63 Works

Transcriptomic analysis of the innate immune signatures of SARS-CoV-2 protein subunit vaccine ZF2001 and a mRNA vaccine RRV

Qian Wang, Ziyang Song, Jinghuan Yang, Qian He, Qunying Mao, Yu Bai, Jianyang Liu, Chaoqiang An, Xujia Yan, Bopei Cui, Lifang Song, Dong Liu, Miao Xu & Zhenglun Liang
Analysis of large-scale gene expression post vaccination can provide an overview of immune responses. We used transcriptional approaches to comprehensively analyze the innate immune response signatures elicited by protein subunit (PS) vaccine ZF2001 and a mRNA vaccine named RRV. A fine-grained time-dependent dissection of large-scale gene expression post immunization revealed that ZF001 induced MHC class II-related genes, including cd74 and H2-Aa, more expeditiously than RRV. Notably, RRV induced MHC class I-related genes like Tap1/2, B2m...

mRNA based vaccines provide broad protection against different SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern

Haomeng Wang, Zhao Chen, Zhenghua Wang, Jin Li, Zhihong Yan, Jinbo Yuan, Airu Zhu, Lan Chen, Ye Liu, Chenlong Hu, Ali Zhu, Guowei Li, Yuehu Li, Jie Deng, Liqiao Ma, Xiuwen Sui, Wei Miao, Junqiang Li, Xiuyu Zheng, Jinhua Piao, Yanfeng Yao, Juhong Rao, Chao Shan, Zhiming Yuan, Jincun Zhao … & Tao Zhu
In order to overcome the pandemic of COVID-19, messenger RNA (mRNA)-based vaccine has been extensively researched as a rapid and versatile strategy. Herein, we described the immunogenicity of mRNA-based vaccines for Beta and the most recent Omicron variants. The homologous mRNA-Beta and mRNA-Omicron and heterologous Ad5-nCoV plus mRNA vaccine exhibited high level cross-reactive neutralization for Beta, original, Delta and Omicron variants. It indicated that the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines have great potential in the clinical use...

Molecular epidemiology and clinical features of hand, foot and mouth disease requiring hospitalization after the use of enterovirus A71 inactivated vaccine in Chengdu, China, 2017-2022: a descriptive study

Xiaoxia Duan, Chaoyong Zhang, Xiao Wang, Xueling Ren, Hongxia Peng, Xueqin Tang, Liangzhi Zhang, Zhenhua Chen, Yan Ye, Mengmou Zheng, Wanzhen Zhong, Xiyue Chen, Yilan Zeng, Ping Yuan & Lu Long
Three inactivated enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) vaccines have been widely vaccinated among children in the targeted age group in mainland China since mid-2016. However, comprehensive virological surveillance of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) over multiple years after the use of EV-A71 vaccines has rarely been conducted. Using long-term data extracted from the Public Health and Clinical Center of Chengdu, we described the clinical, aetiological, and epidemiological characteristics of HFMD inpatients after the use of EV-A71...

miRNA-mRNA associations with inosine monophosphate specific deposition in the muscle of Jingyuan chicken

Baojun Yu, Jiamin Liu, Zhengyun Cai, Tong Mu, Yaling Gu, Guosheng Xin & Juan Zhang
1. Inosine monophosphate (IMP), is an essential component for meat flavour and microRNAs (miRNAs) play a vital role in its post-transcriptional regulation. However, the mechanism of how miRNA expression affects muscle-specific IMP deposition is unclear. 2. The following study performed transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis of breast and leg muscle, which have significantly different IMP content in Jingyuan chicken. The differential miRNA-mRNAs were screened out and correlation analysis with IMP content was performed. 3. A...

Identification of mite-specific eosinophils in the colon of patients with ulcerative colitis

Shu-Wang Peng, Jiang-Ming Sheng, Bai-Sui Feng, Ke-Ping Peng, Gui-Xiang Tian, Cheng-Bai Liang, Ming-Hui Liu, Hai-Qing Xie, Qing Shu, Yan Li & Ping-Chang Yang
The pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) is unclear. House dust mite (HDM) is associated with immune inflammation in the body. This study is designed to identify the association between HDM and UC clinical symptoms. UC patients (n = 86) and non-UC control (NC) subjects (n = 64) were recruited. Colon lavage fluids (CLF) were collected from HDM skin prick test positive patients during colonoscopy, and analyzed by immunological approaches. HDM was detected in fecal samples,...

