241 Works

Ethnic Profiling in the Moscow Metro

Mirna Adjami
Riders on the Moscow Metro who appear non-Slavic are over twenty times more likely to be stopped by police than those who look Slavic, according to this report by the Open Society Justice Initiative, in partnership with JURIX and Lamberth Consulting. Riders who appear non-Slavic make up less than five percent of all Moscow Metro patrons but account for over half of all people stopped by the Moscow Metro police. Ethnic Profiling in the Moscow...

Ethnic Profiling in the European Union: Pervasive, Ineffective, and Discriminatory

Rachel Neild
Pervasive use of ethnic and religious stereotypes by law enforcement across Europe is harming efforts to combat crime and terrorism, according to this report released by the Open Society Justice Initiative. Ethnic profiling occurs most often in police decisions about who to stop, question, search, and, at times, arrest. Yet there is no evidence that ethnic profiling actually prevents terrorism or lowers crime rates. Throughout Europe, minorities and immigrant communities have reported discriminatory treatment by...

Death by Drone

Amrit Singh
In 2013, President Obama promised that before any U.S. drone strike, “there must be near-certainty that no civilians will be killed or injured.” Death by Drone questions whether he has kept that promise. The report casts serious doubt on whether the United States’ “near-certainty” standard is being met on the ground, and whether the U.S. is complying with international law. The nine case studies documented in this report provide credible evidence that U.S. airstrikes have...

On the Road to the EU: Monitoring Equal Opportunities for Women and Men in Kosovo

Besim M. Kajtazi
Although a number of legal institutions for equal opportunities have been established in Kosovo, more priority has been given to political issues (such as the solution of the final status of Kosovo) than to issues such as the equal treatment of women and men. This reflects the need for more social and institutional dialogue regarding gender equality and more engagement in promoting equal opportunities. This report is one of a seven-part series, "On the Road...

On the Road to the EU: Monitoring Equal Opportunities for Women and Men in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Nada Ler Sofronic, Branka Inic & Rada Lukic
Bosnia and Herzegovina is currently undergoing integration into the international legal order, in compliance with international and European requirements to establish a general nondiscriminatory framework and adopt gender-specific legislation and measures. This is a positive step toward possible implementation of equal opportunities for women and men, but its impact is extremely limited in everyday practices. Although the government has made significant efforts with regard to "gender mainstreaming," there is a wide gap between de jure...

Performance and Perception: The Impact of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Court of Cambodia

Heather Ryan & Laura McGrew
When the forces of the Party of Democratic Kampuchea―the Khmer Rouge―seized Cambodia’s capital Phnom Penh in April 1975, they began a reign of terror that brought death to nearly a quarter of the country’s eight million people, and added a new chapter to the 20th century’s grim history of mass atrocities. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) is tasked with bringing to trial those responsible for the war crimes, crimes against humanity,...

Profiling Minorities: A Study of Stop-and-Search Practices in Paris

Indira Goris, Fabien Jobard & René Lévy
Police officers in Paris consistently stop people on the basis of ethnicity and dress rather than on the basis of suspicious individual behavior, according to a report released by the Open Society Justice Initiative. The report documents over 500 police stops over a one-year period and across five locations in and around the Gare du Nord train station and Châtelet-Les Halles commuter rail station. The data show that Black people were between 3.3 and 11.5...

Parliamentary Power to the People: Analyzing Online and Offline Strategies in Latin America

Greg Michener
With their ability to shape a nation’s economic, social, and political future, national parliaments wield an incredible amount of power and influence over the citizens they represent. Yet in Latin America, public trust in the deliberative branch of government is alarmingly low. Part of the solution is political reform, but if parliaments are to become more trustworthy and effective, citizens also need to proactively engage representatives by means of greater participation and monitoring. Through the...

