540 Works

The amount of RNA editing sites in liverwort organellar genes is correlated with GC content and nuclear PPR protein diversity

Shanshan Dong, Chaoxian Zhao, Shouzhou Zhang, Hong Wu, Weixue Mu, Tong Wei, Na Li, Tao Wan, Huan Liu, Jie Cui, Ruiliang Zhu, Bernard Goffinet & Yang Liu
RNA editing occurs in the organellar mRNAs of all land plants but the marchantioid liverworts, making liverworts a perfect group for studying the evolution of RNA editing. Here we profiled the RNA editing of 42 exemplars spanning the ordinal phylogenetic diversity of liverworts, and screened for the nuclear-encoded PPR proteins in the transcriptome assemblies of these taxa. We identified 7,428 RNA editing sites in 128 organellar genes from 31 non-marchantioid liverwort species, and characterized 25,059...

Cholesterol depletion sensitizes gallbladder cancer to cisplatin by impairing DNA damage response

Yonglong Zhang, Yanfeng Liu, Jinlin Duan, Hui Wang, Yuchen Zhang, Ke Qiao & Jian Wang
Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the common malignancy of the bile tract system with extremely poor clinical outcomes, owing to its metastatic property and intrinsic resistance to the first-line drugs. Although it is well-established that cholesterol abnormity contributes to gallstone formation, a leading risk factor for GBC, the link of cholesterol homeostasis with GBC has not been investigated. The present study systematically examined the genes implicated in cholesterol homeostasis, and revealed altered gene expressions of de...

Interleukin-6 (IL-6) activates the NOTCH1 signaling pathway through E-proteins in endometriotic lesions

Yong Song, RenWei Su, Niraj R. Joshi, Tae Hoon Kim, Bruce A Lessey, Jae-Wook Jeong & Asgerally T Fazleabas
Context: NOTCH signaling is activated in endometriotic lesions but the exact mechanisms remains unclear. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), which is increased in the peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis, induces NOTCH1 through E-proteins including E2A and HEB in cancer development. Objective: To study the role of E-proteins in inducing NOTCH1 expression under the regulation of IL-6 in endometriosis. Setting and Design: The expression of E2A, HEB and NOTCH1 was first investigated in endometrium of women with endometriosis...

Emergence of ST11-K47 and ST11-K64 hypervirulent carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in bacterial liver abscesses from China: a molecular, biological, and epidemiological study

Qiwen Yang, Xinmiao Jia, Menglan Zhou, Hui Zhang, Wenhang Yang, Timothy Kudinha & Yingchun Xu
Background: Multidrug-resistant bacteria, especially those with high virulence, are an emerging problem in clinical settings. Methods: We conducted a multicentre epidemiological and comparative genomic analysis on the evolution, virulence and antimicrobial resistance of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in patients with bacterial liver abscesses from 2012 to 2016. Results: A total of 477 bacterial isolates were collected. Enterobacteriaceae were the main pathogen (89.3%) with K. pneumoniae (52.4%) predominating followed by Escherichia coli (26.8%). All CRKps (3.2%) were of...

An infectious clone of enterovirus 71(EV71) that is capable of infecting neonatal immune competent mice without adaptive mutations

Huiying Zhang, Zhigang Song, Jingyi Zou, Yanling Feng, Jing Zhang, Lehao Ren, Xiaonan Zhang, Yunwen Hu, Zhenghong Yuan & Zhigang Yi
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a major pathogen that causes hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), which is a life threatening disease in certain children. The pathogenesis of EV71-caused HFMD is poorly defined due to the lack of simple and robust animal models with severe phenotypes that recapitulate symptoms observed in humans. Here, we generated the infectious clone of a clinical isolate from a severe HFMD patient. Virus rescued from the cDNA clone was infectious in...

Era of molecular diagnosis for pathogen identification of unexplained pneumonia, lessons to be learned

Jing-Wen Ai, Yi Zhang, Hao-Cheng Zhang, Teng Xu & Wen-Hong Zhang
Unexplained pneumonia (UP) caused by a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) emerged in China in late December 2019 and has infected more than 9000 cases by 31 January 2020. Shanghai reported the first imported case of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) in 20 January 2020. A combinative approach of real-time RT–PCR, CRISPR-based assay and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) were used to diagnose this unexplained pneumonia patient. Real-time RT–PCR and CRISPR-based assay both...

