87 Works

FoRCy: Rocking Shallow Foundation Performance in Slow Cyclic and Monotonic Experiments

Manouchehr Hakhamaneshi, Bruce L. Kutter, Andreas Gerasimos Gavras, Sivapalan Gajan, Angelos Tsatsis, George Gazetas, Ioannis Anastasopoulos, Tetsuya Kohno, Giovanna Pianese, Keshab Sharma, Lijun Deng, Weian Liu, Roberto Paolucci & Jonathan Monical
Numerous centrifuge experiments (e.g., Rosebrook 2001; Ugalde et al. 2007; Gajan and Kutter 2008; Deng et al. 2012; Hakhamaneshi et al. 2012; Liu et al. 2013; Allmond and Kutter 2014; Loli et al. 2014) and 1g shake-table experiments (e.g., Shirato et al. 2008; Drosos et al. 2012; Antonellis et al. 2015; Tsatsis and Anastasopoulos 2015) have demonstrated that rocking shallow foundations can be designed to provide re-centering and energy dissipation with little damage to the...

Data from: Feline immunodeficiency virus in puma: estimation of force of infection reveals insights into transmission

Jennifer Reynolds, Scott Carver, Mark Cunningham, Ken Logan, Winston Vickers, Kevin Crooks, Sue VandeWoude & Meggan Craft
Determining parameters that govern pathogen transmission (such as the force of infection, FOI), and pathogen impacts on morbidity and mortality, is exceptionally challenging for wildlife. Vital parameters can vary, for example across host populations, between sexes and within an individual's lifetime. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a lentivirus affecting domestic and wild cat species, forming species-specific viral--host associations. FIV infection is common in populations of puma (Puma concolor), yet uncertainty remains over transmission parameters and...

Explaining illness with evil: Pathogen prevalence fosters moral vitalism

Brock Bastian, Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Steve Loughnan, Paul Bain, Ashwini Ashokkumar, Maja Becker, Michal Bilewicz, Emma Collier-Baker, Carla Crespo, Paul W. Eastwick, Ronald Fischer, Malte Friese, Ángel Gómez, Valeschka M. Guerra, Jose Luis Castellanos Guevara, Katja Hanke, Nic Hooper, Li-Li Huang, Shi Junqi, Minoru Karasawa, Peter Kuppens, Siri Leknes, Müjde Peker, Cesar Pelay, Afoditi Pina … & William B. Swann
Pathogens represent a significant threat to human health leading to the emergence of strategies designed to help manage their negative impact. We examined how spiritual beliefs developed to explain and predict the devastating effects of pathogens and spread of infectious disease. Analysis of existing data in Studies 1 and 2 suggests that moral vitalism (beliefs about spiritual forces of evil) is higher in geographical regions characterized by historical higher levels of pathogens. Furthermore, drawing on...

Persistence of an endangered native duck, feral mallards, and multiple hybrid swarms across the main Hawaiian Islands

Caitlin Wells, Philip Lavretsky, Michael Sorenson, Jeffrey Peters, Jeffrey DaCosta, Stephen Turnbull, Kimberly Uyehara, Christopher Malachowski, Bruce Dugger, John Eadie & Andrew Engilis
Interspecific hybridization is recognized as an important process in the evolutionary dynamics of both speciation and the reversal of speciation. However, our understanding of the spatial and temporal patterns of hybridization that erode versus promote species boundaries is incomplete. The endangered, endemic koloa maoli (or Hawaiian duck, Anas wyvilliana) is thought to be threatened with genetic extinction through ongoing hybridization with an introduced congener, the feral mallard (A. platyrhynchos). We investigated spatial and temporal variation...

Employee airline travel preferences survey data, UC Davis GreenFLY project

Annamaria Amenta & Angela Sanguinetti
This survey data is from a study exploring the potential to promote lower-emissions air travel by providing consumers with information about the carbon emissions of possible flight choices in the context of online flight search and booking. We surveyed over 450 faculty, researchers, and staff at the University of California, Davis, and asked them to choose among hypothetical flight options for a domestic and an international university-related business trip. Emissions estimates for different flight alternatives...

Genital morphology and the mechanics of copulation in the millipede genus Pseudopolydesmus (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Polydesmidae)

Xavier Zahnle, Petra Sierwald, Stephanie Ware & Jason Bond
Mate choice, copulation, genital morphology, and sperm storage are not very well understood in millipedes. The use of three-dimensional x-ray computed tomography (µCT) provides new morphological data regarding millipede reproductive systems in both the female and male, including chitinous sclerites and membranes, muscles, glands, oviducts, and sperm conduits. Here we present a complete integrated account of the morphology and function of the female genital organs in the family Polydesmidae (Diplopoda: Polydesmida) using µCT, UV fluorescence...