White Working Class Communities in Manchester

Amina Lone & Daniel Silver
This report is part of a six-city research series, Europe’s White Working Class Communities, which examines the realities of people from majority populations in Aarhus, Amsterdam, Berlin, Lyon, Manchester, and Stockholm. White Working Class Communities in Manchester explores the experiences and concerns of segments of the majority population in Higher Blackley, a ward in the north of Manchester. The report focuses on seven areas of local policy—employment, education, health, housing, political participation, policing, and the...

The Strategic Costs of Civilian Harm

Christopher D. Kolenda, Rachel Reid, Chris Rogers & Marte Retzius
During the early years of the United States’ involvement in Afghanistan, the U.S. military was killing too many civilians and depriving too many others of basic rights and liberties. By 2008, nearly 40 percent of civilian deaths in Afghanistan resulted from U.S. military operations. The level of “civilian harm”—the military’s term for killing innocent civilians and causing major political, social, and economic disruption—was adversely impacting the United States’ efforts to defeat the Taliban and weakening...

Well-Being Reconsidered: Empowering Grassroots Organizations

Roxana Radu & Jelena Radišić
This volume is the outcome of the Grassroots Europe for Local Well-being project of the Education Support Program. This initiative seeks to involve European community-based educational grassroots organizations in EU policy debates. The initiative gives European citizens active in the field of education and social inclusion the opportunity to interact with each other, with policy-makers as well as civil society organization at the local, national, and EU level. At the local level it pursues a...

On the Road to the EU: Monitoring Equal Opportunities for Women and Men in South Eastern Europe

Éva Földvári & Valdet Sala
Women in South Eastern Europe have yet to attain full gender equality and are at severe disadvantage compared to their counterparts in the EU, according to On the Road to the EU: Monitoring Equal Opportunities for Women and Men in South Eastern Europe, a report sponsored by the Open Society Network Women's Program. Published as some of the countries in South Eastern Europe are set to join the EU or begin accession negotiations, the report...

Somalis in Amsterdam

Gery Nijenhuis & ilse van liempt
Somalis in Amsterdam explores the experiences and concerns of the Somalis living in the city of Amsterdam, focusing on five areas of local policy—employment, education, health, political participation, and policing—as well as broader themes of belonging and identity. The Netherlands is home to one of Europe’s largest Somali communities. Somalis in Amsterdam are a diverse group—including first-generation refugee and asylum seekers who have recently fled the war in Somalia, second-generation Dutch Somalis born in the...

Promoting a Stable and Multiethnic Kyrgyzstan: Overcoming the Causes and Legacies of Violence

Neil Melvin
In June 2010, southern Kyrgyzstan erupted in a series of extremely violent confrontations involving Kyrgyz and Uzbeks groups. Within three days the clashes claimed the lives of at least 400 people, left more than 2,500 injured and created a refugee disaster with 400,000 displaced persons, a large number of which crossed the nearby border to Uzbekistan. After the violence had subsided, large parts of two key urban centers in southern Kyrgyzstan, Osh and Jalalabad, were...

Skills Training and Capacity Building in Harm Reduction

Anna Alexandrova, Alexis Andrews, Anna Moshkova, Sue Simon & Magdalena Sklarski
Developing and sustaining successful HIV prevention strategies that address the needs of drug users and other vulnerable groups is a vitally important task for governments, non-governmental organizations, medical providers and affected communities. An international evidence base has proven that harm reduction strategies are successful, both in reducing drug-related harms and in preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS. As a result, stakeholders should be vigilant in their support of these efforts and the individuals who provide these...

Roma Health Mediators: Successes and Challenges

Marta Schaaf
Roma Health Mediators: Successes and Challenges looks at mediation programs in six countries: Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, and Ukraine. Mediators have made great strides in addressing the poor health conditions found in Roma settlements in these countries. They have helped increase vaccination rates among Roma, helped clients obtain identification and insurance documents, provided health education to Roma children and adults, and improved health care provider knowledge and attitudes about Roma. Despite the success of...

