2 Works

An Empirical Investigation of Real Farm Incomes Across Indian States Between 1987-88 and 2011-12

Deepankar Basu & Kartik Misra
Using unit-level data from various rounds of the Employment and Unemployment Survey of the National Sample Survey Organisation, we present the first consistent time series of average real farm income per cultivator for 18 major Indian states for 1987-88, 1993-94, 1999-00, 2004-05, 2007-08, 2009-10, and 2011-12. Using this data, we study two sets of issues. First, how did real farm income evolve across these 18 Indian states? Which states have high levels and growth rates...

To Reform and to Procure: An Analysis of the Role of the State and the Market in Indian Agriculture

Kartik Misra & Deepankar Basu
Since the early 2000s, many Indian states started reforming their agricultural marketing policies and allowed private traders to buy directly from farmers outside the state-regulated market system. The experience of these states during the period 2000 - 2012 can shed light on the impact of market-oriented reforms and the role of public procurement. Using individual-level National Sample Survey Data on agricultural wages and a new dataset on state-level average real farm income per cultivator for...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Preprint


  • University of Massachusetts Amherst
  • Sewanee: The University of the South