Era of molecular diagnosis for pathogen identification of unexplained pneumonia, lessons to be learned

Jing-Wen Ai, Yi Zhang, Hao-Cheng Zhang, Teng Xu & Wen-Hong Zhang
Unexplained pneumonia (UP) caused by a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) emerged in China in late December 2019 and has infected more than 9000 cases by 31 January 2020. Shanghai reported the first imported case of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) in 20 January 2020. A combinative approach of real-time RT–PCR, CRISPR-based assay and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) were used to diagnose this unexplained pneumonia patient. Real-time RT–PCR and CRISPR-based assay both...

Risks and features of secondary infections in severe and critical ill COVID-19 patients

Haocheng Zhang, Yi Zhang, Jing Wu, Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Xin Li, Haili Chen, Mingquan Guo, Shu Chen, Feng Sun, Richeng Mao, Chao Qiu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Jingwen Ai & Wenhong Zhang
Objectives Severe or critical COVID-19 is associated with intensive care unit admission, increased secondary infection rate, and would lead to significant worsened prognosis. Risks and characteristics relating to secondary infections in severe COVID-19 have not been described. Methods Severe and critical COVID-19 patients from Shanghai were included. We collected lower respiratory, urine, catheters, and blood samples according to clinical necessity and culture and mNGS were performed. Clinical and laboratory data were archived. Results We found...

Oxidative stress and NF-κB signaling are involved in LPS induced pulmonary dysplasia in chick embryos

Yun Long, Guang Wang, Ke Li, Zongyi Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jing Zhang, Xiaotan Zhang, Yongping Bao, Xuesong Yang & Pengcheng Wang
Inflammation or dysbacteriosis-derived lipopolysaccharides (LPS) adversely influence the embryonic development of respiratory system. However, the precise pathological mechanisms still remain to be elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that LPS exposure caused lung maldevelopment in chick embryos, including higher embryo mortality, increased thickness of alveolar gas exchange zone, and accumulation of PAS+ immature pulmonary cells, accompanied with reduced expression of alveolar epithelial cell markers and lamellar body count. Upon LPS exposure, pulmonary cell proliferation was...

sj-xlsx-3-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 – Supplemental material for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma

Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang & Zhongsheng Sun
Supplemental material, sj-xlsx-3-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma by Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang and Zhongsheng Sun in Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology

Oxidative Stress and NF-κB signaling are involved in LPS induced pulmonary dysplasia in chick embryos

Yun Long, Guang Wang, Ke Li, Zong-yi Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jing Zhang, Xiao-tan Zhang, Yongping Bao, Xuesong Yang & Peng-cheng Wang
Inflammation or dysbacteriosis-derived lipopolysaccharides (LPS) adversely influence the embryonic development of respiratory system. However, the precise pathological mechanisms still remain to be elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that LPS exposure caused lung maldevelopment in chick embryos, including higher embryo mortality, increased thickness of alveolar gas exchange zone, and accumulation of PAS+ immature pulmonary cells, accompanied with reduced expression of alveolar epithelial cell markers and lamellar body count. Upon LPS exposure, pulmonary cell proliferation was...

A worldwide assessment of soil macroinvertebrate communities

Patrick Lavelle, Jerome Mathieu, Alister Spain, George Brown, Carlos Fragoso, Emmanuel Lapied, Adriana De Aquino, Isabelle Barois, Edmundo Barrios, Eleusa Barros, Juan Camilo Bedano, Eric Blanchart, Mark Caulfield, Yamileth Chagueza, Jun Dai, Thibaud Decaens, Anahi Domninquez, Yamileth Dominquez, Alex Feijoo, Patricia Folgaraiti, Steven Fonte, Norma Gorosito, Esperanza Huerta, Juan Jose Jimenez, Courtland Kelly … & Cesar Botero
Soil macroinvertebrate communities have been assessed worldwide using the standard ISO/TSBF sampling procedure. The Macrofauna database currently comprises 3694 sites distributed throughout 41 countries, from 55º S latitude to 57ºN, sea level to over 4000m in elevation, in total annual total rainfall regimes between 500 and >3000mm and 5 to 32ºC mean temperature. These communities are significantly influenced by climatic parameters, soil texture and vegetation cover. Abundance and diversity were highest in tropical rain forests...

