42 Works

Selecting and Ranking Individualized Treatment Rules With Unmeasured Confounding

Bo Zhang, Jordan Weiss, Dylan S. Small & Qingyuan Zhao
It is common to compare individualized treatment rules based on the value function, which is the expected potential outcome under the treatment rule. Although the value function is not point-identified when there is unmeasured confounding, it still defines a partial order among the treatment rules under Rosenbaum’s sensitivity analysis model. We first consider how to compare two treatment rules with unmeasured confounding in the single-decision setting and then use this pairwise test to rank multiple...

Photoelectrochemical Immunosensor Based on ZnIn2S4/Bi2Se3 Nanocomposite for the Determination of Cardiac Troponin I

Wanxin Dong, Xinxin Mo, Yu Wang, Qin Lei & He Li
In this work, a novel flexible photoelectrochemical immunosensor is developed to determine cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in serum. The flower-like ZnIn2S4 nanospheres (ZIS), as signal amplification material, were successfully synthesized by a solvothermal method. The ZIS and Bi2Se3 were modified on the indium tin oxide- polyethylene terephthalate (ITO-PET) electrode, which effectively accelerates the electronic transition and improved the photocurrent conversion efficiency (signal on). However, the binding of antigen–antibody proteins blocks the electron transfer, resulting in...

Trends in prevalence and incidence of scabies from 1990 to 2017: findings from the global Burden of disease study 2017

Wei Zhang, Yujiao Zhang, Lina Luo, Wenyong Huang, Xiaoping Shen, Xian Dong, Wen Zeng & Hongguang Lu
Scabies remains a significant public health concern globally, affecting people of all ages, races, and socioeconomic groups. The epidemic characteristics of scabies are yet unravelled, especially in high-income countries and elderly population. In this study, we sought to investigate incidence and prevalence and their trends of scabies worldwide from 1990 to 2017 via the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2017. The prevalence and incidence of scabies tend to a moderate increase after age 70....

Profiling serum cytokines in COVID-19 patients reveals IL-6 and IL-10 are disease severity predictors

Huan Han, Qingfeng Ma, Cong Li, Rui Liu, Li Zhao, Wei Wang, Pingan Zhang, Xinghui Liu, Guosheng Gao, Fang Liu, Yingan Jiang, Xiaoming Cheng, Chengliang Zhu & Yuchen Xia
Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China, it has rapidly spread across many other countries. While the majority of patients were considered mild, critically ill patients involving respiratory failure and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome are not uncommon, which could result death. We hypothesized that cytokine storm is associated with severe outcome. We enrolled 102 COVID-19 patients who were admitted to Renmin Hospital (Wuhan, China). All patients were classified into moderate, severe...

A simple electrochemical method for Cd(II) determination in real samples based on carbon nanotubes and metal-organic frameworks

Ling Yu, Jing-Wei Wan, Xian-Zhu Meng, Hui-Wen Gu, Ying Chen & Hong-Chao Yi
The establishment of a simple and effective method for determination of heavy metal ions has great significance due to the high hazard of heavy metal ions to public health and environments. Herein, we developed a facile way to synthesise a nanocomposite comprised of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), and explored its application in constructing an electrochemical (EC) sensor for detection of Cd2+ in aqueous solutions. The sensing surface was simply fabricated by casting...

Acylation of the antimicrobial peptide CAMEL for cancer gene therapy

Jingjing Song, Panpan Ma, Sujie Huang, Juanli Wang, Huan Xie, Bo Jia & Wei Zhang
Obtaining ideal gene delivery vectors is still a major goal in cancer gene therapy. CAMEL, a short hybrid antimicrobial peptide, can kill cancer cells by membrane lysis. In this study, we constructed a series of non-viral vectors by attaching fatty acids with different chain lengths to the N-terminus of CAMEL. Our results showed that the cellular uptake and transfection efficiency of acyl-CAMEL started to significantly increase from a chain length of 12 carbons. C18-CAMEL was...

Retracted article: Tranilast attenuates neuropathic pain during type-2 diabetes by inhibiting hypoxia-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines in Zucker diabetic fatty rat model

Wei Zhang, Jun Ma, Shan Wang, Tao Huang & Min Xia
We, the Editors and Publisher of the journalArchives of Physiology and Biochemistry, have retracted the following article: Wei Zhang, Jun Ma, Shan Wang, Tao Huang & Min Xia (2020) Tranilast attenuates neuropathic pain during type-2 diabetes by inhibiting hypoxia-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines in Zucker diabetic fatty rat model, Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry, DOI: 10.1080/13813455.2020.1854309 Since publication, the authors informed the Publisher and Editor that the authors had not received ethics approval from the Institutional Animal...

