241 Works

Habeas Coca: Bolivia’s Community Coca Control

Linda C. Farthing & Kathryn Ledebur
With significant pressure and earmarked funding from the United States and other demand-side countries, the Andean countries of Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru have struggled for decades with the question of how to limit the growth of coca and the export of cocaine and comply with UN drug conventions. Tactics such as forced eradication, criminalization, and marginalization of coca farmers have not only failed to significantly reduce cocaine production, but have had disastrous consequences for the...

Harm Undone: The Potential Influence of Harm Reduction on Political and Social Change in Central Asia

Marina Smelyanskaya & Kasia Malinowska-Sempruch
Central Asia's geographic location has not worked to its advantage in the decades following the fall of the Soviet Union. Proximity to the Middle East and susceptibility to influence from Russia have put significant pressure on the region's political and population dynamics. At the same time, the emergence of a major drug trafficking route out of Afghanistan coupled with socio-economic despair in the region has led to an increase in drug use, which has helped...

HIV/AIDS Policy in Ukraine: A Civil Society Perspective

Andriy Bega
Ukraine has the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS and the fastest-growing AIDS epidemic in Europe. Injecting drug use continues to drive the epidemic; approximately 70 percent of annual new HIV infections are directly or indirectly attributable to drug use. There are alarming signs that the AIDS epidemic is spreading to Ukraine's general population through sexual contact. From 1997 to 2005, the percentage of new cases resulting from heterosexual transmission tripled—from 11 to 34 percent. The Public...

Living Together: Projects Promoting Inclusion in 11 EU Cities

Gavin Moorhead
Depending on the policies and history of a given country, strategies to address challenges to diversity and integration differ across cities in Europe. In examining the effectiveness of local government integration policies and practices in 11 EU cities, the project has found that integration and meaningful interaction between groups is taking place daily at the local level across almost all sectors of everyday life. However, discrimination and prejudice still remain an important barrier, which city...

Community, Not Confinement: The Role of the European Union in Promoting and Protecting the Right of People with Disabilities to Live in the Community

Israel Butler
The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) affirms the rights of all people to live in their communities. Yet between 2007 and 2013, EU member states invested millions of euros of EU structural funds into institutions that confine and segregate people living with disabilities. Now, although the 2014–2020 round of structural funds requires member states to introduce domestic deinstitutionalization measues, the danger remains that EU investments in institutions will continue. The...

Equality for Roma in Europe: A Roadmap for Action

Lanna Hollo & Sheila Quinn
Efforts to date to ensure equality for Roma in Europe have failed to produce significant improvement. The challenges have been and remain enormous: deeply embedded institutional discrimination within government structures, widespread anti-Gypsyism, extraordinarily high levels of poverty and social exclusion, and segregated systems in housing, education, and social welfare. The European Roma Information Office, European Roma Rights Center, Migration Policy Group, and the Open Society Institute have published a report that assesses implementation of EU...

Presumption of Guilt: The Global Overuse of Pretrial Detention

Martin Schönteich
Around the world, millions are effectively punished before they are tried. Legally entitled to be considered innocent and released pending trial, many accused are instead held in pretrial detention, where they are subjected to torture, exposed to life threatening disease, victimized by violence, and pressured for bribes. It is literally worse than being convicted: pretrial detainees routinely experience worse conditions than sentenced prisoners. The suicide rate among pretrial detainees is three times higher than among...

Pretrial Detention and Torture: Why Pretrial Detainees Face the Greatest Risk

Moritz Birk, Julie Kozma, Roland Schmidt, Zoe Oliver Watts, Debra Long & Elina Steinerte
Torture and other ill-treatment are not aberrations; they are common—even routine—in many detention facilities around the world. And while it is often assumed that torture victims are likely to be political prisoners or suspected terrorists, most victims are ordinary people accused of ordinary crimes. In fact, it is pretrial detainees—people who have not been tried or found guilty—who are most at risk of torture. Pretrial Detention and Torture: Why Pretrial Detainees Are Most at Risk...

Somalis in Malmö

Benny Carlson
Somalis in Malmö explores the experiences and concerns of the Somalis living in the city of Malmö, focusing on local policy areas of employment, education, health, political participation, and policing as well as their sense of belonging and identity. Sweden has a far higher proportion of Somali immigrants than other countries where many Somalis live, and people of Somali origin make up 0.4 percent of the Swedish population. This Open Society report offers the most...

