1,080 Works

Polyploidization contributes to evolution of competitive ability: a long term common garden study on the invasive Solidago canadensis in China

Jiliang Cheng, Xianghong Yang, Lifang Xue, Beibei Yao, Huan Lu, Zhongsai Tian, Jun Li, Xin Zhou, Yu Zhang, Muhammad Zia Ul Haq, Shuqi Wu, Xiaoling Song, Shuijin Hu & Sheng Qiang
Plant invasion initiates with the establishment of an alien species population that begins interacting with the existing community in the invaded habitat. Competitive ability may confer advantage to invasive species during establishment. Autopolyploidy has been shown to significantly contribute to successful invasion of China by Solidago canadensis that is native to North America. But how polyploidization improves competitive ability and determines the dominance of invasive species when competing with a plant community in the introduced...

Myotubularin related protein 7 is essential for the spermatogonial stem cell homeostasis via PI3K/AKT signaling

Dan Zhao, Cong Shen, Tingting Gao, Hong Li, Yueshuai Guo, Feng Li, Chenchen Liu, Yuanyuan Liu, Xia Chen, Xi Zhang, Yangyang Wu, Yi Yu, Meng Lin, Yan Yuan, Xiaofang Chen, Xiaoyan Huang, Shenmin Yang, Jun Yu, Jun Zhang & Bo Zheng
Myotubularin related protein 7 (MTMR7), a key member of the MTMR family, depicts phosphatase activity and is involved in myogenesis and tumor growth. We have previously identified MTMR7 in the proteomic profile of mouse spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) maturation and differentiation, implying that MTMR7 is associated with neonatal testicular development. In this study, to further explore the distribution and function of MTMR7 in mouse testis, we studied the effect of Mtmr7 knockdown on neonatal testicular...

Mapping the global potential transmission hotspots for severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome by machine learning methods

Dong Miao, Ke Dai, Guo-Ping Zhao, Xin-Lou Li, Wen-Qiang Shi, Jiu Song Zhang, Yang Yang, Wei Liu & Li-Qun Fang
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease with increasing spread. Currently SFTS transmission has expanded beyond Asian countries, however, with definitive global extents and risk patterns remained obscure. Here we established an exhaustive database that included globally reported locations of human SFTS cases and the competent vector, Haemaphysalis longicornis (H. longicornis), as well as the explanatory environmental variables, based on which, the potential geographic range of H. longicornis and risk areas...

An infectious clone of enterovirus 71(EV71) that is capable of infecting neonatal immune competent mice without adaptive mutations

Huiying Zhang, Zhigang Song, Jingyi Zou, Yanling Feng, Jing Zhang, Lehao Ren, Xiaonan Zhang, Yunwen Hu, Zhenghong Yuan & Zhigang Yi
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a major pathogen that causes hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), which is a life threatening disease in certain children. The pathogenesis of EV71-caused HFMD is poorly defined due to the lack of simple and robust animal models with severe phenotypes that recapitulate symptoms observed in humans. Here, we generated the infectious clone of a clinical isolate from a severe HFMD patient. Virus rescued from the cDNA clone was infectious in...

Data from: Effects of 9,10-phenanthrenequione on antioxidant indices and metabolite profiles in Takifugu obscurus plasma

Shulun Jiang
Derived from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), oxygenated-PAHs (oxy-PAHs) may pose hazards to aquatic organisms, which remains largely unknown. Takifugu obscurus is an important anadromous fish species of high economic and ecological values. In the present study, T. obscurus was acutely exposed to 44.29 μg/L 9,10-phenanthrenequione (9,10-PQ) for 96 hours. Changes of antioxidant indices and metabolite profiles in plasma were compared between 9,10-PQ treatment and the control. The results showed that 9,10-PQ treatment significantly increased MDA...

Kinetics of SARS-CoV-2 specific IgM and IgG responses in COVID-19 patients

Baoqing Sun, Ying Feng, Xiaoneng Mo, Peiyan Zheng, Qian Wang, Pingchao Li, Ping Peng, Xiaoqing Liu, Zhilong Chen, Huimin Huang, Fan Zhang, Wenting Luo, Xuefeng Niu, Peiyu Hu, Longyu Wang, Hui Peng, Zhifeng Huang, Liqiang Feng, Feng Li, Fuchun Zhang, Fang Li, Nanshan Zhong & Ling Chen
The emerging COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection poses severe challenges to global public health. Serum antibody testing is becoming one of the critical methods for the diagnosis of COVID-19 patients. We investigated IgM and IgG responses against SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) and spike (S) protein after symptom onset in the intensive care unit (ICU) and non-ICU patients. 130 blood samples from 38 COVID-19 patients were collected. The levels of IgM and IgG specific to N and...

