Cuervo, Francisco Emmanuel Méndez-Castro, Dinesh Rao, Federico Escobar & Simoneta Negrete Yankelevich
Within tree canopies, vascular epiphytes create habitats for other taxa, and their heterogeneous spatial distribution could affect the distribution of organisms associated with them, such as spiders. This study was performed in shade trees of a rustic coffee plantation located within a Tropical Cloud Forest region of Mexico. We used a spatially explicit approach to examine (1) if the richness and abundance of epiphyte-dwelling spiders have a positive association with epiphyte abundance within trees and...

Asellus aquaticus genome and VCF file from samples obtained on Gotland, Sweden

Vid Bakovic
Organisms well suited for the study of ecotype formation have wide distribution ranges, where they adapt to multiple drastically different habitats repeatedly over space and time. Here we study such ecotypes in a Crustacean model, Asellus aquaticus, a commonly occurring isopod found in freshwater habitats as diverse as streams, caves and lakes. Previous studies focusing on cave versus surface ecotypes have attributed depigmentation, eye loss and prolonged antennae to several south European cave systems. Likewise,...

Niche differentiation in the bank vole: Maxent input and output data

Marco Escalante, Michaela Horníková, Silvia Marková & Petr Kotlik
Species-level environmental niche modelling has been crucial in efforts to understand how species respond to climate variation and change. However, species often exhibit local adaptation and intraspecific niche differences that may be important to consider in predicting responses to climate. Here, we explore if phylogeographic lineages of the bank vole originating from different glacial refugia (Carpathian, Western, Eastern and Southern) show niche differentiation, which would suggest a role for local adaptation in biogeography of this...

Intensity of infection with intracellular Eimeria spp. and pinworms is reduced in hybrid mice compared to parental subspecies

Alice Balard, Víctor Hugo Jarquín‐Díaz, Jenny Jost, Iva Martincová, Ľudovít Ďureje, Jaroslav Piálek, Miloš Macholán, Joëlle Goüy De Bellocq, Stuart J. E. Baird & Emanuel Heitlinger
Genetic diversity in animal immune systems is usually beneficial. In hybrid recombinants, this is less clear, as the immune system could also be impacted by genetic conflicts. In the European house mouse hybrid zone, the longstanding impression that hybrid mice are more highly parasitized and less fit than parentals persists despite the findings of recent studies. Working across a novel transect we assessed infections by intracellular protozoans, Eimeria spp., and infections by extracellular macroparasites, pinworms....

Great tits (Parus major) flexibly learn that herbivore-induced plant volatiles indicate prey location – an experimental evidence with two tree species

Katerina Sam, Eliska Kovarova, Inga Freiberga, Henriette Uthe, Alexander Weinhold, Leonardo Jorge & Rachakonda Sreekar
1. When searching for food, great tits (Parus major) can use herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs) as an indicator of arthropod presence. Their ability to detect HIPVs was shown to be learned, and not innate, yet the flexibility and generalization of learning remains unclear. 2. We studied if, and if so how, naïve and trained great tits (Parus major) discriminate between herbivore-induced and non-induced saplings of Scotch elm (Ulmus glabra) and cattley guava (Psidium cattleyanum). We...

Pacific Introduced Flora (PacIFLora)

Michael Wohlwend, Dylan Craven, Patrick Weigelt, Hanno Seebens, Marten Winter, Holger Kreft, Wayne Dawson, Franz Essl, Mark Van Kleunen, Jan Pergl, Petr Pyšek, James Space, Philip Thomas & Tiffany Knight
The Pacific region has the highest density of naturalized plant species worldwide, which makes it an important area for research on the ecology, evolution and biogeography of biological invasions. While different data sources on naturalized plant species exist for the Pacific, there is no taxonomically and spatially harmonized database available for different subsets of species and islands. A comprehensive, accessible database containing the distribution of naturalized vascular plant species in the Pacific will enable new...

