12 Works

On the encoding, transfer, and consolidation of spatial memories

Michele Nardin
The ability to form and retrieve memories is central to survival. In mammals, the hippocampus is a brain region essential to the acquisition and consolidation of new memories. It is also involved in keeping track of one’s position in space and aids navigation. Although this space-memory has been a source of contradiction, evidence supports the view that the role of the hippocampus in navigation is memory, thanks to the formation of cognitive maps. First introduced...

Remodeling of E-cadherin-mediated contacts via cortical flows

Feyza Nur Arslan
Metazoan development relies on the formation and remodeling of cell-cell contacts. The binding of adhesion receptors and remodeling of the actomyosin cell cortex at cell-cell interaction sites have been implicated in cell-cell contact formation. Yet, how these two processes functionally interact to drive cell-cell contact expansion and strengthening remains unclear. Here, we study how primary germ layer progenitor cells from zebrafish bind to supported lipid bilayers (SLB) functionalized with E-cadherin ectodomains as an assay system...

Role of microenvironment heterogeneity in cancer cell invasion

Saren Tasciyan
Detachment of the cancer cells from the bulk of the tumor is the first step of metastasis, which is the primary cause of cancer related deaths. It is unclear, which factors contribute to this step. Recent studies indicate a crucial role of the tumor microenvironment in malignant transformation and metastasis. Studying cancer cell invasion and detachments quantitatively in the context of its physiological microenvironment is technically challenging. Especially, precise control of microenvironmental properties in vivo...

Existence and density problems in Diophantine geometry: From norm forms to Campana points

Alec L. Shute
In this thesis, we study two of the most important questions in Arithmetic geometry: that of the existence and density of solutions to Diophantine equations. In order for a Diophantine equation to have any solutions over the rational numbers, it must have solutions everywhere locally, i.e., over R and over Qp for every prime p. The converse, called the Hasse principle, is known to fail in general. However, it is still a central question in...

Transcriptional consequences of mutations in genes associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Christoph Dotter
This dataset contains the supplementary data for the research paper "Haploinsufficiency of the intellectual disability gene SETD5 disturbs developmental gene expression and cognition". The contained files have the following content: 'Supplementary Figures.pdf' Additional figures (as referenced in the paper). 'Supplementary Table 1. Statistics.xlsx' Details on statistical tests performed in the paper. 'Supplementary Table 2. Differentially expressed gene analysis.xlsx' Results for the differential gene expression analysis for embryonic (E9.5; analysis with edgeR) and in vitro (ESCs,...

A versatile toolbox for the comprehensive analysis of nervous tissue organization with light microscopy

Julia M. Michalska
The brain is an exceptionally sophisticated organ consisting of billions of cells and trillions of connections that orchestrate our cognition and behavior. To decode its complex connectivity, it is pivotal to disentangle its intricate architecture spanning from cm-sized circuits down to tens of nm-small synapses. To achieve this goal, I developed CATS – Comprehensive Analysis of nervous Tissue across Scales, a versatile toolbox for obtaining a holistic view of nervous tissue context with (superresolution) fluorescence...

High-dimensional expansion and crossing numbers of simplicial complexes

Pascal Wild
In this dissertation we study coboundary expansion of simplicial complex with a view of giving geometric applications. Our main novel tool is an equivariant version of Gromov's celebrated Topological Overlap Theorem. The equivariant topological overlap theorem leads to various geometric applications including a quantitative non-embeddability result for sufficiently thick buildings (which partially resolves a conjecture of Tancer and Vorwerk) and an improved lower bound on the pair-crossing number of (bounded degree) expander graphs. Additionally, we...

Translation-invariant quantum systems with effectively broken symmetry

Morris Brooks
The scope of this thesis is to study quantum systems exhibiting a continuous symmetry that is broken on the level of the corresponding effective theory. In particular we are going to investigate translation-invariant Bose gases in the mean field limit, effectively described by the Hartree functional, and the Fröhlich Polaron in the regime of strong coupling, effectively described by the Pekar functional. The latter is a model describing the interaction between a charged particle and...

Chimeric G protein-coupled receptors mimic distinct signaling pathways and modulate microglia function

Rouven Schulz
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) respond to specific ligands and regulate multiple processes ranging from cell growth and immune responses to neuronal signal transmission. However, ligands for many GPCRs remain unknown, suffer from off-target effects or have poor bioavailability. Additional challenges exist to dissect cell-type specific responses when the same GPCR is expressed on several cell types within the body. Here, we overcome these limitations by engineering DREADD-based GPCR chimeras that selectively bind their agonist clozapine-N-oxide...

Homogenizing yarn simulations: Large-scale mechanics, small-scale detail, and quantitative fitting

Georg Sperl
The complex yarn structure of knitted and woven fabrics gives rise to both a mechanical and visual complexity. The small-scale interactions of yarns colliding with and pulling on each other result in drastically different large-scale stretching and bending behavior, introducing anisotropy, curling, and more. While simulating cloth as individual yarns can reproduce this complexity and match the quality of real fabric, it may be too computationally expensive for large fabrics. On the other hand, continuum-based...

Modulation of auxin transport via ZF proteins adjust plant response to high ambient temperature

Christina Artner
As the overall global mean surface temperature is increasing due to climate change, plant adaptation to those stressful conditions is of utmost importance for their survival. Plants are sessile organisms, thus to compensate for their lack of mobility, they evolved a variety of mechanisms enabling them to flexibly adjust their physiological, growth and developmental processes to fluctuating temperatures and to survive in harsh environments. While these unique adaptation abilities provide an important evolutionary advantage, overall...

MorphOMICs, a tool for mapping microglial morphology, reveals brain region- and sex-dependent phenotypes

Gloria Colombo
Environmental cues influence the highly dynamic morphology of microglia. Strategies to characterize these changes usually involve user-selected morphometric features, which preclude the identification of a spectrum of context-dependent morphological phenotypes. Here, we develop MorphOMICs, a topological data analysis approach, which enables semiautomatic mapping of microglial morphology into an atlas of cue-dependent phenotypes, overcomes feature-selection bias and minimizes biological variability. First, with MorphOMICs we derive the morphological spectrum of microglia across seven brain regions during postnatal...

Registration Year

  • 2023
    4
  • 2022
    8

Resource Types

  • Dissertation
    12

Affiliations

  • Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA)
    11
  • Institute of Science and Technology Austria
    1