65 Works

Data from: Acclimatization of symbiotic corals to mesophotic light environments through wavelength transformation by fluorescent protein pigments

Edward G. Smith, Cecilia D'Angelo, Yoni Sharon, Dan Tchernov & Joerg Wiedenmann
The depth distribution of reef-building corals exposes their photosynthetic symbionts of the genus Symbiodinium to extreme gradients in the intensity and spectral quality of the ambient light environment. Characterizing the mechanisms used by the coral holobiont to respond to the low intensity and reduced spectral composition of the light environment in deeper reefs (greater than 20 m) is fundamental to our understanding of the functioning and structure of reefs across depth gradients. Here, we demonstrate...

Weak evidence of carry-over effects of overwinter climate and habitat productivity on spring passage of migratory songbirds at a northern stopover site in Ontario

Lisa Horn, Tarmo Remmel & Bridget Stutchbury
Reduced rainfall in tropical regions decreases the availability of food resources for overwintering songbirds, with negative impacts on their body condition. Increasingly dry conditions at tropical wintering sites as a result of climate change may impact the ability of temperate-breeding songbirds to prepare for and execute their spring migration. We studied the carry-over effects of natural climatic fluctuations created by the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in tropical overwintering areas on seven long-distance migratory songbirds...

Data from: The role of ventromedial prefrontal cortex in reward valuation and future thinking during intertemporal choice

Elisa Ciaramelli & R. Shayna Rosenbaum
The paper investigates the effect of reward magnitude and episodic future thinking (EFT) cues on delay discounting (DD) in 12 patients with lesions to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC patients) and 41 healthy controls. In the Standard condition, participants viewed pairs of monetary amounts (of different magnitude) and were asked to make hypothetical choices between smaller-immediate rewards and larger rewards available after a delay. In the EFT condition, participants imagined personal events to occur at...

Data from: Laminar microcircuitry of visual cortex producing attention-associated electric fields

Jacob Westerberg, Michelle Schall, Alexander Maier, Geoffrey Woodman & Jeffrey Schall
Cognitive operations are widely studied by measuring electric fields through EEG and ECoG. However, despite their widespread use, the neural circuitry giving rise to these signals remains unknown because the functional architecture of cortical columns producing attention-associated electric fields has not been explored. Here, we detail the laminar cortical circuitry underlying an attention-associated electric field measured over posterior regions of the brain in humans and monkeys. First, we identified visual cortical area V4 as one...

Individual dietary specialization in a generalist bee varies across populations but has no effect on the richness of associated microbial communities

Marilia Palumbo Gaiarsa, Sandra Rehan, Matthew Barbour & Quinn McFrederick
Despite the increasingly documented occurrence of individual specialization, the relationship between individual consumer interactions and diet-related microbial communities in wild populations is still unclear. Using data from nests of the bee Ceratina australensis from three different wild populations, we combine metabarcoding and network approaches to explore the existence of individual variation in resource use within and across populations, and whether dietary specialization affects the richness of pollen-associated microbes. We reveal the existence of marked dietary...

Cannabidiol attenuates methamphetamine-induced conditioned place preference in male rats and viability in PC12 cells through the Sigma1R/AKT/GSK3β/CREB signaling pathway

Liu Liu, Juan Li, Chan Wang, Yue Xu, Chi-Kwan Leung, Genmeng Yang, Shucheng Lin, Shuwei Zhang, Yi Tan, Huijie Zhang, Haowei Wang, Jianxing Liu, Ming Li & Xiaofeng Zeng
Background: Methamphetamine use is associated with several negative consequences, including neurotoxicity and greater probability of exhibiting a substance use disorder. Sigma1 receptor is involved in the neurobiological basis of several drug use disorders. Cannabidiol has received attention in the treatment of drug use disorders and neurotoxicity. Objectives: To investigate the effects of cannabidiol on methamphetamine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) and the viability of PC12 cells. Methods: Adult male rats (n = 70) underwent methamphetamine (2...

Additional file 5 of COVID-19 prevalence and infection control measures at homeless shelters and hostels in high-income countries: a scoping review

Justine Levesque, Jordan Babando, Nathaniel Loranger, Shantel Johnson & David Pugh
Additional file 5. A condensed version of the data repository from all 77 documents.

Data from: Familiar size affects perception differently in virtual reality and the real world

Anna M. Rzepka, Kieran J. Hussey, Margaret V. Maltz, Karsten Babin, Laurie M. Wilcox & Jody C. Culham
The promise of virtual reality as a tool for perceptual and cognitive research rests on the assumption that perception in virtual environments generalizes to the real world. Here, we conducted two experiments to compare size and distance perception between virtual reality and physical reality (Maltz et al., 2021). In Experiment 1, we used virtual reality (VR) to present dice and Rubik’s cubes at their typical sizes or reversed sizes at distances that maintained a constant...

