811 Works

Cholesterol depletion sensitizes gallbladder cancer to cisplatin by impairing DNA damage response

Yonglong Zhang, Yanfeng Liu, Jinlin Duan, Hui Wang, Yuchen Zhang, Ke Qiao & Jian Wang
Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the common malignancy of the bile tract system with extremely poor clinical outcomes, owing to its metastatic property and intrinsic resistance to the first-line drugs. Although it is well-established that cholesterol abnormity contributes to gallstone formation, a leading risk factor for GBC, the link of cholesterol homeostasis with GBC has not been investigated. The present study systematically examined the genes implicated in cholesterol homeostasis, and revealed altered gene expressions of de...

An infectious clone of enterovirus 71(EV71) that is capable of infecting neonatal immune competent mice without adaptive mutations

Huiying Zhang, Zhigang Song, Jingyi Zou, Yanling Feng, Jing Zhang, Lehao Ren, Xiaonan Zhang, Yunwen Hu, Zhenghong Yuan & Zhigang Yi
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a major pathogen that causes hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), which is a life threatening disease in certain children. The pathogenesis of EV71-caused HFMD is poorly defined due to the lack of simple and robust animal models with severe phenotypes that recapitulate symptoms observed in humans. Here, we generated the infectious clone of a clinical isolate from a severe HFMD patient. Virus rescued from the cDNA clone was infectious in...

Impact of environmental shocks on the preferred number of children of internal migrants: Evidence from China

Jin Li
Most research has used individual or group features to explain why migrants have different preferred number of children. However, these features can be identified and subdivided infinitely, with none of them broadly answering the question “why migrants desire more or less children”? This paper identified “environmental shocks”, which are a common experience for all migrants, as determinants of dissimilar preferred number of children across internal migrants in China. Environmental shocks refer to the uncertainty experienced...

Synthesis and in vitro anticancer activities of substituted N-(4’-Nitrophenyl)-L-prolinamides

Adejoke Osinubi, Josephat Izunobi, Xiaoguang Bao, Olayinka Asekun, Jiehong Kong, Chunshan Gui & Oluwole Familoni
Prolinamides are present in secondary metabolites and have wide-ranging biological properties as well as antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities. N-(4’-substituted phenyl)-L-prolinamides 4a–4w were synthesised in two steps, starting from the condensation of p-fluoronitrobenzene 1a–1b with L-proline 2a–2b, under aqueous–alcoholic basic conditions to afford N-aryl-L-prolines 3a–3c, which underwent amidation via a two-stage, one-pot reaction involving SOCl2 and amines, to furnish L-prolinamides in 20–80% yield. The cytotoxicities of 4a–4w against four human carcinoma cell lines (SGC7901, HCT-116, HepG2...

Risks and features of secondary infections in severe and critical ill COVID-19 patients

Haocheng Zhang, Yi Zhang, Jing Wu, Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Xin Li, Haili Chen, Mingquan Guo, Shu Chen, Feng Sun, Richeng Mao, Chao Qiu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Jingwen Ai & Wenhong Zhang
Objectives Severe or critical COVID-19 is associated with intensive care unit admission, increased secondary infection rate, and would lead to significant worsened prognosis. Risks and characteristics relating to secondary infections in severe COVID-19 have not been described. Methods Severe and critical COVID-19 patients from Shanghai were included. We collected lower respiratory, urine, catheters, and blood samples according to clinical necessity and culture and mNGS were performed. Clinical and laboratory data were archived. Results We found...

Oxidative Stress and NF-κB signaling are involved in LPS induced pulmonary dysplasia in chick embryos

Yun Long, Guang Wang, Ke Li, Zong-yi Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jing Zhang, Xiao-tan Zhang, Yongping Bao, Xuesong Yang & Peng-cheng Wang
Inflammation or dysbacteriosis-derived lipopolysaccharides (LPS) adversely influence the embryonic development of respiratory system. However, the precise pathological mechanisms still remain to be elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that LPS exposure caused lung maldevelopment in chick embryos, including higher embryo mortality, increased thickness of alveolar gas exchange zone, and accumulation of PAS+ immature pulmonary cells, accompanied with reduced expression of alveolar epithelial cell markers and lamellar body count. Upon LPS exposure, pulmonary cell proliferation was...

