175 Works

Literary History and Editorial Method. Poe and Antebellum America

Jerome McGann

Treasures found by seafaring librarians

Mary Johnston
Ahoy! To manage an undergraduate library while sailing around the world, you will need your well-honed library skills and a bit of an adventurous spirit. In this article, the University of Virginia librarians who have belayed their traditional landlubbing librarian jobs and successfully navigated a semester at sea present their ideas on the value of embarking upon such an adventure.

Subjectivity in the Ivanhoe Game: Visual and Computational Strategies

Bethany Nowviskie
The task of Ivanhoe’s interface is not merely to offer a visual representation of subjectivity, but instead to create an interactive matrix in which it can be enacted and performed, and where its results are emergent at the intersection of multiple subjectivities in dialogue. But what might emergent intersubjectivity look like? How might we respond to and fuel its representation through critical engagement with texts and documents and with a community of interpreters? Computationally and...

Seagrass Restoration Enhances “Blue Carbon” Sequestration in Coastal Waters

Jill Greiner, Karen McGlathery, John Gunnell & Brent McKee
Seagrass meadows are highly productive habitats that provide important ecosystem services in the coastal zone, including carbon and nutrient sequestration. Organic carbon in seagrass sediment, known as “blue carbon,” accumulates from both in situ production and sedimentation of particulate carbon from the water column. Using a large-scale restoration (>1700 ha) in the Virginia coastal bays as a model system, we evaluated the role of seagrass, Zostera marina, restoration in carbon storage in sediments of shallow...

Early warning signs in social-ecological networks

Paolo D'Odorico
A number of social-ecological systems exhibit complex behaviour associated with nonlinearities, bifurcations, and interaction with stochastic drivers. These systems are often prone to abrupt and unexpected instabilities and state shifts that emerge as a discontinuous response to gradual changes in environmental drivers. Predicting such behaviours is crucial to the prevention of or preparation for unwanted regime shifts. Recent research in ecology has investigated early warning signs that anticipate the divergence of univariate ecosystem dynamics from a...

Digital Humanities in the Anthropocene

Bethany Nowviskie
This keynote address for the 2014 Digital Humanities conference is a practitioner’s talk, and—though the abstract belies it—an optimistic one. I take as given the evidence that human beings are irrevocably altering the conditions for life on Earth and that, despite certain unpredictabilities, we live at the cusp of a mass extinction. What is the place of digital humanities (DH) practice in the new social and geological era of the Anthropocene? What are the DH...

The plurality of assumptions about fossils and time

Caitlin Wylie
A research community must share assumptions, such as about accepted knowledge, appropriate research practices, and good evidence. However, community members also hold some divergent assumptions, which they—and we, as analysts of science—tend to overlook. Communities with different assumed values, knowledge, and goals must negotiate to achieve compromises that make their conflicting goals complementary. This negotiation guards against the extremes of each group’s desired outcomes, which, if achieved, would make other groups’ goals impossible. I argue...

“I just love research”: Beliefs about what makes researchers successful

Caitlin Wylie
There is a longstanding belief that research should be a calling more than a job. How does this expectation shape the selection of future researchers? Specifically, undergraduate research experience is credited with increasing students’ success in science and engineering majors and their likelihood to choose careers in science and engineering; thus, how researchers select student laboratory workers has implications for the future population of researchers. After all, because research communities construct knowledge collectively, researchers’ identities...

Investor Response to the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

Mark White
This study examines the impact of the 1989 Exxon Valdez Oil spill on investment returns to shareholders in two different groups of firms: firms within the oil industry and a sample of unrelated firms with environmental reputation rankings. Within the oil industry, the effects of the spill were strongly negative and idiosyncratic to the exxon corporation. Within the sample of unrelated firms, companies with an exemplary reputation for environmentally responsible behavior earned significantly positive abnormal...

Mingle: A Participative Exercise to Motivate the Understanding of Cross-Cultural Differences in International Business

Mark White & Ellen M. Whitener
Culture and currency explain many differences between domestic and international business and financial operations. Courses in international management and finance frequently focus on the currency issues; however, they should include consideration of related cultural differences as well. We describe a classroom exercise that introduces students to the variety and discomfort of cultural differences and provides a context for discussing the influence of culture on a firm's managerial and financial operations.

The \"Ecobalance\" as a Tool for Environmental Financial Management

Mark White & Bernd Wagner

Transforming Information Literacy Grants Program: A Case Study of the Course Enrichment Grants Program at University of Virginia Library

Abigail Flanigan, Wei Wang & Judith Thomas
This article describes the University of Virginia Library’s Course Enrichment Grant program, where small grants are awarded to faculty members interested in working with a team of subject liaison librarians, digital technologists, data specialists, and teaching & learning librarians to enhance new or existing courses. This paper will describe the history and development of the program, the logistics and outcomes, as well as opportunities and challenges that have arisen throughout its three years. We will...