Bicycling comfort video experiment

Dillon Fitch, Jane Carlen & Susan Handy
This tabular data can be used to evaluate perceived bicycling comfort on distinct state highways in California. The highway settings are primarily urban, but vary in traffic conditions, lane configurations, speeds, and bicycling infrastructure. The data include survey responses to video clips of these state highways along with a series of additional survey data that co-varies with the video survey responses.

Low coverage whole genomes of Calypte anna across California, USA

Nicole Adams, Ruta Bandivadekar, Michael Clark, Lisa Tell & Rachael Bay
Recently, it was suggested that North America has lost nearly 30% of its avifauna since the 1970s. To mitigate such avian population declines, many birds in California are protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and California Fish and Game Code. Avian presence, therefore, at Caltrans infrastructure projects, especially bridge construction, has caused costly delays. To avoid this conflict and understand population-specific migration and nesting patterns, we used Anna’s hummingbird, Calypte anna, (a species whose...

Domestic Well Vulnerability to Drought Duration and Unsustainable Groundwater Management in California's Central Valley

Richard Pauloo, Helen Dahlke, Graham Fogg, Herve Guillon, Amanda Fencl & Alvar Escriva-Bou
Millions of Californians access drinking water via domestic wells, which are vulnerable to drought and unsustainable groundwater management. Groundwater overdraft and the possibility of longer drought duration under climate change threatens domestic well reliability, yet we lack tools to assess the impact of such events. Here, we leverage 943,469 well completion reports and 20 years of groundwater elevation data to develop a spatially-explicit domestic well failure model covering California's Central Valley. Our model successfully reproduces...

Accuracy of genomic selection and long-term genetic gain for resistance to Verticillium wilt in a genetically diverse strawberry population

Steven Knapp, Dominique Pincot, Michael Hardigan, Glenn Cole, Peter Henry, Thomas Gordon & Randi Famula
Verticillium wilt, a soil-borne disease caused by the fungal pathogen Verticillium dahliae, threatens strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) production worldwide. The development of resistant cultivars has been a challenge since the disease was first reported on strawberry in the early 1900s. The empirical evidence suggests that genetic gains have not been negligible and that the genetics of resistance to this pathogen is quantitative. While resistant cultivars have been developed, a comparatively small percentage are highly resistant,...

Data from: Geography of speciation affects rate of trait divergence in haemulid fishes

Jose Tavera & Peter Wainwright
Speciation and the interactions between recently diverged species are thought to be major causes of ecological and morphological divergence in evolutionary radiations. We explored the role of these factors in the diversification of New World haemulid fishes, a major radiation of shore fishes in the tropical West Atlantic and East Pacific that are key members of coral reef ecosystems in this region. A time calibrated molecular phylogeny of this group reveals 21 sister species pairs,...

Data from: Human traffic and habitat complexity are strong predictors for the distribution of a declining amphibian

Rachel B. Anderson
Invasive species and habitat modification threaten California's native pond-breeding amphibians, including the federally threatened California Red-legged Frog (Rana draytonii). The relative contributions of invasive species, including the American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus), and of habitat changes to these declines are disputed. I conducted a field study over several years in central California to examine the presence/absence of these two species at 79 breeding ponds to determine the predictive role for occupancy of factors including vegetation, pond...

Data from: Chiral Majorana fermion modes in a quantum anomalous Hall insulator–superconductor structure

Qing Lin He, Lei Pan, Alexander L. Stern, Edward C. Burks, Xiaoyu Che, , Jing Wang, Biao Lian, Quan Zhou, Eun Sang Choi, Koichi Murata, Xufeng Kou, Zhijie Chen, Tianxiao Nie, Qiming Shao, Yabin Fan, Shou-Cheng Zhang, Kai Liu, Jing Xia & Kang L. Wang
Majorana fermion is a hypothetical particle that is its own antiparticle. We report transport measurements that suggest the existence of one-dimensional chiral Majorana fermion modes in the hybrid system of a quantum anomalous Hall insulator thin film coupled with a superconductor. As the external magnetic field is swept, half-integer quantized conductance plateaus are observed at the locations of magnetization reversals, giving a distinct signature of the Majorana fermion modes. This transport signature is reproducible over...

