23,922 Works

Chug valley flora and fauna

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
Short description: This collection of videos, audio and photo files displays the flora and fauna of the Chug valley between 2012 and 2017. In particular, it focuses on the species that are used for various purposes. The following sections describe the hunting practice and the collection of vegetable forest produce. The translated, transcribed and glossed texts and accompanying sound files describe the past practices of collecting beeswax and collecting stinging nettle, and the contemporary practices...

Duhumbi and Khispi

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
Short description: These recordings present several stories that tell about the strained relationship between the Duhumbi people of Chug and the Khispi people of Lish. The animosity has a long history, and is becoming worse year by year, as Khispi, mainly from Gonpatse village, are rapidly encroaching in Duhumbi land. Many Khispi people have sold their own land to outsiders, and claiming the entire Chug valley to be theirs, expand their territory northwards along the...

Duhumbi and Khispi

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
Short description: These recordings present several stories that tell about the strained relationship between the Duhumbi people of Chug and the Khispi people of Lish. The animosity has a long history, and is becoming worse year by year, as Khispi, mainly from Gonpatse village, are rapidly encroaching in Duhumbi land. Many Khispi people have sold their own land to outsiders, and claiming the entire Chug valley to be theirs, expand their territory northwards along the...

Religious Aspects and Festivals of the Duhumbi

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
Short description: This collection of videos, audio and photo files displays Duhumbi religious practices, customs and festivals as they were conducted between 2012 and 2017. Although most of the people of Chug valley have at least nominally been converted to Buddhism, there has been a long and balanced relation between Buddhism and a religious belief system that is locally referred to as Bon (see separate DOIs: http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1203628; http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1116328; http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1134439). Whereas some of the local community...

Religious Aspects and Festivals of the Duhumbi

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
Short description: This collection of videos, audio and photo files displays Duhumbi religious practices, customs and festivals as they were conducted between 2012 and 2017. Although most of the people of Chug valley have at least nominally been converted to Buddhism, there has been a long and balanced relation between Buddhism and a religious belief system that is locally referred to as Bon (see separate DOIs: http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1203628; http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1116328; http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1134439). Whereas some of the local community...

Duhumbi Phonology: Origin of non-native and marginal phonemes

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
These files present the origins of the Duhumbi non-native and marginal consonant and vowel phonemes a supplementary material to section 2.2.1, 2.2.2 and 4.10.1 and 4.10.2 of the Duhumbi grammar. This material is made freely available to everyone for informative or scientific purposes as long as the source (this DOI) / the collectors are properly credited. Please note that use of the material for commercial purposes of any kind, which includes conversion into commercial audio-visual...

Duhumbi Phonology: Origin of non-native and marginal phonemes

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
These files present the origins of the Duhumbi non-native and marginal consonant and vowel phonemes a supplementary material to section 2.2.1, 2.2.2 and 4.10.1 and 4.10.2 of the Duhumbi grammar. This material is made freely available to everyone for informative or scientific purposes as long as the source (this DOI) / the collectors are properly credited. Please note that use of the material for commercial purposes of any kind, which includes conversion into commercial audio-visual...

Duhumbi Phonology - Glottal Stop and Glottal Constriction

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
The phonologic position of the glottal stop /ʔ/ in Duhumbi is elusive. The glottal stop and glottal constriction are clearly phonetic features among all speakers of all varieties of the language. However, there is no convincing evidence that it occurs as a distinctive phoneme. Rather, the glottal stop co-occurs as a glottal closure on onset vowels /a, e, i, o/, as a sub-phonemic feature combined with creaky voice and rising pitch on certain open vowels...

Duhumbi Phonology - Glottal Stop and Glottal Constriction

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
The phonologic position of the glottal stop /ʔ/ in Duhumbi is elusive. The glottal stop and glottal constriction are clearly phonetic features among all speakers of all varieties of the language. However, there is no convincing evidence that it occurs as a distinctive phoneme. Rather, the glottal stop co-occurs as a glottal closure on onset vowels /a, e, i, o/, as a sub-phonemic feature combined with creaky voice and rising pitch on certain open vowels...

Duhumbi Phonology - Approximant rhymes

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
These data present the arguments for the analysis of the Duhumbi approximant rhymes /oj ~ uj, ej ~ aj, aw ~ ow/ rather than distinctive diphthong phonemes. The zip files contain sound files for illustration. This material is made freely available to everyone for informative or scientific purposes as long as the source (this DOI) / the collectors are properly credited. Please note that use of the material for commercial purposes of any kind, which...

Duhumbi Phonology - Approximant rhymes

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
These data present the arguments for the analysis of the Duhumbi approximant rhymes /oj ~ uj, ej ~ aj, aw ~ ow/ rather than distinctive diphthong phonemes. The zip files contain sound files for illustration. This material is made freely available to everyone for informative or scientific purposes as long as the source (this DOI) / the collectors are properly credited. Please note that use of the material for commercial purposes of any kind, which...

Duhumbi Phonology - Onset clusters

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
This set presents the overview of the Duhumbi onset clusters and their origins, including the decision made for the phonological description of the language, supplementing the information in section 2.5.2 of the Duhumbi grammar and including several sound files. This material is made freely available to everyone for informative or scientific purposes as long as the source (this DOI) / the collectors are properly credited. Please note that use of the material for commercial purposes...

Duhumbi Phonology - Onset clusters

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
This set presents the overview of the Duhumbi onset clusters and their origins, including the decision made for the phonological description of the language, supplementing the information in section 2.5.2 of the Duhumbi grammar and including several sound files. This material is made freely available to everyone for informative or scientific purposes as long as the source (this DOI) / the collectors are properly credited. Please note that use of the material for commercial purposes...