RIP2 interacts with REL1 to control leaf architecture by modulating brassinosteroid signaling in rice

Qiuxin Zhang, Guanming Liu, Jing Jin, Jiayan Liang, Jingjing Zhang, Haifeng Peng, Wenyi Wang & Zemin Zhang
FPKM (Fragments per kilobase of exon model per million mapped fragments) value of all detected genes in in WT, rel1, rip2, and rel1 rip2 mutants. ZH11_1, ZH11_2, ZH11_3 represent samples were collected from ZH11 with three independent biological replicates. rel1_1, rel1_2, rel1_3 represent samples were collected from rel1 mutants with three independent biological replicates. rip2_1, rip2_2, rip2_3 represent samples were collected from rip2 mutant with three independent biological replicates. rel1rip2_1, rel1rip2_2, rel1rip2_3 represent samples were...

Data from: Mating system shifts a species’ range

Xin-Sheng Hu, Xin-Xin Zhang, Wei Zhou, Ying Hu, Xi Wang & Xiao-Yang Chen
Understanding the ecological and evolutionary mechanisms that shape a species’ range is an important goal in evolutionary biology. Evidence indicates that mating system is an effective predictor of the global range of native species or naturalized alien plants, but the mechanisms underlying this predictability are not elaborated. Here, we develop a theoretical model to account for the ranges of plants under different mating systems based on migration-selection processes (an idea proposed by Haldane). The model...

Structural insights into dpCoA-RNA decapping by NudC

Wei Zhou, Zeyuan Guan, Fen Zhao, Yage Ye, Fang Yang, Ping Yin & Delin Zhang
Various kinds of cap structures, such as m7G, triphosphate groups, NAD and dpCoA, protect the 5′ terminus of RNA. The cap structures bond covalently to RNA and affect its stability, translation, and transport. The removal of the caps is mainly executed by Nudix hydrolase family proteins, including Dcp2, RppH and NudC. Numerous efforts have been made to elucidate the mechanism underlying the removal of m7G, triphosphate group, and NAD caps. In contrast, few studies related...

Long non-coding RNA RP11-283G6.5 confines breast cancer development through modulating miR-188-3p/TMED3/Wnt/β-catenin signalling

Jing Pei, Shengquan Zhang, Xiaowei Yang, Chunguang Han, Yubo Pan, Jun Li, Zhaorui Wang, Chenyu Sun & Jing Zhang
The contributions of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) to breast cancer are critical areas of investigation. In this study, we identified a novel lncRNA RP11-283G6.5 which was lowly expressed in breast cancer and whose low expression was correlated with poor overall survival and disease-free survival of breast cancer patients. Functional experiments revealed that ectopic expression of RP11-283G6.5 confined breast cancer cellular growth, migration, and invasion, and promoted cellular apoptosis. Conversely, RP11-283G6.5 silencing facilitated...

SUVA: splicing site usage variation analysis from RNA-seq data reveals highly conserved complex splicing biomarkers in liver cancer

Chao Cheng, Lei Liu, Yongli Bao, Jingwen Yi, Weili Quan, Yaqiang Xue, Luguo Sun & Yi Zhang
Most of the current alternative splicing (AS) analysis tools are powerless to analyse complex splicing. To address this, we developed SUVA (Splice sites Usage Variation Analysis) that decomposes complex splicing events into five types of splice junction pairs. By analysing real and simulated data, SUVA showed higher sensitivity and accuracy in detecting AS events than the compared methods. Notably, SUVA detected extensive complex AS events and screened out 69 highly conserved and dominant AS events...

SUVA: splicing site usage variation analysis from RNA-seq data reveals highly conserved complex splicing biomarkers in liver cancer

Chao Cheng, Lei Liu, Yongli Bao, Jingwen Yi, Weili Quan, Yaqiang Xue, Luguo Sun & Yi Zhang
Most of the current alternative splicing (AS) analysis tools are powerless to analyse complex splicing. To address this, we developed SUVA (Splice sites Usage Variation Analysis) that decomposes complex splicing events into five types of splice junction pairs. By analysing real and simulated data, SUVA showed higher sensitivity and accuracy in detecting AS events than the compared methods. Notably, SUVA detected extensive complex AS events and screened out 69 highly conserved and dominant AS events...

B7 family member H4 induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition and promotes the proliferation, migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells

Yuzhen Yin, Lili Shi, Jing Yang, Hui Wang, Hang Yang & Qiang Wang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract, which has the second highest incidence among gastrointestinal tumors. At present, due to the limitations of current CRC treatment strategies, there is an urgent need for developing more effective therapies. B7 family member H4 (B7-H4) is associated with the progression of a wide spectrum of cancers, but its functional role in CRC is unknown. The purpose of this study is to clarify the role...