Effects of sea buckthorn puree on risk factors of cardiovascular disease in hypercholesterolemia population: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial

Fangfei Zhou, Jian Zhang, Ai Zhao, Yumei Zhang & Peiyu Wang
To investigate the effect of sea buckthorn puree consumption on reducing blood lipid and other risk factors of CVD. A total of 111 patients with hypercholesteromia who were treated with 90 ml sea buckthorn puree or placebo for 90 days were enrolled in this trial. Physical examination and analysis of lipid markers, hsCRP concentrations and cell adhesion protein concentrations with fasting blood samples were performed at 0-day, 45-day and 90-day after treatment. We found that...

Effects of sea buckthorn puree on risk factors of cardiovascular disease in hypercholesterolemia population: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial

Fangfei Zhou, Jian Zhang, Ai Zhao, Yumei Zhang & Peiyu Wang
To investigate the effect of sea buckthorn puree consumption on reducing blood lipid and other risk factors of CVD. A total of 111 patients with hypercholesteromia who were treated with 90 ml sea buckthorn puree or placebo for 90 days were enrolled in this trial. Physical examination and analysis of lipid markers, hsCRP concentrations and cell adhesion protein concentrations with fasting blood samples were performed at 0-day, 45-day and 90-day after treatment. We found that...

Hepatic stellate cell reprogramming via exosome-mediated CRISPR/dCas9-VP64 delivery

Nianan Luo, Jiangbin Li, Yafeng Chen, Yan Xu, Yu Wei, Jianguo Lu & Rui Dong
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a crucial role in the progression of liver fibrosis, which can be considered as the specific therapeutic target of anti-fibrotic treatment. Targeted induction of HSCs to hepatocytes via delivery of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (dCas9) system holds promise for hepatic fibrosis treatment. Our study here revealed that CRISPR/dCas9-VP64 system encapsulated in AML12 cell-derived exosomes could efficiently and successfully be delivered into the HSCs. In turn,...

Selecting and Ranking Individualized Treatment Rules with Unmeasured Confounding

Bo Zhang, Jordan Weiss, Dylan S. Small & Qingyuan Zhao
It is common to compare individualized treatment rules based on the value function, which is the expected potential outcome under the treatment rule. Although the value function is not point-identified when there is unmeasured confounding, it still defines a partial order among the treatment rules under Rosenbaum’s sensitivity analysis model. We first consider how to compare two treatment rules with unmeasured confounding in the single-decision setting and then use this pairwise test to rank multiple...

Selecting and Ranking Individualized Treatment Rules With Unmeasured Confounding

Bo Zhang, Jordan Weiss, Dylan S. Small & Qingyuan Zhao
It is common to compare individualized treatment rules based on the value function, which is the expected potential outcome under the treatment rule. Although the value function is not point-identified when there is unmeasured confounding, it still defines a partial order among the treatment rules under Rosenbaum’s sensitivity analysis model. We first consider how to compare two treatment rules with unmeasured confounding in the single-decision setting and then use this pairwise test to rank multiple...

Photoelectrochemical Immunosensor Based on ZnIn2S4/Bi2Se3 Nanocomposite for the Determination of Cardiac Troponin I

Wanxin Dong, Xinxin Mo, Yu Wang, Qin Lei & He Li
In this work, a novel flexible photoelectrochemical immunosensor is developed to determine cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in serum. The flower-like ZnIn2S4 nanospheres (ZIS), as signal amplification material, were successfully synthesized by a solvothermal method. The ZIS and Bi2Se3 were modified on the indium tin oxide- polyethylene terephthalate (ITO-PET) electrode, which effectively accelerates the electronic transition and improved the photocurrent conversion efficiency (signal on). However, the binding of antigen–antibody proteins blocks the electron transfer, resulting in...

ddPCR: a more accurate tool for SARS-CoV-2 detection in low viral load specimens

Tao Suo, Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Ming Guo, Wenjia Hu, Dong Guo, Hafiz Ullah, Yang Yang, Qiuhan Zhang, Xin Wang, Muhanmmad Sajid, Zhixiang Huang, Liping Deng, Tielong Chen, Fang Liu, Ke Xu, Yuan Liu, Qi Zhang, Yingle Liu, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Ke Lan & Yu Chen
Quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR) is widely used as the gold standard for clinical detection of SARS-CoV-2. However, due to the low viral load specimens and the limitations of RT-PCR, significant numbers of false negative reports are inevitable, which results in failure to timely diagnose, cut off transmission, and assess discharge criteria. To improve this situation, an optimized droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used for detection of SARS-CoV-2, which showed that the limit of detection...