Data from: Chemical structure predicts the effect of plant-derived low-molecular weight compounds on soil microbiome structure and pathogen suppression

Yian Gu, Xiaofang Wang, Tianjie Yang, Ville-Petri Friman, Stefan Geisen, Zhong Wei, Yangchun Xu, Alexandre Jousset & Qirong Shen
1. Plant-derived low molecular weight compounds play a crucial role in shaping soil microbiome functionality. While various compounds have been demonstrated to affect soil microbes, most data are case-specific and do not provide generalizable predictions on their effects. Here we show that the chemical structural affiliation of low molecular weight compounds typically secreted by plant roots – sugars, amino acids, organic acids and phenolic acids – can predictably affect microbiome diversity, composition and functioning in...

Meta-analysis of diagnostic performance of serology tests for COVID-19: impact of assay design and post-symptom-onset intervals

Hongyu Wang, Jingwen Ai, Michael J. Loeffelholz, Yi-Wei Tang & Wenhong Zhang
Serology detection is recognized for its sensitivity in convalescent patients with COVID-19, in comparison with nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs). This article aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of serologic methods for COVID-19 based on assay design and post-symptom-onset intervals. Two authors independently searched PubMed, Cochrane library, Ovid, EBSCO for case–control, longitudinal and cohort studies that determined the diagnostic accuracy of serology tests in comparison with NAATs in COVID-19 cases and used QUADAS-2 for quality...

Multi-omics analysis reveals the glycolipid metabolism response mechanism in the liver of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT, Oreochromis niloticus) under hypoxia stress

Jun-Lei Ma, Jun Qiang, YI-Fan Tao, Hao-Jun Zhu, Pao Xu, Lian-Ge Li & Jing-Wen Bao
Background: Dissolved oxygen (DO) in the water is a vital abiotic factor in aquatic animal farming. A hypoxic environment affects the growth, metabolism, and immune system of fish. Glycolipid metabolism is a vital energy pathway under acute hypoxic stress, and it plays a significant role in the adaptation of fish to stressful environments. In this study, we used multi-omics integrative analyses to explore the mechanisms of hypoxia adaptation in Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT, Oreochromis...

The novel outer membrane protein from OprD/Occ family is associated with hypervirulence of carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ST2/KL22

Mingxi Hua, Jingyuan Liu, Pengcheng Du, Xinzhe Liu, Min Li, Huizhu Wang, Chen Chen, Xinmin Xu, Yu Jiang, Yajie Wang, Hui Zeng & Ang Li
Acinetobacter baumannii has become a major healthcare threat that causes nosocomial infections, especially in critically ill patients. The spread of carbapenem resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) strains has long been a clinical concern. It is important to study the epidemiology and virulence characteristics of different CRAB isolates in order to tailor infection prevention and antibiotic prescribing. In this study, a total of 71 CRAB isolates were collected in the hospital, and clinical characteristics of infections were...

Oxidative stress and NF-κB signaling are involved in LPS induced pulmonary dysplasia in chick embryos

Yun Long, Guang Wang, Ke Li, Zongyi Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jing Zhang, Xiaotan Zhang, Yongping Bao, Xuesong Yang & Pengcheng Wang
Inflammation or dysbacteriosis-derived lipopolysaccharides (LPS) adversely influence the embryonic development of respiratory system. However, the precise pathological mechanisms still remain to be elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that LPS exposure caused lung maldevelopment in chick embryos, including higher embryo mortality, increased thickness of alveolar gas exchange zone, and accumulation of PAS+ immature pulmonary cells, accompanied with reduced expression of alveolar epithelial cell markers and lamellar body count. Upon LPS exposure, pulmonary cell proliferation was...

Oxidative Stress and NF-κB signaling are involved in LPS induced pulmonary dysplasia in chick embryos

Yun Long, Guang Wang, Ke Li, Zong-yi Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jing Zhang, Xiao-tan Zhang, Yongping Bao, Xuesong Yang & Peng-cheng Wang
Inflammation or dysbacteriosis-derived lipopolysaccharides (LPS) adversely influence the embryonic development of respiratory system. However, the precise pathological mechanisms still remain to be elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that LPS exposure caused lung maldevelopment in chick embryos, including higher embryo mortality, increased thickness of alveolar gas exchange zone, and accumulation of PAS+ immature pulmonary cells, accompanied with reduced expression of alveolar epithelial cell markers and lamellar body count. Upon LPS exposure, pulmonary cell proliferation was...

