5 Works

Exploring COVID-19 Case Fatality in Relation to the Prevalence of Chronic Conditions and Health Behaviors in Appalachian Kentucky

Warren Christian
Background: Research has demonstrated that common chronic conditions, especially those related to cardiovascular health, are important risk factors for severe COVID-19 symptoms or hospitalization. Population prevalence rates of such conditions have not previously been examined in relation to COVID-19 case fatality rates in the Central Appalachian region. Purpose: This study examined prevalence rates of selected chronic conditions and COVID-19 case fatality rates to determine whether the relationship between them is consistent across Appalachian and non-Appalachian...

Rural Re-entry and Opioid Use

Joseph Calvert, Megan F. Dickson, Martha Tillson, Erika Pike & Michele Staton
Introduction: Despite improved knowledge of the health care needs of formerly incarcerated women, there exists a gap regarding the relationship between health, health care access, and relapse among rural women returning to the community during the opioid epidemic. Purpose: With an emphasis on health care access, this study examined health-related factors associated with opioid relapse among women reentering the community in rural Appalachia. Methods: As part of a larger study, 400 rural women reporting a...

The Importance of Time, Place, and Person

Linda Alexander & F. Douglas Scutchfield
Since the 1800s this traditional triad of descriptive epidemiology has allowed for effective interventions to deal with epidemics. A focus on time, place, and person also provides a critical framework for interventions in controlling the epidemic by focusing on those populations with the highest risk for disease.

Access to and Use of Technology for Health

Robin C. Vanderpool, Lindsay R. Stradtman, Anna Gaysynsky, Quan Chen, Meghan Johnson & Bin Huang
Introduction: Technology may increase the availability of health information and enable health promoting behaviors. However, lack of access to and use of technology may also exacerbate disparities, particularly in rural communities with limited Internet access. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare Internet access, device ownership, and use of technology for health between Appalachian Kentuckians and the general U.S. population. Methods: Findings from the 2017 Assessing the Health Status of Kentucky (ASK) survey...

Hearing Health Healthcare Disparities in Appalachia

Matthew L. Bush
Hearing loss is a global public health issue with disproportionate negative impacts on those who live in rural regions, such as Appalachia. This commentary provides an overview of hearing health and healthcare disparities in rural regions along with discussion of the significance of recent research findings which highlight the incidence of hearing loss and the shortage of hearing specialists in Appalachia.

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Journal Article


  • University of Kentucky
  • West Virginia University