13 Works

Rothwald seed rain data

Georg Gratzer
Given the limited dispersal distances for many temperate and tropical tree species (Ribbens et al. 1994, Nathan and Muller-Landau 2000, Martin and Canham 2010), the effect of spatial variability in seed input at the forest floor is fine-scaled and unfolds at the stand level. However, although seed input into plant communities represents a fundamental template for future plant population structure (albeit not a good proxy for reproductive success of plants), the fine scale spatial variation...

Tracking Global Invasion Pathways of the Spongy Moth (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) to the U.S. using Stable Isotopes as Endogenous Biomarkers

Nadine-Cyra Freistetter, Yunke Wu, Gregory Simmons, David Finger & Rebecca Hood-Nowotny
The spread of invasive insect species causes enormous ecological damage and economic losses worldwide. A reliable method that tracks back an invaded insect’s origin would be of great use to entomologists, phytopathologists and pest managers. The spongy moth (Lymantria dispar (L.d.), Linnaeus 1758) is a persistent invasive pest in the north-eastern United States (U.S.) and periodically causes major defoliations in temperate forests. We analysed field-captured (Europe, Asia, U.S.) and lab-reared L.d. specimens for their natal...

A Mix of Old British and Modern European Breeds: Genomic Prediction of Breed Composition of Smallholder Pigs in Uganda

Brian Martin Babigumira, Johann Sölkner, Gábor Mészáros, Christina Pfeiffer, Craig R. G. Lewis, Emily Awuor Ouma, Maria Wurzinger & Karen Marshall
Pig herds in Africa comprise genotypes ranging from local ecotypes to commercial breeds. Many animals are composites of these two types and the best levels of crossbreeding for particular production systems are largely unknown. These pigs are managed without structured breeding programs and inbreeding is potentially limiting. The objective of this study was to quantify ancestry contributions and inbreeding levels in a population of smallholder pigs in Uganda. The study was set in the districts...

Data for: Long-term changes in habitat selection and prey spectrum in a reintroduced Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) population in Switzerland

Kristina Vogt, Daniela Nagl, Klaus Hackländer, Andreas Ryser, Fridolin Zimmermann, Sven Signer, Heinrich Haller, Christine Breitenmoser-Würsten & Urs Breitenmoser
When wild-caught Euan lynx (Lynx lynx) from the Slovak Carpathian Mountains were reintroduced to Central Switzerland in the early 1970s and spread through the north western Swiss Alps (NWA), they faced a largely unfamiliar landscape with strongly fragmented forests, high elevations and intense human land use. For more than 30 years, radiocollared lynx have been monitored during three different project periods (in the 1980s, 1990s and 2010s). Our study explored, how lynx over generations have...

Emerging stability of forest productivity by mixing two species buffers temperature destabilizing effect

Miren Del Rio, Ricardo Ruiz‐Peinado, Stig‐Olof Holm, Aris Jansons, Thomas Nord‐Larsen, Kris Verheyen, Andrés Bravo‐Oviedo, Hans Pretzsch, Ricardo Ruiz-Peinado, Hervé Jactel, Lluís Coll, Magnus Löf, Jorge Aldea, Christian Ammer, Admir Avdagić, Ignacio Barbeito, Kamil Bielak, Felipe Bravo, Gediminas Brazaitis, Jakub Cerný, Catherine Collet, Sonia Condés, Lars Drössler, Marek Fabrika, Michael Heym … & Andrés Bravo-Oviedo
The increasing disturbances in monocultures around the world are testimony to their instability under global change. Many studies have claimed that temporal stability of productivity increase with species richness, although the ecological fundaments have mainly been investigated through diversity experiments. To adequately manage forest ecosystems, it is necessary to have a comprehensive understanding of the effect of mixing species on the temporal stability of productivity and the way in which this it is influenced by...

Data for: Alignments of chloroplast DNA and ITS of tribe Adonideae

Karin Tremetsberger
The Euro-Siberian steppe flora consists of warm- and cold-adapted species, which may have responded differently to Pleistocene glacials and interglacials. Genotyping-by-sequencing individuals from across the distribution range of the pheasant’s eye (Adonis vernalis), we aimed to gain insight into steppe florogenesis based on the species’ evolutionary history. Although the primary area of origin of the species group comprising A. vernalis, A. villosa and A. volgensis is in Asia, our results indicate that A. vernalis itself...

