38 Works

Transcriptional Regulation of the Chicken ASMT Gene- A Preliminary Analysis

Jun Teng, Dan Wang, Wenwen Wang, Chao Ning, Qin Zhang & Hui Tang
1. Melatonin is an indole hormone that, among its myriad biological functions, regulates circadian and seasonal rhythms in animals. The ASMT gene plays an essential role in melatonin synthesis. However, in chickens, little is known about the regulatory elements governing its transcription. 2. The following study identified the transcription start site of the chicken ASMT gene by 5’-RACE. Then, the proximal minimal promoter was identified using a series of 5′ truncations of the ASMT promoter...

Gendered Injustice: The policing and criminalisation of victim-survivors of domestic and family violence

Emma Russell, Hui Zhou & Gabriela Franich
No description supplied

Molecular detection and identification of relapsing fever Borrelia in ticks and wild small mammals in China

Xiao-Ai Zhang, Feng Tian, Yue Li, Xiao-Long Zhang, Bao-Gui Jiang, Bao-Cheng Liu, Jing-Tao Zhang, Shen Tian, Heng Ding, Shuang Li, Hao Li, Li-Qun Fang & Wei Liu
We identified relapsing fever (RF) Borrelia in 1.45% (145/10426) of the ticks and 1.40% (40/2850) of the wild mammals in a field investigation in China. Three RF Borrelia species, including human-pathogenic Borrelia miyamotoi, Borrelia persica and unclassified Babesia sp. were determined. Main species determined from ticks was B. miyamotoi (44.14%), followed by the unclassified Borrelia sp. (42.76%), and Borrelia theileri (13.10%). In wild mammals, main species found was B. persica (57.50%), followed by the unclassified...

Towards Optimal Variance Reduction in Online Controlled Experiments

Ying Jin & Shan Ba
We study optimal variance reduction solutions for count and ratio metrics in online controlled experiments. Our methods apply flexible machine learning tools to incorporate covariates that are independent from the treatment but have predictive power for the outcomes, and employ the cross-fitting technique to remove the bias in complex machine learning models. We establish CLT-type asymptotic inference based on our estimators under mild convergence conditions. Our procedures are optimal (efficient) for the corresponding targets as...

Comparative transcriptomic analysis reveals candidate genes for seasonal breeding in the male Lion-Head goose

Bingjin Lin, Xiaoli Zhou, Danli Jiang, Xu Shen, Hongjia Ouyang, Wanyan Li, Danning Xu, Lingzhao Fang, Yunbo Tian, Xiujin Li & Yunmao Huang
1. Due to seasonal breeding, geese breeds from Southern China have low egg yield. The genetic makeup underlying performance of local breeds is largely unknown, and few studies have investigated this problem. This study integrated 21 newly generated and 50 publicly existing RNA-seq libraries, representing the hypothalamus, pituitary and testis, to identify candidate genes and importantly related pathways associated with seasonal breeding in male Lion-Head geese. 2. In total, 19, 119 and 302 differentially expressed...

Cross-neutralization and viral fitness of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron sublineages

Hongjie Xia, Jason Yeung, Birte Kalveram, Cody J. Bills, John Yun-Chung Chen, Chaitanya Kurhade, Jing Zou, Steven G. Widen, Brian R. Mann, Rebecca Kondor, C. Todd Davis, Bin Zhou, David E. Wentworth, Xuping Xie & Pei Yong Shi
The rapid evolution of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron sublineages mandates a better understanding of viral replication and cross-neutralization among these sublineages. Here we used K18-hACE2 mice and primary human airway cultures to examine the viral fitness and antigenic relationship among Omicron sublineages. In both K18-hACE2 mice and human airway cultures, Omicron sublineages exhibited a replication order of BA.5 ≥ BA.2 ≥ BA.2.12.1 > BA.1; no difference in body weight loss was observed among different sublineage-infected mice. The...

Risk factors associated with COVID-19 infection: a retrospective cohort study based on contacts tracing

Tao Liu, Wenjia Liang, Haojie Zhong, Jianfeng He, Zihui Chen, Guanhao He, Tie Song, Shaowei Chen, Ping Wang, Jialing Li, Yunhua Lan, Mingji Cheng, Jinxu Huang, Jiwei Niu, Liang Xia, Jianpeng Xiao, Jianxiong Hu, Lifeng Lin, Qiong Huang, Zuhua Rong, Aiping Deng, Weilin Zeng, Jiansen Li, Xing Li, Xiaohua Tan … & Wenjun Ma
Objectives To estimate the attack rates, and identify the risk factors of COVID-19 infection. Methods Based on a retrospective cohort study, we investigated 11,580 contacts of COVID-19 cases in Guangdong Province from January 10 to March 15, 2020. All contacts were tested by RT-PCR to detect their infection of SARS-COV-2. Attack rates by characteristics were calculated, and logistic regression was used to estimate the risk factors of infection for COVID-19. Results A total of 515...

Corticosteroid prevents COVID-19 progression within its therapeutic window: a multicenter, proof-of-concept, observational study.

Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Tao Li, Shiji Chan, Yiqi Yu, Jing-Wen Ai, Haocheng Zhang, Feng Sun, Qiran Zhang, Lei Zhu, Lingyun Shao, Bin Xu & Wenhong Zhang
Background: Critically ill patients with COVID-19 are of grave concern. Those patients usually underwent a stage of excessive inflammation before developing acute respiratory distress syndrome. In this study, we test the hypothesis that short-term, low-to-moderate-dose corticosteroids would benefit patients when used in the early phase of excessive inflammation namely, the therapeutic window. Methods: Among a Shanghai cohort and a validation cohort, we enrolled COVID-19 patients showing marked radiographic progression. Short-term, low-to-moderate-dose corticosteroids were considered for...

Transcriptomic analysis of the innate immune signatures of SARS-CoV-2 protein subunit vaccine ZF2001 and a mRNA vaccine RRV

Qian Wang, Ziyang Song, Jinghuan Yang, Qian He, Qunying Mao, Yu Bai, Jianyang Liu, Chaoqiang An, Xujia Yan, Bopei Cui, Lifang Song, Dong Liu, Miao Xu & Zhenglun Liang
Analysis of large-scale gene expression post vaccination can provide an overview of immune responses. We used transcriptional approaches to comprehensively analyze the innate immune response signatures elicited by protein subunit (PS) vaccine ZF2001 and a mRNA vaccine named RRV. A fine-grained time-dependent dissection of large-scale gene expression post immunization revealed that ZF001 induced MHC class II-related genes, including cd74 and H2-Aa, more expeditiously than RRV. Notably, RRV induced MHC class I-related genes like Tap1/2, B2m...

A tandem-repeat dimeric RBD protein-based COVID-19 vaccine ZF2001 protects mice and nonhuman primates

Yaling An, Shihua Li, Xiyue Jin, Jian-bao Han, Kun Xu, Senyu Xu, Yuxuan Han, Chuanyu Liu, Tianyi Zheng, Mei Liu, Mi Yang, Tian-zhang Song, Baoying Huang, Li Zhao, Wen Wang, A Ruhan, Yingjie Cheng, Changwei Wu, Enqi Huang, Shilong Yang, Gary Wong, Yuhai Bi, Changwen Ke, Wenjie Tan, Jinghua Yan … & George F. Gao
Safe, efficacious and deployable vaccines are urgently needed to control COVID-19 in the large-scale vaccination campaigns. We report here the preclinical studies of an approved protein subunit vaccine against COVID-19, ZF2001, which contains tandem-repeat dimeric receptor-binding domain (RBD) protein with alum-based adjuvant. We assessed vaccine immunogenicity and efficacy in both mice and non-human primates (NHPs). ZF2001 induced high levels of RBD-binding and SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody in both mice and non-human primates, and elicited balanced TH1/TH2...

mRNA based vaccines provide broad protection against different SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern

Haomeng Wang, Zhao Chen, Zhenghua Wang, Jin Li, Zhihong Yan, Jinbo Yuan, Airu Zhu, Lan Chen, Ye Liu, Chenlong Hu, Ali Zhu, Guowei Li, Yuehu Li, Jie Deng, Liqiao Ma, Xiuwen Sui, Wei Miao, Junqiang Li, Xiuyu Zheng, Jinhua Piao, Yanfeng Yao, Juhong Rao, Chao Shan, Zhiming Yuan, Jincun Zhao … & Tao Zhu
In order to overcome the pandemic of COVID-19, messenger RNA (mRNA)-based vaccine has been extensively researched as a rapid and versatile strategy. Herein, we described the immunogenicity of mRNA-based vaccines for Beta and the most recent Omicron variants. The homologous mRNA-Beta and mRNA-Omicron and heterologous Ad5-nCoV plus mRNA vaccine exhibited high level cross-reactive neutralization for Beta, original, Delta and Omicron variants. It indicated that the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines have great potential in the clinical use...

Towards Optimal Variance Reduction in Online Controlled Experiments

Ying Jin & Shan Ba
We study optimal variance reduction solutions for count and ratio metrics in online controlled experiments. Our methods apply flexible machine learning tools to incorporate covariates that are independent from the treatment but have predictive power for the outcomes, and employ the cross-fitting technique to remove the bias in complex machine learning models. We establish CLT-type asymptotic inference based on our estimators under mild convergence conditions. Our procedures are optimal (efficient) for the corresponding targets as...

Identification of mite-specific eosinophils in the colon of patients with ulcerative colitis

Shu-Wang Peng, Jiang-Ming Sheng, Bai-Sui Feng, Ke-Ping Peng, Gui-Xiang Tian, Cheng-Bai Liang, Ming-Hui Liu, Hai-Qing Xie, Qing Shu, Yan Li & Ping-Chang Yang
The pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) is unclear. House dust mite (HDM) is associated with immune inflammation in the body. This study is designed to identify the association between HDM and UC clinical symptoms. UC patients (n = 86) and non-UC control (NC) subjects (n = 64) were recruited. Colon lavage fluids (CLF) were collected from HDM skin prick test positive patients during colonoscopy, and analyzed by immunological approaches. HDM was detected in fecal samples,...

Phylogenetic analysis and virulence characteristics of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST764-SCCmec II: an Emerging hypervirulent Clone ST764-t1084 in China

Yanghua Xiao, Weihua Han, Bingjie Wang, Yanlei Xu, Huilin Zhao, Xinyi Wang, Lulin Rao, Jiao Zhang, Li Shen, Hui Zhou, Long Hu, Junhong Shi, Jingyi Yu, Yinjuan Guo, Han Xia & Fangyou Yu
Previous studies have shown that the increased prevalent ST764 clone in China, Japan, and other Asian areas. However, the knowledge of the genetic features and virulence characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ST764 in China is still limited. In this study, we identified 52 ST764-SCCmec type II isolates collected from five cities in China between 2014 and 2021. Whole genome sequencing showed that the most common staphylococcal protein A (spa) types of ST764 in China...

Angiopoietin-like protein 8, molecular cloning and regulating lipid accumulation in goat intramuscular preadipocytes

Wei Huang, Yaqiu Lin, Hua Xiang, Jiangjiang Zhu & Yong Wang
This study aimed to clone the full-length open reading frame (ORF) of goat ANGPTL8 gene sequence, reveal its molecular and expression characteristics, and explore its effect on the differentiation of goat intramuscular preadipocytes. The full-length ORF sequence of goat ANGPTL8 gene was cloned by RT-PCR technology, and bioinformatics analysis was performed by related biological software. RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of ANGPTL8 mRNA in goat tissues. Further use of RNA interference to study...

Perchlorate bioreduction in UASB reactor: S2--autotrophic granular sludge formation and sulfate generation control

Rui Zhao, Huaqiang Tao, Yuanyuan Song, Jianbo Guo, Zhi Chen, Caicai Lu, Yi Han, Haibo Li & Yanan Hou
Perchlorate (ClO4-) industrial wastewater requires efficient removal to prevent adverse environmental impacts, however, high concentration and low biodegradability give rise to poor ClO4- bioreduction performance. S2--autotrophic granular sludge (S2--AuGS) was firstly cultivated for high concentration perchlorate (ClO4-) removal in the Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) reactor (ClO4-: 150 mg·L-1). Simultaneously, the S2- was utilized to control the SO42- generation as electron donor, the effluent SO42- concentration (190 mg·L-1) was satisfied with drinking water standard (250...

Adverse Outcome Pathways and Linkages to Transcriptomic Effects Relevant to Ionizing Radiation Injury

Jihang Yu, Wangshu Tu, Andrea Payne, Chris Rudyk, Sarita Cuadros Sanchez, Saadia Khilji, Premkumari Kumarathasan, Sanjeena Subedi, Brittany Haley, Alicia Wong, Catalina Anghel, Yi Wang & Vinita Chauhan
In the past three decades, a large body of data on the effects of exposure to ionizing radiation and the ensuing changes in gene expression has been generated. These data have allowed for an understanding of molecular-level events and shown a level of consistency in response despite the vast formats and experimental procedures being used across institutions. However, clarity on how this information may inform strategies for health risk assessment needs to be explored. An...

Gendered Injustice: The policing and criminalisation of victim-survivors of domestic and family violence

Emma Russell, Hui Zhou & Gabriela Franich
No description supplied

Decreased echinocandin susceptibility in Candida parapsilosis causing candidemia and emergence of a pan-echinocandin resistant case in China

Yating Ning, Meng Xiao, David S. Perlin, Yanan Zhao, Minya Lu, Yi Li, Zhengyu Luo, Rongchen Dai, Shengjie Li, Jiajun Xu, Lingli Liu, Hong He, Yun Liu, Fushun Li, Yuguang Guo, Zhongju Chen, Yingchun Xu, Tianshu Sun & Li Zhang
Candida parapsilosis is becoming a predominant non-albicans cause of invasive candidiasis (IC). Echinocandins are the preferred choice for IC treatment and prophylaxis. Resistance to echinocandins in C. parapsilosis has emerged in several countries, but little is known about the susceptibility profile in China or about mechanisms of resistance. Here, we investigated the echinocandin susceptibilities of 2523 C. parapsilosis isolates collected from China and further explored the resistance mechanism among echinocandin-resistant isolates. Anidulafungin exhibited the highest...

SWATH Proteomics analysis of placental tissue with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy_part1

Yuxuan Jiang, Xiaoping Yin, Qian Xu, Xiaoxiao Tang, Huajie Zhang, Jing Lin, Yi Wang, Fei Yang, NaseerUllah Khan, Liming Shen & Danqing Zhao
Introduction: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) usually occurs in the second and third trimesters. The disease's etiology and diagnostic criteria are currently unknown. Based on a sequence window to obtain all theoretical fragment ions (SWATH) proteomic approach, this study sought to identify potential proteins in placental tissue that may be involved in the pathogenesis of ICP and adverse fetal pregnancy outcomes. Methods: The postpartum placental tissue of pregnant women with ICP were chosen as the...

Study on inhibition effect and mechanism of NH4H2PO4 on explosion of titanium powder

Wenjiao Dai, Xiangbao Meng, Shunxiang Yao, Jiqing Liu, Zhifeng Wang, Yang Liu, Panpan Yang & Fang Li
In order to effectively inhibit the explosion of titanium powder, this study used the Hartmann tube experimental system and the 20 L explosion tank experimental system to carry out flame propagation and explosion overpressure experiments, respectively, and the effect of NH4H2PO4 on the explosion suppression of titanium powder was studied. The results show that when the addition of NH4H2PO4 powder is 50%, the flame propagation velocity and explosion pressure can be reduced to the minimum,...

Study on inhibition effect and mechanism of NH4H2PO4 on explosion of titanium powder

Wenjiao Dai, Xiangbao Meng, Shunxiang Yao, Jiqing Liu, Zhifeng Wang, Yang Liu, Panpan Yang & Fang Li
In order to effectively inhibit the explosion of titanium powder, this study used the Hartmann tube experimental system and the 20 L explosion tank experimental system to carry out flame propagation and explosion overpressure experiments, respectively, and the effect of NH4H2PO4 on the explosion suppression of titanium powder was studied. The results show that when the addition of NH4H2PO4 powder is 50%, the flame propagation velocity and explosion pressure can be reduced to the minimum,...

Structural basis of HCoV-19 fusion core and an effective inhibition peptide against virus entry

Huan Sun, Yan Li, Peipei Liu, Chengpeng Qiao, Xiaomin Wang, Lianao Wu, Kefang Liu, Yu Hu, Chao Su, Shuguang Tan, Shumei Zou, Guizhen Wu, Jinghua Yan, George Fu Gao, Jianxun Qi & Qihui Wang
Structural basis of HCoV-19 fusion core and an effective inhibition peptide against virus entry

Nickel (ii) effects on Anammox reaction: reactor performance, dehydrogenase, sludge morphology and microbial community changes

Jian Cheng, Liang Qiao, Wen Xu, Yulan Qian, Yiyang Ge, Ting Xia & Yan Li
Nickel (ii) (Ni2+) is considered as one of the necessary trace elements in the process of Anammox culture, but it may have toxic effects at high concentration. This study explored the long-term influence of Ni2+ on the denitrification efficiency of Anammox bioreactors. The results showed that when the concentration of Ni2+ was 0.5 mg/L, the bioreactor had the highest denitrification efficiency, while the removal efficiency of ammonia nitrogen and nitrite nitrogen gradually decreased at concentrations...

Comparative transcriptomic analysis reveals candidate genes for seasonal breeding in the male Lion-Head goose

Bingjin Lin, Xiaoli Zhou, Danli Jiang, Xu Shen, Hongjia Ouyang, Wanyan Li, Danning Xu, Lingzhao Fang, Yunbo Tian, Xiujin Li & Yunmao Huang
1. Due to seasonal breeding, geese breeds from Southern China have low egg yield. The genetic makeup underlying performance of local breeds is largely unknown, and few studies have investigated this problem. This study integrated 21 newly generated and 50 publicly existing RNA-seq libraries, representing the hypothalamus, pituitary and testis, to identify candidate genes and importantly related pathways associated with seasonal breeding in male Lion-Head geese. 2. In total, 19, 119 and 302 differentially expressed...

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