1,533 Works

Data from: Common genetic variation in ETV6 is associated with colorectal cancer susceptibility

Meilin Wang, Dongying Gu, Mulong Du, Zhi Xu, Suzhan Zhang, Lingjun Zhu, Jiachun Lu, Rui Zhang, Jinliang Xing, Xiaoping Miao, Haiyan Chu, Zhibin Hu, Lei Yang, Cuiju Tang, Lei Pan, Haina Du, Jian Zhao, Jiangbo Du, Na Tong, Jielin Sun, Hongbing Shen, Jianfeng Xu, Zhengdong Zhang & Jinfei Chen
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified multiple susceptibility loci for colorectal cancer, but much of heritability remains unexplained. To identify additional susceptibility loci for colorectal cancer, here we perform a GWAS in 1,023 cases and 1,306 controls and replicate the findings in seven independent samples from China, comprising 5,317 cases and 6,887 controls. We find a variant at 12p13.2 associated with colorectal cancer risk (rs2238126 in ETV6, P = 2.67 × 10-10). We replicate this...

Supporting data for \"On the origin and evolution of RNA editing in metazoans\"

Qiye Li, Pei Zhang, Ji Li, Hao Yu, Xiaoyu Zhan, Yuanzhen Zhu, Qunfei Guo, Huishuang Tan, Nina Lundholm, Lydia Garcia, Michael D.Martin, Meritxell Antó Subirats, Yi-Hsien Su, Iñaki Ruiz-Trillo, Mark Q. Martindale, Jr-Kai Yu, M.Thomas P.Gilbert & Guojie Zhang
Extensive adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) editing of nuclear-transcribed RNAs is the hallmark of metazoan transcriptional regulation, and is fundamental to numerous biochemical processes. Here we explore the origin and evolution of this regulatory innovation, by quantifying its prevalence in 22 species that represent all major transitions in metazoan evolution.
Files provided in this dataset: 1. Genebody_Anno.tar.gz : Refined gene annotations of the 22 species used in this study in gene transfer format (GTF). 2. Repeat_Anno.tar.gz :...

HIF-1α promotes the keloid development through the activation of TGF-β/Smad and TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathways

Rui Lei, Jian Li, Feng Liu, Weihan Li, Shizhen Zhang, Yang Wang, Xi Chu & Jinghong Xu
A keloid is defined as an overgrowth of the dense fibrous tissues that form around a wound. Since they destroy the vascular network, keloid tissues often exhibit anoxic conditions. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is a core factor that mediates hypoxia stress responses and regulates the hypoxic cellular and biological behaviors. In this study, we found that the expression level of HIF-1α in keloid tissue was significantly higher than that in the normal skin tissue. Hypoxia-induced HIF-1α...

Myotubularin related protein 7 is essential for the spermatogonial stem cell homeostasis via PI3K/AKT signaling

Dan Zhao, Cong Shen, Tingting Gao, Hong Li, Yueshuai Guo, Feng Li, Chenchen Liu, Yuanyuan Liu, Xia Chen, Xi Zhang, Yangyang Wu, Yi Yu, Meng Lin, Yan Yuan, Xiaofang Chen, Xiaoyan Huang, Shenmin Yang, Jun Yu, Jun Zhang & Bo Zheng
Myotubularin related protein 7 (MTMR7), a key member of the MTMR family, depicts phosphatase activity and is involved in myogenesis and tumor growth. We have previously identified MTMR7 in the proteomic profile of mouse spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) maturation and differentiation, implying that MTMR7 is associated with neonatal testicular development. In this study, to further explore the distribution and function of MTMR7 in mouse testis, we studied the effect of Mtmr7 knockdown on neonatal testicular...