Oxidative stress and NF-κB signaling are involved in LPS induced pulmonary dysplasia in chick embryos

Yun Long, Guang Wang, Ke Li, Zongyi Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jing Zhang, Xiaotan Zhang, Yongping Bao, Xuesong Yang & Pengcheng Wang
Inflammation or dysbacteriosis-derived lipopolysaccharides (LPS) adversely influence the embryonic development of respiratory system. However, the precise pathological mechanisms still remain to be elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that LPS exposure caused lung maldevelopment in chick embryos, including higher embryo mortality, increased thickness of alveolar gas exchange zone, and accumulation of PAS+ immature pulmonary cells, accompanied with reduced expression of alveolar epithelial cell markers and lamellar body count. Upon LPS exposure, pulmonary cell proliferation was...

Naoxintong accelerates diabetic wound healing by attenuating inflammatory response

Leyu Fang, Lu Chen, Min Song, Juan He, Lusha Zhang, Chunxiao Li, Qianyi Wang, Wenjie Yang, Wei Sun, Yuze Leng, Hong Shi, Shaoxia Wang, Xiumei Gao & Hong Wang
Naoxintong (NXT), a prescribed traditional Chinese medicine, widely used in cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases, could be effective in diabetic wounds. This study evaluates the wound healing activity of NXT by employing an excisional wound splinting model. NXT was dissolved in saline and given daily by gavage. Wounds were induced at the dorsum of non-diabetic (db/+) and diabetic (db/db) mice and treated with saline or 700 mg/kg/d NXT for 16 days. Wound closure was measured every...

Long non-coding RNA RP11-283G6.5 confines breast cancer development through modulating miR-188-3p/TMED3/Wnt/β-catenin signalling

Jing Pei, Shengquan Zhang, Xiaowei Yang, Chunguang Han, Yubo Pan, Jun Li, Zhaorui Wang, Chenyu Sun & Jing Zhang
The contributions of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) to breast cancer are critical areas of investigation. In this study, we identified a novel lncRNA RP11-283G6.5 which was lowly expressed in breast cancer and whose low expression was correlated with poor overall survival and disease-free survival of breast cancer patients. Functional experiments revealed that ectopic expression of RP11-283G6.5 confined breast cancer cellular growth, migration, and invasion, and promoted cellular apoptosis. Conversely, RP11-283G6.5 silencing facilitated...

Dynamic changes of plasma extracellular vesicle long RNAs during perioperative period of colorectal cancer

Qing Hua, Wenhao Xu, Xuefang Shen, Xi Tian, Hailiang Zhang, Yan Li & Pingbo Xu
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) long RNAs (exLRs) have been shown to be indicators for the diagnosis and prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the dynamic changes of exLRs during perioperative period and their cellular sources in CRC remains largely unknown. In this study, exLR sequencing (exLR-seq) was performed on plasma samples from three CRC patients at four time points (before surgery [T0], after extubation [T1], 1 day after surgery [T2], and 3 days after surgery [T3])....

RETRACTED ARTICLE: Hsa_circ_0101432 promotes the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by adsorbing miR-1258 and miR-622

Haibo Zou, Xiangang Xu, Lanyun Luo, Yu Zhang, Le Luo, Yutong Yao, Guangming Xiang, Xiaolun Huang & Guan Wang
Hsa_circ_0101432 promotes the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by adsorbing miR-1258 and miR-622 We, the Editors and Publisher of the journal Cell Cycle, have retracted the following article: Haibo Zou, Xiangang Xu, Lanyun Luo, Yu Zhang, Le Luo, Yutong Yao, Guangming Xiang, Xiaolun Huang, and Guan Wang. Hsa_circ_0101432 promotes the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by adsorbing miR-1258 and miR-622. Cell Cycle. 2019;18(19):2398-2413. doi: 10.1080/15384101.2019.1618120. Since publication, significant concerns have been raised about the integrity...

SUVA: splicing site usage variation analysis from RNA-seq data reveals highly conserved complex splicing biomarkers in liver cancer

Chao Cheng, Lei Liu, Yongli Bao, Jingwen Yi, Weili Quan, Yaqiang Xue, Luguo Sun & Yi Zhang
Most of the current alternative splicing (AS) analysis tools are powerless to analyse complex splicing. To address this, we developed SUVA (Splice sites Usage Variation Analysis) that decomposes complex splicing events into five types of splice junction pairs. By analysing real and simulated data, SUVA showed higher sensitivity and accuracy in detecting AS events than the compared methods. Notably, SUVA detected extensive complex AS events and screened out 69 highly conserved and dominant AS events...

