53 Works

Apathy in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: systematic review and meta-analysis of frequency, correlates, and outcomes

Mansur A. Kutlubaev, Jashelle Caga, Ying Xu, Daria K. Areprintseva, Ekaterina V. Pervushina & Matthew C. Kiernan
Objectives: To determine the frequency and correlates of apathy in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and its influence on the prognosis of the disease. Methods: Three databases were searched: MEDLINE, PubMed, and Google Scholar. Quantitative synthesis of the frequency of apathy in ALS was conducted using random effects in Stata (College Station, TX). Meta-regression and subgroup analyses were conducted to investigate the association between frequency of apathy in ALS and different covariates. Results: Fifty-two studies (51...

Adaptive Partially Observed Sequential Change Detection and Isolation

Xinyu Zhao, Jiuyun Hu, Yajun Mei & Hao Yan1
High-dimensional data has become popular due to the easy accessibility of sensors in modern industrial applications. However, one specific challenge is that it is often not easy to obtain complete measurements due to limited sensing powers and resource constraints. Furthermore, distinct failure patterns may exist in the systems, and it is necessary to identify the true failure pattern. This work focuses on the online adaptive monitoring of high-dimensional data in resource-constrained environments with multiple potential...

Genetic, biological and epidemiological study on a cluster of H9N2 avian influenza virus infections among chickens, a pet cat, and humans at a backyard farm in Guangxi, China

Jing Yang, Jianhua Yan, Cheng Zhang, Shanqin Li, Manhua Yuan, Chunge Zhang, Chenguang Shen, Yang Yang, Lifeng Fu, Guanlong Xu, Weifeng Shi, Zhenghai Ma, Ting Rong Luo & Yuhai Bi
During an investigation in October 2018, two people with diarrhoea, mild abdominal pain, and mild arthralgia symptoms in Guangxi, China, were identified as infected by H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV). Four H9N2 AIVs were isolated from one of two patients, a pet cat, and a dead chicken (two respective isolates from its lung and kidney tissues) bred by the patients at a backyard farm. Epidemiological investigation indicated that the newly bought chicken died first, and...

Decline of Stress Resilience in Aging Rats: Focus on Choroid Plexus-Cerebrospinal Fluid-Hippocampus

Kaige Liu, Huizhen Li, Ningxi Zeng, Wenjun Lu, Xiaofeng Wu, Hanfang Xu, Can Yan & Lili Wu
The hippocampus plays an important role in learning and memory, as well as mood and stress regulation. The choroid plexus (CP) is the primary site of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) production, which is affected by stress and aging. CSF composition can act directly on the hippocampus, regulating hippocampal functions such as neurogenesis, neuronal survival and synaptic plasticity, which could be a key factor linking stress to anxiety and depression-like behaviors. Recent findings delineating factors influencing stress...

Identification of mite-specific eosinophils in the colon of patients with ulcerative colitis

Shu-Wang Peng, Jiang-Ming Sheng, Bai-Sui Feng, Ke-Ping Peng, Gui-Xiang Tian, Cheng-Bai Liang, Ming-Hui Liu, Hai-Qing Xie, Qing Shu, Yan Li & Ping-Chang Yang
The pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) is unclear. House dust mite (HDM) is associated with immune inflammation in the body. This study is designed to identify the association between HDM and UC clinical symptoms. UC patients (n = 86) and non-UC control (NC) subjects (n = 64) were recruited. Colon lavage fluids (CLF) were collected from HDM skin prick test positive patients during colonoscopy, and analyzed by immunological approaches. HDM was detected in fecal samples,...

Humoral and Cellular Immunogenicity and Efficacy of a Coxsackievirus A10 Vaccine in Mice

Huan-Huan An, Meng Li, Rui-Lun Liu, Jie Wu, Sheng-Li Meng, Jing Guo, Ze-Jun Wang, Sha-Sha Qian & Shuo Shen
Coxsackievirus A10 (CV-A10) has become one of the major pathogens of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), and studies on the vaccine and animal model of CV-A10 are still far from complete. Our study used a mouse adapted CV-A10 strain, which was lethal for 14-day-old mice, to develop an infected mouse model. Then this model was employed to establish an actively immunized-challenged mouse model to evaluate the efficacy of a formaldehyde-inactivated CV-A10 vaccine, which was...

Physico-chemical assessment of on-farm bioconversion of organic waste in dairy farms in context to sustainability and circular bioeconomy

Pramod K. Pandey, Brahmaver D. Shetty, Patrick Wickam, Peiman Aminabadi, Zhao Chen, Kelly Mai, Jeffery W. Stackhouse & Michele T. Jay-Russell
On a milk-producing dairy farm, milk production is correlated with manure production and number of cattle, and manure is widely used as soil fertilizer. However, excessive dairy manure production is linked with greenhouse gas emissions and water quality issues. On-farm planning of manure storage and application to enhance soil nutrients are essential in a circular economy to reduce environmental impact, where manure is not landfilled and incinerated. Instead, it creates a nutrient resource for crops,...

