1. Bee populations and other pollinators face multiple, synergistically acting threats, which have led to population declines, loss of local species richness and pollination services, and extinctions. However, our understanding of the degree, distribution and causes of declines is patchy, in part due to inadequate monitoring systems, with the challenge of taxonomic identification posing a major logistical barrier. Pollinator conservation would benefit from a high-throughput identification pipeline. 2. We show that the metagenomic mining and...
Data from: A multilocus molecular phylogeny for the avian genus Liocichla (Passeriformes: Leiothrichidae: Liocichla)Herman L. Mays, Bailey D. McKay, Dieter Thomas Tietze, Cheng-Te Yao, Lindsey N. Miller, Kathleen N. Moreland & Fumin Lei
Background: Historically the babblers have been assigned to the family Timaliidae but several recent studies have attempted to rest the taxonomy of this diverse passerine assemblage on a more firm evolutionary footing. The result has been a major rearrangement of the group. A well-supported and comprehensive phylogeny for this widespread avian group is an important part of testing evolutionary and biogeographic hypotheses, especially in Asia where the babblers are a key component of many forest...
Data from: Population variation reveals independent selection towards small body size in Chinese Debao ponyAdiljan Kader, Yan Li, Kunzhe Dong, David M. Irwin, Qianjun Zhao, Xiaohong He, Jianfeng Liu, Yabin Pu, Neena Amatya Gorkhali, Xuexue Liu, Lin Jiang, Xiangchen Li, Weijun Guan, Yaping Zhang, Dong-Dong Wu & Yuehui Ma
Body size, one of the most important quantitative traits under evolutionary scrutiny, varies considerably among species and among populations within species. Revealing the genetic basis underlying this variation is very important, particularly in humans where there is a close relationship with diseases and in domestic animals as the selective patterns are associated with improvements in production traits. The Debao pony is a horse breed with small body size that is unique to China; however, it...
Data from: Paternal epigenetic effects of population density on locust phase-related characteristics associated with heat-shock protein expressionBing Chen, Shaoqin Li, Qiang Ren, Xiwen Tong, Xia Zhang & Le Kang
Many species exhibit transgenerational plasticity by which environmental cues experienced by either parent can be transmitted to their offspring, resulting in phenotypic variants in offspring to match ancestral environments. However, the manner by which paternal experiences affect offspring plasticity through epigenetic inheritance in animals generally remains unclear. In this study, we examined the transgenerational effects of population density on phase-related traits in the migratory locust Locusta migratoria. Using an experimental design that explicitly controls genetic...
Data from: Discriminative host sanction together with relatedness promote the cooperation in fig/fig wasp mutualismRui-Wu Wang, Bao-Fa Sun & Yan Yang
1. Sanctioning or punishing is regarded as one of the most important dynamics in the evolution of cooperation. However, it has not been empirically examined yet whether or not such enforcement selection by sanctioning or punishing and classical theories like kin or reciprocity selection are separate mechanisms contributing to the evolution of cooperation. In addition, it remains largely unclear what factors determine the intensity or effectiveness of sanction. 2. Here, we show that in the...
Institute of Zoology5
Kunming Institute of Zoology2
Huazhong Agricultural University1
University of East Anglia1
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences1
Chinese Academy of Sciences1
University of Toronto1
Zoological Society of London1
American Museum of Natural History1