40 Works

The lipoprotein NlpD in Cronobacter sakazakii responds to acid stress and regulates macrophage resistance and virulence by maintaining membrane integrity

Xuemeng Ji, Ping Lu, Juan Xue, Ning Zhao, Yan Zhang, Lu Dong, Xuejiao Zhang, Ping Li, Yaozhong Hu, Jin Wang, Bowei Zhang, Jingmin Liu, Huan lv & Shuo Wang
Cronobacter sakazakii, an emerging opportunistic pathogen, is implicated in severe foodborne outbreak infections in premature and full-term infants. Generally, acid tolerance is vital for the pathogenesis of foodborne pathogens; however, its role in C. sakazakii virulence remains largely unknown. To screen out acid-tolerance determinants from transposon mutants, anovel counterselection method using gentamicin and acid was developed. Using the counterselection method and growth assay, we screened several acid-sensitive mutants and found that nlpD encodes an acid-resistance...

Discovery of a subgenotype of human coronavirus NL63 associated with severe lower respiratory tract infection in China, 2018

Yanqun Wang, Xin Li, Wenkuan Liu, Mian Gan, Lu Zhang, Jin Wang, Zhaoyong Zhang, Airu Zhu, Fang Li, Jing Sun, Guoxian Zhang, Zhen Zhuang, Jiaying Luo, Dehui Chen, Shuyan Qiu, Li Zhang, Duo Xu, Chris Ka Pun Mok, Fuchun Zhang, Jingxian Zhao, Rong Zhou & Jincun Zhao
Human coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63) is primarily associated with common cold in children, elderly and immunocompromised individuals. Outbreaks caused by HCoV-NL63 are rare. Here we report a cluster of HCoV-NL63 cases with severe lower respiratory tract infection that arose in Guangzhou, China, in 2018. Twenty-three hospitalized children were confirmed to be HCoV-NL63 positive, and most of whom were hospitalized with severe pneumonia or acute bronchitis. Whole genomes of HCoV-NL63 were obtained using next-generation sequencing. Phylogenetic and...

Data and R code from: Fire-induced loss of the world’s most biodiverse forests in Latin America

Dolors Armenteras, Liliana María Davalos, Joan Sebastian Barreto, Angela Hernandez-Moreno, Carlos Zamorano-Elgueta, Tania Gonzalez-Delgado, Maria Constanza Meza, Alejandro Miranda & Javier Retana
Fire plays a dominant role in deforestation, particularly in the tropics, but the relative extent of transformations and influence of fire frequency on eventual forest loss remain unclear. Here we analyze the frequency of fire and its influence on post-fire forest trajectories between 2001-2018. We account for ~1.1% of Latin American forests burnt in 2002-2003 (8,465,850 ha). Although 40.1% of forests (3,393,250 ha) burned only once, by 2018~48% of the evergreen forests converted to other,...

The loss of the ‘pelvic step’ in human evolution

Nathan Thompson, Danielle Rubinstein, William Parrella-O'Donnell, Matthew Brett, Brigitte Demes, Susan Larson & Matthew O'Neill
Human bipedalism entails relatively short strides compared with facultatively bipedal primates. Unique non-sagittal-plane motions associated with bipedalism may account for part of this discrepancy. Pelvic rotation anteriorly translates the hip, contributing to bipedal stride length (i.e. the ‘pelvic step’). Facultative bipedalism in non-human primates entails much larger pelvic rotation than in humans, suggesting that a larger pelvic step may contribute to their relatively longer strides. We collected data on the pelvic step in bipedal chimpanzees...

Data from: China's little-known efforts to protect its marine ecosystem safeguards some habitats but omits others

John Bohorquez, Xue Guifang, Timothy Frankstone, Maria Grima, Karine Kleinhaus, Yiyi Zhao & Ellen Pikitch
China’s stature as the world’s major producer and consumer of seafood is legendary, but its long-standing tradition of protecting marine life domestically is virtually unknown. We present the most comprehensive database on area-based marine conservation in China including 326 sites that conserve 12.98% of China’s seas and address 142 conservation objectives. Twenty-two percent of shallow habitats (<10 meters) were fully or highly protected and 20% of waters 10-50 meters deep were conserved to some degree....

Large‐scale genome sampling reveals unique immunity and metabolic adaptations in bats

Diana Daniela Moreno Santillan, Tanya Lama, Yocelyn T Gutierrez Guerrero, Zixia Huang, Graham Hughes, Alexis Brown, Paul Donat, Huabin Zhao, Stephen Rossiter, Laurel Yohe, Joshua Potter, Emma Teeling, Sonja Vernes, Kalina Davies, Eugene Myers, Federico Hoffmann, Angelique Corthals, David Ray & Liliana Davalos
Comprising more than 1,400 species, bats possess adaptations unique among mammals including powered flight, unexpected longevity given small body size, and extraordinary immunity. Some of the molecular mechanisms underlying these unique adaptations includes DNA repair, metabolism and immunity. However, analyses have been limited to a few divergent lineages, reducing the scope of inferences on gene family evolution across the Order Chiroptera. We conducted an exhaustive comparative genomic study of 37 bat species encompassing a large...

A Unified Framework for Specification Tests of Continuous Treatment Effect Models

Wei Huang, Oliver Linton & Zheng Zhang
We propose a general framework for the specification testing of continuous treatment effect models. We assume a general residual function, which includes the average and quantile treatment effect models as special cases. The null models are identified under the unconfoundedness condition and contain a nonparametric weighting function. We propose a test statistic for the null model in which the weighting function is estimated by solving an expanding set of moment equations. We establish the asymptotic...

