2,251 Works

Sevoflurane suppresses migration and invasion of glioma cells by regulating miR-146b-5p and MMP16

Le Zhang, Jun Wang, Zhijie Fu, YanQiu Ai, Yanrong Li, Ying Wang & Yanping Wang
Glioma is the most common brain tumor with poor prognosis all over the world. Anesthetics have been demonstrated to have important impacts on cell migration and invasion in different cancers. However, the underlying mechanism that allows anesthetics-mediated progression of glioma cells remains elusive. Sevoflurane (Sev), a class of common anesthetics, was used to expose to U87-MG and U251 cells. The expressions of microRNA-146b-5p (miR-146b-5p) and matrix metallopeptidase 16 (MMP16)were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain...

Chiral 4-O-acylterpineol as transdermal permeation enhancers: insights of the enhancement mechanisms of a transdermal enantioselective delivery system for flurbiprofen

Tianzhe Chu, Chunyan Wang, Jing Wang, Heping Wang, Dandan Geng, Chensi Wu, Linlin Zhao & Ligang Zhao
In order to devise more effective penetration enhancers, 4-O-acylterpineol derivatives which were expected to be hydrolyzed into nontoxic metabolites by esterase in the living epidermis, were synthesized from 4-terpineol (4-TER) enantiomers and straight chain fatty acids. Their promoting activities on the SR-flurbiprofen and its enantiomers were tested across full-thickness rabbit skin, as well as to correlate under in vitro and in vivo conditions. The permeation studies indicated that both d-4-O-acylterpineol and l-4-O-acylterpineol had significant enhancing...

Trends in prevalence and incidence of scabies from 1990 to 2017: findings from the global Burden of disease study 2017

Wei Zhang, Yujiao Zhang, Lina Luo, Wenyong Huang, Xiaoping Shen, Xian Dong, Wen Zeng & Hongguang Lu
Scabies remains a significant public health concern globally, affecting people of all ages, races, and socioeconomic groups. The epidemic characteristics of scabies are yet unravelled, especially in high-income countries and elderly population. In this study, we sought to investigate incidence and prevalence and their trends of scabies worldwide from 1990 to 2017 via the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2017. The prevalence and incidence of scabies tend to a moderate increase after age 70....

Trends in Prevalence and Incidence of Scabies from 1990 to 2017: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

Wei Zhang, Yujiao Zhang, Lina Luo, Wenyong Huang, Xiaoping Shen, Xian Dong, Wen Zeng & Hongguang Lu
Scabies remains a significant public health concern globally, affecting people of all ages, races, and socioeconomic groups. The epidemic characteristics of scabies are yet unraveled, especially in high-income countries and elderly population. In this study, we sought to investigate incidence and prevalence and their trends of scabies worldwide from 1990 to 2017 via the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2017. The prevalence and incidence of age-standardized rate (ASR) of scabies tend to a moderate...

Dissipation rates, residue distribution and dietary risk assessment of isoprothiolane and tebuconazole in paddy field using UPLC-MS/MS

Guofeng Chen, Feng Liu, Xiaobo Zhang, Jiannan Dong, Yuxin Qiao, Ruiying Zhang & Hui Liao
A QuEChERS method was developed to simultaneously quantify isoprothiolane and tebuconazole in paddy field samples by using UPLC-MS/MS. The method has been successfully applied in determining isoprothiolane and tebuconazole in brown rice, polished rice, rice husk and straw. The dissipation behaviour of isoprothiolane and tebuconazole in rice followed first-order kinetics, with a linear correlation coefficient of 0.8283 to 0.9877. The degradation half-life of isoprothiolane in rice grain was 6.5–25.7 days, whereas that of tebuconazole was...

Supplemental Material, sj-doc-1-ear-10.1177_0145561320974863 - Primary Heterotopic Meningioma of Nasal Cavity: Case Report and Literature Review

Xianwen Hu, Maoyan Jiang, Zelong Feng, Juan Wang, Pan Wang & Jiong Cai
Supplemental Material, sj-doc-1-ear-10.1177_0145561320974863 for Primary Heterotopic Meningioma of Nasal Cavity: Case Report and Literature Review by Xianwen Hu, Maoyan Jiang, Zelong Feng, Juan Wang, Pan Wang and Jiong Cai in Ear, Nose & Throat Journal

A pH/ROS cascade-responsive and self-accelerating drug release nanosystem for the targeted treatment of multi-drug-resistant colon cancer

Na Chang, Yufei Zhao, Ning Ge & Liting Qian
The efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents for colon cancer treatment is limited by multidrug resistance (MDR) and insufficient intracellular release of the administered nanomedicine. To overcome these limitations, we constructed a pH/ROS cascade-responsive and self-accelerating drug release nanoparticle system (PLP-NPs) for the treatment of multidrug-resistant colon cancer. The PLP-NPs comprised a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive polymeric paclitaxel (PTX) prodrug (DEX-TK-PTX), a pH-sensitive poly(l-histidine) (PHis), and beta-lapachone (Lapa), a ROS-generating agent. We found that PLP-NPs could accumulate...