Humoral and Cellular Immunogenicity and Efficacy of a Coxsackievirus A10 Vaccine in Mice

Huan-Huan An, Meng Li, Rui-Lun Liu, Jie Wu, Sheng-Li Meng, Jing Guo, Ze-Jun Wang, Sha-Sha Qian & Shuo Shen
Coxsackievirus A10 (CV-A10) has become one of the major pathogens of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), and studies on the vaccine and animal model of CV-A10 are still far from complete. Our study used a mouse adapted CV-A10 strain, which was lethal for 14-day-old mice, to develop an infected mouse model. Then this model was employed to establish an actively immunized-challenged mouse model to evaluate the efficacy of a formaldehyde-inactivated CV-A10 vaccine, which was...

Effect of antibiotic exposure on the characteristics of activated sludge in a landfill leachate biological treatment system

Libo Qiu, Hong Li, Mengfei Ma & Chengran Fang
Changes in the activated sludge performance in an anaerobic/aerobic biological treatment system for leachate was discussed under the condition of tetracycline (TC) exposure. The results show that a low concentration of TC did not have an obvious effect on the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) while a high concentration of TC had a certain promoting effect. Under the stimulation of TC, the particle size distribution of anaerobic/aerobic sludge tended to be more uniform, the...

A Novel RBD-Protein/Peptide Vaccine Elicits Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies and Protects Mice and Macaques against SARS-CoV-2

Shixia Wang, Chang Yi Wang, Hui-Kai Kuo, Wen-Jiun Peng, Juin-Hua Huang, Be-Shen Kuo, Feng Lin, Yaw-Jen Liu, Zhi Liu, Huang-Ting Wu, Shuang Ding, Kou-Liang Hou, Jennifer Cheng, Ya-Ting Yang, Ming-Han Jiang, Min-Sheng Wang, Tony Chen, Wei Guo Xia, Ed Lin, Chung Ho Hung, Hui-Jung Chen, Zhonghao Shih, Yi Ling Lin, Valorie Ryan, Mei Mei Hu … & Farshad Guirakhoo
The development of safe and effective vaccines to respond to COVID-19 pandemic/endemic remains a priority. We developed a novel subunit protein-peptide COVID-19 vaccine candidate (UB-612) composed of: (i) receptor binding domain of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein fused to a modified single-chain human IgG1 Fc; (ii) five synthetic peptides incorporating conserved helper and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (Th/CTL) epitopes derived from SARS-CoV-2 structural proteins (three from S2 subunit, one from membrane and one from nucleocapsid), and one universal...

Genetic, biological and epidemiological study on a cluster of H9N2 avian influenza virus infections among chickens, a pet cat, and humans at a backyard farm in Guangxi, China

Jing Yang, Jianhua Yan, Cheng Zhang, Shanqin Li, Manhua Yuan, Chunge Zhang, Chenguang Shen, Yang Yang, Lifeng Fu, Guanlong Xu, Weifeng Shi, Zhenghai Ma, Ting Rong Luo & Yuhai Bi
During an investigation in October 2018, two people with diarrhoea, mild abdominal pain, and mild arthralgia symptoms in Guangxi, China, were identified as infected by H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV). Four H9N2 AIVs were isolated from one of two patients, a pet cat, and a dead chicken (two respective isolates from its lung and kidney tissues) bred by the patients at a backyard farm. Epidemiological investigation indicated that the newly bought chicken died first, and...

Getting the ROC into Sync

Liu Yang, Kajal Lahiri & Adrian Pagan
Judging the conformity of binary events in macroeconomics and finance has often been done with indices that measure synchronization. In recent years, the use of Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve has become popular for this task. This paper shows that the ROC and synchronization approaches are closely related, and each can be derived from a decision-making framework. Furthermore, the resulting global measures of the degree of conformity can be identified and estimated using the standard...

