7 Works

Data from: Children reject inequity out of spite

Katherine McAuliffe, Peter R. Blake & Felix Warneken
When confronted with inequality, human children and adults sacrifice personal gain to reduce the pay-offs of other individuals, exhibiting apparently spiteful motivations. By contrast, sacrifice of personal gain by non-human animals is often interpreted as frustration. Spite may thus be a uniquely human motivator. However, to date, no empirical study has demonstrated that psychological spite actually drives human behaviour, leaving the motivation for inequity aversion unclear. Here, we ask whether 4- to 9-year-old children and...

Data from: Global distribution maps of the Leishmaniases

David M. Pigott, Samir Bhatt, Nick Golding, Kirsten A. Duda, Katherine E. Battle, Oliver J. Brady, Jane P. Messina, Yves Balard, Patrick Bastien, Francine Pratlong, John S. Brownstein, Clark C Freifeld, Sumiko R. Mekaru, Peter W. Gething, Dylan B. George, Monica F. Myers, Richard Reithinger & Simon I. Hay
The leishmaniases are vector-borne diseases that have a broad global distribution throughout much of the Americas, Africa and Asia. Despite representing a significant public health burden, our understanding of the global distribution of the leishmaniases remains vague, reliant upon expert opinion and limited to poor spatial resolution. A global assessment of the consensus of evidence for leishmaniasis was performed at a sub-national level by aggregating information from a variety of sources. A database of records...

Data from: Plastic hatching timing by red-eyed treefrog embryos interacts with larval predator identity and sublethal predation to affect prey morphology but not performance

Justin C. Touchon & Jeremy M. Wojdak
Many animals respond to predation risk by altering their morphology, behavior, or life-history. We know a great deal about the cues prey respond to and the changes to prey that can be induced by predation risk, but less is known about how plastic responses to predators may be affected by separate plastic responses occurring earlier in life, particularly during the embryonic period. Embryos of a broad array of taxa can respond to egg- or larval-stage...

Data from: Opsin clines in butterflies suggest novel roles for insect photopigments

Francesca D Frentiu, Furong Yuan, Wesley K Savage, Gary D Bernard, Sean P Mullen & Adriana D Briscoe
Nucleotide Sequence Files Raw DataZip archive of the fasta files containing sequences for each individual used in clinal analyses for 3 opsin genes and wingless and EF1-alpha genes.

Data from: Host and pathogen ecology drive the seasonal dynamics of a fungal disease, white-nose syndrome

Kate E. Langwig, Winifred F. Frick, Rick Reynolds, Katy L. Parise, Kevin P. Drees, Joseph R. Hoyt, Tina L. Cheng, Thomas H. Kunz, Jeffrey T. Foster & A. Marm Kilpatrick
Seasonal patterns in pathogen transmission can influence the impact of disease on populations and the speed of spatial spread. Increases in host contact rates or births drive seasonal epidemics in some systems, but other factors may occasionally override these influences. White-nose syndrome, caused by the emerging fungal pathogen Pseudogymnoascus destructans, is spreading across North America and threatens several bat species with extinction. We examined patterns and drivers of seasonal transmission of P. destructans by measuring...

Data from: Model-data assimilation of multiple phenological observations to constrain and predict leaf area index

Toni Viskari, Brady Hardiman, Ankur R. Desai & Michael C. Dietze
Our limited ability to accurately simulate leaf phenology is a leading source of uncertainty in models of ecosystem carbon cycling. We evaluate if continuously updating canopy state variables with observations is beneficial for predicting phenological events. We employed ensemble adjustment Kalman filter (EAKF) to update predictions of leaf area index (LAI) and leaf extension using tower-based photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and moderate resolution imaging spectrometer (MODIS) data for 2002–2005 at Willow Creek, Wisconsin, USA, a...

Data from: Seascape continuity plays an important role in determining patterns of spatial genetic structure in a coral reef fish

Cassidy C. D'Aloia, Steven M. Bogdanowicz, Richard G. Harrison & Peter M. Buston
Detecting patterns of spatial genetic structure (SGS) can help identify intrinsic and extrinsic barriers to gene flow within metapopulations. For marine organisms such as coral reef fishes, identifying these barriers is critical to predicting evolutionary dynamics and demarcating evolutionarily significant units for conservation. In this study, we adopted an alternative hypothesis-testing framework to identify the patterns and predictors of SGS in the Caribbean reef fish Elacatinus lori. First, genetic structure was estimated using nuclear microsatellites...

Registration Year

  • 2014
    7

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    7

Affiliations

  • Boston University
    7
  • University of Washington
    1
  • National Institutes of Health
    1
  • University of Wisconsin-Madison
    1
  • Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries
    1
  • Northern Arizona University
    1
  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
    1
  • Boston College
    1
  • Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
    1
  • Queensland University of Technology
    1