Trelagliptin stimulates osteoblastic differentiation by increasing runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2): a therapeutic implication in osteoporosis

Haiyu Shao, Renzheng Wu, Li Cao, Haifeng Gu & Fang Chai
Osteoporosis, an aging-associated bone metabolic disease, is affecting millions of people worldwide. The deregulated process of osteoblastic differentiation has been linked with the progression of osteoporosis. Trelagliptin is a long-acting inhibitor of DPP-4 used for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, it is unknown whether Trelagliptin possesses a beneficial effect in osteoblastic differentiation. Interestingly, we found that treatment with Trelagliptin enhanced differentiation and promoted the mineralization of MC3T3-E1 cells. Firstly, Trelagliptin increased the...

Trelagliptin stimulates osteoblastic differentiation by increasing runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2): a therapeutic implication in osteoporosis

Haiyu Shao, Renzheng Wu, Li Cao, Haifeng Gu & Fang Chai
Osteoporosis, an aging-associated bone metabolic disease, is affecting millions of people worldwide. The deregulated process of osteoblastic differentiation has been linked with the progression of osteoporosis. Trelagliptin is a long-acting inhibitor of DPP-4 used for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, it is unknown whether Trelagliptin possesses a beneficial effect in osteoblastic differentiation. Interestingly, we found that treatment with Trelagliptin enhanced differentiation and promoted the mineralization of MC3T3-E1 cells. Firstly, Trelagliptin increased the...

Naoxintong accelerates diabetic wound healing by attenuating inflammatory response

Leyu Fang, Lu Chen, Min Song, Juan He, Lusha Zhang, Chunxiao Li, Qianyi Wang, Wenjie Yang, Wei Sun, Yuze Leng, Hong Shi, Shaoxia Wang, Xiumei Gao & Hong Wang
Naoxintong (NXT), a prescribed traditional Chinese medicine, widely used in cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases, could be effective in diabetic wounds. This study evaluates the wound healing activity of NXT by employing an excisional wound splinting model. NXT was dissolved in saline and given daily by gavage. Wounds were induced at the dorsum of non-diabetic (db/+) and diabetic (db/db) mice and treated with saline or 700 mg/kg/d NXT for 16 days. Wound closure was measured every...

Identification of biomarkers related to Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) infiltration with gene co-expression network in colorectal cancer

Rong Liao, Qi-Zhi Ma, Cong-Ya Zhou, Jun-Jun Li, Ning-Na Weng, Yang Yang & Qing Zhu
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common tumors, ranking second in the global cause of death from cancer. The prognosis of advanced patients is still very poor. In this study, hub modules with the highest association with tumor-infiltrating immune cells were identified by weighted gene co-expression network analysis based on CRC expression data from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Next, three hub genes (ADAM8, IL-1A, VAV3) related to infiltrating immune cells were identified...

Genome-wide comparison of the GRAS protein family in eight Rosaceae species and GRAS gene expression analysis in Chinese white pear (Pyrus bretschneideri Rehder)

Wenjing Chang, Manyi Sun, Mingyue Zhang, Zikai Tang, Jiawen Sheng, Yueyuan Liu, Bobo Song, Jiaming Li, Kejiao Zhao & Jun Wu
The GRAS protein family encodes a family of plant-specific transcription factors that have diverse and significant functions in regulating plant development and anthocyanin biosynthesis. Our study represents the comprehensive identification and comparison of GRAS protein family genes in the Rosaceae. Here, 535 GRAS genes were screened from eight Rosaceae species. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that whole-genome duplication (WGD) events and dispersed duplication events were the major mechanisms promoting the expansion of the GRAS protein family in...

Environmental drivers of annual population fluctuations in a trans-Saharan insect migrant

Gao Hu & Constanti Stefanescu
Many latitudinal insect migrants, including agricultural pests, disease vectors and beneficial species, show huge fluctuations in the year-to-year abundance of spring immigrants reaching temperate zones. It is widely believed that this variation is driven by climatic conditions in the winter-breeding regions, but evidence is lacking. We identified the environmental drivers of the annual population dynamics of a cosmopolitan migrant butterfly (the painted lady Vanessa cardui), using a combination of long-term monitoring, climate and atmospheric data...