Somalis in Helsinki

Marja Tiilikainen, Abdirashid Ismail, Elina Tuusa, Maryan Abdulkarim & Abdurasak Adam
Somalis in Helsinki explores the experiences of Somalis in employment, education, health, political participation, and policing as well as their sense of identity and belonging in Helsinki. Until recently, Finnish society had been somewhat homogenous but it is becoming increasingly diverse. People with Somali origins are now the third-largest group of foreign origin in Finland. This Open Society report offers the most up-to-date insight on how Somalis feel about where they live and what challenges...

Muslims in London

Tufyal Choudhury, Gavin Moorhead & Myriam Cherti
“I have grown up here so I believe it is my place. I don’t feel that I am an outsider. This is my country. I had my education here and I am very pleased that I am a British Muslim.” —Focus group respondent Muslims in London highlights the complexities around belonging and identity amongst Muslim and non-Muslim residents living in Waltham Forest, one of London’s 2012 Olympic boroughs. The research reveals that that local not...

North Macedonia: What’s Next?

Ioannis Armakolas, Ivan Bandovic, Dimitar Bechev & Bodo Weber
In January 2019, Macedonia’s parliament approved, by a two-thirds majority, a constitutional amendment to change the country’s name to the Republic of North Macedonia. While this represented a major step toward North Macedonia’s ultimate goal of establishing a durable, stable democracy, the name change must still be endorsed by Greece’s parliament before it can go into full effect. But as a new report from the Open Society European Policy Institute shows, a newly-named North Macedonia...

Muslims in Antwerp

Noel Clycq
"I feel very much at home in Antwerp, but there are moments when I don't. For example, the headscarf—people are talking about it more and more and think of you negatively when they see you wearing it." —Open Society Foundations questionnaire respondent, Antwerp Muslims in Antwerp confirms the deep sense of belonging to the city among Muslim residents and the city's strong commitment to innovative programs that promote diversity and inclusion. It also reveals, however,...

Muslims in Europe: A Report on 11 EU Cities

Tufyal Choudhury
The Open Society Foundations' Muslims in Europe report series constitutes the comparative analysis of data from 11 cities in seven European countries. It points out common trends and offers recommendations at the local, national, and international levels, including to the European Union and to international organizations. While not representative of the situation of all Muslims in these cities, this report does capture a snapshot of the experiences of Muslim communities in select neighborhoods in Amsterdam...

The Economics of the Drug War: Unaccounted Costs, Lost Lives, Missed Opportunities

Daniel Mejía & Joanne Csete
As member states of the United Nations take stock of the drug control system, a number of debates have emerged among governments about how to balance international drug laws with human rights, public health, alternatives to incarceration, and experimentation with regulation. This series intends to provide a primer on why governments must not turn a blind eye to pressing human rights and public health impacts of current drug policies. Fiscally minded policymakers should invest in...

The Impact of Drug Policies on Children and Young People

Damon Barrett
As member states of the United Nations take stock of the drug control system, a number of debates have emerged among governments about how to balance international drug laws with human rights, public health, alternatives to incarceration, and experimentation with regulation. This series intends to provide a primer on why governments must not turn a blind eye to pressing human rights and public health impacts of current drug policies. Children and young people are appropriately...

Muslims in Marseille

Françoise Lorcerie & Vincent Geisser
“Christmas and Easter are marked as holidays, but not Eid or the end of the fast [of Ramadan]. Every time, we need to explain why we are asking for a day off, because according to the calendar it's a normal working day. In private firms, if you want [holiday] leave, you have to ask for a day off. Then it’s either yes or no. It's up to the boss, if he doesn’t want it, we...

Mapping Digital Media: Nicaragua

Leonor Zuniga & Cornelio Hopmann
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs. The development of digital media in Nicaragua is progressing alongside a return to repressive media policies and a clamping down on independent journalism by both the state and...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    241

Resource Types

  • Report
    241

Affiliations

  • Open Society Foundations
    241
  • Carleton University
    1
  • University of Calgary
    1
  • York University
    1