Profile of clinical characteristics and serologic markers of sporadic hepatitis E in a community cohort study

Zi-Min Tang, Gui-Ping Wen, Dong Ying, Si-Ling Wang, Chang Liu, Wei-Kun Tian, Ying-Bin Wang, Mu-Jin Fang, Yu-Lin Zhou, Yun-Sheng Ge, Ting Wu, Jun Zhang, Shou-Jie Huang, Zi-Zheng Zheng & Ning-Shao Xia
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a pathogen of global significance, but the value of HEV-related markers in the diagnosis of hepatitis E remains controversial. Previous studies on hepatitis E profiles have been mainly cross-sectional and conducted among inpatients in large hospitals, and hepatitis E cases have been primarily defined by limited partial markers. In this community-based study, 4,110 active hepatitis cases from a population of nearly 600,000 were followed over 48 months and serial serum...

Induction of Significant Neutralizing Antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 by a Highly Attenuated Pangolin Coronavirus Variant with a 104nt Deletion at the 3'-UTR

Shanshan Lu, Shengdong Luo, Chang Liu, Muli Li, Xiaoping An, Mengzhe Li, Jun Hou, Huahao Fan, Panyong Mao, Yigang Tong & Lihua Song
SARS-CoV-2 related coronaviruses (SARS-CoV-2r) from Guangdong and Guangxi pangolins have been implicated in the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 and future pandemics. We previously reported the culture of a SARS-CoV-2r GX_P2V from Guangxi pangolins. Here we report the GX_P2V isolate rapidly adapted to Vero cells by acquiring two genomic mutations: an alanine to valine substitution in the nucleoprotein and a 104-nucleotide deletion in the hypervariable region (HVR) of the 3′-terminus untranslated region (3′-UTR). We further report the...

Defining Occupational Competence and Occupational Identity Within the Context of Recovery in Schizophrenia

Bhing Leet Tan, Madeline Wei Zhen Lim, Xie Huiting, Ziqiang Li & Jimmy Lee
Introduction The Occupational Self Assessment (OSA) measures the concepts of occupational competence and occupational identity from the Model of Human Occupation. In mental health, the recovery movement has sparked discussions about what constitutes personal, clinical and functional recovery. However, it is unclear how occupation-based terminologies such as occupational competence and occupational identity are related to the recovery framework. Objectives This study aimed to delineate associations between occupational competence and occupational identity with the three...

Surface Thermal and Moisture Behavior of Wool Fabrics Treated with Hydrogen Peroxide

Ling Lin, Chunxia Wang, Haiyan Mao, Huanling Wu & Zhipeng Ma
Understanding the surface comfort of wool fabrics with modified surface is essential for the application of wool. This work aims to reveal the surface wettability and the surface thermal and moisture behavior of wool fabrics modified by hydrogen peroxide with different concentrations. The water absorbing time and wetting area of the treated fabrics were recorded, and the wick heights were measured to understand the surface wettability of the modified wool fabrics. The thermal resistance and...

A Population Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Model of Navtemadlin, its Major Active Metabolite (M1) and Serum Macrophage Inhibitory Cykokine-1 (MIC-1)

Lu Zhang, Bill Poland, Michelle Green, Shekman Wong & J. Greg Slatter
Navtemadlin is a potent, selective, orally available inhibitor of murine double minute 2 that restores p53 activity to induce apoptosis in TP53 wild-type malignancies. Using richly sampled pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) data from healthy volunteers, a population PK/PD model was developed. A population PK (PPK) model described the PK characteristics of navtemadlin and its major metabolite acyl glucuronide (M1) and quantified enterohepatic recirculation (EHR). Post hoc individual PK parameters from this model were coupled...

Booster vaccination is required to elicit and maintain COVID-19 vaccine-induced immunity in SIV-infected macaques

Pingchao Li, Qian Wang, Yizi He, Chenchen Yang, Zhengyuan Zhang, Zijian Liu, Bo Liu, Li Yin, Yilan Cui, Peiyu Hu, Yichu Liu, Pingqian Zheng, Wei Wang, Linbing Qu, Caijun Sun, Suhua Guan, Liqiang Feng & Ling Chen
Prolonged infection and possible evolution of SARS-CoV-2 in patients living with uncontrolled HIV-1 infection highlight the importance of an effective vaccination regimen, yet the immunogenicity of COVID-19 vaccines and predictive immune biomarkers have not been well investigated. Herein, we report that the magnitude and persistence of antibody and cell-mediated immunity (CMI) elicited by an Ad5-vectored COVID-19 vaccine are impaired in SIV-infected macaques with high viral loads (> 105 genome copies per ml plasma, SIVhi) but...

Omicron infections profile and vaccination status among 1881 liver transplant recipients: a multi-center retrospective cohort

Ensi Ma, Jingwen Ai, Yi Zhang, Jianming Zheng, Xiaogang Gao, Junming Xu, Hao Yin, Zhiren Fu, Hao Xing, Li Li, Liying Sun, Heyu Huang, Quanbao Zhang, Linlin Xu, Yanting Jin, Rui Chen, Guoyue Lv, Zhijun Zhu, Wenhong Zhang & Zhengxin Wang
A wave of Omicron infections rapidly emerged in China in 2022, but large-scale data concerning the safety profile of vaccines and Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection features in liver transplant (LT) recipients have not been collected. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the protectiveness and safety profile of the inactivated vaccines in LT patients against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant infections. A multi-center retrospective study was conducted in...

Batch-to-batch consistency trial of an adenovirus type-5 vector-based COVID-19 vaccine in adults aged 18 years and above

Zhuo-Pei Li, Yun-Feng Shi, Li-Hua Hou, Peng-Fei Jin, Shi-Hua Ma, Hong-Xing Pan, Jin-Long Zhang, Yong-Mei Shan, Hai-Tao Huang, Shi-Po Wu, Pan Du, Xue Wang, Li-Li Wang, Rui-Jie Wang, Ying Wang, Xue-Wen Wang, Feng-Cai Zhu & Jing-Xin Li
The demonstration of batch-to-batch consistency is indispensable for quality control of vaccines. We did a randomized, double-blind, parallel-controlled trial to evaluate the immunogenicity consistency of one shot of Ad5-nCoV in healthy adults who had not received any COVID-19 vaccine before. All eligible participants were randomly assigned equally to receive one of three consecutive batches of Ad5-nCoV (5×1010 viral particles/vial, 0.5 mL). The primary endpoint was geometric mean titers (GMTs) of serum SARS-CoV-2 receptor binding domain...

METTL21C mediates lysine trimethylation of IGF2BP1 to regulate chicken myoblast proliferation

Shanshan Wang, Jiarong Zhao, Ling Wang, Tao Zhang, Wenxian Zeng & Hongzhao Lu
1. Methyltransferase-like 21C (METTL21C) and insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1) play important roles in the proliferation of chicken myoblasts. However, it remains unclear whether there is protein-protein interaction between METTL21C and IGF2BP1 to regulate proliferation of chicken myoblasts. 2. In this study, the Igf2bp1 gene was amplified from cDNA of liver tissue of Lueyang black-bone chicken to construct the overexpression vector HA-Igf2bp1. The HA-Igf2bp1 and Flag-Mettl21c vectors were individually transfected and co-transfected...

Different cellular mechanisms from low- and high-dose zinc oxide nanoparticles-induced heart tube malformation during embryogenesis

Mengwei Wang, Ping Zhang, Zeyu Li, Yu Yan, Xin Cheng, Guang Wang & Xuesong Yang
With the wide application of nanometer materials in daily life, people pay more attention to the potential toxicity of nanoparticles to human fetal development once the nanoparticles are absorbed into the human body during pregnancy. However, there was no directly solid evidence for ZnO NPs-caused congenital heart defects. Hence, we investigated the effect of ZnO NPs exposure on early cardiogenesis using the chicken/mouse embryo models. First, we showed ZnO NPs reduced H9c2 cell viability in...

