7 Works

Data from: Re-visiting the phylogeography and demography of European badgers (Meles meles) based on broad sampling, multiple markers and simulations

Alain C. Frantz, Allan D. McDevitt, Lisa C. Pope, Joanna Kochan, John Davison, Chris F. Clements, Morten Elmeros, Guillem Molina-Vacas, Aritz Ruiz-Gonzalez, Alessandro Balestrieri, Koen Van Den Berge, Peter Breyne, Emmanuel Do Linh San, Erik O. Ågren, Franz Suchentrunk, Laurent Schley, Rafał Kowalczyk, Berit I. Kostka, Dusko Ćirović, Nikica Šprem, Marc Colyn, Marco Ghirardi, Venislava Racheva, Christophe Braun, Rita Oliveira … & Terry Burke
Although the phylogeography of European mammals has been extensively investigated since the 1990s, many studies were limited in terms of sampling distribution, the number of molecular markers used and the analytical techniques employed, frequently leading to incomplete postglacial recolonisation scenarios. The broad-scale genetic structure of the European badger (Meles meles) is of interest as it may result from historic restriction to glacial refugia and/or recent anthropogenic impact. However, previous studies were based mostly on samples...

Data from: The presence of bacterial microcolonies on the maxillary sinus ciliary epithelium in healthy young individuals

Monika Morawska-Kochman, Krzysztof Marycz, Katarzyna Jermakow, Kamil Nelke, Wojciech Pawlak & Marek Bochnia
Objective: The aim of this cross-sectional in vitro study was to evaluate the mucosal surfaces of healthy maxillary sinuses, explore different forms of bacterial microorganism colonies present on the mucous membrane, and determine a mucosal surface area they occupy. Methods: Samples of the maxillary sinus mucosa were collected from 30 healthy patients (M=11; F=19). The material was obtained during the Le Fort I osteotomy performed during corrective jaw surgery. The morphological and morphometric analysis of...

Insight into the genetic population structure of wild red foxes in Poland reveals low risk of genetic introgression from escaped farm red foxes

Magdalena Zatoń-Dobrowolska, Heliodor Wierzbicki, Magdalena Moska & Anna Mucha
In this study we assessed the level of genetic introgression between red foxes bred on fur farms in Poland and the native wild population. We also evaluated the impact of a geographic barrier and isolation by distance on gene flow between two isolated subpopulations of the native red fox and their genetic differentiation. Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA was collected from a total of 308 individuals (200 farm and 108 wild red foxes) to study non-native...

Data from: Coalescent-based species delimitation approach uncovers high cryptic diversity in the cosmopolitan lichen-forming fungal genus Protoparmelia (Lecanorales, Ascomycota)

Garima Singh, Francesco Dal Grande, Pradeep K. Divakar, Jürgen Otte, Steven D. Leavitt, Katarzyna Szczepanska, Ana Crespo, Víctor J. Rico, André Aptroot, Marcela Eugenia Da Silva Cáceres, H. Thorsten Lumbsch & Imke Schmitt
Species recognition in lichen-forming fungi has been a challenge because of unsettled species concepts, few taxonomically relevant traits, and limitations of traditionally used morphological and chemical characters for identifying closely related species. Here we analyze species diversity in the cosmopolitan genus Protoparmelia s.l. The ~25 described species in this group occur across diverse habitats from the boreal -arctic/alpine to the tropics, but their relationship to each other remains unexplored. In this study, we inferred the...

Spatial, climate and ploidy factors drive genomic diversity and resilience in the widespread grass Themeda triandra

Collin Ahrens, Elizabeth A. James, Adam D. Miller, Ferguson Scott, Nicola C. Aitken, Ashley W. Jones, Patricia Lu‐Irving, Justin O. Borevitz, David J. Cantrill & Paul D. Rymer
This data set was used to assess the climate resilience of Themeda triandra, a foundational species and the most widespread plant in Australia, by assessing the relative contributions of spatial, environmental, and ploidy factors to contemporary genomic variation. Reduced-representation genome sequencing on 472 samples from 52 locations was used to test how the distribution of genomic variation, including ploidy polymorphism, supports adaptation to hotter and drier climates.

Contact zone of two different chloroplast lineages and genetic guidelines for seed transfer in Quercus serrata and Q. crispula

Kataru Onosato, Takuto Shitara, Asako Matsumoto, Ayumi Matsuo, Yoshihisa Suyama & Yoshihiko Tsumura
Within their natural distribution ranges, plant species exhibit genetic structure which has been created by global climate change and natural selection over long periods. To conserve local forests with different genetic structures, genetic guidelines for seed and seedling transfer in individual species are therefore necessary. Genetic guidelines have been published for 43 Japanese tree species using population genetic data; however, for practical use, more detailed genetic borders between important genetic lineages should be clarified to...

Phenology of Lupinus polyphyllus from Central to Northern Europe

Kristin Ludewig, Yves P. Klinger, Tobias W. Donath, Lukas Bärmann, Carsten Eichberg, Jacob Gadegaad Thomsen, Eugen Görzen, Wiebke Hansen, Eliza M. Hasselquist, Thierry Helminger, Frida Kaiskog, Emma Karlsson, Torsten Kirchner, Carola Knudsen, Nikola Lenzewski, Sigrid Lindmo, Per Milberg, Daniel Pruchniewicz, Elisabeth Richter, Tobias M. Sandner, Judith M. Sarneel, Ralf Schmiede, Simone Schneider, Kathrin Schwarz, Åsa Tjäder … & Rolf Lutz Eckstein
Plant phenology, i. e. the timing of life cycle events, is related to individual fitness and species distribution ranges. Among the environmental factors, phenology is mostly driven by temperature and day length. Rapid adaptation of their phenology may also be important for the success of invasive plant species. Our main aim was to understand how the performance, timing, and temperature dependence of the phenology of the invasive legume Lupinus polyphyllus varies with latitude. L. polyphyllus...

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