Development of an automatic integrated gene detection system for novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV2)

Yuchang Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Lizhong Dai, Lin Li, Juan Liu, Sen Zhang, Xiaoyan Wu, Yi Hu, Chengfeng Qin, Tao Jiang & Xiaoping Kang
In December 2019, Wuhan, China suffered a serious outbreak of a novel coronavirus infectious disease (COVID) caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV 2). To quickly identify the pathogen, we designed and screened primer sets, and established a sensitive and specific qRT-PCR assay for SARS-CoV 2; the lower limit of detection (LOD) was 15 (95% CI: 9.8–21) copies per reaction. We combined this qRT-PCR assay with an automatic integration system for nucleic acid...

Discovery of a subgenotype of human coronavirus NL63 associated with severe lower respiratory tract infection in China, 2018

Yanqun Wang, Xin Li, Wenkuan Liu, Mian Gan, Lu Zhang, Jin Wang, Zhaoyong Zhang, Airu Zhu, Fang Li, Jing Sun, Guoxian Zhang, Zhen Zhuang, Jiaying Luo, Dehui Chen, Shuyan Qiu, Li Zhang, Duo Xu, Chris Ka Pun Mok, Fuchun Zhang, Jingxian Zhao, Rong Zhou & Jincun Zhao
Human coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63) is primarily associated with common cold in children, elderly and immunocompromised individuals. Outbreaks caused by HCoV-NL63 are rare. Here we report a cluster of HCoV-NL63 cases with severe lower respiratory tract infection that arose in Guangzhou, China, in 2018. Twenty-three hospitalized children were confirmed to be HCoV-NL63 positive, and most of whom were hospitalized with severe pneumonia or acute bronchitis. Whole genomes of HCoV-NL63 were obtained using next-generation sequencing. Phylogenetic and...

Biological characteristics associated with virulence in Clostridioides difficile ribotype 002 in Hong Kong

Ka Yi Kong, Thomas N. Y. Kwong, Hung Chan, Kristine Wong, Samuel S. Y. Wong, Anu P. Chaparala, Raphael C. Y. Chan, Lin Zhang, Joseph J. Y. Sung, Jun Yu, Peter M. Hawkey, Margaret Ip, William K. K. Wu & Sunny H. Wong
Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) is a common cause of nosocomial diarrhea and can sometimes lead to pseudo-membranous colitis and toxic megacolon. We previously reported that the PCR ribotype 002 was a common C. difficile ribotype in Hong Kong that was associated with increased mortality. In this study, we assessed in vitro bacteriological characteristics and in vivo virulence of ribotype 002 compared to other common ribotypes, including ribotypes 012, 014 and 046. We observed significantly higher...

Naoxintong accelerates diabetic wound healing by attenuating inflammatory response

Leyu Fang, Lu Chen, Min Song, Juan He, Lusha Zhang, Chunxiao Li, Qianyi Wang, Wenjie Yang, Wei Sun, Yuze Leng, Hong Shi, Shaoxia Wang, Xiumei Gao & Hong Wang
Naoxintong (NXT), a prescribed traditional Chinese medicine, widely used in cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases, could be effective in diabetic wounds. This study evaluates the wound healing activity of NXT by employing an excisional wound splinting model. NXT was dissolved in saline and given daily by gavage. Wounds were induced at the dorsum of non-diabetic (db/+) and diabetic (db/db) mice and treated with saline or 700 mg/kg/d NXT for 16 days. Wound closure was measured every...

Association between atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases risk and renal outcome in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Honghong Ren, Lijun Zhao, Yutong Zou, Yiting Wang, Junlin Zhang, Yucheng Wu, Rui Zhang, Tingli Wang, Jiali Wang, Yitao Zhu, Ruikun Guo, Huan Xu, Lin Li, Mark E. Cooper & Fang Liu
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus increase atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD) risk. However, the association between renal outcome of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and ASCVD risk is unclear. This retrospective study enrolled 218 type 2 diabetic patients with biopsy-proven DKD, and without known cardiovascular diseases. Baseline characteristics were obtained and the 10-year ASCVD risk score was calculated using the Pooled Cohort Equation (PCE). Renal outcome was defined as progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD)....