SUVA: splicing site usage variation analysis from RNA-seq data reveals highly conserved complex splicing biomarkers in liver cancer

Chao Cheng, Lei Liu, Yongli Bao, Jingwen Yi, Weili Quan, Yaqiang Xue, Luguo Sun & Yi Zhang
Most of the current alternative splicing (AS) analysis tools are powerless to analyse complex splicing. To address this, we developed SUVA (Splice sites Usage Variation Analysis) that decomposes complex splicing events into five types of splice junction pairs. By analysing real and simulated data, SUVA showed higher sensitivity and accuracy in detecting AS events than the compared methods. Notably, SUVA detected extensive complex AS events and screened out 69 highly conserved and dominant AS events...

Paeoniflorin reduce luxS/AI-2 system-controlled biofilm formation and virulence in Streptococcus suis

Jinpeng Li, Qingying Fan, Manyu Jin, Chenlong Mao, Hui Zhang, Xiaoling Zhang, Liyun Sun, Daniel Grenier, Li Yi, Xiaogai Hou & Yang Wang
Streptococcus suis (S. suis), more specifically serotype 2, is a bacterial pathogen that threatens the lives of pigs and humans. Like many other pathogens, S. suis exhibits quorum sensing (QS) system-controlled virulence factors, such as biofilm formation that complicates treatment. Therefore, impairing the QS involving LuxS/AI-2 cycle in S. suis, may be a promising alternative strategy for overcoming S. suis infections. In this study, we investigated paeoniflorin (PF), a monoterpenoid glycoside compound extracted from peony,...

Quantitative proteomics reveals that dormancy-related proteins mediate the attenuation in mycobacterium strains

Hong Wang, Li Wan, Jiahui Shi, Tao Zhang, Huiming Zhu, Songhao Jiang, Shuhong Meng, Shujia Wu, Jinshuai Sun, Lei Chang, Liqun Zhang, Kanglin Wan, Jiaqi Yang, Xiuqin Zhao, Haican Liu, Yao Zhang, Erhei Dai & Ping Xu
Although members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) exhibit high similarity, they are characterized by differences with respect to virulence, immune response, and transmissibility. To understand the virulence of these bacteria and identify potential novel therapeutic targets, we systemically investigated the total cell protein contents of virulent H37Rv, attenuated H37Ra, and avirulent M. bovis BCG vaccine strains at the log and stationary phases, based on tandem mass tag (TMT) quantitative proteomics. Data analysis revealed that...

Dynamic changes of plasma extracellular vesicle long RNAs during perioperative period of colorectal cancer

Qing Hua, Wenhao Xu, Xuefang Shen, Xi Tian, Hailiang Zhang, Yan Li & Pingbo Xu
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) long RNAs (exLRs) have been shown to be indicators for the diagnosis and prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the dynamic changes of exLRs during perioperative period and their cellular sources in CRC remains largely unknown. In this study, exLR sequencing (exLR-seq) was performed on plasma samples from three CRC patients at four time points (before surgery [T0], after extubation [T1], 1 day after surgery [T2], and 3 days after surgery [T3])....

Identification of microRNA hsa-miR-30c-5p as an inhibitory factor in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma and investigation of its regulatory network via comprehensive analysis

Shangshang Hu, Jinyan Zhang, Xiaoyu Fang, Guoqing Guo, Jing Dai, Zhiyong Sheng, Dongdong Li, Jiasheng Chen, Li Zhang, Chuanmiao Liu & Yu Gao
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary liver cancer with high morbidity and mortality. An increasing number of abnormal gene expressions were identified to be associated with the progression of HCC. Previous studies showed that the hsa-miR-30 c-5p (miR-30 c), one of the miR-30 family members, might play a role in suppressing tumor progression in a variety of tumors. The present study aims to examine miR-30 c effects in the development of HCC. The role of...

Immune implication of FAM83D gene in hepatocellular carcinoma

Tao Meng, Zhong Tong, Ming-Ya Yang, Yan Zhang, Yu Liu, Zhen-Zhen Wang, Li-Xin Zhu & Jin Wu
FAM83D has been demonstrated to contribute to tumorigenesis. However, its immune effects in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have not been reported. This study aimed to identify the immune role of FAM83D in HCC. FAM83D was over-expressed in HCC and contributed to poor prognosis according to the results of data analysis based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Afterward, the levels of immune cells infiltration were found to be correlated with the expression level of FAM83D in...