A pH/ROS cascade-responsive and self-accelerating drug release nanosystem for the targeted treatment of multi-drug-resistant colon cancer

Na Chang, Yufei Zhao, Ning Ge & Liting Qian
The efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents for colon cancer treatment is limited by multidrug resistance (MDR) and insufficient intracellular release of the administered nanomedicine. To overcome these limitations, we constructed a pH/ROS cascade-responsive and self-accelerating drug release nanoparticle system (PLP-NPs) for the treatment of multidrug-resistant colon cancer. The PLP-NPs comprised a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive polymeric paclitaxel (PTX) prodrug (DEX-TK-PTX), a pH-sensitive poly(l-histidine) (PHis), and beta-lapachone (Lapa), a ROS-generating agent. We found that PLP-NPs could accumulate...

ddPCR: a more accurate tool for SARS-CoV-2 detection in low viral load specimens

Tao Suo, Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Ming Guo, Wenjia Hu, Dong Guo, Hafiz Ullah, Yang Yang, Qiuhan Zhang, Xin Wang, Muhanmmad Sajid, Zhixiang Huang, Liping Deng, Tielong Chen, Fang Liu, Ke Xu, Yuan Liu, Qi Zhang, Yingle Liu, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Ke Lan & Yu Chen
Quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR) is widely used as the gold standard for clinical detection of SARS-CoV-2. However, due to the low viral load specimens and the limitations of RT-PCR, significant numbers of false negative reports are inevitable, which results in failure to timely diagnose, cut off transmission, and assess discharge criteria. To improve this situation, an optimized droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used for detection of SARS-CoV-2, which showed that the limit of detection...

Epidemiology and clinical course of COVID-19 in Shanghai, China

Yinzhong Shen, Fang Zheng, Danfeng Sun, Yun Ling, Jun Chen, Feng Li, Tao Li, Zhiping Qian, Yuyi Zhang, Qingnian Xu, Li Liu, Qin Huang, Fei Shan, Lie Xu, Jun Wu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Zhigang Song, Shenyang Li, Yuxin Shi, Jianliang Zhang, Xueyun Wu, Joshua B. Mendelsohn, Tongyu Zhu & Hongzhou Lu
Background: Novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) is prevalent around the world. We aimed to describe epidemiological features and clinical course in Shanghai. Methods: We retrospectively analysed 325 cases admitted at Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, between January 20 and February 29, 2020. Results: 47.4% (154/325) had visited Wuhan within 2 weeks of illness onset. 57.2% occurred in 67 clusters; 40% were situated within 53 family clusters. 83.7% developed fever during the disease course. Median times from...

Robust neutralization assay based on SARS-CoV-2 S-protein-bearing vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) pseudovirus and ACE2-overexpressing BHK21 cells

Hua-Long Xiong, Yang-Tao Wu, Jia-Li Cao, Ren Yang, Ying-Xia Liu, Jian Ma, Xiao-Yang Qiao, Xiang-Yang Yao, Bao-Hui Zhang, Ya-Li Zhang, Wang-Heng Hou, Yang Shi, Jing-Jing Xu, Liang Zhang, Shao-Juan Wang, Bao-Rong Fu, Ting Yang, Sheng-Xiang Ge, Jun Zhang, Quan Yuan, Bao-Ying Huang, Zhi-Yong Li, Tian-Ying Zhang & Ning-Shao Xia
The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disaster for human society. A convenient and reliable neutralization assay is very important for the development of vaccines and novel drugs. In this study, a G protein-deficient vesicular stomatitis virus (VSVdG) bearing a truncated spike protein (S with C-terminal 18 amino acid truncation) was compared to that bearing the full-length spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 and showed much higher efficiency. A neutralization assay was established based...

SARS-CoV-2 spike produced in insect cells elicits high neutralization titres in non-human primates

Tingting Li, Qingbing Zheng, Hai Yu, Dinghui Wu, Wenhui Xue, Hualong Xiong, Xiaofen Huang, Meifeng Nie, Mingxi Yue, Rui Rong, Sibo Zhang, Yuyun Zhang, Yangtao Wu, Shaojuan Wang, Zhenghui Zha, Tingting Chen, Tingting Deng, Yingbin Wang, Tianying Zhang, Yixin Chen, Quan Yuan, Qinjian Zhao, Jun Zhang, Ying Gu, Shaowei Li … & Ningshao Xia
The current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic was the result of the rapid transmission of a highly pathogenic coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), for which there is no efficacious vaccine or therapeutic. Toward the development of a vaccine, here we expressed and evaluated as potential candidates four versions of the spike (S) protein using an insect cell expression system: receptor binding domain (RBD), S1 subunit, the wild-type S ectodomain (S-WT), and the...