Hunting suitability model - a new tool for managing wild ungulates

Paul Griesberger, Leopold Obermair, Josef Zandl, Gabrielle Stalder, Walter Arnold & Klaus Hackländer
Rising numbers of wild ungulates in human-dominated landscapes of Europe can induce negative effects like damages to forests. Therefore, effective wildlife management, including harvesting through hunting is becoming increasingly important. However, current hunting practices often fail to diminish those negative effects, as many ungulate species retreat to areas unsuitable for hunting. This predator-avoidance behaviour makes it difficult to fulfill the demand of reducing population numbers. Thus, there is an urgent need for innovative and effective...

Functional traits and their plasticity shift from tolerant to avoidant under extreme drought

Rosa Elisabeth Kramp, Pierre Liancourt, Maximiliane Herberich, Lara Saul, Sophie Weides, Katja Tielbörger & Maria Májeková
Under climate change, extreme droughts will limit water availability for plants. However, the species-specific responses make it difficult to draw general conclusions. We hypothesized that changes in species’ abundance in response to extreme drought can be best explained by a set of water economic traits under ambient conditions in combination with the ability to adjust these traits towards higher drought resistance. We conducted a four-year field experiment in temperate grasslands using rainout shelters with 30%...

Data from: Drivers of foliar 15N trends in southern China over the last century

Songbo Tang, Jianfeng Liu, Frank S. Gilliam, Peter Hietz, Zhiheng Wang, Xiankai Lu, Feiyan Zeng, Dazhi Wen, Enqing Hou, Yuan Lai, Yunting Fang, Ying Tu, Dan Xi, Zhiqun Huang, Dianxiang Zhang, Rong Wang & Yuanwen Kuang
Foliar stable nitrogen (N) isotopes (δ15N) generally reflect N availability to plants and have been used to infer about changes thereof. However, previous studies of temporal trends in foliar δ15N have ignored the influence of confounding factors, leading to uncertainties on its indication to N availability. In this study, we measured foliar δ15N of 1,811 herbarium specimens from 12 plant species collected in southern China forests from 1920 to 2010. We explored how changes in...

Additional file 1 of Morphospecies and molecular diversity of ‘lace corals’: the genus Reteporella (Bryozoa: Cheilostomatida) in the central North Atlantic Azores Archipelago

Lara Baptista, Björn Berning, Manuel Curto, Andrea Waeschenbach, Harald Meimberg, António M. Santos & Sérgio P. Ávila
Supplementary Material 1

Additional file 1 of Morphospecies and molecular diversity of ‘lace corals’: the genus Reteporella (Bryozoa: Cheilostomatida) in the central North Atlantic Azores Archipelago

Lara Baptista, Björn Berning, Manuel Curto, Andrea Waeschenbach, Harald Meimberg, António M. Santos & Sérgio P. Ávila
Supplementary Material 1

Data from: The evolutionary pathways for local adaptation in mountain hares

Iwona Giska, João Pimenta, Liliana Farelo, Pierre Boursot, Klaus Hackländer, Hannes Jenny, Neil Reid, W. Ian Montgomery, Paulo A. Prodöhl, Paulo C. Alves & José Melo-Ferreira
Understanding the evolution of local adaptations is a central aim of evolutionary biology and key for the identification of unique populations and lineages of conservation relevance. By combining RAD sequencing and whole-genome sequencing, we identify genetic signatures of local adaptation in mountain hares (Lepus timidus) from isolated and distinctive habitats of its wide distribution: Ireland, the Alps and Fennoscandia. We recovered full mitochondrial DNA sequences from whole-genome sequencing data and used it to recontruct the...

Quantitative monitoring of diverse fish communities on a large scale combining eDNA metabarcoding and qPCR

Didier Pont, Paul Meulenbroek, Vincenz Bammer, Tony Dejean, Tibor Erős, Pauline Jean, Mirjana Lenhardt, Christoffer Nagel, Ladislav Pekarik, Michael Schabuss, Bernhard C. Stoeckle, Elena Stoica, Horst Zornig, Alexander Weigand & Alice Valentini
eDNA metabarcoding is an effective method for studying fish communities but allows only an estimation of relative species abundance (density / biomass). Here, we combine metabarcoding with an estimation of the total abundance of eDNA amplified by our universal marker (teleo) using a qPCR approach to infer the absolute abundance of fish species. We carried out a 2,850 km eDNA survey within the Danube catchment using a spatial integrative sampling protocol coupled with traditional electrofishing...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences
  • University of Porto
  • University of Lisbon
  • Technical University Munich
  • Natural History Museum
  • University of the Azores
  • Swiss National Park
  • University of West Florida
  • Ghent University
  • Queen's University Belfast