Effect of antibiotic exposure on the characteristics of activated sludge in a landfill leachate biological treatment system

Libo Qiu, Hong Li, Mengfei Ma & Chengran Fang
Changes in the activated sludge performance in an anaerobic/aerobic biological treatment system for leachate was discussed under the condition of tetracycline (TC) exposure. The results show that a low concentration of TC did not have an obvious effect on the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) while a high concentration of TC had a certain promoting effect. Under the stimulation of TC, the particle size distribution of anaerobic/aerobic sludge tended to be more uniform, the...

Profile of clinical characteristics and serologic markers of sporadic hepatitis E in a community cohort study

Zi-Min Tang, Gui-Ping Wen, Dong Ying, Si-Ling Wang, Chang Liu, Wei-Kun Tian, Ying-Bin Wang, Mu-Jin Fang, Yu-Lin Zhou, Yun-Sheng Ge, Ting Wu, Jun Zhang, Shou-Jie Huang, Zi-Zheng Zheng & Ning-Shao Xia
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a pathogen of global significance, but the value of HEV-related markers in the diagnosis of hepatitis E remains controversial. Previous studies on hepatitis E profiles have been mainly cross-sectional and conducted among inpatients in large hospitals, and hepatitis E cases have been primarily defined by limited partial markers. In this community-based study, 4,110 active hepatitis cases from a population of nearly 600,000 were followed over 48 months and serial serum...

mRNA based vaccines provide broad protection against different SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern

Haomeng Wang, Zhao Chen, Zhenghua Wang, Jin Li, Zhihong Yan, Jinbo Yuan, Airu Zhu, Lan Chen, Ye Liu, Chenlong Hu, Ali Zhu, Guowei Li, Yuehu Li, Jie Deng, Liqiao Ma, Xiuwen Sui, Wei Miao, Junqiang Li, Xiuyu Zheng, Jinhua Piao, Yanfeng Yao, Juhong Rao, Chao Shan, Zhiming Yuan, Jincun Zhao … & Tao Zhu
In order to overcome the pandemic of COVID-19, messenger RNA (mRNA)-based vaccine has been extensively researched as a rapid and versatile strategy. Herein, we described the immunogenicity of mRNA-based vaccines for Beta and the most recent Omicron variants. The homologous mRNA-Beta and mRNA-Omicron and heterologous Ad5-nCoV plus mRNA vaccine exhibited high level cross-reactive neutralization for Beta, original, Delta and Omicron variants. It indicated that the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines have great potential in the clinical use...

Transcriptomic analysis of the innate immune signatures of SARS-CoV-2 protein subunit vaccine ZF2001 and a mRNA vaccine RRV

Qian Wang, Ziyang Song, Jinghuan Yang, Qian He, Qunying Mao, Yu Bai, Jianyang Liu, Chaoqiang An, Xujia Yan, Bopei Cui, Lifang Song, Dong Liu, Miao Xu & Zhenglun Liang
Analysis of large-scale gene expression post vaccination can provide an overview of immune responses. We used transcriptional approaches to comprehensively analyze the innate immune response signatures elicited by protein subunit (PS) vaccine ZF2001 and a mRNA vaccine named RRV. A fine-grained time-dependent dissection of large-scale gene expression post immunization revealed that ZF001 induced MHC class II-related genes, including cd74 and H2-Aa, more expeditiously than RRV. Notably, RRV induced MHC class I-related genes like Tap1/2, B2m...

Cadomian crust of Eastern Iran: evidence from the Tapeh Tagh granitic gneisses

Habib Mollai, Rahim Dabiri, Habib Allah Torshizian, Georgia Pe-Piper & Wei Wang
Late Neoproterozoic to Early Cambrian (Cadomian) magmatic rocks are abundant in Iran, but their occurrence in east-central Iran is voluminous. This paper reports, for the first time, on the Cadomian rocks of the eastern Iranian region known as Tapeh Tagh and deals with their geochemistry and uranium-lead (U-Pb) zircon ages. The Tapeh Tagh region contains masses of Cadomian meta-igneous rocks (including various types of granitic gneiss) and overlying meta-sedimentary rocks. The granitic gneisses show tectonic...