Dominant factors of the phosphorus regulatory network differ under various dietary phosphate loads in healthy individuals

Guoxin Ye, Jiaying Zhang, Zhaori Bi, Weichen Zhang, Minmin Zhang, Qian Zhang, Mengjing Wang & Jing Chen
The purpose of this study was to explore the contribution of each factor of the phosphorus metabolism network following phosphorus diet intervention via Granger causality analysis. In this study, a total of six healthy male volunteers were enrolled. All participants sequentially received regular, low-, and high-phosphorus diets. Consumption of each diet lasted for five days, with a 5-day washout period between different diets. Blood and urinary samples were collected on the fifth day of consumption...

Inference on Nadarajah–Haghighi distribution with constant stress partially accelerated life tests under progressive type-II censoring

Sanku Dey, Liang Wang & Mazen Nassar
This paper presents methods of estimation of the parameters and acceleration factor for Nadarajah–Haghighi distribution based on constant-stress partially accelerated life tests. Based on progressive Type-II censoring, Maximum likelihood and Bayes estimates of the model parameters and acceleration factor are established, respectively. In addition, approximate confidence interval are constructed via asymptotic variance and covariance matrix, and Bayesian credible intervals are obtained based on importance sampling procedure. For comparison purpose, alternative bootstrap confidence intervals for unknown...

Anti-tumour effects of red blood cell membrane-camouflaged black phosphorous quantum dots combined with chemotherapy and anti-inflammatory therapy

Xueyuan Huang, Bin Wu, Jian Li, Yinghui Shang, Wansong Chen, Xinmin Nie & Rong Gui
Conventional anti-tumour chemotherapy is facing the challenges of poor specificity, high toxicity and drug resistance. Tumour microenvironment (TME) plays a critical role in tumour development and drug resistance. To address this problem, we constructed a novel anti-tumour nanoparticle platform RBC@BPQDs-DOX/KIR, black phosphorus nanoparticle quantum dots (BPQDs) with one of the chemotherapeutics (doxorubicin, DOX) and an anti-inflammatory traditional Chinese medicine active component (Kirenol, KIR). Red blood cell membrane (RBCm) vesicles were used as the shell to...

Long non-coding RNA RP11-283G6.5 confines breast cancer development through modulating miR-188-3p/TMED3/Wnt/β-catenin signalling

Jing Pei, Shengquan Zhang, Xiaowei Yang, Chunguang Han, Yubo Pan, Jun Li, Zhaorui Wang, Chenyu Sun & Jing Zhang
The contributions of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) to breast cancer are critical areas of investigation. In this study, we identified a novel lncRNA RP11-283G6.5 which was lowly expressed in breast cancer and whose low expression was correlated with poor overall survival and disease-free survival of breast cancer patients. Functional experiments revealed that ectopic expression of RP11-283G6.5 confined breast cancer cellular growth, migration, and invasion, and promoted cellular apoptosis. Conversely, RP11-283G6.5 silencing facilitated...

MicroRNA expression profile and identification of novel microRNA biomarkers for metabolic syndrome

Guanzhi Liu, Yutian Lei, Sen Luo, Zhuo Huang, Chen Chen, Kunzheng Wang, Pei Yang & Xin Huang
The lack of efficient biomarkers is the main reason for the inaccurate early diagnosis and poor treatment outcomes of patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The current study aimed to identify several novel microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers for metabolic syndrome via high-throughput sequencing and comprehensive bioinformatics analysis. Through high-throughput sequencing and differentially expressed miRNA (DEM) analysis, we first identified two upregulated and 36 downregulated DEMs in the plasma samples of patients with MetS compared to the healthy...

MicroRNA expression profile and identification of novel microRNA biomarkers for metabolic syndrome

Guanzhi Liu, Yutian Lei, Sen Luo, Zhuo Huang, Chen Chen, Kunzheng Wang, Pei Yang & Xin Huang
The lack of efficient biomarkers is the main reason for the inaccurate early diagnosis and poor treatment outcomes of patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The current study aimed to identify several novel microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers for metabolic syndrome via high-throughput sequencing and comprehensive bioinformatics analysis. Through high-throughput sequencing and differentially expressed miRNA (DEM) analysis, we first identified two upregulated and 36 downregulated DEMs in the plasma samples of patients with MetS compared to the healthy...

Reproductive skew in quasi-social parasitoids

Xiaomeng Guo, Baoping Li, Qi Zhao, Ling Meng & Ian Hardy
Primitively social Sclerodermus parasitoids form female multi-foundress groups on large, paralysed hosts and then cooperatively care for large broods of offspring throughout their development. We identified offspring with microsatellite markers and found that nearly every foundress produced offspring, implying that overall reproductive skew was thus not extreme. We expected that kinship may influence skew if, for instance, relatives within a group collectively suppress the reproduction of a non-relative or if non-relatives selfishly over-exploit group reproductive...

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