A ferroptosis-related gene signature for graft loss prediction following renal allograft

Zhenlei Fan, Tao Liu, Hanfei Huang, Jie Lin & Zhong Zeng
Allogeneic kidney transplantation (renal allograft) is the most effective treatment for advanced kidney disease. Previous studies have indicated that ferroptosis participates in the progression of acute kidney injury and renal transplant failure. However, few studies have evaluated the prognostic value of ferroptosis on renal transplantation outcomes. In this study, a total of 22 differentially expressed ferroptosis-related genes (DFGs) were identified, which were mainly enriched in infection-related pathways. Next, a ferroptosis-related gene signature, including GA-binding protein...

Comparative analysis of circRNA expression profile and circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network between palmitic and stearic acid-induced lipotoxicity to pancreatic β cells

Yunjin Zhang, Qingrui Zhao, Shenghan Su, Lingfeng Dan, Xuebei Li, Yu Wang, Yuqing Lin, Zhen Tian, Changhao Sun & Huimin Lu
Chronic exposure to high concentrations of circulating palmitic acid and stearic acid leads to impaired β cell function, which accelerates the development of type 2 diabetes. However, differences in the mechanisms underlying this process between these two saturated fatty acids remain largely unknown. In this study, we screened for potential circular RNAs (circRNAs) and their associated regulatory pathways in palmitic acid- and stearic acid-induced mouse β-TC6 cell dysfunction. CircRNA high-throughput sequencing, gene ontology enrichment and...

Comparative analysis of circRNA expression profile and circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network between palmitic and stearic acid-induced lipotoxicity to pancreatic β cells

Yunjin Zhang, Qingrui Zhao, Shenghan Su, Lingfeng Dan, Xuebei Li, Yu Wang, Yuqing Lin, Zhen Tian, Changhao Sun & Huimin Lu
Chronic exposure to high concentrations of circulating palmitic acid and stearic acid leads to impaired β cell function, which accelerates the development of type 2 diabetes. However, differences in the mechanisms underlying this process between these two saturated fatty acids remain largely unknown. In this study, we screened for potential circular RNAs (circRNAs) and their associated regulatory pathways in palmitic acid- and stearic acid-induced mouse β-TC6 cell dysfunction. CircRNA high-throughput sequencing, gene ontology enrichment and...

Identifying optimal capsid duplication length for the stability of reporter flaviviruses

Coleman Baker, Yang Liu, Jing Zou, Antonio Muruato, Xuping Xie & Pei-Yong Shi
Mosquito-transmitted flaviviruses cause widespread disease across the world. To provide better molecular tools for drug screens and pathogenesis studies, we report a new approach to produce stable NanoLuc-tagged flaviviruses, including dengue virus serotypes 1-4, Japanese encephalitis virus, yellow fever virus, West Nile virus, and Zika virus. Since the reporter gene is often engineered at the capsid gene region, the capsid sequence must be duplicated to flank the reporter gene; such capsid duplication is essential for...

Metabolomics research on the effect of dexamethasone‐induced chronic stress in serum of rabbits

Hongli Liu, Bin Zhang, Lei Liu & Fuchang Li
Stress is a common factor that reduces production performance. However, the physiology of stress is not fully understood. In this study, 40-day-old rabbits were injected 1.0 mg/kg BW Dexamethasone to induce stress. A metabolomic study on serum of stress-induced rabbits was performed to research the metabolism mechanism of stress by using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS). Clear separations between stress rabbits and control rabbits were observed by principal component analysis (PCA) based...

Metabolomics research on the effect of dexamethasone‐induced chronic stress in serum of rabbits

Hongli Liu, Bin Zhang, Lei Liu & Fuchang Li
Stress is a common factor that reduces production performance. However, the physiology of stress is not fully understood. In this study, 40-day-old rabbits were injected 1.0 mg/kg BW Dexamethasone to induce stress. A metabolomic study on serum of stress-induced rabbits was performed to research the metabolism mechanism of stress by using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS). Clear separations between stress rabbits and control rabbits were observed by principal component analysis (PCA) based...

Nutritional components and protein quality analysis of genetically modified phytase maize

Yichun Hu, Liqin Linghu, Min Li, Deqian Mao, Yu Zhang, Xiaoguang Yang & Lichen Yang
The nutritional components and protein quality of genetically modified maize expressing phytase gene (GM) were analyzed and evaluated in this study. The nutritional components were analyzed by Chinese national standard methods. The ileostomy Bama miniature pigs were utilized to analyze the true digestibility of protein and amino acids. The digestible indispensable amino acid score (DIAAS) was adopted to evaluate the protein quality of GM, its parental maize (PM) and commercial available maize Zhengdan 958 (ZD)....

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