SARS-CoV-2 spike produced in insect cells elicits high neutralization titres in non-human primates

Tingting Li, Qingbing Zheng, Hai Yu, Dinghui Wu, Wenhui Xue, Hualong Xiong, Xiaofen Huang, Meifeng Nie, Mingxi Yue, Rui Rong, Sibo Zhang, Yuyun Zhang, Yangtao Wu, Shaojuan Wang, Zhenghui Zha, Tingting Chen, Tingting Deng, Yingbin Wang, Tianying Zhang, Yixin Chen, Quan Yuan, Qinjian Zhao, Jun Zhang, Ying Gu, Shaowei Li … & Ningshao Xia
The current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic was the result of the rapid transmission of a highly pathogenic coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), for which there is no efficacious vaccine or therapeutic. Toward the development of a vaccine, here we expressed and evaluated as potential candidates four versions of the spike (S) protein using an insect cell expression system: receptor binding domain (RBD), S1 subunit, the wild-type S ectodomain (S-WT), and the...

Retrospective analysis on incidence and risk factors of early onset acute kidney injury after lung transplantation and its association with mortality

Wen-Wen Du, Xiao-Xing Wang, Dan Zhang, Wen-Qian Chen, Xiang-Lin Zhang & Peng-Mei Li
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication after lung transplantation (LTx) which is closely related to the poor prognosis of patients. We aimed to explore potential risk factors and outcomes associated with early post-operative AKI after LTx. A retrospective study was conducted in 136 patients who underwent LTx at our institution from 2017 to 2019. AKI was defined according to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guideline. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted...

Retrospective analysis on incidence and risk factors of early onset acute kidney injury after lung transplantation and its association with mortality

Wen-Wen Du, Xiao-Xing Wang, Dan Zhang, Wen-Qian Chen, Xiang-Lin Zhang & Peng-Mei Li
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication after lung transplantation (LTx) which is closely related to the poor prognosis of patients. We aimed to explore potential risk factors and outcomes associated with early post-operative AKI after LTx. A retrospective study was conducted in 136 patients who underwent LTx at our institution from 2017 to 2019. AKI was defined according to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guideline. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted...

Effect of low-level ultrasound treatment on the production of L-leucine by Corynebacterium glutamicum in fed-batch culture

Yufu Zhang, Zhichao Chen, Pengjie Sun, Qingyang Xu & Ning Chen
Various process intensification methods were proposed to improve the yield, quality, and safety of fermented products. Here, we report the enhancement of L-leucine production by Corynebacterium glutamicum CP using ultrasound-assisted fed-batch fermentation. Response surface methodology was employed to optimize the sonication conditions. At an ultrasonic power density of 94 W/L, frequency of 25 kHz, interval of 31 min, and duration of 37 s, C. glutamicum CP produced 52.89 g/L of L-leucine in 44 h, representing...

Specific alterations in gut microbiota in patients with chronic kidney disease: an updated systematic review

Jin Zhao, Xiaoxuan Ning, Baojian Liu, Ruijuan Dong, Ming Bai & Shiren Sun
Emerging evidence demonstrates that gut dysbiosis is implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with underlying mechanisms involving mucosal and/or systematic immunity or metabolic disorders. However, the profile of gut microbiota in patients with CKD has not been completely explored. Databases from their date of inception to 31 March 2020 were systematically searched for case-control or cross-sectional studies comparing the gut microbial profiles in adult patients with CKD or end-stage renal disease (ESRD)...

Evaluation of an enclosed air-lift photobioreactor (ALPBR) for biomass and lipid biosynthesis of microalgal cells grown under fluid-induced shear stress

Ning Ding, Chao Li, Tao Wang, Meijin Guo, Ali Mohsin & Siliang Zhang
An enclosed air-lift photobioreactor (ALPBR) is considered an efficient lab-scale bioreactor for microalgae cell growth and lipid biosynthesis. However, fluid-induced shear stress and mixing are two main factors that affect physiological metabolism in microalgal cell cultures. Herein, a 50-L ALPBR after being designed and manufactured was evaluated for microalgal suspension culture. Moreover, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation was used to characterize the hydrodynamics of ALPBR. Specifically, two model microalgae species Chlorella vulgaris and Chlorella protothecoides...

Long non-coding RNA DUXAP8 promotes the cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of papillary thyroid carcinoma via miR-223-3p mediated regulation of CXCR4

Yan Liu, Hejia Zhang, Hui Wang, Jiarui Du, Peng Dong, Meihan Liu & Yuanqiang Lin
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a differentiated type of thyroid malignancy with a high incidence. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) DUXAP8 has been reported to participate in the proliferation, migration, and invasion of several cancer types. However, its association with PTC has not yet been reported. The current study aimed to investigate the role of DUXAP8 in PTC and revealed the underlying mechanisms. The expression of DUXAP8 was knocked down in two PTC cell lines and...

