241 Works

Playing by the Rules: Using Intellectual Property Law and Policy to Improve Access to Essential Medicines

Jeff Hoover
This OSI publication documents developments in the use of intellectual property law and policy in six countries: South Africa, Thailand, Brazil, the Philippines, Rwanda, and Kenya. Playing by the Rules: Using Intellectual Property Law and Policy to Improve Access to Essential Medicines highlights options that policymakers and civil society might pursue to reduce the prices of medicines and thereby improve availability.

On the Road to the EU: Monitoring Equal Opportunities for Women and Men in Albania

Artur Metani & Sonila Omari
Albania is preparing for eventual EU membership and is in the midst of bringing its legal framework in compliance with the requirements of EU directives and guidelines. In regard to gender equality, Albanian legislation has generally met priorities established in the Stabilization and Association Process (SAP) with the European Union. However, as the following report details, implementation of these laws faces major hurdles. In recent years, significant progress has been made in developing national legislation...

Muslims in Paris

Valerie Amiraux
“This neighbourhood has always been a neighbourhood of arrivals; people who come and are in need, trying to move into a more welcoming neighbourhood.” —Focus group respondent Muslims in Paris highlights the everyday experiences and rarely heard voices of Muslims living in the neighbourhood of La Goutte d’Or, situated in Paris’ multicultural 18th arrondissement. The qualitative research reveals that both Muslim and non-Muslim residents share a keen sense of belonging to their neighbourhood, city and...

No Health, No Help: Abuse as Drug Rehabilitation in Latin America & the Caribbean

Denise Tomasini-Joshi & Roxanne Saucier
Chaining, public humiliation, abduction, and prayer. If these were treatments offered for diabetes or heart disease, we would see them as cruel and abusive. Yet these are tactics used widely in centers for the “treatment and rehabilitation” of people who use drugs in Latin America and the Caribbean. These abusive centers often operate unlawfully and without medical or governmental supervision. People are often brought to these centers against their will, by family members, by police,...

No Data—No Progress: Country Findings

Katy Negrin
The year 2010 marks the halfway point of the Decade of Roma Inclusion. It is a logical place for the 12 participating Decade countries to assess their progress to date so they can ensure that their initiatives are on track and are effective, and that conditions for the 4.5 million Roma who live in these countries are improving. By evaluating their efforts, governments would demonstrate their seriousness and commitment to the political pledges they made...

Muslims in the UK: Policies for Engaged Citizens

Zamila Bunglawala, Basia Spalek, Mark Halstead & Maleiha Malik
Greater government recognition of the needs of British Muslims is required to tackle the disadvantage, deprivation, and discrimination that this community faces, says the OSI report Muslims in the UK: Policies for Engaged Citizens. Presenting new analysis and data, the report, published by OSI's EU Monitoring and Advocacy Program, makes the case that religion is a more important aspect of identity than ethnicity for British Muslims. Currently both data collection and government policy too often...

Mapping Digital Media: Romania

Manuela Preoteasa, Iulian Comanescu & Ioana Avadani
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Romania was hit hard by the economic crisis of 2008–2009, which slowed the remarkable growth of its television, print, and online sectors over the previous decade. Moreover, with...

Mapping Digital Media: Pakistan

Huma Yusuf
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Pakistan has long suffered from high inflation, led by soaring food prices, which has increased poverty levels. According to the United Nations’ 2011 Human Development Report, half the...

Mapping Digital Media: The Media and Liability for Content on the Internet

Cynthia Wong & James X. Dempsey
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. This paper provides an overview of content liability on the internet, with a focus on the risks to human rights as governments claim extended authority over this unique,...

Mapping Digital Media: Poland

Andrzej Krajewski & Karim Diakite
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Digital switch-over of terrestrial broadcasting in Poland may still be almost a year away, but the lead-up and preparations to it have shed light on the most entrenched...

Mapping Digital Media: Russia

Alexei Pankin, Andrei Fedotov, Andrei Richter, Anastasia Alekseeva & Daria Osipova
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. In the two years preceding the financial crisis of 2008, Russia experienced unparalleled growth that helped boost computer ownership, internet subscription rates, and advertising in the media. The...

