23 Works

DialectGram: Detecting Dialectal Variation at Multiple Geographic Resolutions

Hang Jiang, Haoshen Hong, Yuxing Chen & Vivek Kulkarni

Equiprobable Mappings in Weighted Constraint Grammars

Arto Topani Anttila, Scott Borgeson & Giorgio Magri

Should Central Banks Worry About Nonlinearities of their Large-Scale Macroeconomic Models?

Vadym Lepetyuk, Lilia Maliar & Serguei Maliar
How wrong could policymakers be when using linearized solutions to their macroeconomic models instead of nonlinear global solutions? This question became of much practical interest during the Great Recession and the recent zero lower bound crisis. We assess the importance of nonlinearities in a scaled-down version of the Terms of Trade Economic Model (ToTEM), the main projection and policy analysis model of the Bank of Canada. In a meticulously calibrated “baby” ToTEM model with 21...

Interview data from \"Fishers' solutions for hammerhead shark conservation in Peru\"

Julia Grace Mason
These are the interview protocols and transcripts from 88 semi-structured interviews conducted with small-scale drift gillnet captains or boat owners in northern Peru. The purpose of the study was to elicit fishers' perspectives on the context of juvenile hammerhead fishing in Peru, their qualitative and quantitative ecological knowledge of where and how they catch hammerheads, and their perceptions of a seasonal hammerhead ban implemented in 2016. Interviews were conducted between February 8, 2018 and March...

Quantifying the Prosecutorial Preauthorization Intake System and the Costs of ‘No Action’ Cases

Pablo A. Ormachea, Sasha Davenport, Gabe Haarsma & David M. Eagleman
In most jurisdictions, a police officer arrests and books a defendant, then files the criminal complaint before a judge. The judge sets bail, and if necessary, appoints defense counsel for the accused. Inadequate cases are later dropped – often weeks or months later – by prosecutors. This happens only after extensive investigation and usually not before the accused spent several nights in detention. In 1973, Harris County, Texas developed a solution to this inefficiency: prosecutors...

Modeling Behavior in Truth Value Judgment Task Experiments

Brandon Waldon & Judith Degen

Analyzing Default Risk and Liquidity Demand during a Financial Crisis: The Case of Canada

Jason Allen, Ali Hortaçsu & Jakub Kastl
This paper explores the reliability of using prices of credit default swap contracts (CDS) as indicators of default probabilities during the 2007/2008 financial crisis. We use data from the Canadian financial system to show that these publicly available risk measures, while indicative of initial problems of the financial system as a whole, do not seem to correspond to risks implied by the cross-sectional heterogeneity in bank behavior in short-term lending markets. Strategies in, and reliance...

Towards a framework for comparing functionalities of multimorbidity clinical decision support: A literature-based feature set and benchmark cases.

Dympna O'Sullivan, William Van Woensel, Szymon Wilk, Samson Tu, Wojtek Michalowski, Samina Abidi, Marc Carrier, Ruth Edry, Irit Hochberg, Stephen Kingwell, Alexandra Kogan, Martin Michalowski, Hugh O'Sullivan & Mor Peleg

The anthropology of mind: Exploring unusual sensations and spiritual experiences across cultures. An interview with Tanya Luhrmann.

Tanya Luhrmann & Martin Fortier
In this interview, Tanya Luhrmann discusses her position within the field of anthropology as well as her methodological commitments. She also addresses her view about the mechanisms governing the shift from experiential unreality (imagination-like mental representations) to experiential reality (perception-like mental representations) as well as the role of personal proclivity (in particular the trait of absorption) within religious practice and experience. Finally, the interview tackles the question of cognitive penetrability: can folk models of the...

Cinematic virtual reality with head-motion parallax

Jayant Purushottam Thatte

Web-CDI: A system for online administration of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories

Benjamin Edward deMayo, Danielle Kellier, Mika Braginsky, Christina Bergmann, Cielke Hendriks, Caroline Rowland, Michael Frank & Virginia Marchman

Of woodlice and men: A Bayesian account of cognition, life and consciousness. An interview with Karl Friston.

Karl Friston, Martin Fortier & Daniel Friedman
Prof. Karl J. Friston is a scientist who has made fundamental contributions to areas such as functional brain imaging, statistical techniques for dynamical systems, and the Free Energy Principle (FEP). Here, various topics are formally and informally explored. First there are personal, scientific, and mathematical accounts related to the (origins of the) FEP, and how the FEP diverges from the Predictive coding and Bayesian brain hypotheses. Next, there is a discussion of how the FEP...

