Reduction of ecosystem connectivity has long-lasting impacts on food webs. Anadromous fish, which migrate from marine to freshwater ecosystems to complete reproduction, have seen their historically larger ecosystem role undercut by widespread riverine habitat fragmentation and other impacts mainly derived from anthropogenic sources. The result has been extensive extirpations and increased susceptibility to a suite of environmental factors that currently impede recovery. Under this present-day context of reduced productivity and connectivity, aggressive management actions and...
Data from: Parallel molecular evolution in pathways, genes, and sites in high-elevation hummingbirds revealed by comparative transcriptomicsMarisa C.W. Lim, Christopher C. Witt, Catherine H. Graham & Liliana M. Davalos
High-elevation organisms experience shared environmental challenges that include low oxygen availability, cold temperatures, and intense UV radiation. Consequently, repeated evolution of the same genetic mechanisms may occur across high-elevation taxa. To test this prediction, we investigated the extent to which the same biochemical pathways, genes, or sites were subject to parallel molecular evolution for 12 Andean hummingbird species (family: Trochilidae) representing several independent transitions to high elevation across the phylogeny. Across high-elevation species, we discovered...
Data from: Empirical and Bayesian approaches to fossil-only divergence times: a study across three reptile cladesAlan H. Turner, Adam C. Pritchard & Nicholas J. Matzke
Estimating divergence times on phylogenies is critical in paleontological and neontological studies. Chronostratigraphically-constrained fossils are the only direct evidence of absolute timing of species divergence. Strict temporal calibration of fossil-only phylogenies provides minimum divergence estimates, and various methods have been proposed to estimate divergences beyond these minimum values. We explore the utility of simultaneous estimation of tree topology and divergence times using BEAST tip-dating on datasets consisting only of fossils by using relaxed morphological clocks...
Phylogenetic evidence suggests that platyrrhine (or New World) monkeys and caviomorph rodents of the Western Hemisphere derive from source groups from the Eocene of Afro-Arabia, a landmass that was ~1500 to 2000 kilometers east of South America during the late Paleogene. Here, we report evidence for a third mammalian lineage of African origin in the Paleogene of South America—a newly discovered genus and species of parapithecid anthropoid primate from Santa Rosa in Amazonian Perú. Bayesian...
Toward low-cloud-permitting cloud superparameterization with explicit boundary layer turbulence -- simulation dataHossein Parishani, Michael Pritchard, Christopher Bretherton, Matthew Wyant & Marat Khairoutdinov
This data set contains the simulation outputs used in the study summarized below: Systematic biases in the representation of boundary layer (BL) clouds are a leading source of uncertainty in climate projections. A variation on superparameterization (SP) called ‘‘ultraparameterization’’ (UP) is developed, in which the grid spacing of the cloud-resolving models (CRMs) is fine enough (250x20 m) to explicitly capture the BL turbulence, associated clouds, and entrainment in a global climate model capable of multiyear...
Data from: A meta-analysis of plant interaction networks reveals competitive hierarchies as well as facilitation and intransitivityNicole L. Kinlock
The extent to which competitive interactions and niche differentiation structure communities has been highly controversial. To quantify evidence for key features of plant community structure, I recharacterized published data from interaction experiments as networks of competitive and facilitative interactions. I measured the network structure of 31 woody and herbaceous communities, including the intensity, distribution, and diversity of interactions at the species-pair and community level to determine the generality of competition, winner-loser relationships, and unequal interaction...
The TAZ1 domain of CREB binding protein is crucial for transcriptional regulation and recognizes multiple targets. The interactions between TAZ1 and its specific targets are related to the cellular hypoxic negative feedback regulation. Previous experiments reported that one of the TAZ1 targets CITED2 is an efficient competitor of another target HIF-1α. Here by developing the structure-based models of TAZ1 complexes we have uncovered the underlying mechanisms of the competitions between the two intrinsic disordered proteins...
Diversity in lac Operon Regulation among Diverse Escherichia coli Isolates Depends on the Broader Genetic Background but Is Not Explained by Genetic RelatednessTim Cooper, Kelly Phillips, Scott Widmann, Jennifer Nguyen, Christian Ray, Gabor Balazsi & Huei-Yi Lai
Transcription of bacterial genes is controlled by the coordinated action of cis- and trans-acting regulators. The activity and mode of action of these regulators can reflect different requirements for gene products in different environments. A well-studied example is the regulatory function that integrates the environmental availability of glucose and lactose to control the Escherichia coli lac operon. Most studies of lac operon regulation have focused on a few closely related strains. To determine the range...
Stony Brook University8
University of Kansas1
University of Massachusetts Amherst1
University of Washington1
Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry1
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County1
Australian National University1
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales1
University of Southern California1