MicroRNA-146a-5p enhances T helper 17 cell differentiation via decreasing a disintegrin and metalloprotease 17 level in primary sjögren’s syndrome

Xiaoyan Wang, Shaojun Xin, Youqing Wang, Duo Ju, Quan Wu, Ye Qiu, Xuemin Niu, Wei Liu, Jianyou Li & Pengtian Ji
In clinical practice, we found that microRNA (miR)-146a-5p is significantly up-regulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of primary sjögren’s syndrome (pSS) patients. In vitro experiments confirmed that miR-146a-5p promotes T helper 17 (Th17) cell differentiation, but the specific mechanism is still unknown. To solve this problem, 20 pSS patients and 20 healthy subjects were enrolled in this study and PBMCs were isolated from their blood. The expression of the membrane IL-23 R (mIL-23 R)...

The lipoprotein NlpD in Cronobacter sakazakii responds to acid stress and regulates macrophage resistance and virulence by maintaining membrane integrity

Xuemeng Ji, Ping Lu, Juan Xue, Ning Zhao, Yan Zhang, Lu Dong, Xuejiao Zhang, Ping Li, Yaozhong Hu, Jin Wang, Bowei Zhang, Jingmin Liu, Huan lv & Shuo Wang
Cronobacter sakazakii, an emerging opportunistic pathogen, is implicated in severe foodborne outbreak infections in premature and full-term infants. Generally, acid tolerance is vital for the pathogenesis of foodborne pathogens; however, its role in C. sakazakii virulence remains largely unknown. To screen out acid-tolerance determinants from transposon mutants, anovel counterselection method using gentamicin and acid was developed. Using the counterselection method and growth assay, we screened several acid-sensitive mutants and found that nlpD encodes an acid-resistance...

Genome-wide identification and functional prediction of circular RNAs in response to heat stress in Chinese Holstein cows

Ying Qi, Lin Zhang, Yuemei Guo, Jing Wang, Mingxing Chu, Yiming Zhang, Junfei Guo & Qiuling Li
Heat stress (HS) leads to substantial economic loss of dairy industry each year. The negative effect of HS in dairy cows is becoming one of the more urgent issue due to accelerating side-effects of global warming. Various genes are involved in HS response but the information about the role of noncoding RNAs, especially circular RNAs (circRNAs) is largely unknown. In our study, we aimed to investigate the different expression profile of circRNAs between HS and...

T-box transcription factor TBX1, targeted by microRNA-6727-5p, inhibits cell growth and enhances cisplatin chemosensitivity of cervical cancer cells through AKT and MAPK pathways

Haixia Liu, Mei Song, Xiaoyan Sun, Xin Zhang, Huayan Miao & Yankui Wang
Cervical cancer (CC) is the fourth most common cancers among women worldwide. T-box transcription factor 1 (TBX1), a member of the T-box family, has anti-tumor effects in some types of cancer, but its role in CC is yet unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the functions and underlying mechanisms of TBX1 in CC. Online database UALCAN showed that TBX1 was down-regulated in CC tissues compared with normal tissues and patients with lower...

sj-xlsx-2-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 – Supplemental material for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma

Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang & Zhongsheng Sun
Supplemental material, sj-xlsx-2-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma by Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang and Zhongsheng Sun in Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology

Cryptotanshinone possesses therapeutic effects on ischaemic stroke through regulating STAT5 in a rat model

Feihong Zhu, Hehe Chen, Meifei Xu, Xiajun Zhang, Jing Yu, Yali Pan & Weixin Zhu
Cryptotanshinone (CT), a lipophilic compound extracted from roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Lamiaceae) (Danshen), has multiple properties in diseases, such as pulmonary fibrosis, lung cancer, and osteoarthritis. Our previous findings suggest that CT plays a protective role in cerebral stroke. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying CT protection in ischaemic stroke remain unclear. This study examines the effect of CT on ischaemic stroke. We used the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat (Sprague-Dawley rats, 200 ±...