Supporting data for the manuscript: Observations and modeling of the surface seiches of Lake Tahoe, USA

Derek Roberts, S. Geoffrey Schladow & Alexander Forrest
This data set was created to make the data associated with the manuscript Observations and modeling of the surface seiches of Lake Tahoe, USA, accepted for publication in Aquatic Sciences, publically available per journal convention. The publication abstract is shown below: A rich array of spatially complex surface seiche modes exists in lakes. While the amplitude of these oscillations is often small, knowledge of their spatio-temporal characteristics is valuable for understanding when they might be...

Is the USDA core collection of common bean representative of genetic diversity of the species, as assessed by SNP diversity?

Paul Gepts, Saarah Kuzay & Paige Hamilton
Core collections are envisioned to be a representative subset of larger germplasm collections. They were introduced to facilitate the characterization and use of these germplasm collections. The common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) core collection of the USDA Western Regional Plant Introduction Station was one of the first ones to be established in the early 1990s. Here, we evaluate the representativity of this common bean collection in light of the availability of a SNP platform and new...

Effect of Drought Stress on the Genetic Architecture of Photosynthate Allocation and Remobilization in Pods of Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), a Key Species for Food Security

Paul Gepts, Jorge Carlos Berny Mier Y Teran, Enéas R. Konzen, Antonia Palkovic, Siu M. Tsai, Idupulapati M. Rao & Stephen Beebe
Background: Common bean is the most important staple grain legume for direct human consumption and nutrition. It complements major sources of carbohydrates, including cereals, root crop, or plantain, as a source of dietary proteins. It is also a significant source of vitamins and minerals like iron and zinc. To fully play its nutritional role, however, its robustness against stresses needs to be strengthened. Foremost among these is drought, which commonly affects its productivity and seed...

Data from: Do genomics and sex predict migration in a partially migratory salmonid fish, Oncorhynchus mykiss?

Suzanne J. Kelson, Michael R. Miller, Tasha Q. Thompson, Sean M. O'Rourke & Stephanie M. Carlson
Partial migration is a common phenomenon wherein populations include migratory and resident individuals. Whether an individual migrates or not has important ecological and management implications, particularly within protected populations. Within partially migratory populations of O. mykiss, migration is highly correlated with a specific genomic region, but it is unclear how well this region predicts migration at the individual level. Here, we relate sex and life history genotype, determined using >400 SNPs on the migratory-linked genomic...

Data from: Microbial communities in hummingbird feeders are distinct from floral nectar and influenced by bird visitation

Casie Lee, Lisa A. Tell, Tiffany Hilfer & Rachel L. Vannette
Human provisioning can shape resource availability for wildlife, but consequences for microbiota availability and exchange remain relatively unexplored. Here, we characterized microbial communities on bills and fecal material of two hummingbird species and their food resources, including hummingbird feeders and floral nectar. We experimentally manipulated bird visitation to feeders and examined effects on feeder microbial communities and sucrose solutions. Birds, feeders, and flowers hosted distinct bacterial and fungal communities. Flowers and feeders hosted remarkably different...

Data from: Brief in-hospital cognitive screening anticipates complex admissions and may detect dementia

David P. Bissig & Charles S. DeCarli
Objective: With the long-term goal of improving community health by screening for dementia, we tested the utility of integrating the Six-Item Screener (SIS) into our emergency department neurology consultations. Methods: In this cross-sectional observational study, we measured SIS performance within 24 hours of hospital arrival in 100 consecutive English-speaking patients aged ≥ 45 years. Performance was compared to patient age, previously charted cognitive impairment, and proxies for in-hospital complexity: whether or not a patient was...

Data from: Predator-induced collapse of niche structure and coexistence on islands

Robert M. Pringle, Tyler R. Kartzinel, Todd M. Palmer, Timothy J. Thurman, Kena Fox-Dobbs, Charles C. Y. Xu, Matthew C. Hutchinson, Tyler C. Coverdale, Joshua H. Daskin, Dominic A. Evangelista, Kiyoko M. Gotanda, , Johanna E. Wegener, Jason J. Kolbe, Thomas W. Schoener, David A. Spiller, Jonathan B. Losos & Rowan D. H. Barrett
Biological invasions represent both a pressing environmental challenge and an opportunity to investigate fundamental ecological processes, such as the role of top predators in regulating species diversity and food-web structure. In whole-ecosystem manipulations of small Caribbean islands where brown anole lizards (Anolis sagrei) were the native top predator, we experimentally staged invasions by competitors (green anoles, A. smaragdinus) and/or novel top predators (curly-tailed lizards, Leiocephalus carinatus). We show that curly-tails destabilized coexistence of competing prey...