Mapping Digital Media: Jordan

Rana F. Sweis & Dina Baslan
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. With high levels of education and literacy, and a youthful population, Jordan is well-placed to explore the opportunities of digital media. Momentum for political reform was catalyzed by...

Mapping Digital Media: Kazakhstan

Frederick Emrich, Yevgeniya Plakhina & Dariya Tsyrenzhapova
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Oil-rich and ruled by an uncontested leader, Kazakhstan has in recent years moved further in the direction of restricting press freedom while the government’s grip tightens on the...

Mapping Digital Media: Armenia

Martin Ayvazyan, Ashot Melikyan, Mesrop Harutyunyan, Artur Papyan & Suren Deheryan
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Recent years have seen a rapid expansion of the internet in Armenia, not only among the residents of the capital city and other urban areas, but also in...

Mapping Digital Media: Finland

Sampsa Saikkonen & Paula Häkämies
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Traditional media, news platforms, and public service media have maintained their historically strong position in the digital era in Finland. Traditional media also dominate the news offering on...

Mapping Digital Media: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Meliha Tahmaz, Amer Džihana & Kristina Cendic
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Both media organizations and the organization of media in Bosnia and Herzegovina have been profoundly affected by ethnocentrism, political clientelism, the withdrawal of international donors, and the financial...

Mapping Digital Media: Digital Media, Conflict and Diasporas in the Horn of Africa

Iginio Gagliardone & Nicole Stremlau
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. The Horn of Africa is one of the least connected regions in the world. Nevertheless, digital media play an important social and political role in Eritrea, Ethiopia, and...

Mapping Digital Media: Freedom of Expression Rights in the Digital Age

Andrew Puddephatt
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. This paper assesses the impact of digital communications on the right to freedom of expression. It examines the internet and world wide web as a new platform for...

Mapping Digital Media: India

Vibodh Parthasarathi, Alam Srinivas, Archna Shukla, Supriya Chotani, Anja Kovacs, Anuradha Raman & Siddharth Narain
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. The United Nations pointed out in 2010 that more Indians have access to a mobile phone than to a toilet. There are over 800 million mobile connections, although...

Mapping Digital Media: Hungary

Borbála Tóth
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Media debate in Hungary has been dominated since mid-2010 by a new and far-reaching package of media laws, referred to collectively as the 2010 media regulation. Ostensibly enacted...

Mapping Digital Media: Lithuania

Artūras Račas, Liutauras Ulevičius & Džiugas Paršonis
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. The explosion of digital media and their impact on journalism and democracy in Lithuania coincided with the country's second decade of independence and with the economic crisis of...

Mapping Digital Media: Morocco

Bouziane Zaid & mohammed IBAHRINE
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Before the 1990s, the culture of media in Morocco was authoritarian, administrative, and partisan. This changed during the political liberalization and democratization that marked the second half of...

Mapping Digital Media: Moldova

Victor Gotisan, Olivia Pîrţac, Vitalie Dogaru, Roxana Teodorcic, Cristina Mogîldea & Tatiana Eţco
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. In Moldova, the combination of digitization and political change has increased the diversity of media outlets and their news, the plurality of opinions, and the transparency of public...

We’re Tired of Taking You to the Court: Human Rights Abuses by Kenya’s Anti-Terrorism Police Unit

Jonathan Horowitz
The Kenyan government has credited its Anti-Terrorism Police Unit (ATPU) with providing a robust counterterrorism response, thwarting dozens of terrorist plots, and arresting or killing dozens of terrorist suspects. But, in carrying out its work, the ATPU has committed a wide array of human rights abuses that violate international, regional, and domestic law. This report is based on over 40 interviews carried out by researchers from the Open Society Justice Initiative and Muslims for Human...

To Look At Life Through Women's Eyes: Women's Oral Histories From the Former Soviet Union

Debra Schultz & Elmira Shishkaraeva
This publication provides a small sample of groundbreaking research work undertaken by women scholars/activists from eight countries in the former Soviet Union. The experiences of the 14 women portrayed illustrate the challenges and small victories of life in Soviet and post-socialist times. To Look at Life Through Women's Eyes is intended to provide a vision of the region's diversity and rich history, as well as help create linkages between scholars of this region and the...

Registration Year

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