Antibody persistence and safety after heterologous boosting with orally aerosolised Ad5-nCoV in individuals primed with two-dose CoronaVac previously: twelve-month analyses of a randomized controlled trial

Lairun Jin, Rong Tang, Shipo Wu, Xiling Guo, Haitao Huang, Lihua Hou, Xiaoqin Chen, Tao Zhu, Jinbo Gou, Jin Zhong, Hongxing Pan, Lunbiao Cui, Yin Chen, Xin Xia, Jialu Feng, Xue Wang, Qi Zhao, XiaoYu Xu, Zhuopei Li, Xiaoyin Zhang, Wei Chen, Jingxin Li & Fengcai Zhu
Antibody persistence and safety up to 12 months of heterologous orally administered adenovirus type-5 vector-based COVID-19 vaccine (Ad5-nCoV) in individuals who were primed with two-dose inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine (CoronaVac) previously, has not been reported yet. This randomized, open label, single-center trial included Chinese adults who have received two-dose CoronaVac randomized to low-dose or high-dose aerosolised Ad5-nCoV group, or CoronaVac group. In this report, we mainly evaluated the geometric mean titres (GMTs) of neutralising antibodies (NAbs)...

Trends and Projections of Stomach Cancer Incidence in Hong Kong: A Population-Based Study

Liping Yang, Haifeng Sun, Yan Bai, Shengzhi Sun, Xiaoming Wu, Zhenhai Gan, Jianqiang Du & Jianfei Du
The burden of stomach cancer remains high in Hong Kong. We sought to evaluate the associations of age, period, and birth cohort with the changing trend in the incidence of stomach cancer and to provide projections through 2030. We performed an age-period-cohort analysis and projections up to 2030 using data from the Hong Kong Cancer Registry. Additionally, we used a population decomposition algorithm to assess the drivers in the number of incident cases of stomach...

Adaptive Partially-Observed Sequential Change Detection and Isolation

Xinyu Zhao, Jiuyun Hu, Yajun Mei & Hao Yan
High-dimensional data has become popular due to the easy accessibility of sensors in modern industrial applications. However, one specific challenge is that it is often not easy to obtain complete measurements due to limited sensing powers and resource constraints. Furthermore, distinct failure patterns may exist in the systems, and it is necessary to identify the true failure pattern. This work focuses on the online adaptive monitoring of high-dimensional data in resource-constrained environments with multiple potential...

Heterologous Omicron-adapted vaccine as a secondary booster promotes neutralizing antibodies against Omicron and its sub-lineages in mice

Jianyang Liu, Qian He, Fan Gao, Lianlian Bian, Qian Wang, Chaoqiang An, Lifang Song, Jialu Zhang, Dong Liu, Ziyang Song, Lu Li, Yu Bai, Zhongfang Wang, Zhenglun Liang, Qunying Mao & Miao Xu
Over one billion people have received 2–3 dosages of an inactivated COVID-19 vaccine for basic immunization. Whether a booster dose should be delivered to protect against the Omicron variant and its sub-lineages, remains controversial. Here, we tested different vaccine platforms targeting the ancestral or Omicron strain as a secondary booster of the ancestral inactivated vaccine in mice. We found that the Omicron-adapted inactivated viral vaccine promoted a neutralizing antibody response against Omicron in mice. Furthermore,...

Interactions between host epithelial cells and Acinetobacter baumannii promote the emergence of highly antibiotic resistant and highly mucoid strains

Wang Zhang, Yue Yao, Hua Zhou, Jintao He, Jingfen Wang, Li Li, Minsong Gao, Xiaochen Liu, Ya Shi, Jinzhong Lin, Jianzhao Liu, Huan Chen, Yu Feng, Zhihui Zhou, Yunsong Yu & Xiaoting Hua
Acinetobacter baumannii is an important nosocomial pathogen. Upon colonizing a host, A. baumannii are subjected to selective pressure by immune defenses as they adapt to the host environment. However, the mechanism of this pathoadaptation is unknown. Here, we established an in vitro system to evolve A. baumannii driven by the continuous selective pressure exerted by epithelial cells, and we used a combination of experimental evolution, phenotypic characterization and multi-omics analysis to address the underlying mechanism....

Human parainfluenza 3 and respiratory syncytial viruses detected in pangolins

Tengcheng Que, Jing Li, Yugan He, Panyu Chen, Wei Lin, Meihong He, Lei Yu, Aiqiong Wu, Luohao Tan, Yingjiao Li, Yanling Hu & Yigang Tong
Pangolins have gained increasing global attention owing to their public health significance as potential zoonotic hosts since the identification of SARS-CoV-2-related viruses in them. Moreover, these animals could carry other respiratory viruses. In this study, we investigated the virome composition of 16 pangolins that died in 2018 with symptoms of pneumonia using metagenomic approaches. A total of eight whole virus sequences belonging to the Paramyxoviridae or Pneumoviridae families were identified, including one human parainfluenza virus...