Data from: Synthesizing the effects of large, wild herbivore exclusion on ecosystem function

Elizabeth S. Forbes, J. Hall Cushman, Deron E. Burkepile, Truman P. Young, Maggie Klope & Hillary S. Young
1. Wild large herbivores are declining worldwide. Despite extensive use of exclosure experiments to investigate herbivore impacts, there is little consensus on the effects of wild large herbivores on ecosystem function. 2. Of the ecosystem functions likely impacted, we reviewed the five most-studied in exclosure experiments: ecosystem resilience/resistance to disturbance, nutrient cycling, carbon cycling, plant regeneration, and primary productivity. 3. Experimental data on large wild herbivores’ effects on ecosystem functions were predominately derived from temperate...

Data from: Climate outweighs native vs. non-native range-effects for genetics and common garden performance of a cosmopolitan weed

Christoph Rosche, Isabell Hensen, Adrian Schaar, Uzma Zehra, Marie Jasieniuk, Ragan M. Callaway, Damase P. Khasa, Mohammad M. Al-Gharaibeh, Ylva Lekberg, David U. Nagy, Robert W. Pal, Miki Okada, Karin Schrieber, Kathryn G. Turner, Susanne Lachmuth, Andrey Erst, Tomonori Tsunoda, Min Sheng, Robin Schmidt, Yanling Peng, Wenbo Luo, Yun Jäschke, Zafar A. Reshi & Manzoor A. Shah
Comparing genetic diversity, genetic differentiation and performance between native and non-native populations has advanced our knowledge of contemporary evolution and its ecological consequences. However, such between-range comparisons can be complicated by high among-population variation within native and non-native ranges. For example, native vs. non-native comparisons between small and non-representative subsets of populations for species with very large distributions have the potential to mislead because they may not sufficiently account for within-range adaptation to climatic conditions,...

Emergence of complex institutions in a large population of self-governing communities

Seth Frey
Most aspects of our lives are governed by large, highly developed institutions that integrate several governance tasks under one authority structure. But theorists differ as to the mechanisms that drive the development of such concentrated governance systems from rudimentary beginnings. Is the emergence of regime consolidation a symptom of the runaway capture by opportunists? Or does integration occur because a consolidated institution is better adapted to a complex environment? Here we examine the emergence of...

Data from: TSPO PET Using [18F]PBR111 reveals persistent neuroinflammation following acute diisopropylfluorophosphate intoxication in the rat

Brad A. Hobson, Douglas J. Rowland, Sílvia Sisó, Michelle A. Guignet, Zachary T. Harmany, Suren Bandara, Naomi Saito, Danielle J. Harvey, Donald A. Bruun, Joel R. Garbow, Abhijit J. Chaudhari & Pamela J. Lein
Acute intoxication with organophosphates (OPs) can trigger status epilepticus followed by persistent cognitive impairment and/or electroencephalographic abnormalities. Neuroinflammation is widely posited to influence these persistent neurological consequences. However, testing this hypothesis has been challenging, in part because traditional biometrics preclude longitudinal measures of neuroinflammation within the same animal. Therefore, we evaluated the performance of non-invasive positron emission tomography (PET), using the translocator protein (TSPO) radioligand [18F]PBR111 against classic histopathologic measures of neuroinflammation in a preclinical...

Unnatural selection of salmon life histories in a modified riverscape

Anna M. Sturrock, Stephanie M. Carlson, John D. Wikert, Tim Heyne, Sébastien Nusslé, Joseph E. Merz, Hugh J. W. Sturrock & Rachel C. Johnson
Altered river flows and fragmented habitats often simplify riverine communities and favor non‐native fishes, but their influence on life‐history expression and survival is less clear. Here, we quantify the expression and ultimate success of diverse salmon emigration behaviors in an anthropogenically altered California river system. We analyzed two decades of Chinook salmon monitoring data to explore the influence of regulated flows on juvenile emigration phenology, abundance, and recruitment. We then followed seven cohorts into adulthood...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    87

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    87

Affiliations

  • University of California, Davis
    87
  • University of Montana
    3
  • University of Nevada Reno
    3
  • University of Washington
    2
  • Stanford University
    2
  • Lund University
    2
  • Fudan University
    2
  • University of Vermont
    2
  • University of California, Berkeley
    2
  • United States Department of Agriculture
    2