Preventing Candida albicans from subverting host plasminogen for invasive infection treatment

Si-Min Chen, Zui Zou, Shi-Yu Guo, Wei-Tong Hou, Xi-Ran Qiu, Yu Zhang, Li-Jun Song, Xin-Yu Hu, Yuan-Ying Jiang, Hui Shen & Mao-Mao An
Candida albicans is a common fungal pathogen in humans that colonizes the skin and mucosal surfaces of the majority healthy individuals. How C. albicans disseminates into the bloodstream and causes life-threatening systemic infections in immunocompromised patients remains unclear. Plasminogen system activation can degrade a variety of structural proteins in vivo and is involved in several homeostatic processes. Here, for the first time, we characterized that C. albicans could capture and “subvert” host plasminogen to invade...

Data from: Phagocytic intracellular digestion in amphioxus (Branchiostoma)

Chunpeng He, Tingyu Han, Xin Liao, Yuxin Zhou, Xiuqiang Wang, Rui Guan, Tian Tian, Yixin Li, Changwei Bi, Na Lu, Ziyi He, Bing Hu, Qiang Zhou, Yue Hu, Zuhong Lu & Jun-Yuan Chen
The digestive methods employed by amphioxus (Branchiostoma)—both intracellular phagocytic digestion and extracellular digestion—have been discussed since 1937. Recent studies also show that epithelial cells lining the Branchiostoma digestive tract can express many immune genes. Here, in Branchiostoma belcheri, using a special tissue fixation method, we show that some epithelial cells, especially those lining the large diverticulum protruding from the gut tube, phagocytise food particles directly, and Branchiostoma can rely on this kind of phagocytic intracellular...

HIV-1 resists MxB inhibition of viral Rev protein

Zhen Wang, Keli Chai, Qian Liu, Dong-Rong Yi, Qinghua Pan, Yu Huang, Juan Tan, Wentao Qiao, Fei Guo, Shan Cen & Chen Liang
The interferon-inducible myxovirus resistance B (MxB) protein has been reported to inhibit HIV-1 and herpesviruses by blocking the nuclear import of viral DNA. Here, we report a new antiviral mechanism in which MxB restricts the nuclear import of HIV-1 regulatory protein Rev, and as a result, diminishes Rev-dependent expression of HIV-1 Gag protein. Specifically, MxB disrupts the interaction of Rev with the nuclear transport receptor, transportin 1 (TNPO1). Supporting this, the TNPO1-independent Rev variants become...

SP1-induced lncRNA ZFPM2 antisense RNA 1 (ZFPM2-AS1) aggravates glioma progression via the miR-515-5p/Superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) axis

Yaxuan Zhang, Yin Zhang, Sen Wang, Qingquan Li, Boqiang Cao, Baosheng Huang, Tianlu Wang, Ruijuan Guo & Ning Liu
Glioma is a common life-threatening tumor with high malignancy and high invasiveness. LncRNA ZFPM2 antisense RNA 1 (ZFPM2-AS1) was confirmed to be implicated in numerous tumors, while its biological function and mechanism have not been thoroughly understood in glioma. The gene expression was measured by RT-qPCR. Cell proliferation, cell cycle, and cell apoptosis of glioma cells were validated by CCK-8, colony formation, flow cytometry and TUNEL assays. The effect of ZFPM2-AS1 on tumor growth was...

The expression and clinical prognostic value of protein phosphatase 1 catalytic subunit beta in pancreatic cancer

Lingyu Hu, Haokai Xu, Xiaoguang Wang, Bin Wu, Fei Chen, Wei Chen, Yong Gao & Zhengxiang Zhong
Pancreatic cancer (PAAD) is a common malignancy with a poor survival rate. The identification of novel biomarkers could improve clinical outcomes for patients with PAAD. Here we evaluated the expression and clinical significance of PPP1CB in PAAD. PPP1CB expression was higher in PAAD tissue than in matched paracancerous tissue (P < 0.05). We predicted a network of regulatory targets and protein interaction partners of PPP1CB, and identified a PPI network consisting of 39 node genes....