A new biflavonoids from Aster tataricus induced non-apoptotic cell death in A549 cells

Ting Chen, Peng Yang, Hai-jun Chen & Bin Huang
A new biflavonoids, (2R,2''R)-7-O-methyl-2,3,2'',3''-tetrahydrorobustaflavone (1), along with five known flavonoids (2-6) were isolated from the MeOH extract of Aster tataricus. Among them, compounds 1-2 were the C-3'-C-6'' type biflavonoids obtained from the genus Aster for the first time. The structures and absolute configurations of compound 1 was confirmed based on extensive spectroscopic and circular dichroism analyses. Compound 1 exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against seven human cancer A549, HepG2, PC3, DU145, MCF-7, LOVO and NCI-H1975 cell lines....

Four new resorcinol derivatives with neuroprotective activities from Xylaria nigripes

Lan-Qing Li, Jing Li, Hong-Ping Long, Ji-Kai Liu & Xian Wang
Four new resorcinol derivatives, namely (−)/(+)-xylarinig A (1), as well as xylarinigs B (2) and C (3), were isolated from the ethyl acetate extracts of the solid fermentation of Xylaria nigripes. Their structures were established by comprehensive spectroscopic analysis combined with electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compound 1 is an optical mixture, and was resoluted into optical pure enatiomers (+)-1 and (−)-1 by chiral HPLC. The neuroprotective effects of 1–3 against the damage of PC12...

Additional file 1 of Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation for high-normal blood pressure: study protocol for a randomized controlled pilot trial

Yu Wang, Guang-Xia Shi, Zhong-Xue Tian, Jun-Hong Liu, You-Sheng Qi, Jian-Feng Tu, Jing-Wen Yang, Li-Qiong Wang & Cun-Zhi Liu
Additional file 1. Completed Standard Protocol Items: Recommendation for Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) 2013 Checklist: items addressed in this clinical trial protocol.

Synthesis and anti-proliferative activities of 5,6,7-trimethoxyflavones and their derivatives

Liang Su, Wei Li, Kexiong Liu & Qiuan Wang
A series of 5,6,7-trimethoxyflavones 1a-1g and their derivatives 2a-2g, 3a-3d, 4 and 5, including the natural products 5,6,7-trimethoxy-4’-hydroxyflavone (1a), 5,6,7,3’,4’ -pentamethoxyflavone (sinensetin, 1 b), 5,6,7-trimethoxy-3’,4’-methyl enedioxy flavone (1c), 5,6,7,3’-tetramethoxy-4,5’-methylenedioxyflavone (1e), 5,6,7, 3’,4’,5’-hextamethoxyflavone (1 g), 5-hydroxy-3,4,2’,3’,4’-pentamethoxy chal-cone (2 b), 5,4’-dihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxy flavone (cirsimaritin, 3a) and 5-hydroxy-6,7,3’, 4’-tetramethoxyflavone (5-demethylsinensetin, 3 b), 3,5,6,7,3’,4’-hexamethoxyflavone (3-methoxysinensetin, 4) and 5’-hydroxy-3,6,7,3’,4’-pentamethoxyflavone (5) were synthesized. Their anti-proliferative activity in vitro was evaluated against a panel of four human cancer cell lines (Aspc-1, HCT-116, HepG-2...

Carbonized rice husk coated solar absorber for clean water generation from seawater with a solar still

Wong Min Jin Karen, C. Y. Wong, Zhipeng Wang, Willey Y. H. Liew & G. J. H. Melvin
This study demonstrated the generation of clean water from seawater collected at the beach coast in Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia, with carbonized rice husk coated melamine sponge as solar absorber by a solar still. Melamine sponge was utilized as a seawater transportation medium since its porous structure is excellent in channelling the seawater. Whereas carbonized rice husk was used as the photothermal conversion material for its efficient heat absorption due to its black colour and...

Fermitin family homolog 2 (Kindlin-2) affects vascularization during the wound healing process by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in vascular endothelial cells

Jianghui Ying, Qiang Wang, Lu Lu, Jiaqi Liu, Rong Guo, Hao Hu, Hua Jiang & Fazhi Qi
Kindlin-2 is a member of the FERM-containing cytoskeletal protein family that regulates cell–matrix interactions. Previous studies have shown that Kindlin-2 recruits focal adhesion proteins and regulates integration by binding to the focal adhesion region of the integrin β-segment. Although Kindlin-2 has been reported to be involved in various skin diseases and many kinds of tumors, its role in the skin wound healing process remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the...

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