Data from: Phenology of Drosophila species across a temperate growing season and implications for behaviorJ.M. Gleason, Paula R. Roy, Elizabeth R. Everman, Terry C. Gleason & Theodore J. Morgan
Drosophila community composition is complex in temperate regions with different abundance of flies and species across the growing season. Monitoring Drosophila populations provides insights into the phenology of both native and invasive species. Over a single growing season, we collected Drosophila at regular intervals and determined the number of individuals of the nine species we found in Kansas, USA. Species varied in their presence and abundance through the growing season with peak diversity occurring after...
Data from: Genomic signatures of adaptation to Sahelian and Soudanian climates in sorghum landraces of SenegalJacques M. Faye, Fanna Maina, Zhenbin Hu, Daniel Fonceka, Ndiaga Cisse & Geoffrey P. Morris
Uncovering the genomic basis of climate adaptation in traditional crop varieties can provide insight into plant evolution and facilitate breeding for climate resilience. In the African cereal sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. [Moench]), the genomic basis of adaptation to the semiarid Sahelian zone versus the subhumid Soudanian zone is largely unknown. To address this issue, we characterized a large panel of 421 georeferenced sorghum landrace accessions from Senegal and adjacent locations at 213,916 single‐nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)...
Data from: A field-based analysis of genetic improvement for grain yield in winter wheat cultivars developed in the us central plains from 1992 to 2014Jesse A. Poland, Trevor W. Rife & Robert A. Graybosch
rpn_wheat_phenotypesThis file includes height, yield, and heading date phenotypic data for the entries evaluated in this study. Everest and TAM 112 were the two check cultivars used in the experimental design. Additional entries are identified in the line_num column by the designation assigned upon entry into the Regional Performance Nursery. Experimental names, when available, are included in the line_name column.
Understanding the drivers of animal distributions is a fundamental goal of ecology and informs habitat management. The costs and benefits of colonial aggregations in animals are well established, but the factors leading to aggregation in territorial animals remain unclear. Territorial animals might aggregate to facilitate social behavior such as (1) group defense from predators and/or parasites, (2) cooperative care of offspring, (3) extra-pair mating, and/or (4) mitigating costs of extra-pair mating through kin selection. Using...
Data from: Stage-specific genotype-by-environment interactions for cold and heat hardiness in Drosophila melanogaster.Philip J. Freda, Zainab M. Ali, Nicholas Heter, Gregory J. Ragland & Theodore J. Morgan
Environments often vary across a life cycle, imposing fluctuating natural selection across development. Such fluctuating selection can drive evolutionary responses specific to distinct life-history stages. However, selection and genetic variation, phenotypic plasticity, and their interaction (GxE), as well as genetic correlation across development dictate stage-specific evolution. Thus, quantifying genetic covariance of fitness-related traits and plasticity across development is vital to determine whether stage-specific adaptation occurs in nature. Additionally, the interaction of genetic variation and environmental...
Data from: Correlated divergence of female and male genitalia in replicated lineages with ongoing ecological speciationRyan Greenway, Rachel McNemee, Alexander Okamoto, Martin Plath, Lenin Arias‐Rodriguez, Michael Tobler & Lenin Arias-Rodriguez
Divergence of genital traits among lineages has the potential to serve as a reproductive isolating barrier when copulation, insemination, or fertilization are inhibited by incompatibilities between female and male genitalia. Despite widespread evidence for genital trait diversity among closely related lineages and coevolution of female and male genitalia within lineages, few studies have investigated genital evolution during the early stages of speciation. We quantified genital variation in replicated population pairs of Poecilia mexicana with ongoing...
Data from: Prophylactic digoxin treatment reduces IL-17 production in vivo in the neonatal calf and moderates RSV-associated diseaseJodi L. McGill, Mariana Guerra-Maupome & Sarah Schneider
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in human infants. Bovine RSV infection of neonatal calves is pathologically and immunologically similar to RSV infection in infants, and is therefore a useful preclinical model for testing novel therapeutics. Treatment of severe RSV bronchiolitis relies on supportive care and may include use of bronchodilators and inhaled or systemic corticosteroids. Interleukin-17A (IL-17) is an inflammatory cytokine that plays an important role in neutrophil...
1. Random species loss has been shown experimentally to reduce ecosystem function, sometimes more than other anthropogenic environmental changes. Yet, controversy surrounds the importance of this finding for natural systems where species loss is non-random. 2. We compiled data from 16 multi-year experiments located at a single site in native tallgrass prairie. These experiments included responses to 11 anthropogenic environmental changes, as well as non-random biodiversity loss - either the removal of uncommon/rare plant species...
Kansas State University8
University of Kansas1
North West Agriculture and Forestry University1
Centre d'Etude Regional pour l'Amelioration de l'Adaptation a la Secheresse1
University of Georgia1
Johns Hopkins University1
University of Wyoming1
University of Colorado Denver1
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences1
Ars Electronica Center1