Duhumbi Phonology - Coda clusters

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
This data set provides the sound files and analysis that show the coda consonant clusters in Duhumbi. This material is made freely available to everyone for informative or scientific purposes as long as the source (this DOI) / the collectors are properly credited. Please note that use of the material for commercial purposes of any kind, which includes conversion into commercial audio-visual media (documentaries etc.), storage and dissemination through sites that require registration & payment...

Duhumbi Phonology - Coda clusters

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
This data set provides the sound files and analysis that show the coda consonant clusters in Duhumbi. This material is made freely available to everyone for informative or scientific purposes as long as the source (this DOI) / the collectors are properly credited. Please note that use of the material for commercial purposes of any kind, which includes conversion into commercial audio-visual media (documentaries etc.), storage and dissemination through sites that require registration & payment...

Duhumbi Phonology - Syllabic and Word Stress

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
In Duhumbi, stress in general is non-distinctive, prosodic, and relatively unpronounced. In both disyllabic and polysyllabic words, stress falls on the first syllable. This also holds for polymorphemic lexemes, such as inflected words with suffixes. In glossary items in the Duhumbi lexicon, stress is indicated by a stress mark [ˈ] before the stressed syllable, whenever it is not predictable. Phrase stress is generally initial and falling towards the end of the phrase, combined with dependant-head...

Duhumbi Phonology - Syllabic and Word Stress

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
In Duhumbi, stress in general is non-distinctive, prosodic, and relatively unpronounced. In both disyllabic and polysyllabic words, stress falls on the first syllable. This also holds for polymorphemic lexemes, such as inflected words with suffixes. In glossary items in the Duhumbi lexicon, stress is indicated by a stress mark [ˈ] before the stressed syllable, whenever it is not predictable. Phrase stress is generally initial and falling towards the end of the phrase, combined with dependant-head...

Duhumbi Phonology - Pitch and Tone

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
Duhumbi is classified as a non-tonal language. Unlike several Central and East Bodish languages, in Duhumbi, distinctive tone cannot be conclusively attested even on the most common consonants affected by tone, namely the nasals /n, m, ng, ny/ and the approximants /l, r, w, y/. Nonetheless, Duhumbi clearly shows the first signs of the development of distinctive tone, or at least a distinctive pitch contrast. There are five main phonotactic conditions in which pitch distinctions...

Duhumbi Phonology - Pitch and Tone

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
Duhumbi is classified as a non-tonal language. Unlike several Central and East Bodish languages, in Duhumbi, distinctive tone cannot be conclusively attested even on the most common consonants affected by tone, namely the nasals /n, m, ng, ny/ and the approximants /l, r, w, y/. Nonetheless, Duhumbi clearly shows the first signs of the development of distinctive tone, or at least a distinctive pitch contrast. There are five main phonotactic conditions in which pitch distinctions...

Duhumbi Phonology - Iambic to Trochaic Rhythm?

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
There are indications for a change from iambic rhythm in the purported linguistic ancestor of Duhumbi, Proto-Western Kho-Bwa, to the trochaic rhythm of present-day Duhumbi. This material is made freely available to everyone for informative or scientific purposes as long as the source (this DOI) / the collectors are properly credited. Please note that use of the material for commercial purposes of any kind, which includes conversion into commercial audio-visual media (documentaries etc.), storage and...

Duhumbi Phonology - Iambic to Trochaic Rhythm?

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
There are indications for a change from iambic rhythm in the purported linguistic ancestor of Duhumbi, Proto-Western Kho-Bwa, to the trochaic rhythm of present-day Duhumbi. This material is made freely available to everyone for informative or scientific purposes as long as the source (this DOI) / the collectors are properly credited. Please note that use of the material for commercial purposes of any kind, which includes conversion into commercial audio-visual media (documentaries etc.), storage and...

Duhumbi Lexicon

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
This supplementary material discusses and presents issues related to the Duhumbi lexicon. There are sound files, descriptions, and analysis. There are two descriptive files, one discussing the inherited nouns, and one discussing the borrowed part of the Duhumbi lexicon. Then, there is a zip file with all the cut lexical sound files. There are 11 short descriptions of minimal pairs and the corresponding sound files in zip files. Then, there are five zip files with...

Duhumbi Lexicon

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
This supplementary material discusses and presents issues related to the Duhumbi lexicon. There are sound files, descriptions, and analysis. There are two descriptive files, one discussing the inherited nouns, and one discussing the borrowed part of the Duhumbi lexicon. Then, there is a zip file with all the cut lexical sound files. There are 11 short descriptions of minimal pairs and the corresponding sound files in zip files. Then, there are five zip files with...

Duhumbi Elicitation - Notes

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
This upload contains all the pdfs of the written elicitation notes belonging to the 'Grammar of Duhumbi' (Brill, 2019). These notes are accompanied by the original sound files (DOI 10.5281/zenodo.1406852). Please note that the elicitation sessions are mainly in Tshangla and Duhumbi. Also, the analysis from the notes, including the labels and glosses, the description, and the phonetic representation, may differ from the final analysis in the grammatical description. For any questions please contact the...

Duhumbi Elicitation - Notes

Timotheus Adrianus Bodt
This upload contains all the pdfs of the written elicitation notes belonging to the 'Grammar of Duhumbi' (Brill, 2019). These notes are accompanied by the original sound files (DOI 10.5281/zenodo.1406852). Please note that the elicitation sessions are mainly in Tshangla and Duhumbi. Also, the analysis from the notes, including the labels and glosses, the description, and the phonetic representation, may differ from the final analysis in the grammatical description. For any questions please contact the...

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    23,922

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