7 Works

Removing understory vegetation in oil palm agroforestry reduces ground-foraging ant abundance but not species richness

Amelia S.C. Hood, Andreas D. Advento, Jake Stone, Tom M. Fayle, Alice L.M. Fairnie, Helen S. Waters, William A. Foster, Jake L. Snaddon, Sudharto Ps, Jean-Pierre Caliman, Mohammad Naim & Edgar C. Turner
Ants are known to provide valuable ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes, including oil palm plantations. Their communities are less diverse and more uneven in oil palm compared with forest, and this may increase their vulnerability to disturbance. This study quantifies ant communities in oil palm agroforestry and experimentally tests their robustness to a common-practice high-disturbance management intervention: removing understory vegetation. Fieldwork was based at the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function in Tropical Agriculture (BEFTA) Understory Vegetation...

Strategies to Mitigate Enteric Methane Emissions by Ruminants

C. Arndt, A.N. Hristov, W.J. Price, S.C. McClelland, A.M. Pelaez, A.R. Bayat, L.A. Crompton, J. Dijkstra, M.A. Eugène, D. Enahoro, E. Kebreab, M. Kreuzer, M. McGee, C. Martin, C.J. Newbold, C.K. Reynolds, A. Schwarm, K.J. Shingfield, J.B. Veneman, D.R. Yáñez-Ruiz & Z. Yu
To meet the 1.5°C target, methane (CH4) from ruminants must be reduced by 11 to 30% of the 2010 level by 2030 and by 24 to 47% by 2050. A meta-analysis identified strategies to decrease product-based [PB; CH4 per unit meat or milk (CH4I)] and absolute (ABS) enteric CH4 emissions while maintaining or increasing animal productivity (AP; weight gain and milk yield). Next the potential of different adoption rates of one PB and/or ABS strategies...

Last Interglacial summer air temperature observations for the Arctic

Maria Vittoria Guarino & Louise Sime
These 21 Last Interglacial (LIG) summer surface air temperature (SSAT) observations were compiled to assess LIG Arctic sea ice (Guarino et al 2020). Twenty of the observations were also previously used in the IPCC-AR5 report. Each observation is thought to be of summer LIG air temperature anomaly relative to present day and is located in the circum-Arctic region. All sites are from north of 51N. There are 7 terrestrial based temperature records; 8 lacustrine records;...

Data describing pollen identified from honey samples originating from the UKCEH National Honey Monitoring Scheme for 2019

B.A. Woodcock, A.E. Oliver, L.K. Newbold, H.S. Gweon, D.B. Roy & R.F. Pywell
The following data set describes regional and temporal occurrence of plants foraged upon by managed honey bees (Apis mellifera). This data was derived from DNA meta-barcoding of pollen extracted from honey samples provided by bee keepers archived as part of the UK National Honey Monitoring Scheme (https://honey-monitoring.ac.uk/). All data provided is from the first full year of the scheme in 2019. Working in partnership with UK beekeepers, the National Honey Monitoring Scheme aims to use...

Rates of premature fruit drop for 201 plant species on Barro Colorado Island, Panama

Osvaldo Calderón, S. Joseph Wright, Sofia Gripenberg & Eleanor E. Jackson
Pre-dispersal seed mortality caused by premature fruit drop is a potentially important source of plant mortality, but one which has rarely been studied in the context of tropical forest plants. Of particular interest is premature fruit drop triggered by enemies, which – if density-dependent – could contribute to species co-existence in tropical forest plant communities. We used a long-term (31 year) dataset on seed and fruit fall obtained through weekly collections from a network of...

Invertebrates identified in pitfall traps within diesel exhaust and ozone fumigation rings, Sonning, UK, 2018-2019

J.M.W. Ryalls, T. Staton, L.M. Bromfield, N. Mullinger, B. Langford, C. Pfrang, E. Nemitz & R.D. Girling
The dataset contains abundances of invertebrates collected from pitfall traps within eight field-based diesel exhaust and ozone fumigation rings located at the University of Reading’s Sonning Farm, UK. Rings were fumigated with diesel exhaust, ozone or both pollutants during two full summer seasons (April-October 2018 and 2019). Pitfall traps contained 500 mL 20% propylene glycol (including detergent to break the surface tension), which was filtered through mesh by two field researchers before collecting invertebrate samples...

Data on where and why species’ range shifts are hampered by unsuitable landscapes: for moth species in Great Britain

Jenny Hodgson, Zoë Randle, Chris Shortall & Tom Oliver
This dataset concerns moth (Lepidoptera) species in Great Britain and was compiled to address the question: Which landscape attributes have caused differential speeds of range expansion since 1985, both between landscapes and between species? More specifically, does the ‘conductance’ measured across a network of habitat help to predict the speed of range expansion? Conductance is a modelled measure of the speed at which a species could colonise a defined ‘target’ from a defined ‘source’ via...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    7

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    7

Affiliations

  • University of Reading
    7
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    2
  • University of Cambridge
    2
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
    1
  • University of Washington
    1
  • Estación Experimental del Zaidín
    1
  • The Ohio State University
    1
  • Met Office
    1
  • International Livestock Research Institute
    1
  • British Antarctic Survey
    1