20 Works

An Editorial Welcome to The Student Journal of Natural Sciences, 2019.

Antonia Law, Kate Baker, Aina Morgas Barcons, Harry Williams, Andy Mitten, Adam Jeffery, Emma Green, James Appleby, Glenda Jones & Steven Rogers
Editorial welcome to The Student Journal of Natural Sciences, 2019, published by Keele University.

Reflected Light Microscopy as an Efficient and Costeffective Method for the Detection Of Calcareous Micro-fossils, An Example from the Much Wenlock Limestone Formation, Shropshire, UK

Rowshunara Hussain, Steven L. Rogers & Joel Blackburn
Ovummuridae are calcareous egg-shaped microfossils of unknown biological affinity. There are limited observations in the literature due to their occurrence only within exceptionally preserved carbonate rocks. The first observation and subsequent erection of the family was via scanning electron microscope imagery; more recently standard light microscopy has been used successfully to observe these microfossils. In this study 124 polished and etched thin sections from various lithofacies from the Much Wenlock Limestone Formation were studied via...

Emergence of highly antibiotic resistant 'Superbugs' and the implications of antibiotic resistance

Johal Gurniak
Many types of bacteria are now insensitive to antibiotics, the drugs which were designed to kill them; this insensitivity is known as antibiotic resistance (AR). Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is responsible for widely distributing antibiotic resistance among bacteria. ‘Superbugs’, such as Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), are particularly evasive, with resistance to several different antibiotics. The expression of high levels of resistance in these bacteria is due to novel, non-standard, proteins, including Penicillin-Binding Protein 2a (PBP2a),...

Decoupled dust deposition and ocean productivity in the Antarctic Zone of the Southern Ocean over the past 1.5 million years

Michael E. Weber , Ian Bailey , Sidney R. Hemming , Yasmina M. Martos , Brendan T. Reilly , Thomas A. Ronge , Stefanie Brachfeld , Trevor Williams , Maureen Raymo , Simon T. Belt , Hendrik Vogel , Victoria Peck , Linda Armbrecht , Alix Cage , Fabricio G. Cardillo , Zhiheng Du , Gerson Fauth , Christopher J. Fogwill , Marga Garcia , Marlo Garnsworthy , Anna Glüder , Michelle Guitard , Marcus Gutjahr , Iván Hernández-Almeida , Frida S. Hoem … & Xufeng Zheng
Southern Ocean paleoceanography provides key insights into how iron fertilization and oceanic productivity developed through Pleistocene ice-ages and their role in influencing the carbon cycle. We report the first high-resolution record of dust deposition and ocean productivity for the Antarctic Zone, close to the main dust source, Patagonia. Our deep-ocean records cover the last 1.5 Ma, thus doubling that from Antarctic ice-cores. We find a ≥10-fold increase in dust deposition during glacials and a ≤5-fold...

Sudden Transition to Online Learning: an Action Research Study Exploring Foundation Year Students’ Experience at Keele University

Naqash Masood & Laura Hibberts
The COVID-19 pandemic induced closure of the university campuses resulted in forced improvisation and adoption of online learning. Following sudden transition towards exclusive online learning, we needed to know more about students’ experience to identify best online teaching practices. This action research project was aimed to study experiences of the foundation year students in the context of sudden transition to online learning. Virtual focus group meetings were used as a method of data collection. A...

Bringing Ethical Dilemmas to Life: the Use of Drama Teaching in Healthcare Education

Maria D. Allinson, Simon Jacklin, Lorraine Corfield & Jill Rezzano

The Chemiluminescent imaging of blood on washed cotton and polyester fabrics

Duwaraga Manoharan
Luminol is a sensitive test used by forensic investigators to detect blood over a large area in crime scenes. When in contact with blood, luminol emits a bright blue light. This reaction, known as chemiluminescence, was utilised in this study to test luminol sensitivity on 60, 100% cotton and 60, 100% polyester swatches measuring 10cm by 10cm. All samples were washed once, twice or thrice with non-biological or biological laundry capsules, air-dried and subsequently sprayed...

HIT (Hip Injection Trial) Advice and Exercise Leaflet

Edward Roddy, Zoe Paskins, Stefannie Garvin & Susie Hennings

How can we meet the energy challenges of small and remote coastal communities affected by climate change in Bangladesh and globally? Keele University Institute for Sustainable Futures Discussion Paper 2

Adam Moolna, Samiya Selim, Sharon George, Shantanu Kumar Saha, Carolyn Roberts, Joy Bhowmik, Ashley Hulme, Simon George, Sayeda Karim & Zoe Robinson
In Bangladesh, energy poverty in small and remote coastal communities inhibits development and exacerbates livelihood and migration pressures, social changes, and gender disparities. Climate change threatens low lying coastal areas, bringing sea level rise and increasing salinity. Cyclones and flash floods are having increasing impacts on coastal terrains, habitats, and associated livelihoods. Such challenges are faced by similar communities globally and represent significant barriers to addressing multiple UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - in particular...