Additional file 2 of Economic evaluation of COVID-19 rapid antigen screening programs in the workplace

Thomas N. Vilches, Ellen Rafferty, Chad R. Wells, Alison P. Galvani & Seyed M. Moghadas
Additional file 2. Details of costs.

Fish habitats, fish diets, and bathymetry for 18 terminal lakes

Zachary Bess, James Simmons, Aaron Koning, Erin Suenaga, Aldo San Pedro, Joshua Culpepper, Facundo Scordo, Carina Seitz, Suzanne Kelson, Tara McKinnon, Ryan McKim, Karly Feher, Flavia Tromboni, Julie Regan & Sudeep Chandra
Terminal lakes are lakes with no hydrologic surface outflows and with losses of water occurring only through surface evaporation and groundwater discharge. We quantified the extent of the littoral zones (areas where 1% or more of surface irradiation reaches the lake bottom) and open water zones (areas where less than 1% of surface irradiation reaches the lake bottom) in 18 terminal lakes. Additionally, we quantified habitat usage and diets of the fish species inhabiting these...

Data from: The effect of habitat fragmentation on finescale population structure of wood frogs (Rana sylvatica)

M. Kathrine A. Crosby, Lawrence E. Licht & Jinzhong Fu
We examined the impact of recent anthropogenic habitat fragmentation on the genetic structure of wood frog (Rana sylvatica) breeding sites in Wellington County of Ontario, Canada. In addition to geographic distance (average pairwise distance ~22 km, greatest distance ~50.22 km), four landscape features hypothesized to contribute to genetic differentiation between breeding sites were considered: road density, a major highway (highway 401), canopy cover, and watershed discontinuity. Analysis of data from 396 samples across nine breeding...

Data from: Dietary habits of polar bears in Foxe Basin, Canada: possible evidence of a trophic regime shift mediated by a new top predator

Melissa P. Galicia, Gregory W. Thiemann, Markus G. Dyck, Steven H. Ferguson & Jeff W. Higdon
Polar bear (Ursus maritimus) subpopulations in several areas with seasonal sea ice regimes have shown declines in body condition, reproductive rates, or abundance as a result of declining sea ice habitat. In the Foxe Basin region of Nunavut, Canada, the size of the polar bear subpopulation has remained largely stable over the past 20 years, despite concurrent declines in sea ice habitat. We used fatty acid analysis to examine polar bear feeding habits in Foxe...

Chapter 3 Raw Data

Ryan Spafford
Arthropods are critical ecosystem components due to their high diversity and sensitivity to perturbation. Further, due to their ease of capture they are often the focus of environmental health surveys. There is much debate regarding the best sampling method to use in these surveys. Sweep netting and pan trapping are two sampling methods commonly used in agricultural arthropod surveys but have not been contrasted in natural grassland systems at the community-level. The purpose of this...

Modelling the impact of antibody-dependent enhancement on disease severity of ZIKV and DENV sequential and co-infection

Biao Tang, Yanni Xiao, Beate Sander, Manisha A. Kulkarni & Jianhong Wu
Human infections with viruses of the genus Flavivirus, including dengue virus (DENV) and Zika virus (ZIKV), are of increasing global importance. Due to antibody dependent enhancement, secondary infection with one Flavivirus following primary infection with another {\it Flavivirus} can result in a significantly larger peak viral load with a much higher risk of severe disease. Although several mathematical models have been developed to quantify the virus dynamics in the primary and secondary infections of DENV,...

Data from: Positive associations with native shrubs are intense and important for an exotic invader but not the native annual community across an aridity gradient

Jacob Lucero, Merav Seifan, Ragan Callaway & Christopher Lortie
AIM AND LOCATION: Positive interactions influence the assembly of plant communities globally, particularly in stressful environments like deserts. However, few studies have measured the intensity and relative importance of positive interactions involving native and invasive species along aridity gradients. These measures are essential for predicting how dryland communities will respond to biological invasions and environmental change. Here, we measured the intensity and importance of positive associations formed between native shrubs and the annual plant community,...

Data from: Multisensory control of orientation in tethered flying Drosophila

Timothy A. Currier & Katherine I. Nagel
A longstanding goal of systems neuroscience is to quantitatively describe how the brain integrates sensory cues over time. Here we develop a closed-loop orienting paradigm in Drosophila to study the algorithms by which cues from two modalities are integrated during ongoing behavior. We find that flies exhibit two behaviors when presented simultaneously with an attractive visual stripe and aversive wind cue. First, flies perform a turn sequence where they initially turn away from the wind...

Shrub density effects on the community structure and composition of a desert animal community

Mario Zuliani, Christopher Lortie & Nargol Ghazian
Positive interactions between shrubs and animals are frequent in desert ecosystems. Shrub canopies can provide refuge to some animal species from predators and shelter from stressful environmental conditions by ameliorating high temperatures through lowering the amplitude of variation. Consequently, there have been many contrasts of shrub versus open effects; however, we extend this approach further by testing these effects on a gradient of shrub densities in the Carrizo National Monument, California. We tested the hypothesis...

Additional file 4 of COVID-19 prevalence and infection control measures at homeless shelters and hostels in high-income countries: a scoping review

Justine Levesque, Jordan Babando, Nathaniel Loranger, Shantel Johnson & David Pugh
Additional file 4. Data extraction tool.

Additional file 4 of COVID-19 prevalence and infection control measures at homeless shelters and hostels in high-income countries: a scoping review

Justine Levesque, Jordan Babando, Nathaniel Loranger, Shantel Johnson & David Pugh
Additional file 4. Data extraction tool.

Additional file 2 of COVID-19 prevalence and infection control measures at homeless shelters and hostels in high-income countries: a scoping review

Justine Levesque, Jordan Babando, Nathaniel Loranger, Shantel Johnson & David Pugh
Additional file 2. Articles.

Additional file 2 of Economic evaluation of COVID-19 rapid antigen screening programs in the workplace

Thomas N. Vilches, Ellen Rafferty, Chad R. Wells, Alison P. Galvani & Seyed M. Moghadas
Additional file 2. Details of costs.

Data from: Postmarket safety in Canada: are significant therapeutic advances and biologics less safe than other drugs? A cohort study

Joel Lexchin
Objectives: Examine the probability of new active substances (NASs) approved in Canada between 1 January 1997 and 31 March 2012 acquiring a serious postmarket safety warning. Design: Cohort study. Data sources: Annual reports of the Therapeutic Products Directorate and the Biologic and Genetic Therapies Directorate; evaluations of therapeutic innovation from the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board and Prescrire International; MedEffect Canada website. Interventions: Postmarket regulatory safety warning or withdrawal from market due to safety reasons....

Data from: Climate-associated tundra thaw pond formation and range expansion of boreal zooplankton predators

Derek J. Taylor, Matthew J. Ballinger, Andrew S. Medeiros & Alexey A. Kotov
Most of the freshwater component of the Earth's surface is composed of shallow tundra ponds. These high latitude ecosystems have been exposed to a variety of abiotic disturbances associated with recent environmental change. However, the biological significance of these changes remains poorly understood. Here, we characterize the abiotic disturbance to the shallow tundra ponds of northwest Alaska. We used historical aerial imagery to determine that up to 53% of the sampled ponds have formed during...

Data from: The jellification of north temperate lakes

Adam Jeziorski, Andrew J. Tanentzap, Norman D. Yan, Andrew M. Paterson, Michelle E. Palmer, Jennifer B. Korosi, James A. Rusak, Michael T. Arts, Wendell Bill Keller, Ron Ingram, Allegra Cairns, John P. Smol & W. Keller
Calcium (Ca) concentrations are decreasing in softwater lakes across eastern North America and western Europe. Using long-term contemporary and palaeo-environmental field data, we show that this is precipitating a dramatic change in Canadian lakes: the replacement of previously dominant pelagic herbivores (Ca-rich Daphnia species) by Holopedium glacialis, a jelly-clad, Ca-poor competitor. In some lakes, this transformation is being facilitated by increases in macro-invertebrate predation, both from native (Chaoborus spp.) and introduced (Bythotrephes longimanus) zooplanktivores, to...

Data from: Testing the prey-trap hypothesis at two wildlife conservancies in Kenya

Marc Dupuis-Desormeaux, Zeke Davidson, Mary Mwololo, Sam Taylor, Edwin Kisio & Suzanne E. MacDonald
Protecting an endangered and highly poached species can conflict with providing an open and ecologically connected landscape for coexisting species. In Kenya, about half of the black rhino (Diceros bicornis) live in electrically fenced private conservancies. Purpose-built fence-gaps permit some landscape connectivity for elephant while restricting rhino from escaping. We monitored the usage patterns at these gaps by motion-triggered cameras and found high traffic volumes and predictable patterns of prey movement. The prey-trap hypothesis (PTH)...

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  • York University
  • Xi'an Jiaotong University
  • New York University
  • Sichuan University
  • Fudan University
  • University of Montana
  • Shandong University
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Carleton University
  • Guilin Medical University