Impact of hepatocyte-specific deletion of staphylococcal nuclease and tudor domain containing 1 (SND1) on liver insulin resistance and acute liver failure of mice

Chunyan Zhao, Xiaoteng Cui, Yan Zhao, Baoxin Qian, Nan Zhang, Lingbiao Xin, Chuanbo Ha, Jie Yang, Xinting Wang & Xingjie Gao
Although our previous research shows an ameliorated high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in global SND1 transgenic mice, the involvement of SND1 loss-of-function in hepatic metabolism remains elusive. Herein, we aim to explore the potential impact of hepatocyte-specific SND1 deletion on insulin-resistant mice. As SND1 is reported to be linked to inflammatory response, the pathobiological feature of acute liver failure (ALF) is also investigated. Hence, we construct the conditional liver knockout (LKO) mice...

Impact of hepatocyte-specific deletion of staphylococcal nuclease and tudor domain containing 1 (SND1) on liver insulin resistance and acute liver failure of mice

Chunyan Zhao, Xiaoteng Cui, Yan Zhao, Baoxin Qian, Nan Zhang, Lingbiao Xin, Chuanbo Ha, Jie Yang, Xinting Wang & Xingjie Gao
Although our previous research shows an ameliorated high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in global SND1 transgenic mice, the involvement of SND1 loss-of-function in hepatic metabolism remains elusive. Herein, we aim to explore the potential impact of hepatocyte-specific SND1 deletion on insulin-resistant mice. As SND1 is reported to be linked to inflammatory response, the pathobiological feature of acute liver failure (ALF) is also investigated. Hence, we construct the conditional liver knockout (LKO) mice...

Z-score of some pulsed-wave Doppler indices of right pulmonary artery segments of normal fetuses in the second and third trimestries

Weida Liu, Xianchen Wang, Na Li, Mei Pan, Bei Wang, Xiaohui Peng, Ran Chen & Bowen Zhao
To establish the Z-score equation of right pulmonary artery (RPA) segments for some valuable pulse-wave Doppler parameters (PWD) and estimate their reference ranges in normal fetuses. Two hundred and seventy-three normal singleton fetuses at 18–38 weeks were enrolled in this fetal echocardiography of a prospective cross-sectional study. The proximal, middle, and distal segments of RPA of pulsed-wave Doppler parameters, such as peak systolic velocity (PSV) and pulsation index (PI) were obtained by using fetal Doppler...

Anti-neoplastic characteristics and potential targets of calycosin against bisphenol A-related osteosarcoma: bioinformatics analysis

Qijin Pan, Ka Wu, Jiachang Tan, Yu Li, Xiao Liang & Min Su
Environmentally, bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known pollutant caused human health risk, including osteosarcoma (OS). OS, a deadly bone neoplasia, may occur in children and adults. However, the anti-OS pharmacotherapy prescribes limitedly in clinical practice. Interestingly, previous experimental evidences indicate calycosin-exerting potential anti-OS actions. Thus, in this report, we aimed to further characterize and detail the therapeutic targets and molecular mechanisms of calycosin-anti-BPA-related OS by using network pharmacology and molecular docking analyses. In results, the...

Systematic analysis of Long non-coding RNAs reveals diagnostic biomarkers and potential therapeutic drugs for intervertebral disc degeneration

Jiawen Zhan, Shangquan Wang, Xu Wei, Minshan Feng, Xunlu Yin, Jie Yu, Tao Han, Guangwei Liu, Wangwen Xuan, Xiaobo Wang, Rui Xie, Kai Sun & Liguo Zhu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are related to a variety of human diseases. However, little is known about the role of lncRNA in intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). LncRNA expression profile of human IDD were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Potential biomarkers and therapeutic drugs for IDD were analyzed by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), R software package Limma, Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). We identified 1455 differentially...

RETRACTED ARTICLE: KIAA1429 promotes osteosarcoma progression by promoting stem cell properties and is regulated by miR-143-3p

Qicai Han, Jie Yang, Hao Yang, Chao Li, Juan Li & Yuan Cao
We, the Editors and Publisher of the journal Cell Cycle, have retracted the following article: Qicai Han, Jie Yang, Hao Yang, Chao Li, Juan Li & Yuan Cao (2020) KIAA1429 promotes osteosarcoma progression by promoting stem cell properties and is regulated by miR-143-3p, Cell Cycle, 19:10, 1172-1185, DOI: 10.1080/15384101.2020.1749465 Since publication, concerns have been raised about similarity of the data in another published article: Yang J, Han Q, Li C, Yang H, Chen X, Wang...

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