15 Works

Data from: Unexpected population genetic structure of European roe deer in Poland: an invasion of the mtDNA genome from Siberian roe deer

Maciej Matosiuk, Anetta Borkowska, Magdalena Świsłocka, Paweł Mirski, Zbigniew Borowski, Kamil Krysiuk, Aleksey A. Danilkin, Elena Y. Zvychaynaya, Alexander P. Saveljev & Mirosław Ratkiewicz
Introgressive hybridization is a widespread evolutionary phenomenon which may lead to increased allelic variation at selective-neutral loci and to transfer of fitness-related traits to introgressed lineages. We inferred the population genetic structure of the European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) in Poland from mitochondrial (CR and cyt b) and sex-linked markers (ZFX, SRY, DBY4 and DBY8). Analyses of CR mtDNA sequences from 452 individuals indicated widespread introgression of Siberian roe deer (C. pygargus) mtDNA in the...

Fish fluoxetine reaction time

Małgorzata Grzesiuk & Alicja Pawelec
Fluoxetine is an antidepressant medicine causing relaxation and mood improvement in people, with silencing certain personality traits in some cases. The question arise if such phenomena can be observed in non-target organisms like fish. Fluoxetine affects fishes behaviour, however, it is not known if the medicine affects its “personality”. This study aimed to evaluate the reaction of the invasive Neogobius fluviatilis and native Gobio gobio individuals to fluoxetine at environmental concentration of 360 ng L-1....

Methodology evaluation of computer vision small dimension hole localization

Patryk Król
The collection consists of 5 series of scans of MDF samples with holes of different diameters made in different positions (see Samples.tif).The samples were made on a self-made milling machine and scanned with a flatbed scanner (Canon CanoScan LiDE 200, CIS technology, 4800 dpi).Samples with the MVC prefix have the selected holes offset by 0.005 inches. The numerical designation after the prefix indicates the diameter of the drill used to make the holes: 0.5, 1.0,...

Data from: Contrasting the roles of section length and instream habitat enhancement for river restoration success: a field study on 20 European restoration projects

Daniel Hering, Jukka Aroviita, Annette Baattrup-Pedersen, Karel Brabec, Tom Buijse, Frauke Ecke, Nikolai Friberg, Marek Gielczewski, Kathrin Januschke, Jan Köhler, Benjamin Kupilas, Armin W. Lorenz, Susanne Muhar, Amael Paillex, Michaela Poppe, Torsten Schmidt, Stefan Schmutz, Jan Vermaat, Piet F. M. Verdonschot, Ralf C. M. Verdonschot, Jochem Kail & Christian Wolter
1. Restoration of river hydromorphology often has limited detected effects on river biota. One frequently discussed reason is that the restored river length is insufficient to allow populations to develop and give the room for geomorphologic processes to occur. 2. We investigated ten pairs of restored river sections of which one was a large project involving a long, intensively restored river section and one represented a smaller restoration effort. The restoration effect was quantified by...

Genomic footprints of recovery in the European bison

Tom Druet, Kamil Oleński, Laurence Flori, Amandine Bertrand, Wanda Olech, Malgorzata Tokarska, Stanislaw Kaminski & Mathieu Gautier
After extinction in the wild in the beginning of the twentieth century, the European bison has been successfully recovered in two distinct genetic lines from only twelve and seven captive founders. We here aimed at characterizing the levels of realized inbreeding in these two restored lines to provide empirical insights into the genomic footprints left by population recovery from a small number of founders. To that end, we genotyped 183 European bison born over the...

Data from: Effective specialist or jack of all trades? Experimental evolution of a crop pest in fluctuating and stable environments

Lechosław Kuczyński, Anna Skoracka, Alicja Laska, Jacek Radwan, Mateusz Konczal, Kamila Karpicka-Ignatowska, Anna Przychodzka, Jarosław Raubic, Mariusz Lewandowski & Ewa Puchalska
Understanding pest evolution in agricultural systems is crucial for developing effective and innovative pest control strategies. Types of cultivation, such as crop monocultures versus polycultures or crop rotation, may act as a selective pressure on pests’ capability to exploit the host’s resources. In this study, we examined the herbivorous mite Aceria tosichella (commonly known as wheat curl mite), a widespread wheat pest, to understand how fluctuating versus stable environments influence its niche breadth and ability...

Jaskuła et al. Morphological variability in Lophyra flexuosa (Fabricius, 1787) (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) in desert countries: sexual dimorphism and geographic aspect

Radomir Jaskuła, Axel Schwerk & Mateusz Płóciennik
The file with raw data which includes morphometric measuremens for all specimens of Lophyra flexuosa from Morocco and Tunisia studied in the manuscript entitled "Morphological variability in Lophyra flexuosa (Fabricius, 1787) (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) in desert countries: sexual dimorphism and geographic aspect". Details about all sampling sites for this species (altitude, habitat type, and climatic zone) are also included in the file.

Retrotransposon-based genetic diversity of Deschampsia antarctica Desv. from King George Island (Maritime Antarctic)

Piotr Androsiuk, Katarzyna J. Chwedorzewska, Justyna Dulska, Sylwia Milarska & Irena Giełwanowska
Deschampsia antarctica Desv. can be found in diverse Antarctic habitats which may vary considerably in terms of environmental conditions and soil properties. As a result, the species is characterized by wide ecotypic variation in terms of both morphological and anatomical traits. The species is a unique example of an organism that can successfully colonize inhospitable regions due to its phenomenal ability to adapt to both the local mosaic of microhabitats and to general climatic fluctuations....