Integrating Video Content into Humanities Teaching: a case study

Jordan Kistler & Jonathon Shears
Screencasts and other video content offer an innovative means of improving communication between tutors and students and addressing student concerns about limited contact hours, which can be particularly pressing in English Literature. Our students’ comments make it clear they require further guidance and support, despite extensive feedback provided on written work and guidance provided in module handbooks. This likely results from the nature of the subject which foregrounds self-reflective learning and has fewer contact hours...

Foundations for Computing: Applying Pedagogy to a Foundation Year Computer Science Module

Adam Wootton
Computers and Programming is a core module for Foundation Year students at Keele University intending to progress on to study Computer Science. This paper details a three-year reflection on how this module could be better delivered. After several areas for address were identified, it was found that changes to the structure, teaching activities and assessment of the module, in keeping with the principles of constructive alignment, led to significant improvement in student assessment performance. This...

From testing recollection and knowledge to authentically assessing understanding and application: a case study at Level 4

Phillip Andrews
Authentic assessment is increasingly prized in all tiers of education. In order to inform and facilitate the design of such an assessment strategy a number of authors propose criteria or models of design that the educator can apply to their particular programme. In a review of the Level 4 module ‘The Foundations of Radiographic Science’ the current assessment strategy was found to test recollection and knowledge, but not to meet the criteria for an authentic...

Pluralising International Relations with the Global IR Agenda

Iona Clayton
How global is International Relations really? The discipline of International Relations (IR) has long been criticised for its Eurocentric foundations and perspectives. At the International Studies Association (ISA) Convention in 2014, the ISA President, Amitav Acharya, promoted the novel Global IR agenda. Constituted of six dimensions, the Agenda seeks to globalise the IR discipline. This article will first define International Relations, linking a broad definition to the root of Eurocentrism within the discipline. It provides...

Re-designing preclinical neuropharmacology teaching to enhance student engagement and active learning

Margaux Horn
Group-based teaching can be an effective means of promoting active learning. As part of a medical degree, these sessions often focus on a clinical case. The students work collaboratively to build on previous knowledge and gain a deeper understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms causing disease. However, a student-led approach can lead to frustration (and consequently sacrifice engagement) if the sessions are not designed with enough guidance to enable students to “scaffold” their learning. This case...

Developing Graduate Skills through Studying Seventeenth-Century Literature: Some Reflections

Rachel Adcock
This paper advocates for the use of learner-centred teaching activities and enquiry-based assessment through reflection on the organisation of a FHEQ Level 5 seventeenth-century English literature module. While English is a subject where, traditionally, students find it difficult to recognise and articulate their transferable skills, this paper explores how embedding such activities equips students with a range of transferable skills and attributes which, in turn, contributes to the sustainability agenda. The paper also reflects on...

The Housing Response to New Refugee Flows in Amsterdam: a Governance Perspective

Sophie Colebourne
To-date, little research has been conducted regarding the governance of long-term housing solutions for refugees. As such, a critical gap remains within academia. This research aims to investigate the importance of housing governance for new refugees in the Netherlands, with a specific focus on the region of Amsterdam. With a pre-existing tight housing market, upon increased refugee flows from 2015, the city struggled to deal with the challenge of accommodating such numbers of newcomers. By...

The effect of sensory stimulation combined with mirror box therapy on fine dexterity of the hand: Mobilisation and Tactile Stimulation (MTS)

Victoria Andrews
Purpose: To look at the effect of Mobilisation and Tactile stimulation (MTS) combined with mirror box therapy on fine dexterity of the hand. There is a gap in the literature for the use of mirror therapy, the 9 Hole Peg Test (9HPT) and MTS combined with healthy participants to assess the effects on dexterity in the upper limb. Method: A before and after study allowed most transparency in answering the research question. Comparison of intervention...

Diazepam: The Detection Of A Date Rape Drug

E Pryce, M Stubbs & H Tanner

Exploring Renewable Energy Potential To Electrify Remote Schools In India: A Literature Review

A Tamboli & Simon D. George

Tectonic and environmental perturbations at the Permian-Triassic boundary: insights from the Blue Nile River Basin in central Ethiopia

Maryam Mansouri , Matthias Hinderer , Laura Stutenbecker , Guido Meinhold , Enkurie L. Dawit , Jasper Berndt & Robert Bussert
The Blue Nile River Basin contains a thick fluvio-lacustrine sediment succession of Permian to Jurassic age. Its evolution is linked to extensional tectonics during break-up of Pangea in the aftermath of the Carboniferous-Permian glaciation. We collected sandstone samples from several sections in order to study the tectonic evolution and possible impacts of environmental perturbation around the Permian-Triassic boundary. Based on thin-section petrography, bulk-rock geochemistry, heavy mineral spectra, and detrital zircon U-Pb ages we are able...

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