Clinical features of the first critical case of acute encephalitis caused by avian influenza A (H5N6) virus

Libing Zhang, Kaituo Liu, Qin Su, Xiao Chen, Xiaoquan Wang, Qingfeng Li, Wenlei Wang, Xuhua Mao, Jinmei Xu, Xin Zhou, Qin Xu, Le Zhou, Xiufan Liu & Pinghu Zhang
Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) such as H5N1, H5N6, and H7N9 have been reported to frequently infect human, but acute encephalitis caused by HPAIV in human have been rarely reported. We report the first critical case of acute encephalitis with mild pneumonia caused by H5N6 virus. On January 25 of 2022, a 6-year-old girl with severe neurological symptoms was admitted to our hospital and rapidly developed to seizures and coma. Brain imaging showed abnormalities....

Transcriptional Regulation of the Chicken ASMT Gene- A Preliminary Analysis

Jun Teng, Dan Wang, Wenwen Wang, Chao Ning, Qin Zhang & Hui Tang
1. Melatonin is an indole hormone that, among its myriad biological functions, regulates circadian and seasonal rhythms in animals. The ASMT gene plays an essential role in melatonin synthesis. However, in chickens, little is known about the regulatory elements governing its transcription. 2. The following study identified the transcription start site of the chicken ASMT gene by 5’-RACE. Then, the proximal minimal promoter was identified using a series of 5′ truncations of the ASMT promoter...

FBXO34 promotes latent HIV-1 activation by post-transcriptional modulation

Xinyi Yang, Xiaying Zhao, Yuqi Zhu, Jingna Xun, Qin Wen, Hanyu Pan, Jinlong Yang, Jing Wang, Zhimin Liang, Xiaoting Shen, Yue Liang, Qinru Lin, Huitong Liang, Min Li, Jun Chen, Shibo Jiang, Jianqing Xu, Hongzhou Lu & Huanzhang Zhu
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cannot be completely cured, mainly due to the existence of a latent HIV-1 reservoir. However, our current understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the establishment and maintenance of HIV-1 latent reservoir is not comprehensive. Here, using a genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 activation library screening, we identified E3 ubiquitin ligase F-box protein 34 (FBXO34) and the substrate of FBXO34, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein U (hnRNP U) was identified by affinity purification mass spectrometry, as new...

Gendered Injustice: The policing and criminalisation of victim-survivors of domestic and family violence

Emma Russell, Hui Zhou & Gabriela Franich
No description supplied

Molecular detection and identification of relapsing fever Borrelia in ticks and wild small mammals in China

Xiao-Ai Zhang, Feng Tian, Yue Li, Xiao-Long Zhang, Bao-Gui Jiang, Bao-Cheng Liu, Jing-Tao Zhang, Shen Tian, Heng Ding, Shuang Li, Hao Li, Li-Qun Fang & Wei Liu
We identified relapsing fever (RF) Borrelia in 1.45% (145/10426) of the ticks and 1.40% (40/2850) of the wild mammals in a field investigation in China. Three RF Borrelia species, including human-pathogenic Borrelia miyamotoi, Borrelia persica and unclassified Babesia sp. were determined. Main species determined from ticks was B. miyamotoi (44.14%), followed by the unclassified Borrelia sp. (42.76%), and Borrelia theileri (13.10%). In wild mammals, main species found was B. persica (57.50%), followed by the unclassified...

Effect of ocular magnification on macular choroidal thickness measurements made using optical coherence tomography in children

Junjie Deng, Jiali Jin, Bo Zhang, Siqi Zhang, Jingjing Wang, Shuyu Xiong, Tianyu Cheng, Kun Liu, Jiannan Huang, Xiangui He & Xun Xu
To evaluate the relationship between ocular magnification correction and macular choroidal thickness (ChT) measurements in children, and to demonstrate when ocular magnification correction is necessary. Chinese children aged 6–9 years with various refractive statuses were included. Swept-source optical coherence tomography was used to measure macular ChT. A self-designed program was adopted to simulate ChT changes in each sector of the ETDRS grid in the macula under various simulated axial lengths (ALs). ChT measurements were not...

Impact of Implant-based Breast Reconstruction on Bra Fit

Krista M. Nicklaus, Yen-Tung Liu, Chi Liu, Jevon Chu, Eloise Jewett, Karen Bravo, Mary Catherine Bordes, Jun Liu, Gregory P. Reece, Summer E. Hanson, Fatima Merchant & Mia K. Markey
Comfortable and well-fitting bras are necessary for good quality of life but hard to find for women who undergo reconstruction after breast cancer treatment. This study aimed to provide data to inform bra designs for breast cancer survivors. We measured anatomical distances used in bra design on 3D clinical photographs of patients who underwent unilateral and bilateral implant-based reconstruction to quantify changes after reconstruction relative to the measured values before the person underwent surgery. We...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Other


  • Zhejiang University
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Fudan University
  • Central South University
  • Sichuan University
  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Nanjing Medical University