241 Works

Mapping Digital Media: Spain

Carles Llorens, Virginia Luzón & Helena P. Grau
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Since 2005, Spain has designed and implemented aggressive digitization policies that secured the switchoff of analog television in 2010, and developed the digital terrestrial television (DTT) market to...

On the Road to the EU: Monitoring Equal Opportunities for Women and Men in Croatia

Jagoda Milidrag Šmid
The effects on Croatian women of Croatia’s economic, legal, and institutional transformation in the early 1990s could be metaphorically described as follows: The Berlin wall had fallen on the heads of Croatian women. The results of the first multiparty parliamentary elections were devastating for women: only 4.8 percent of the candidates elected to Croatia's House of Representatives were women. It was not until the 2000 elections, which brought a new political party in power, that...

On the Road to the EU: Monitoring Equal Opportunities for Women and Men in Serbia

Marija Lukic
Currently Serbia is a diverse community with no social consensus on the majority of war crimes-related issues, as well as racism, homophobia, and gender equality. The conflict in values, ideologies, and goals is intense and persistent. At the same time, poverty, social exclusion, and violence are predominant characteristics, a way of life for marginalized groups, including women. One of the rare issues where consensus has emerged is a strong sense of affiliation and orientation towards...

Reassessing the Role of OSCE Police Assistance Programing in Central Asia

David Lewis
This paper provides an overview of Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) police-assistance programs in Central Asia, which the organization has been administering since 2001. The paper calls for a reappraisal of the framework within which OSCE police-assistance programs are implemented. In particular, it assesses the problems of conducting security-sector reform within a nondemocratic regime, and offers proposals for a more politically-informed response to security challenges in the Central Asian region. Reassessing the...

The Impact of Drug Policy on Women

Kasia Malinowska-Sempruch & Olga Rychkova
As member states of the United Nations take stock of the drug control system, a number of debates have emerged among governments about how to balance international drug laws with human rights, public health, alternatives to incarceration, and experimentation with regulation. This series intends to provide a primer on why governments must not turn a blind eye to pressing human rights and public health impacts of current drug policies. Across the globe, the failure of...

An End to Manels: Closing the Gender Gap at Europe’s Top Policy Events

Christal Morehouse, Alla Volkova & Silvia Ioana Fierăscu
The number of women who speak at key policy-shaping conferences across Europe is far below that of their male peers. Looking at five years of high-level conferences in Europe, this report finds that a woman has only one opportunity to speak for every three times a man speaks. The situation is not improving, but it can. Two conferences of the 23 conferences included in the report have shown that, with a concerted effort, they can...

On the Margins: Roma and Public Services in Slovakia

Ina Zoon
A report on the status of Roma in Slovakia, focusing on improving Romani access to social protection, health care, and housing.

On the Road to the EU: Monitoring Equal Opportunities for Women and Men in Macedonia

Jasminka Friscik & Lidija Dimova
An important part of European integration is harmonizing Macedonian legislation with that of the EU. From the EU directives concerning gender equality, the government of the Republic of Macedonia has incorporated those addressing the issues of equal pay and equal treatment of women and men. The other EU directives in question are at different stages of the same process: some are in the translation phase, and some have already been submitted to the appropriate ministries....

Television Across Europe: Regulation, Policy, and Independence

Marius Dragomir
The pivotal role of television in supporting democracy in Europe is under threat. Public service broadcasters are compromising quality to compete with commercial channels, and many of them depend on governments or political parties. Meanwhile, ever larger concentrations are developing in the commercial sector, often with clear political affiliations. These developments jeopardize broadcasting pluralism and diversity, with the new democracies of Central and Eastern Europe most at risk. These are the main findings of the...

Somalis in Copenhagen

Helle Stenum & Abdulkadir Osman Farah
Somalis in Copenhagen explores the views and experiences of Somalis living in Copenhagen and the challenges and successes of integration policies. The report focuses on six areas of local policy—education, employment, housing, health and social protection, policing and security, and citizenship and participation—as well as broader themes of belonging and identity and the role of the media.Immigration from Somalia to Denmark is a new phenomenon very much linked to the political situation in Somalia. The...

Roma Children in “Special Education” in Serbia

Milena Mihajlović & Christina McDonald
This Open Society Foundations study provides, for the first time, a comprehensive picture of the overrepresentation of Roma within special education in the Republic of Serbia. Roma make up approximately 30 percent of the children within special education in the Republic of Serbia, yet they constitute, at most, 6 percent of the total population. It is clear that the vast majority of these children do not belong in special education. Roma Children in “Special Education”...

Revisiting the EU Roma Framework: Assessing the European Dimension for the Post-2020 Future

Anna Mirga-Kruszelnicka
In this report, commissioned by the Open Society European Policy Institute, the author, Anna Mirga-Kruszelnicka, sets out to provide a shadow report to the European Commission on the practical implementation of the EU Roma Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies between 2011 and 2016. The report is based on desk research and 27 responses to a questionnaire distributed to active Roma and pro-Roma civil society organizations in nine countries: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, France, Hungary,...