Seasonality affects specialisation of a temperate forest herbivore community

Carlo Lutz Seifert, Vojtěch Novotny, Leonardo R. Jorge, Martin Volf, David L. Wagner, Scott E. Miller, Erika Gonzalez‐Akre & Kristina J. Anderson‐Teixeira
Understanding spatiotemporal trends on insect-plant interaction networks is essential to unveil the ecological and evolutionary processes driving herbivore specialisation. However, community studies accounting for temporal dynamics in host-plant specialisation of herbivorous insects are surprisingly scarce. Here, we provide the background data which were used to investigate how seasonality affects specialisation of a temperate forest herbivore community. This dataset results from a comprehensive sampling of more than 4,700 folivorous caterpillars associated with 16 deciduous tree species...

Discovery of new Trichophyton members, T. persicum and T. spiraliforme spp. nov., as a cause of highly inflammatory tinea cases in Iran and Czechia

Adéla Čmoková, Ali Rezaei-Matehkolaei, Ivana Kuklová, Miroslav Kolařík, Forough Shamsizadeh, Saham Ansari, Maral Gharaghani, Viera Miňovská, Mohammad Javad Najafzadeh, Sadegh Nouripour‐Sisakht, Takashi Yaguchi, Kamiar Zomorodian, Hossein Zarrinfar & Vit Hubka
Pathogens from the Trichophyton benhamiae complex are one of the most important causes of animal mycoses with significant zoonotic potential. In the light of the recently revised taxonomy of this complex, we retrospectively identified 38 Trichophyton isolates that could not be resolved in any of the existing species. These strains were isolated from Iranian and Czech patients during molecular epidemiological surveys on dermatophytosis and were predominantly associated with highly inflammatory tinea corporis cases suggesting possible...

Pollinators adjust their behavior to presence of pollinator-transmitted pathogen in plant population

Klára Koupilová, Jakub Štenc & Zdeněk Janovský
Interactions between pollinators and plants can be affected by the presence of plant pathogens that substitute their infectious propagules for pollen in flowers and rely on pollinators for transmission to new hosts. However, it is largely unknown how pollinators integrate cues from diseased plants such as altered floral rewards and floral traits, and how their behavior changes afterward. Understanding pollinator responses to diseased plants is crucial for predicting both pathogen transmission and pollen dispersal in...

Divergent sexual signals reflect costs of local parasites

Amanda Hund, Joanna K. Hubbard, Tomáš Albrecht, Yoni Vortman, Pavel Munclinger, Simona Krausová, Oldřich Tomášek & Rebecca J. Safran
Many closely related populations are distinguished by variation in sexual signals and this variation is hypothesized to play an important role in reproductive isolation and speciation. Within populations, there is considerable evidence that sexual signals provide information about the incidence and severity of parasite infections, but it remains unclear if variation in parasite communities across space could play a role in initiating or maintaining sexual trait divergence. To test for variation in parasite-associated selection, we...

Physiology and acclimation potential are tuned with phenology in larvae of a prolonged breeder amphibian

Urtzi Enriquez-Urzelai, Alfredo G. Nicieza, Albert Montori, Gustavo A. Llorente & Miren Bego Urrutia
Due to the speed of climate changes, rapid buffering mechanisms such as phenotypic plasticity – which may depend on breeding phenology – could be key to avoid extinction. The links between phenology and plasticity, however, remain understudied. Here we explored the matching between phenology and the thermal sensitivity of standard (SMR) and routine metabolic rates (RMR), metabolic scope (i.e. the difference between RMR and SMR), survival and growth-development trajectories in larvae of a prolonged breeder...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    38

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    38

Affiliations

  • Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    25
  • Czech Academy of Sciences
    19
  • Charles University
    6
  • University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice
    6
  • University of Göttingen
    4
  • Durham University
    3
  • Masaryk University
    3
  • Czech University of Life Sciences Prague
    3
  • University of the Basque Country
    2
  • University of Oviedo
    2