Data from: Production of bioadsorbent from phosphoric acid pretreated palm kernel shell and coconut shell by two-stage continuous physical activation via N2 and air

Chuan Li Lee, Paik San H'ng, , Kit Ling Chin, Umer Rashid, Mariusz Maminski, Wen Ze Go, Raja Ahmad Raja Nazrin, Siti Nurul Ashikin Rosli, Pui San Khoo, Siti Nurul Asyikin Rosli & Raja Ahamd Raja Nazrin
In the present study, agricultural biomass; palm kernel shell (PKS) and coconut shell (CS) were used to produce high porosity bioadsorbent using two-stage continuous physical activation method with different gas carrier (air and N2) in each stage. The activation temperature was set constant at 600°C, 700°C, 800°C or 900°C for both activation stages with the heating rate of 3°C min-1. Two parameters including the gas carrier and activation temperature were determined as the significant factors...

Nest-boxes alter the reproductive ecology of urban cavity-nesters in a species-dependent way

Joanna Sudyka, Irene Di Lecce, Lucyna Wojas, Patryk Rowiński & Marta Szulkin
Human-provided nesting shelters such as nest-boxes mitigate the shortage of natural breeding sites. Since artificial nests are not where animals evolved and optimised their reproductive performance, it remains inconclusive if these are adequate substitutes, ensuring equivalent fitness returns while breeding. In particular, most knowledge on the ecology of cavity-nesting birds comes from nest-box populations, but no study has directly compared fitness consequences of breeding inside nest-boxes in relation to natural cavities in cities. We directly...

Data from: Species interactions increase the temporal stability of community productivity in Pinus sylvestris-Fagus sylvatica mixtures across Europe

Miren Del Río, Hans Pretzsch, Ricardo Ruiz-Peinado, Evy Ampoorter, Peter Annighöfer, Ignacio Barbeito, Kamil Bielak, Gediminas Brazaitis, Lluis Coll, Lars össler, Marek Fabrika, David I. Forrester, Michael Heym, Václav Hurt, Viktor Kurylyak, Magnus Löf, Fabio Lombardi, Ekaterina Makrickiene, Bratislav Matovic, Frits Mohren, Renzo Motta, Jan Den Ouden, Maciej Pach, Quentin Ponette, Gerhard Schütze … & Lars Drössler
1.There is increasing evidence that species diversity enhances the temporal stability of community productivity in different ecosystems, although its effect at population and tree levels seems to be negative or neutral. Asynchrony in species responses to environmental conditions was found to be one of the main drivers of this stabilizing process. However, the effect of species mixing on the stability of productivity, and the relative importance of the associated mechanisms, remain poorly understood in forest...

Over 80 years without major disturbance, late successional Białowieża woodlands exhibit complex dynamism, with coherent compositional shifts towards true old‐growth conditions

Bogdan Brzeziecki, Kerry Woods, Leszek Bolibok, Jacek Zajączkowski, Stanisław Drozdowski, Kamil Bielak & Henryk Żybura
1. Controversies about successional dynamics of woodland communities have a long history, dating back to the classical debates between Clements and Gleason and continuing into the present. These debates have largely concerned the predictability or convergence of forest developmental trends as well as the relative importance of different mechanisms and forces driving forest succession. However, opportunities for rigorous testing of competing hypotheses are limited, mainly because plot-based studies of forest vegetation spanning more than a...

Small-dimension drill-hole deflection in selected fibreboards

Patryk Król
The dataset consists of scans of MDF, HDF, and hard fibreboard specimens with holes of different diameters (0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 mm). NGC file attached as an example of gcode used (9 samples at once). Feedrates: 2, 6, 10, 16, 25, 35, 45 inch/min. The samples were made on a self-made milling machine and scanned with a flatbed scanner (Canon CanoScan LiDE 200, CIS technology, 4800 dpi).Samples were to correlate feed rate, material type, and...

Data from: N-mixture models estimate abundance reliably: a field test on Marsh Tit using time-for-space substitution

Grzegorz Neubauer, Alicja Wolska, Patryk Rowiński & Tomasz Wesołowski
Imperfect detection in field studies on animal abundance, including birds, is common and can be corrected for in various ways. The binomial N-mixture (hereafter binmix) model developed for this task is widely used in ecological studies owing to its simplicity: it requires replicated count results as the input. However, it may overestimate abundance and be sensitive to even small violations of its assumptions. We used a 33-year dataset on the Marsh Tit, Poecile palustris, a...

Emerging stability of forest productivity by mixing two species buffers temperature destabilizing effect

Miren Del Rio, Ricardo Ruiz‐Peinado, Stig‐Olof Holm, Aris Jansons, Thomas Nord‐Larsen, Kris Verheyen, Andrés Bravo‐Oviedo, Hans Pretzsch, Ricardo Ruiz-Peinado, Hervé Jactel, Lluís Coll, Magnus Löf, Jorge Aldea, Christian Ammer, Admir Avdagić, Ignacio Barbeito, Kamil Bielak, Felipe Bravo, Gediminas Brazaitis, Jakub Cerný, Catherine Collet, Sonia Condés, Lars Drössler, Marek Fabrika, Michael Heym … & Andrés Bravo-Oviedo
The increasing disturbances in monocultures around the world are testimony to their instability under global change. Many studies have claimed that temporal stability of productivity increase with species richness, although the ecological fundaments have mainly been investigated through diversity experiments. To adequately manage forest ecosystems, it is necessary to have a comprehensive understanding of the effect of mixing species on the temporal stability of productivity and the way in which this it is influenced by...

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