Putting Complementarity into Practice: Domestic Justice for International Crimes in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, and Kenya

Eric A. Witte
Wars and mass violence regularly leave thousands of people raped or killed in their wake. National justice systems are meant to take the lead in bringing perpetrators to justice. But legal systems are often unable to do so because of armed conflict, corruption, or inadequate investment. Moreover, the enthusiasm of political leaders to bring high-level suspects to justice is often lacking. At the same time, the International Criminal Court (ICC) cannot deal with all the...

Monitoring Education for Roma

Christina McDonald
There is a fundamental lack of accurate information on Roma in Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe. The official census data that does exist in these countries consistently underestimates the size of the Roma population and provides inadequate information about Roma participation in all spheres of life. This failure has far-reaching consequences: the lack of information renders policy and planning ineffective and makes it impossible to monitor changes. Inadequate data also perpetuates vast disparities in...

Mapping of Donors Active in the International Youth Sector

Yael Ohana
Mapping of Donors Active in the International Youth Sector is a supplement to The International Youth Sector: Mapping and Directory. It offers an in-depth overview of the most important characteristics of donor engagement with the international youth sector and the youth sectors of different regions. It also provides information about both grantmaking and operational programs that support young people's initiatives. Mapping of Donors includes many organizations in The International Youth Sector but focuses more narrowly,...

Mapping Digital Media: Georgia

Ana Keshelashvili, Nino Danelia & Ninia Kakabadze
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Digitization in Georgia has two speeds: there are plentiful examples of the swift adoption and innovative use of digital media, but just as abundant is the evidence of...

Mapping Digital Media: How Television Went Digital in the Netherlands

Nico van Eijk & Bart van der Sloot
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. The Netherlands was the second country in Europe to switch off traditional analog television. On December 11, 2006, some three months after Luxembourg had taken this step, the...

Mapping Digital Media: Singapore

Joon Nie Lau, Trisha Lin & Mei Mei Low
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. The city-state of Singapore, with its five million people, has fully embraced the technology and opportunities presented by digitization. Nearly nine out of ten households have broadband access....

Mapping Digital Media: Online Media and Defamation

Toby Mendel
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. The internet is fantastically enabling for the news media, creating previously unimagined possibilities in terms of distribution, audience interaction, and archiving. But it also presents new threats, such...

Mapping Digital Media: Digital Media and Investigative Reporting

Mark Lee Hunter
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. The turmoil afflicting traditional media may well lead to a renaissance for investigative journalism in digital media. Whether or not this happens, however, will probably depend on whether...

Mapping Digital Media: Citizen Journalism and the Internet

Nadine Jurrat
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Citizen journalists have become regular contributors to mainstream news, providing information and some of today’s most iconic images, especially where professional journalists have limited access or none at...

Mapping Digital Media: Digitization and Media Business Models

Robert G. Picard
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. Media businesses need to be sustainable, but their traditional sources of income are, in many cases, drying up. In this paper, Robert Picard explains why this is happening,...

Habeas Coca: Bolivia’s Community Coca Control

Linda C. Farthing & Kathryn Ledebur
With significant pressure and earmarked funding from the United States and other demand-side countries, the Andean countries of Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru have struggled for decades with the question of how to limit the growth of coca and the export of cocaine and comply with UN drug conventions. Tactics such as forced eradication, criminalization, and marginalization of coca farmers have not only failed to significantly reduce cocaine production, but have had disastrous consequences for the...

Harm Undone: The Potential Influence of Harm Reduction on Political and Social Change in Central Asia

Marina Smelyanskaya & Kasia Malinowska-Sempruch
Central Asia's geographic location has not worked to its advantage in the decades following the fall of the Soviet Union. Proximity to the Middle East and susceptibility to influence from Russia have put significant pressure on the region's political and population dynamics. At the same time, the emergence of a major drug trafficking route out of Afghanistan coupled with socio-economic despair in the region has led to an increase in drug use, which has helped...

HIV/AIDS Policy in Ukraine: A Civil Society Perspective

Andriy Bega
Ukraine has the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS and the fastest-growing AIDS epidemic in Europe. Injecting drug use continues to drive the epidemic; approximately 70 percent of annual new HIV infections are directly or indirectly attributable to drug use. There are alarming signs that the AIDS epidemic is spreading to Ukraine's general population through sexual contact. From 1997 to 2005, the percentage of new cases resulting from heterosexual transmission tripled—from 11 to 34 percent. The Public...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    241

Resource Types

  • Report
    241

Affiliations

  • Open Society Foundations
    241
  • Carleton University
    1
  • University of Calgary
    1
  • York University
    1