Impact of hepatocyte-specific deletion of staphylococcal nuclease and tudor domain containing 1 (SND1) on liver insulin resistance and acute liver failure of mice

Chunyan Zhao, Xiaoteng Cui, Yan Zhao, Baoxin Qian, Nan Zhang, Lingbiao Xin, Chuanbo Ha, Jie Yang, Xinting Wang & Xingjie Gao
Although our previous research shows an ameliorated high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in global SND1 transgenic mice, the involvement of SND1 loss-of-function in hepatic metabolism remains elusive. Herein, we aim to explore the potential impact of hepatocyte-specific SND1 deletion on insulin-resistant mice. As SND1 is reported to be linked to inflammatory response, the pathobiological feature of acute liver failure (ALF) is also investigated. Hence, we construct the conditional liver knockout (LKO) mice...

Morphometric materials for analyzing Eulipotyphlans across the Paleocene-Eocene-Thermal Maximum

Natasha Vitek
Interpreting the impact of climate change on vertebrates in the fossil record can be complicated by the effects of potential biotic drivers on morphological patterns observed in taxa. One promising area where this impact can be assessed is a high-resolution terrestrial record from the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, that corresponds to the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM), a geologically rapid (~170 ky) interval of sustained temperature and aridity shifts about 56 million years ago. The PETM has...

Telemetry validated nitrogen stable isotope clocks identify ocean-to-estuarine habitat shifts in mobile organisms

Oliver Shipley, Alisa Newton, Michael Frisk, Gregory Henkes, Jake LaBelle, Merry Camhi, Michael Hyatt, Hans Walters & Jill Olin
1. Throughout their life history, many animals transition among heterogenous environments to facilitate behaviors such as reproduction, foraging, and predator avoidance. The dynamic environmental and biological conditions experienced by mobile species are integrated in the chemical composition of their tissues, providing retrospective insight into movement. 2. Here, we present a unique nitrogen stable isotope clocks (‘isotopic clocks’), which integrate tissue turnover rates, consumer stable isotope ratios, and habitat-specific isotope baselines and can be used to...

Spatiotemporal study of iron oxide nanoparticle monolayer formation at liquid/liquid interfaces by using in situ small-angle x‐ray scattering

Jiayang Hu, Evan W. C. Spotte-Smith, Brady Pan, Roy J. Garcia, Carlos Colosqui & Irving P. Herman
Spatial and temporal small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) scans show that 8.6 and 11.8 nm iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) in heptane drop-cast on top of a heptane layer atop a diethylene glycol (DEG) layer are trapped at the DEG/heptane interface to generally form a single ordered, hexagonal close packed monolayer (ML), and this occurs long before the heptane evaporates. Many NPs remain dispersed in the heptane after this NP assembly. Assembly occurs faster than expected...

Biodiversity across the Greater Cape Floristic Region

Henry Frye, Matthew Aiello-Lammens, Doug Euston-Brown, Cynthia Jones, Hayley Kilroy Mollmann, Merow Cory, Jasper Slingsby, Helga Van Der Merwe, Adam Wilson & John Silander
Aim: With plant biodiversity under global threat, there is an urgent need to monitor the spatial distribution of multiple axes of biodiversity. Remote sensing is a critical tool in this endeavor. One remote sensing approach in detecting biodiversity is based on the hypothesis that the spectral diversity of plant communities is a surrogate of multiple dimensions of biodiversity. We investigated the generality of this “surrogacy” for spectral, species, functional, and phylogenetic diversity across 1,267 plots...

Quasispecies of SARS-CoV-2 revealed by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) analysis

Rongsui Gao, Wenhong Zu, Yang Liu, Junhua Li, Zeyao Li, Yanling Wen, Haiyan Wang, Jing Yuan, Lin Cheng, Shengyuan Zhang, Yu Zhang, Shuye Zhang, Weilong Liu, Xun Lan, Lei Liu, Feng Li & Zheng Zhang
New SARS-CoV-2 mutants have been continuously indentified with enhanced transmission ever since its outbreak in early 2020. As an RNA virus, SARS-CoV-2 has a high mutation rate due to the low fidelity of RNA polymerase. To study the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) dynamics of SARS-CoV-2, 158 SNPs with high confidence were identified by deep meta-transcriptomic sequencing, and the most common SNP type was C > T. Analyses of intra-host population diversity revealed that intra-host quasispecies’...

Prediction of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy

Xinyuan Zhang, Yu Chen, Stephen Salerno, Yi Li, Libin Zhou, Xiaoxi Zeng & Huafeng Li
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pregnancy-specific liver disease associated with a significant risk of fetal complications including pre-term delivery and fetal death. Typically, it was diagnosed in the third trimester of pregnancy. This study utilized characteristics from routine maternal examinations in the first 20 weeks’ gestation to predict ICP in pregnant women. This is a retrospective case-control study. 13,329 medical records were collected on pregnant women presenting to the West China Second University...

Lack of synchronized breeding success in a seabird community: extreme events, niche separation, and environmental variability

Casey Youngflesh, Yun Li, Heather Lynch, Karine Delord, Christophe Barbraud, Rubao Ji & Stephanie Jenouvrier
Synchrony in ecological systems, the degree to which elements respond similarly over time or space, can inform our understanding of how ecosystems function and how they are responding to global change. While studies of ecological synchrony are often focused on within-species dynamics, synchrony among species may provide important insights into how dynamics of one species are indicative of conditions relevant to the larger community, with both basic and applied implications. Ecological theory suggests there may...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Stony Brook University
  • Fudan University
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Sichuan University
  • Capital Medical University
  • West China Hospital of Sichuan University
  • Zhejiang University
  • University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology