24 Works

Identification of key candidate genes for wing length-related traits by whole-genome resequencing in 772 geese

Jing Ouyang, Yongfei Wu, Yaxi Li, Junjie Miao, Sumei Zheng, Hongbo Tang, Cong Wang, Yanpeng Xiong, Yuren Gao, Luping Wang, Xueming Yan & Hao Chen
1. A total of 772, 420-day-old Xingguo gray geese (XGG) were sequenced using a low-depth (~1×) whole-genome resequencing strategy to reveal the genetic mechanism of wing length-related traits by genome-wide association analysis (GWAS). 2. The results showed that 119 SNPs had genome-wide significance for wing length in five regions of chromosome 4, of which the most significant locus (P=7.95E-11) was located upstream of RBM47 and explained 7.3% of phenotypic variation. 3. A total of 219...

Healthy Outcomes of Patients with COVID-19 Two Years after the Infection: A Prospective Cohort Study

Dapeng Li, Xuejiao Liao, Zhi Liu, Zhenghua Ma, Jingke Dong, Guoqin Zheng, Mei Zi, Fang Wang, Qing He, Guobao Li, Zheng Zhang & Lei Liu
The long-term effect of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been rarely known. This study aimed to investigate healthy outcomes of COVID-19 survivors up to 2 years after the infection. A total of 155 COVID-19 patients, who were discharged from Shenzhen Third People's Hospital from February 2020 to April 2020, were enrolled and followed up until March 4, 2022. COVID-19 survivors received questionnaires of long COVID symptoms and psychological symptoms, pulmonary function tests, chest computed tomography...

Referral criteria to palliative care for patients with Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review

Yiping Chen, Liyuan Hou, Wei Li, Qiaohong Wang, Wentao Zhou & Hui Yang
Objective: This systematic review aimed to identify the referral criteria for palliative care in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Methods: We conducted an electronic search for publications on referral criteria for palliative care in patients with Parkinson’s disease in six electronic databases. The articles were thoroughly reviewed by two independent reviewers for inclusion using a predefined data extraction list. The referral criteria were thematically classified using a coding methodology. Results: This systematic review included 36 publications....

Transcriptomic analysis of the innate immune signatures of SARS-CoV-2 protein subunit vaccine ZF2001 and a mRNA vaccine RRV

Qian Wang, Ziyang Song, Jinghuan Yang, Qian He, Qunying Mao, Yu Bai, Jianyang Liu, Chaoqiang An, Xujia Yan, Bopei Cui, Lifang Song, Dong Liu, Miao Xu & Zhenglun Liang
Analysis of large-scale gene expression post vaccination can provide an overview of immune responses. We used transcriptional approaches to comprehensively analyze the innate immune response signatures elicited by protein subunit (PS) vaccine ZF2001 and a mRNA vaccine named RRV. A fine-grained time-dependent dissection of large-scale gene expression post immunization revealed that ZF001 induced MHC class II-related genes, including cd74 and H2-Aa, more expeditiously than RRV. Notably, RRV induced MHC class I-related genes like Tap1/2, B2m...

mRNA based vaccines provide broad protection against different SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern

Haomeng Wang, Zhao Chen, Zhenghua Wang, Jin Li, Zhihong Yan, Jinbo Yuan, Airu Zhu, Lan Chen, Ye Liu, Chenlong Hu, Ali Zhu, Guowei Li, Yuehu Li, Jie Deng, Liqiao Ma, Xiuwen Sui, Wei Miao, Junqiang Li, Xiuyu Zheng, Jinhua Piao, Yanfeng Yao, Juhong Rao, Chao Shan, Zhiming Yuan, Jincun Zhao … & Tao Zhu
In order to overcome the pandemic of COVID-19, messenger RNA (mRNA)-based vaccine has been extensively researched as a rapid and versatile strategy. Herein, we described the immunogenicity of mRNA-based vaccines for Beta and the most recent Omicron variants. The homologous mRNA-Beta and mRNA-Omicron and heterologous Ad5-nCoV plus mRNA vaccine exhibited high level cross-reactive neutralization for Beta, original, Delta and Omicron variants. It indicated that the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines have great potential in the clinical use...

Genetic, biological and epidemiological study on a cluster of H9N2 avian influenza virus infections among chickens, a pet cat, and humans at a backyard farm in Guangxi, China

Jing Yang, Jianhua Yan, Cheng Zhang, Shanqin Li, Manhua Yuan, Chunge Zhang, Chenguang Shen, Yang Yang, Lifeng Fu, Guanlong Xu, Weifeng Shi, Zhenghai Ma, Ting Rong Luo & Yuhai Bi
During an investigation in October 2018, two people with diarrhoea, mild abdominal pain, and mild arthralgia symptoms in Guangxi, China, were identified as infected by H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV). Four H9N2 AIVs were isolated from one of two patients, a pet cat, and a dead chicken (two respective isolates from its lung and kidney tissues) bred by the patients at a backyard farm. Epidemiological investigation indicated that the newly bought chicken died first, and...

Malfilanol C, a new sesquiterpenoid isolated from the deep-sea-derived Aspergillus puniceus A2 fungus

Siwen Niu, Shuhuan Huang, Juan Wang, Jianlin He, Meixiang Chen, Gaiyun Zhang & Bihong Hong
The chemical examination of the rice solid fermentation products of the deep-sea-derived fungus Aspergillus puniceus A2 resulted in the isolation of one new sesquiterpenoid malfilanol C (1), together with a rare analogue malfilanol B (2). The planar structure of 1 was resolved on the basis of the extensive analyses of the spectroscopic data (HRESIMS and NMR spectra), and its absolute configuration was assigned by quantum chemical calculation of the ECD data. Compound 1, featuring a...

Effect of antibiotic exposure on the characteristics of activated sludge in a landfill leachate biological treatment system

Libo Qiu, Hong Li, Mengfei Ma & Chengran Fang
Changes in the activated sludge performance in an anaerobic/aerobic biological treatment system for leachate was discussed under the condition of tetracycline (TC) exposure. The results show that a low concentration of TC did not have an obvious effect on the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) while a high concentration of TC had a certain promoting effect. Under the stimulation of TC, the particle size distribution of anaerobic/aerobic sludge tended to be more uniform, the...

Getting the ROC into Sync

Liu Yang, Kajal Lahiri & Adrian Pagan
Judging the conformity of binary events in macroeconomics and finance has often been done with indices that measure synchronization. In recent years, the use of Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve has become popular for this task. This paper shows that the ROC and synchronization approaches are closely related, and each can be derived from a decision-making framework. Furthermore, the resulting global measures of the degree of conformity can be identified and estimated using the standard...

Decline of Stress Resilience in Aging Rats: Focus on Choroid Plexus-Cerebrospinal Fluid-Hippocampus

Kaige Liu, Huizhen Li, Ningxi Zeng, Wenjun Lu, Xiaofeng Wu, Hanfang Xu, Can Yan & Lili Wu
The hippocampus plays an important role in learning and memory, as well as mood and stress regulation. The choroid plexus (CP) is the primary site of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) production, which is affected by stress and aging. CSF composition can act directly on the hippocampus, regulating hippocampal functions such as neurogenesis, neuronal survival and synaptic plasticity, which could be a key factor linking stress to anxiety and depression-like behaviors. Recent findings delineating factors influencing stress...

Study and numerical analysis of Von Mises stress of a new tumor-type distal femoral prosthesis comprising a peek composite reinforced with carbon fibers: finite element analysis

Yu Guo & Wei Guo
Research on carbon-fiber-reinforced polyetheretherketone (CF-PEEK/CFR-PEEK) as a bone tumor joint prosthesis remains limited. Herein we numerically determine the feasibility of CF-PEEK material containing 30% Wt carbon fiber (CF30-PEEK) as a material for the dual-action tumor-type distal femoral prosthesis. Use CT scan method to build a complete finite element model of the knee joint. Simulate the resection of the distal femoral tumor, and then reconstruct it with the dual-action tumor-type distal femoral prosthesis. The femoral condyle...

Human parainfluenza 3 and respiratory syncytial viruses detected in pangolins

Tengcheng Que, Jing Li, Yugan He, Panyu Chen, Wei Lin, Meihong He, Lei Yu, Aiqiong Wu, Luohao Tan, Yingjiao Li, Yanling Hu & Yigang Tong
Pangolins have gained increasing global attention owing to their public health significance as potential zoonotic hosts since the identification of SARS-CoV-2-related viruses in them. Moreover, these animals could carry other respiratory viruses. In this study, we investigated the virome composition of 16 pangolins that died in 2018 with symptoms of pneumonia using metagenomic approaches. A total of eight whole virus sequences belonging to the Paramyxoviridae or Pneumoviridae families were identified, including one human parainfluenza virus...

Antibody persistence and safety after heterologous boosting with orally aerosolised Ad5-nCoV in individuals primed with two-dose CoronaVac previously: twelve-month analyses of a randomized controlled trial

Lairun Jin, Rong Tang, Shipo Wu, Xiling Guo, Haitao Huang, Lihua Hou, Xiaoqin Chen, Tao Zhu, Jinbo Gou, Jin Zhong, Hongxing Pan, Lunbiao Cui, Yin Chen, Xin Xia, Jialu Feng, Xue Wang, Qi Zhao, XiaoYu Xu, Zhuopei Li, Xiaoyin Zhang, Wei Chen, Jingxin Li & Fengcai Zhu
Antibody persistence and safety up to 12 months of heterologous orally administered adenovirus type-5 vector-based COVID-19 vaccine (Ad5-nCoV) in individuals who were primed with two-dose inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine (CoronaVac) previously, has not been reported yet. This randomized, open label, single-center trial included Chinese adults who have received two-dose CoronaVac randomized to low-dose or high-dose aerosolised Ad5-nCoV group, or CoronaVac group. In this report, we mainly evaluated the geometric mean titres (GMTs) of neutralising antibodies (NAbs)...

Heterologous Omicron-adapted vaccine as a secondary booster promotes neutralizing antibodies against Omicron and its sub-lineages in mice

Jianyang Liu, Qian He, Fan Gao, Lianlian Bian, Qian Wang, Chaoqiang An, Lifang Song, Jialu Zhang, Dong Liu, Ziyang Song, Lu Li, Yu Bai, Zhongfang Wang, Zhenglun Liang, Qunying Mao & Miao Xu
Over one billion people have received 2–3 dosages of an inactivated COVID-19 vaccine for basic immunization. Whether a booster dose should be delivered to protect against the Omicron variant and its sub-lineages, remains controversial. Here, we tested different vaccine platforms targeting the ancestral or Omicron strain as a secondary booster of the ancestral inactivated vaccine in mice. We found that the Omicron-adapted inactivated viral vaccine promoted a neutralizing antibody response against Omicron in mice. Furthermore,...

Interactions between host epithelial cells and Acinetobacter baumannii promote the emergence of highly antibiotic resistant and highly mucoid strains

Wang Zhang, Yue Yao, Hua Zhou, Jintao He, Jingfen Wang, Li Li, Minsong Gao, Xiaochen Liu, Ya Shi, Jinzhong Lin, Jianzhao Liu, Huan Chen, Yu Feng, Zhihui Zhou, Yunsong Yu & Xiaoting Hua
Acinetobacter baumannii is an important nosocomial pathogen. Upon colonizing a host, A. baumannii are subjected to selective pressure by immune defenses as they adapt to the host environment. However, the mechanism of this pathoadaptation is unknown. Here, we established an in vitro system to evolve A. baumannii driven by the continuous selective pressure exerted by epithelial cells, and we used a combination of experimental evolution, phenotypic characterization and multi-omics analysis to address the underlying mechanism....

Effect of ocular magnification on macular choroidal thickness measurements made using optical coherence tomography in children

Junjie Deng, Jiali Jin, Bo Zhang, Siqi Zhang, Jingjing Wang, Shuyu Xiong, Tianyu Cheng, Kun Liu, Jiannan Huang, Xiangui He & Xun Xu
To evaluate the relationship between ocular magnification correction and macular choroidal thickness (ChT) measurements in children, and to demonstrate when ocular magnification correction is necessary. Chinese children aged 6–9 years with various refractive statuses were included. Swept-source optical coherence tomography was used to measure macular ChT. A self-designed program was adopted to simulate ChT changes in each sector of the ETDRS grid in the macula under various simulated axial lengths (ALs). ChT measurements were not...

Transcriptional Regulation of the Chicken ASMT Gene- A Preliminary Analysis

Jun Teng, Dan Wang, Wenwen Wang, Chao Ning, Qin Zhang & Hui Tang
1. Melatonin is an indole hormone that, among its myriad biological functions, regulates circadian and seasonal rhythms in animals. The ASMT gene plays an essential role in melatonin synthesis. However, in chickens, little is known about the regulatory elements governing its transcription. 2. The following study identified the transcription start site of the chicken ASMT gene by 5’-RACE. Then, the proximal minimal promoter was identified using a series of 5′ truncations of the ASMT promoter...

Malfilanol C, a new sesquiterpenoid isolated from the deep-sea-derived Aspergillus puniceus A2 fungus

Siwen Niu, Shuhuan Huang, Juan Wang, Jianlin He, Meixiang Chen, Gaiyun Zhang & Bihong Hong
The chemical examination of the rice solid fermentation products of the deep-sea-derived fungus Aspergillus puniceus A2 resulted in the isolation of one new sesquiterpenoid malfilanol C (1), together with a rare analogue malfilanol B (2). The planar structure of 1 was resolved on the basis of the extensive analyses of the spectroscopic data (HRESIMS and NMR spectra), and its absolute configuration was assigned by quantum chemical calculation of the ECD data. Compound 1, featuring a...

Molecular detection and identification of relapsing fever Borrelia in ticks and wild small mammals in China

Xiao-Ai Zhang, Feng Tian, Yue Li, Xiao-Long Zhang, Bao-Gui Jiang, Bao-Cheng Liu, Jing-Tao Zhang, Shen Tian, Heng Ding, Shuang Li, Hao Li, Li-Qun Fang & Wei Liu
We identified relapsing fever (RF) Borrelia in 1.45% (145/10426) of the ticks and 1.40% (40/2850) of the wild mammals in a field investigation in China. Three RF Borrelia species, including human-pathogenic Borrelia miyamotoi, Borrelia persica and unclassified Babesia sp. were determined. Main species determined from ticks was B. miyamotoi (44.14%), followed by the unclassified Borrelia sp. (42.76%), and Borrelia theileri (13.10%). In wild mammals, main species found was B. persica (57.50%), followed by the unclassified...

SDH5 down-regulation mitigates the damage of osteoporosis via inhibiting the MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway

Hongzi Wu, Dehua Zhang, Haijun Xia, Yongqi Li, Feng Mao & Yi Liao
Osteoporosis has become a serious public health problem especially in postmenopausal women. This work aims to assess both the function and mechanism of SDH5 in osteoporosis. The animal model of osteoporosis in sprague-dawley rats was established by ultilizing Ovariectomy (OVX). The trabecular bone morphometry had been determined by micro-CT, and tibia injury of rats was detected through HE and alcian blue staining. Meanwhile, the levels of oxidative stress factors, including MDA, CAT, GSH-Px, and SOD,...

Omicron infections profile and vaccination status among 1881 liver transplant recipients: a multi-center retrospective cohort

Ensi Ma, Jingwen Ai, Yi Zhang, Jianming Zheng, Xiaogang Gao, Junming Xu, Hao Yin, Zhiren Fu, Hao Xing, Li Li, Liying Sun, Heyu Huang, Quanbao Zhang, Linlin Xu, Yanting Jin, Rui Chen, Guoyue Lv, Zhijun Zhu, Wenhong Zhang & Zhengxin Wang
A wave of Omicron infections rapidly emerged in China in 2022, but large-scale data concerning the safety profile of vaccines and Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection features in liver transplant (LT) recipients have not been collected. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the protectiveness and safety profile of the inactivated vaccines in LT patients against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant infections. A multi-center retrospective study was conducted in...

Booster vaccination is required to elicit and maintain COVID-19 vaccine-induced immunity in SIV-infected macaques

Pingchao Li, Qian Wang, Yizi He, Chenchen Yang, Zhengyuan Zhang, Zijian Liu, Bo Liu, Li Yin, Yilan Cui, Peiyu Hu, Yichu Liu, Pingqian Zheng, Wei Wang, Linbing Qu, Caijun Sun, Suhua Guan, Liqiang Feng & Ling Chen
Prolonged infection and possible evolution of SARS-CoV-2 in patients living with uncontrolled HIV-1 infection highlight the importance of an effective vaccination regimen, yet the immunogenicity of COVID-19 vaccines and predictive immune biomarkers have not been well investigated. Herein, we report that the magnitude and persistence of antibody and cell-mediated immunity (CMI) elicited by an Ad5-vectored COVID-19 vaccine are impaired in SIV-infected macaques with high viral loads (> 105 genome copies per ml plasma, SIVhi) but...

Effect of acute acidic stress on survival and metabolic activity of zooplankton from Lake Biwa, Japan

Huanan Gao, Xin Liu & Syuhei Ban
Acute acidic stress from sources such as acid rain might impact on lake ecosystems in many aspects. Because zooplankton is sensitive to environmental change, it could be a good biotic indicator of the effects of acidification. We investigated survival and metabolic rates of three dominant zooplankton taxa in Lake Biwa, the cladoceran Daphnia pulicaria, and the copepods Eodiaptomus japonicus and Cyclopoida spp., when subjected to different pH values (pH 4.0−8.0) at low (10 °C) and...

Batch-to-batch consistency trial of an adenovirus type-5 vector-based COVID-19 vaccine in adults aged 18 years and above

Zhuo-Pei Li, Yun-Feng Shi, Li-Hua Hou, Peng-Fei Jin, Shi-Hua Ma, Hong-Xing Pan, Jin-Long Zhang, Yong-Mei Shan, Hai-Tao Huang, Shi-Po Wu, Pan Du, Xue Wang, Li-Li Wang, Rui-Jie Wang, Ying Wang, Xue-Wen Wang, Feng-Cai Zhu & Jing-Xin Li
The demonstration of batch-to-batch consistency is indispensable for quality control of vaccines. We did a randomized, double-blind, parallel-controlled trial to evaluate the immunogenicity consistency of one shot of Ad5-nCoV in healthy adults who had not received any COVID-19 vaccine before. All eligible participants were randomly assigned equally to receive one of three consecutive batches of Ad5-nCoV (5×1010 viral particles/vial, 0.5 mL). The primary endpoint was geometric mean titers (GMTs) of serum SARS-CoV-2 receptor binding domain...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Other


  • Army Medical University
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Zhejiang University
  • West China Hospital of Sichuan University
  • Fudan University
  • Air Force Medical University
  • Shandong University
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • China Agricultural University