Spectral correlation between wheat genotype replications over the visible and near-infrared spectrum

Xuebin Yang, Xu Wang, Byron Evers, Yaokui Cui & Jesse Poland
The growth stage best suitable for wheat yield phenotyping has been a hot topic. This study provides a fresh insight into it, from the perspective of spectral correlation between wheat genotype replications. A number of 340 wheat genotypes and their replication were distributed in separate parts (west and east) of an experiment field (2019–2020) in Ashland, Kansas, USA. Unmanned aerial vehicle based hyperspectral images (400–100 nm) of the experiment field were taken over the late...

Structural insights into broadly neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 elicited by hybrid immunity

Mengxiao Luo, Biao Zhou, Eswar R. Reddem, Bingjie Tang, Bohao Chen, Runhong Zhou, Hang Liu, Lihong Liu, Phinikoula S. Katsamba, Ka-Kit Au, Hiu-On Man, Kelvin Kai-Wang To, Kwok-Yung Yuen, Lawrence Shapiro, Shangyu Dang, David D Ho & Zhiwei Chen
Increasing spread by SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variants challenges existing vaccines and broadly reactive neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) against COVID-19. Here we determine the diversity, potency, breadth and structural insights of bNAbs derived from memory B cells of BNT162b2-vaccinee after homogeneous Omicron BA.1 breakthrough infection. The infection activates diverse memory B cell clonotypes for generating potent class I/II or III bNAbs with new epitopes mapped to receptor-binding domain (RBD). The top eight bNAbs neutralize wildtype and BA.1 potently...

Complete genome sequencing and comparative genomic analyses of a new spotted-fever Rickettsia heilongjiangensis strain B8

Maozhang He, Lifeng Zhang, Haoran Hu, Xiaohan Liu, Cong Zhang, Yu Xin, Boyu Liu, Zhen Chen, Kehan Xu & Yan Liu
Rickettsia heilongjiangensis, a tick-borne obligate intracellular bacterium and causative agent of spotted fever in China, has attracted increasing concern regarding its capability in causing human rickettsiosis. Here, we conducted a genomic analysis of a new Rickettsia heilongjiangensis strain B8 (B8) isolated from the serum of a patient who had been bitten by a Haemaphysalis longicornis tick in Anhui Province, China. The present study sought to identify exclusive genes that might be associated with the pathogenicity...

Omicron variants escape the persistent SARS-CoV-2-specific antibody response in 2-year COVID-19 convalescents regardless of vaccination

Miao Wang, Bing Zhou, Qing Fan, Xinrong Zhou, Xuejiao Liao, Jingyan Lin, Zhenghua Ma, Jingke Dong, Haiyan Wang, Xiangyang Ge, Bin Ju & Zheng Zhang
With the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the emergence of various SARS-CoV-2 variants, a comprehensive evaluation of long-term efficacy of antibody response in convalescent individuals is urgently needed. Several longitudinal studies had reported the antibody dynamics after SARS-CoV-2 acute infection, but the follow-up was mostly limited to 1 year or 18 months at the maximum. In this study, we investigated the durability, potency, and susceptibility to immune evasion of SARS-CoV-2-specific antibody in COVID-19 convalescents for 2...

Decreased echinocandin susceptibility in Candida parapsilosis causing candidemia and emergence of a pan-echinocandin resistant case in China

Yating Ning, Meng Xiao, David S. Perlin, Yanan Zhao, Minya Lu, Yi Li, Zhengyu Luo, Rongchen Dai, Shengjie Li, Jiajun Xu, Lingli Liu, Hong He, Yun Liu, Fushun Li, Yuguang Guo, Zhongju Chen, Yingchun Xu, Tianshu Sun & Li Zhang
Candida parapsilosis is becoming a predominant non-albicans cause of invasive candidiasis (IC). Echinocandins are the preferred choice for IC treatment and prophylaxis. Resistance to echinocandins in C. parapsilosis has emerged in several countries, but little is known about the susceptibility profile in China or about mechanisms of resistance. Here, we investigated the echinocandin susceptibilities of 2523 C. parapsilosis isolates collected from China and further explored the resistance mechanism among echinocandin-resistant isolates. Anidulafungin exhibited the highest...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Other


  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Fudan University
  • Zhejiang University
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Sichuan University
  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Shandong University
  • Capital Medical University
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences