8 Works

The interplay between habitat use, morphology and locomotion in subterranean crustaceans of the genus Niphargus

Simona Kralj-Fišer, Žiga Fišer, Ester Premate, Teja Vovk, Gabor Herczeg, Gergely Balázs, Denis Copilas-Ciocianu, Teo Delić & Cene Fišer
Locomotion is an important, fitness-related functional trait. Environment selects for type of locomotion and shapes the morphology of locomotion-related traits such as body size and appendages. In subterranean aquatic arthropods, these traits are subjected to multiple, at times opposing selection pressures. Darkness selects for enhanced mechano- and chemosensory systems and hence elongation of appendages. Conversely, water currents have been shown to favor short appendages. However, no study has addressed the variation in locomotion of invertebrates...

Large carnivore expansion in Europe is associated with human population density and land cover changes

Marta Cimatti, Nathan Ranc, Ana Ana Benítez-López, Luigi Maiorano, Luigi Boitani, Francesca Cagnacci, Mirza Čengić, Paolo Ciucci, Mark Huijbregts, Miha Krofel, José López Bao, Nuria Selva, Henrik Andren, Carlos Bautista, Duško Cirovic, Heather Hemmingmoore, Ilka Reinhardt, Miha Marenče, Yorgos Mertzanis, Luca Pedrotti, Igor Trbojević, Andreas Zetterberg, Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica & Luca Santini
Aim: The recent recovery of large carnivores in Europe has been explained as resulting from a decrease in human persecution driven by widespread rural land abandonment, paralleled by forest cover increase and the consequent increase in availability of shelter and prey. We investigated whether land cover and human population density changes are related to the relative probability of occurrence of three European large carnivores: the grey wolf (Canis lupus), the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) and...

Data from: Quantifying natural disturbances using a large-scale dendrochronological reconstruction to guide forest management

Vojtěch Čada, Volodymyr Trotsiuk, Pavel Janda, Martin Mikolas, Radek Bace, Thomas Nagel, Robert Morrissey, Alan Tepley, Ondřej Vostarek, Krešimir Begović, Oleh Chaskovskyy, Martin Dušátko, Ondrej Kameniar, Daniel Kozák, Jana Lábusová, Jakub Málek, Peter Meyer, Joseph Pettit, Jonathan Schurman, Kristýna Svobodová, Michal Synek, Marius Teodosiu, Karol Ujházy & Miroslav Svoboda
Estimates of historical disturbance patterns are essential to guide forest management aimed at ensuring the sustainability of ecosystem functions and biodiversity. However, quantitative estimates of various disturbance characteristics required in management applications are rare in longer-term historical studies. Thus, our objectives were to: (1) quantify past disturbance severity, patch size, and stand proportion disturbed, and (2) test for temporal and sub-regional differences in these characteristics. We developed a comprehensive dendrochronological method to evaluate an approximately...

Data from: Testing macroecological abundance patterns: the relationship between local abundance and range size, range position and climatic suitability among European vascular plants

Maria Sporbert, Petr Keil, Gunnar Seidler, Helge Bruelheide, Ute Jandt, Svetlana Aćić, Idoia Biurrun, Juan Antonio Campos, Andraž Čarni, Milan Chytrý, Renata Custerevska, Jürgen Dengler, Valentin Golub, Florian Jansen, Anna Kuzemko, Jonathan Lenoir, Corrado Marcenò, Jesper Erenskjold Moeslund, Aaron Pérez-Haase, Solvita Rūsiņa, Urban Šilc, Ioannis Tsiripidis, Vigdis Vandvik, Kiril Vassilev, Risto Virtanen … & Erik Welk
Aim: A fundamental question in macroecology centres around understanding the relationship between species’ local abundance and their distribution in geographic and climatic space (i.e. the multi-dimensional climatic space or climatic niche). Here, we tested three macroecological hypotheses that link local abundance to the following range properties: (1) the abundance-range size relationship, (2) the abundance-range centre relationship, and (3) the abundance-suitability relationship. Location: Europe Taxon: Vascular plants Methods: Distribution range maps were extracted from the Chorological...

Data from: Drought legacies are short, prevail in dry conifer forests and depend on growth variability.

Antonio Gazol, J. Julio Camarero, Raúl Sánchez-Salguero, Sergio Vicente-Serrano, Xavier Serra-Maluquer, Emilia Gutiérrez, Martín De Luis, Gabriel Sangüesa-Barreda, Klemen Novak, Vicente Rozas, Pedro A. Tiscar, Juan C. Linares, Edurne Martínez Del Castillo, Montse Ribas, Ignacio García-González, Fernando Silla, Álvaro Camisón, Mar Genova, Jose Miguel Olano, Ana-Maria Hereș, Jorge Curiel-Yuste, Luis A. Longares, Andrea Hevia, Miquel Tomas-Burguera & Juan Galván
The negative impacts of drought on forest growth and productivity last for several years generating legacies, although the factors that determine why such legacies vary across sites and tree species remain unclear. We used an extensive network of tree-ring width (RWI, ring-width index) records of 16 tree species from 567 forests, and high-resolution climate and NDVI datasets across Spain during the common period 1982‒2008 to test the hypothesis that climate conditions and growth features modulate...

Data from: Is foraging innovation lost following colonisation of a less variable environment? a case study in surface- vs. cave-dwelling Asellus aquaticus

Gábor Herczeg, Viktória Priszcilla Hafenscher, Gergely Balázs, Žiga Fišer, Simona Kralj-Fišer & Gergely Horváth
Behavioural innovation is a key process for successful colonisation of new habitat types. However, it is costly due to the necessary cognitive and neural demands and typically connected to ecological generalism. Therefore, loss of behavioural innovativeness is predicted following colonisation of new, simple and invariable environments. We tested this prediction by studying foraging innovativeness in the freshwater isopod Asellus aquaticus. We sampled its populations along the route of colonising a thermokarstic water-filled cave (simple, stable...

Data from: Miniaturization, genome size, and biological size in a diverse clade of salamanders

Sean Rovito, Louis Paul Decena-Segarra, Lilijana Bizjak-Mali, Ales Kladnik & Stanley Sessions
Genome size (C-value) can affect organismal traits across levels of biological organization, from tissue complexity to metabolism. Neotropical salamanders show wide variation in genome and body sizes, including several clades with miniature species. Because miniaturization imposes strong constraints on morphology and development, and genome size is strongly correlated with cell size, we hypothesize that body size has played an important role in the evolution of genome size in bolitoglossine salamanders. If this hypothesis is correct,...

How did subterranean amphipods cross the Adriatic Sea? Phylogenetic evidence for the dispersal-vicariance interplay mediated by marine regression-transgression cycles

Teo Delić, Fabio Stoch, Spela Borko, Jean-Francois Flot & Cene Fišer
Aim: We tested the hypothesis that historical marine regression-transgression cycles shaped the distribution patterns of subterranean amphipods through repeated cycles of dispersal and vicariance against the hypothesis that subterranean amphipods colonized both sides of the Adriatic Sea independently. Location: Western Balkan Peninsula, Adriatic Sea Islands and Apennine Peninsula, Europe Taxon: A clade of freshwater subterranean amphipods, genus Niphargus (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Methods: The taxonomic structure of the studied clade was revised using unilocus species delimitations. Timeframe...

Registration Year

  • 2020

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • University of Ljubljana
  • Eötvös Loránd University
  • University of Barcelona
  • University of Belgrade
  • University of the Basque Country
  • German Institute for Economic Research
  • University of Oviedo
  • University of Montana
  • Basque Centre for Climate Change
  • Technical University of Zvolen