Lead selenide quantum dot polymer nanocomposites

Dennis Waldron, Amanda Preske, Joseph Zawodny, Todd Krauss & Mool Gupta
Optical absorption and fluorescence properties of PbSe quantum dots (QDs) in an Angstrom Bond AB9093 epoxy polymer matrix to form a nanocomposite were investigated. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported use of AB9093 as a QD matrix material and it was shown to out-perform the more common poly(methyl methacrylate) matrix in terms of preserving the optical properties of the QD, resulting in the first reported quantum yield (QY) for PbSe QDs in...

The Effect of SNAP Work Mandates on Crime: Evidence from Ohio

Jackson Collins
Work mandates are a contentious component of most welfare programs in the U.S., meant to decrease dependence on the programs. Yet there is insufficient literature on their effectiveness, particularly on salient social outcomes like crime. This paper uses variation from SNAP work mandate waivers in Ohio to evaluate their effect on crime with a fixed effects model. Results indicate that work mandates have strong crime-reducing effects, robust to model specification. The broad nature of the...

Coding Practices for LibQUAL+® Open-Ended Comments

Lynda White, Karen Neurohr, Eric Ackermann & Daniel O'Mahony
Objective – This paper presents the results of a study of libraries’ practices for coding open-ended comments collected through LibQUAL+® surveys and suggests practical steps for facilitating this qualitative analysis. Methods – In the fall of 2009, survey invitations were sent to contacts at 641 institutions that had participated in the LibQUAL+® survey from 2003 to 2009. Of those invited, there were 154 respondents, for an overall response rate of 24.0%. Results – Nearly 87%...

Shock Troupers: Browning, Bidart, and the Drama of Prosody

Herbert Tucker
First, a trigger-alerted disclaimer. This paper on the role of shock in poetic innovation should acknowledge at the outset one conspicuous kind of shock that will be of only incidental concern. Ladies and gentlemen, your attention, please, to the following two exhibits. Prepare to avert your imagination as needed.

Price Bubbles, Gender, and Expectations in Experimental Asset Markets Holt Porzio Song Data

Charles Holt
Price Bubbles, Gender, and Expectations in Experimental Asset Markets European Economic Review 2017 Charles A. Holt, Megan Porzio, and Michelle Yingze Song This paper reports results of laboratory markets for a risky asset with a “flat” fundamental value that equates expected dividends to the return on a safe asset. Subjects were sorted by gender in an unobtrusive manner, and bubbles in this setting are pervasive and of comparable magnitude for both genders. In contrast, a...

Geo-Temporal Interpretation of Archival Collections with Neatline

Bethany Nowviskie, David McClure, Wayne Graham, Adam Soroka, Jeremy Boggs & Eric Rochester
This article provides a brief description of Neatline, an open-source, Web-based suite of software produced by the Scholars’ Lab at the University of Virginia Library. Neatline allows scholars and curators to interpret digitized cultural heritage collections with special attention to their temporal and geospatial dimensions. Here we describe the theoretical goals of Neatline, pragmatic decisions made during development of the toolset, and its primary features and affordances.

Speaking in Code: an NEH Summit on the Social and Intellectual Implications of Tacit Knowledge Exchange in Digital Humanities Software Development

Bethany Nowviskie
See also http://codespeak.scholarslab.org/ and https://github.com/scholarslab/codespeakkit

El Tema del Incesto en Faulkner y Garcia Marquez

Donald Shaw

Hit and Myth: Modernity, Mythography, and Cultural Incorporation

Herbert Tucker

Identifying, Accessing and Evaluating Data

Jennifer Huck
Finding and accessing data can be problematic, but many of the skills used in traditional reference can be applied to data discovery.

The Sailing Scribes: Circulating Law in the Twentieth-Century Indian Ocean

Fahad Bishara
What did the practice of law look like on the high seas? This has been a matter of some discussion among legal historians, with the bulk of the evidence coming from encounters between European ships in the Atlantic and Asia. This article takes a different tack, taking as its starting point a series of contracts copied into the logbook of the early-twentieth century Arab dhow captain (nakhoda) ‘Abdulmajeed Al-Failakawi. Although some of these appear to...

From representation to mediation: a new agenda for conceptual modeling research in a digital world

Roman Lukyanenko
The role of information systems (IS) as representations of real-world systems is changing in an increasingly digitalized world, suggesting that conceptual modeling is losing its relevance to the IS field. We argue the opposite: Conceptual modeling research is more relevant to the IS field than ever, but it requires an update with new theory. We develop a new theoretical framework of conceptual modeling that delivers a fundamental shift in the assumptions that govern research in...

Foundations of information technology based on Bunge’s systemist philosophy of reality

Roman Lukyanenko
General ontology is a prominent theoretical foundation for information technology analysis, design, and development. Ontology is a branch of philosophy which studies what exists in reality. A widely used ontology in information systems, especially for conceptual modeling, is the BWW (Bunge–Wand–Weber), which is based on ideas of the philosopher and physicist Mario Bunge, as synthesized by Wand and Weber. The ontology was founded on an early subset of Bunge’s philosophy; however, many of Bunge’s ideas...

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