Social Media Monitoring During Elections: Cases and Best Practice to Inform Electoral Observation Missions

Rafael Schmuziger Goldzweig, Iskra Kirova, Bruno Lupion, Michael Meyer-Resende & Susan Morgan
Concern over online interference in elections is now widespread—from the fallout of the Cambridge Analytica scandal to the pernicious effects messaging apps have had in elections in Kenya or Brazil. Yet regulatory and monitoring efforts have lagged behind in addressing the challenges of how public opinion can be manipulated online, and its impact on elections. The phenomenon of online electoral interference is global. It affects established democracies, countries in transition, and places where freedom of...

Mapping Digital Media: United States

Benjamin Lennett, Jessica Clark, Tom Glaisyer, Sascha Meinrath, Philip Napoli, C.W. Anderson, Chiehyu Li & Bincy Ninan
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. The media environment in the United States is undergoing a significant transition. Terrestrial, over-the-air television has shrunk to less than 15 percent of households, due to consumers’ embrace...

On the Road to the EU: Monitoring Equal Opportunities for Women and Men in Montenegro

Nina Vujovic-Krgovic & Darko Curic
The existing legal framework in Montenegro does not provide sufficient protection from gender-based discrimination in the labor market, according to this OSI Network Women's Program report. Likewise protection of women's human rights is still very far from being either a well-known concept or practice, the only exception being a recent criminal code recodification recognizing family violence. There is still a great deal of work to be done in terms of gender equity legislation and its...

Mapping Digital Media: German Public Service Broadcasting and Online Activity

Johannes Weberling
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Few countries support public service broadcasting more enthusiastically than Germany, where the public service broadcasters (PSBs) are seen as more informal, modern, and entertaining than before, without having...

Mapping Digital Media: Estonia

Urmas Loit & Andra Siibak
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Estonia blazed a trail, in terms of digitization, by completing digital switch-over of television in 2010, five years ahead of the originally envisaged target of 2015. Estonians have...

Mapping Digital Media: Colombia

María Paula Martínez & Jimena Zuluaga
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. In Colombia, analog free-to-air television is still by far the most influential source of news. Digitization seems to be increasing both the quantity and range of news and...

Mapping Digital Media: China

Kathryn Nute, Yong Hu, Fang Kun, Yang Liu, Iris Ha, Yuping Zhang & Mengyao Wang
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. The story of media digitization in China is inseparable from the country’s recent modernization. Probably nowhere else have so many other things been changing at the same time...

Mapping Digital Media: Chile

Maria Elena Gronemeyer & Sergio Godoy
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Digital media have proliferated in Chile over the last five years. They have given impetus to a culture of openness and transparency that has been in development since...

Mapping Digital Media: Canada

Jonathan Obar, Gregory Taylor, Derek Antoine, Rena Bivens, Nadia Caidi, Arndis Johnson, Catherine Middleton & David Skinner
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Canadians are among the most engaged and active users of digital media in the world, and digitization has had particular consequences for such a vast, largely urbanized and...

Mapping Digital Media : Albania

Ilda Londo
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. In Albania, digital terrestrial broadcasting has so far affected mainly the capital and other cities, while the rest of the country and especially the rural areas have hardly...

Mapping Digital Media: Italy

Gianpietro Mazzoleni, Giulio Vigevani & SERGIO SPLENDORE
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Digital terrestrial television was introduced in Italy in 2001. The switch-off of analog broadcasting started in 2009 and is based on the progressive “digitization” of regional areas. The...

Mapping Digital Media: Net Neutrality and the Media

Stefaan G. Verhulst
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Will the internet and telecom architecture be changed in order to block or prioritize certain types of traffic? Much debate on media policy hinges on this issue, often...

Mapping Digital Media: Mobile TV: Challenges and Opportunities Beyond 2011

Ronan de Renesse
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Media consumption has changed drastically over the past decade. With TV content now accessible everywhere at any time, consumer behavior and trends are evolving fast. Online TV is...

Mapping Digital Media: Social Media and News

Paul Bradshaw
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. The incredible growth of social media has dominated the Web 2.0 decade. With research showing that most internet users stumble across news online while looking for something else,...

Mapping Digital Media: Technical Standards in Terrestrial Television

David Wood
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Technical standards apply in many fields, including the media industry. They evolve in response to new technologies that aim both to satisfy and to generate consumer demand. Standards...

The New Silk Road and the Northern Distribution Network: A Golden Road to Central Asian Trade Reform?

Graham Lee
The United States is promoting a “New Silk Road” that would link Afghanistan to Southern and Central Asia via an interconnected web of transit corridors, which could transform the regional trade environment, tear down commercial barriers, and offer economic benefits for all. The New Silk Road and the Northern Distribution Network is a constructive assessment of the conditions and challenges facing this effort that asks and answers the following questions: Is the Northern Distribution network...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    241

Resource Types

  • Report
    241

Affiliations

  • Open Society Foundations
    241
  • Carleton University
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  • University of Calgary
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  • York University
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