Partisan Bias, Altruism, and Universalism: Evidence From a Controlled Experiment

Raymond Gilmartin & Muriel Niederle
The effect of partisan bias is not confined to the political arena but extends to consumer markets and labor markets. In order to better understand the relationship between affective polarization and economic behavior, I conduct a controlled experiment using a series of dictator games to measure partisan bias in altruism. I find that participants behave more altruistically toward members of their own party and that participants who report higher levels of partisanship display more partisan...

Proyecto de Resiliencia y Ordenamiento Territorial del agua y Servicios Ecosistémicos en la Amazonía de Perú, Bolivia y Brasil

Marcelo Guevara, Marta Torres, Adrian Vogl, Sydney Moss, Gianinna Da Roit, Charlotte Weil, Jorge Caballero Espejo, Jorge Martin Pillaca Ortiz, Rafael Schmitt, Guillermo Rioja Ballivian, Iván De Oliveira, Anna Ingrid Kristina Fredriksson Häägg, Lisa Mandle, Stacie Wolny, Luis Fernández, César Ascorra Guanira, Mary Ruckelshaus, Juan Fernando Reyes, Gretchen Daily, Jesus A. Fidhel Sánchez, Luis Gallegos Chacón, Christopher Anderson, Morgan Kain, Sarah Cafasso & Mario Panduro Rosas
El libro tiene una mirada integral y busca apoyar los procesos de construcción de puentes entre ciencia y política, plantea y desarrolla una iniciativa en base al Proyecto de Resiliencia y Ordenamiento Territorial del agua y Servicios Ecosistémicos en la Amazonía de Perú, Bolivia y Brasil (PRO-Agua) de The Natural Capital Project (NatCap) de la Universidad de Stanford. Establece el paisaje amazónico trinacional de Madre de Dios (Perú), Acre (Brasil) y Pando (Bolivia) como ámbito...

Modeling cross-linguistic production of referring expressions

Brandon Waldon & Judith Degen

Pragmatically Informative Color Generation by Grounding Contextual Modifiers

Zhengxuan Wu & Desmond C. Ong

Predicting Scalar Inferences From \"Or\" to \"Not Both\" Using Neural Sentence Encoders

Elissa Li, Sebastian Schuster & Judith Degen

Multilingual BERT, Ergativity, and Grammatical Subjecthood

Isabel Papadimitriou, Ethan A. Chi, Richard Futrell & Kyle Mahowald

Centralizing Over-the-Counter Markets?

Jason Allen & Milena Wittwer
Would a shift in trading in fixed-income markets—from over the counter (bilateral trading) to a centralized electronic platform—improve welfare? We use trade-level data on the secondary market for Government of Canada debt to answer this question.

Wandering along the spectrum of spontaneous thinking: dreaming, meditation, mind-wandering, and well-being. An interview with Kieran Fox.

Kieran Fox & Matthieu Koroma
About half of our conscious activity is not related to our direct sensory environment. Such spontaneous thinking has nevertheless long been neglected due to the difficulty to tackle it experimentally. Neuroscientific Kieran Fox discusses recent efforts to understand and conceptualize the diversity of spontaneous activity within a single framework. The relation of mind-wandering to other phenomena such as dreaming and mediation is highlighted. Far from being a distracting nuisance, the role of spontaneous thoughts in...

A Q-Theory of Banks

Juliane Beganau, Saki Bigio, Jeremy Majerovitz & Matías Vieyra
"The Great Recession in 2009 forced researchers and policy-makers to rethink regulations of the financial system. There has been a renewed effort to understand the behaviour of banks, their objectives and constraints, and their role in the economy. This paper contributes to that end by studying how banks react to changes in the value of their assets (generated, for example, by defaults on their loans). We argue that it is important to distinguish between the...

The Neuroscience of Decision Making. An interview of Timothy Hanks by Alexandra Mikhailova and Daniel A. Friedman.

Timothy Hanks, Alexandra Mikhailova & Daniel A. Friedman
In this interview, Professor Tim Hanks discusses topics related to neuroscience, decision making, philosophy, and science as a career. Hanks explores how ideas from computational neuroscience have helped him set his own research agenda and also navigate everyday situations. The way the brain makes decisions is deeply intertwined with topics such as free will, conscious awareness, and mental health. In order to productively study such diverse topics related to decision making, Hanks recommends an integrative...

Crosslinguistic Word Orders Enable an Efficient Tradeoff of Memory and Surprisal

Michael Hahn & Richard Futrell

Registration Year

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Affiliations

  • Stanford University
    22
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