13 Works

IGS Technical Report 2012

Rolf Dach & Yoomin Jean
Applications of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) to Earth Sciences are numerous. The International GNSS Service (IGS), a federation of government agencies, universities and research institutions, plays an increasingly critical role in support of GNSS–related research and engineering activities. This Technical Report 2012 includes contributions from the IGS Governing Board, the Central Bureau, Analysis Centers, Data Centers, station and network operators, and others highlighting status and important activities, changes and results that took place...

Autonomous exploration and inspection

Dirk Holz
Autonomous mobile robots need internal environment representations or models of their environment in order to act in a goal-directed manner, plan actions and navigate effectively. Especially in those situations where a robot can not be provided with a manually constructed model or in environments that change over time, the robot needs to possess the ability of autonomously constructing models and maintaining these models on its own. To construct a model of an environment multiple sensor...

A computational model of robotic surprise

Alex Juarez
The research of autonomous artificial agents that adapt to and survive in changing, possibly hostile environments, has gained momentum in recent years. Many of such agents incorporate mechanisms to learn and acquire new knowledge from its environment, a feature that becomes fundamental to enable the desired adaptation, and account for the challenges that the environment poses. The issue of how to trigger such learning, however, has not been as thoroughly studied as its significance suggest....

Fault reasoning based on naive physics

Naveed Akhtar
A system that interacts with its environment can be much more robust if it is able to reason about the faults that occur in its environment, despite perfect functioning of its internal components. For robots, which interact with the same environment as human beings, this robustness can be obtained by incorporating human-like reasoning abilities in them. In this work we use naive physics to enable reasoning about external faults in robots. We propose an approach...

XPERSIF: a software integration framework & architecture for robotic learning by experimentation

Iman Awaad & Beatriz Leon
The integration of independently-developed applications into an efficient system, particularly in a distributed setting, is the core issue addressed in this work. Cooperation between researchers across various field boundaries in order to solve complex problems has become commonplace. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of such efforts, individual applications are developed independent of the integration process. The integration of individual applications into a fully-functioning architecture is a complex and multifaceted task. This thesis extends a component-based...

Improving reliability of mobile manipulators against unknown external faults

Naveed Akhtar
A robot (e.g. mobile manipulator) that interacts with its environment to perform its tasks, often faces situations in which it is unable to achieve its goals despite perfect functioning of its sensors and actuators. These situations occur when the behavior of the object(s) manipulated by the robot deviates from its expected course because of unforeseeable ircumstances. These deviations are experienced by the robot as unknown external faults. In this work we present an approach that...

CSR-Handbuch : ein Ratgeber

Thomas Krickhahn & Simone Matthaei
Aus dem Projekt "Förderung angehender weiblicher Führungskräfte in kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen als CSR-Maßnahme"; ein Projekt der Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg im Rahmen des Programms "CSR-Gesellschaftliche Verantwortung im Mittelstand" gefördert durch das Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales und durch den Europäischen Sozialfonds.

Konzeption einer Verkehrsnetzrepräsentation für kognitive Agenten in virtuellen Umgebungen

Tobias Haubrich
Als Basis für Simulationen innerhalb virtueller Umgebungen werden meist unterliegende Semantiken benötigt. Im Fall von Verkehrssimulationen werden in der Regel definierte Verkehrsnetzwerke genutzt. Die Erstellung dieser Netzwerke wird meist per Hand durchgeführt, wodurch sie fehleranfällig ist und viel Zeit erfordert. Dieses Projekt wurde im Rahmen des AVeSi Projektes durchgeführt, in dem an der Entwicklung einer realistischen Verkehrssimulation für virtuelle Umgebung geforscht wird. Der im Projekt angestrebte Simulationsansatz basiert auf der Nutzung von zwei Komplexitätsebenen –...

Methods for failure detection for mobile manipulation

Anastassia Küstenmacher
The work presented in this paper focuses on the comparison of well-known and new fault-diagnosis algorithms in the robot domain. The main challenge for fault diagnosis is to allow the robot to effectively cope not only with internal hardware and software faults but with external disturbances and errors from dynamic and complex environments as well. Based on a study of literature covering fault-diagnosis algorithms, I selected four of these methods based on both linear and...

Active tracking with accelerated image processing in hardware

Alexander Bochem
This thesis work presents the implementation and validation of image processing problems in hardware to estimate the performance and precision gain. It compares the implementation for the addressed problem on a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) with a software implementation for a General Purpose Processor (GPP) architecture. For both solutions the implementation costs for their development is an important aspect in the validation. The analysis of the flexibility and extendability that can be achieved by...

3D people detection in domestic environments

Frederik Hegger
The ability of detecting people has become a crucial subtask, especially in robotic systems which aim an application in public or domestic environments. Robots already provide their services e.g. in real home improvement markets and guide people to a desired product. In such a scenario many robot internal tasks would benefit from the knowledge of knowing the number and positions of people in the vicinity. The navigation for example could treat them as dynamical moving...

Learning qualitative models by an autonomous robot

Ashok Mohan
This thesis introduces and demonstrates a novel method for learning qualitative models of the world by an autonomous robot. The method makes possible generation of qualitative models that can be used for prediction as well as directing the experiments to improve the model. The qualitative models form the knowledge representation of the robot and consists of qualitative trees and non-deterministic finite automaton. An efficient exploration algorithm that lets the robot collect the most relevant learning...

3D Object Shape Categorization in Domestic Environments

Christian Atanas Müller
In service robotics, tasks without the involvement of objects are barely applicable, like in searching, fetching or delivering tasks. Service robots are supposed to capture efficiently object related information in real world scenes while for instance considering clutter and noise, and also being flexible and scalable to memorize a large set of objects. Besides object perception tasks like object recognition where the object’s identity is analyzed, object categorization is an important visual object perception cue...

Registration Year

  • 2015
    13

Resource Types

  • Report
    13

Affiliations

  • Bonn-Rhein-Sieg University of Applied Sciences
    3