8 Works

Rural Re-entry and Opioid Use

Joseph Calvert, Megan F. Dickson, Martha Tillson, Erika Pike & Michele Staton
Introduction: Despite improved knowledge of the health care needs of formerly incarcerated women, there exists a gap regarding the relationship between health, health care access, and relapse among rural women returning to the community during the opioid epidemic. Purpose: With an emphasis on health care access, this study examined health-related factors associated with opioid relapse among women reentering the community in rural Appalachia. Methods: As part of a larger study, 400 rural women reporting a...

The Importance of Time, Place, and Person

Linda Alexander & F. Douglas Scutchfield
Since the 1800s this traditional triad of descriptive epidemiology has allowed for effective interventions to deal with epidemics. A focus on time, place, and person also provides a critical framework for interventions in controlling the epidemic by focusing on those populations with the highest risk for disease.

Change Happens

F. Douglas Scutchfield
The Journal of Appalachian Health is going through some changes that are reflected in the masthead and banner. We say farewell to some colleagues and welcome the new faces.

Reviewer Acknowledgments

F. Douglas Scutchfield, Charlotte S. Seidman & Robert M., II Shapiro
We offer these reviewers our heartfelt thanks for a task that usually goes unrewarded in the academic environment. This year, we are especially grateful for those people listed below. They have assisted us in reaching the start of our 4th year, by guiding our decisions with your knowledge and capabilities.

Exploring COVID-19 Case Fatality in Relation to the Prevalence of Chronic Conditions and Health Behaviors in Appalachian Kentucky

Warren Christian
Background: Research has demonstrated that common chronic conditions, especially those related to cardiovascular health, are important risk factors for severe COVID-19 symptoms or hospitalization. Population prevalence rates of such conditions have not previously been examined in relation to COVID-19 case fatality rates in the Central Appalachian region. Purpose: This study examined prevalence rates of selected chronic conditions and COVID-19 case fatality rates to determine whether the relationship between them is consistent across Appalachian and non-Appalachian...

Hearing Health Healthcare Disparities in Appalachia

Matthew L. Bush
Hearing loss is a global public health issue with disproportionate negative impacts on those who live in rural regions, such as Appalachia. This commentary provides an overview of hearing health and healthcare disparities in rural regions along with discussion of the significance of recent research findings which highlight the incidence of hearing loss and the shortage of hearing specialists in Appalachia.

Access to and Use of Technology for Health

Robin C. Vanderpool, Lindsay R. Stradtman, Anna Gaysynsky, Quan Chen, Meghan Johnson & Bin Huang
Introduction: Technology may increase the availability of health information and enable health promoting behaviors. However, lack of access to and use of technology may also exacerbate disparities, particularly in rural communities with limited Internet access. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare Internet access, device ownership, and use of technology for health between Appalachian Kentuckians and the general U.S. population. Methods: Findings from the 2017 Assessing the Health Status of Kentucky (ASK) survey...

Survival of Enterococcus faecium in turkey litter under different temperature and moisture combinations

Steven G. McBride, Benjamin Holland, Pradeep Vasudevan & Joanna B. Mott
Untreated poultry litter introduces a substantial load of fecal pathogens to the environment, impacting agriculture, public health and ecosystem function. There is substantial evidence that temperature and moisture are the primary drivers of fecal bacteria survival across ecosystems. However, both temperature and moisture effects have been shown to be modulated by the matrix in which the fecal bacteria are living. This context dependence highlights the importance of understanding fecal bacteria survival in a variety of...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    3
  • 2021
    5

Resource Types

  • Journal Article
    8

Affiliations

  • University of Kentucky
    8
  • West Virginia University
    1
  • James Madison University
    1
  • Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
    1
  • Oregon Institute of Technology
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