Long non-coding RNA LINC00511 regulates the expression of microRNA-625-5p and activates signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) to accelerate the progression of gastric cancer

Ning Cui, Qinhui Sun, Hongjun Liu, Leping Li, Xiaobo Guo, Yulong Shi, Changqing Jing, Chengkun Qin & Yu Zhao
This study aimed to investigate the expression, biological function, and downstream mechanism of LINC00511 in gastric cancer (GC). In paired GC samples, LINC00511, miR-625-5p and STAT3 mRNA expression levels were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR); STAT3 protein expression was detected by immunohistochemical (IHC). The gain-of-function and loss-of-function models were established, and the proliferative and migrative ability of GC cells were measured by CCK-8 and transwell assays, respectively. The regulatory relationship between miR-625-5p...

Prognostic and immunological significance of metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 among different kinds of cancers

Lili Guo, Xiuwen Zhang, Hongli Pan, Yang Li, Jing Wang, Lin Li, Yafang Dong, Xinxin Du, Jun Chen & Fengjie Guo
LncRNAs belong to the type of noncoding RNA transcripts, which exceed 200 nucleotides in size. MALAT1 as one of the earlier identified lncRNAs in cancer is investigated by more and more scientific researchers. Expression, clinical significance and function of MALAT1 in pan-cancer exist as big difference. To detect the expression and clinical significance of MALAT1 gene precisely and comprehensively among different kinds of cancers, some classical databases such as GEPIA, TIMER, KM Plotter, and PrognoScan...

Suppressed inflammation in obese children induced by a high-fiber diet is associated with the attenuation of gut microbial virulence factor genes

Hui Li, Guojun Wu, Liping Zhao & Menghui Zhang
In our previous study, a gut microbiota-targeted dietary intervention with a high-fiber diet improved the immune status of both genetically obese (Prader-Willi Syndrome, PWS) and simple obese (SO) children. However, PWS children had higher inflammation levels than SO children throughout the trial, the gut microbiota of the two cohorts was similar. As some virulence factors (VFs) produced by the gut microbiota play a role in triggering host inflammation, this study compared the characteristics and changes...

miR-152-3p aggravates vascular endothelial cell dysfunction by targeting DEAD-box helicase 6 (DDX6) under hypoxia

Zhongyan Zhao, Chanji Wu, Xiangying He, Eryi Zhao, Shijun Hu, Yeguang Han, Ting Wang, Yanquan Chen, Tao Liu & Shixiong Huang
Stroke is a main cause of disability and death worldwide, and ischemic stroke accounts for most stroke cases. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been verified to play critical roles in the development of stroke. Herein, we explored effects of miR-152-3p on vascular endothelial cell functions under hypoxia. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with hypoxia to mimic cell injury in vitro. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction revealed that miR-152-3p exhibited high expression in...

Derivation and validation of a model to predict acute kidney injury following cardiac surgery in patients with normal renal function

Penghua Hu, Zhiming Mo, Yuanhan Chen, Yanhua Wu, Li Song, Li Zhang, Zhilian Li, Lei Fu, Huaban Liang, Yiming Tao, Shuangxin Liu, Zhiming Ye & Xinling Liang
The study aimed to construct a clinical model based on preoperative data for predicting acute kidney injury (AKI) following cardiac surgery in patients with normal renal function. A total of 22,348 consecutive patients with normal renal function undergoing cardiac surgery were enrolled. Among them, 15,701 were randomly selected for the training group and the remaining for the validation group. To develop a model visualized as a nomogram for predicting AKI, logistic regression was performed with...

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