Prolonged presence of viral nucleic acid in clinically recovered COVID-19 patients was not associated with effective infectiousness

Ke Hong, Wei Cao, Zhengyin Liu, Ling Lin, Xing Zhou, Yan Zeng, Yuan Wei, Li Chen, Xiaosheng Liu, Yang Han, Lianguo Ruan & Taisheng Li
Prolonged presence of viral nucleic acid was reported in certain patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with unclear clinical and epidemiological significance. We here described the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of 37 recovered COVID-19 patients with prolonged presence of viral RNA in Wuhan, China. For those who had been discharged and re-admitted, their close contacts outside the hospital were traced and evaluated. The median age of the 37 patients was 62 years (IQR 50, 68),...

Tranilast attenuates neuropathic pain during type-2 diabetes by inhibiting hypoxia-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines in Zucker diabetic fatty rat model

Wei Zhang, Jun Ma, Shan Wang, Tao Huang & Min Xia
The modulatory effect of tranilast on neuropathic pain in type-2 diabetes (T2DM) remains unclear. We monitored interleukin (IL)-1β, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels during the progression of T2DM induced neuropathic pain in rats, and assessed the impact of tranilast treatment of increasing concentrations (0, 200 and 400 mg/kg/day via oral gavage in 1% NaHCO3 delivered as 100 mg/kg twice a day) on the levels of cytokine production, as well as on...

Prolonged shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in patients with COVID-19

Qian Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xu-Rui Shen, Hao-Rui Si, Xi Wang, Qi Wang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Ren-Di Jiang, Kai Zhao, Hui Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Hui-Lan Zhang, Rong-Hui Du & Peng Zhou
Following acute infection, individuals COVID-19 may still shed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, limited information is available regarding the active shedding period or whether infectious virus is also shed. Here, we monitored the clinical characteristics and virological features of 38 patients with COVID-19 (long-term carriers) who recovered from the acute disease, but still shed viral RNA for over 3 months. The median carrying history of the long-term carriers was 92 days after the first admission, and the...

Prolonged shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in patients with COVID-19

Qian Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xu-Rui Shen, Hao-Rui Si, Xi Wang, Qi Wang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Ren-Di Jiang, Kai Zhao, Hui Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Hui-Lan Zhang, Rong-Hui Du & Peng Zhou
Following acute infection, individuals COVID-19 may still shed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, limited information is available regarding the active shedding period or whether infectious virus is also shed. Here, we monitored the clinical characteristics and virological features of 38 patients with COVID-19 (long-term carriers) who recovered from the acute disease, but still shed viral RNA for over 3 months. The median carrying history of the long-term carriers was 92 days after the first admission, and the...

Antecedents of purpose in life: Evidence from a lagged exposure-wide analysis

Ying Chen, Eric S. Kim, Alexandra E. Shields & Tyler J. VanderWeele
Potential antecedents to having a sense of purpose in life remain understudied. As researchers begin contemplating purpose as a promising target of public health intervention, it is critical to identify its antecedents. Using prospective data from the Nurses’ Health Study II (2009–2016; N ranged from 3,905 to 4,189), this study evaluated a wide range of potential antecedents of purpose, including psychosocial well-being, psychological distress, employment characteristics, lifestyle, and physical health factors. In separate regression models,...

Supplemental Material, CONSORT_a - Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Supplemental Material, CONSORT_a for Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial by Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen and Desheng Wang in Ear, Nose & Throat Journal

Viral RNA level, serum antibody responses, and transmission risk in recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results: a population-based observational cohort study

Chao Yang, Min Jiang, Xiaohui Wang, Xiujuan Tang, Shisong Fang, Hao Li, Le Zuo, Yixiang Jiang, Yifan Zhong, Qiongcheng Chen, Chenli Zheng, Lei Wang, Shuang Wu, Weihua Wu, Hui Liu, Jing Yuan, Xuejiao Liao, Zhen Zhang, Xiaolu Shi, Yijie Geng, Huan Zhang, Huanying Zheng, Min Wan, Linying Lu, Xiaohu Ren … & Qinghua Hu
Managing recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent-positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results is challenging. We performed a population-based observational study to characterize the viral RNA level and serum antibody responses in recurrent-positive patients and evaluate their viral transmission risk. Of 479 recovered COVID-19 patients, 93 (19%) recurrent-positive patients were identified, characterized by younger age, with a median discharge-to-recurrent-positive length of 8 days. After readmission, recurrent-positive patients exhibited mild (28%) or absent (72%) symptoms, with no disease progression....

Viral RNA level, serum antibody responses, and transmission risk in recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results: a population-based observational cohort study

Chao Yang, Min Jiang, Xiaohui Wang, Xiujuan Tang, Shisong Fang, Hao Li, Le Zuo, Yixiang Jiang, Yifan Zhong, Qiongcheng Chen, Chenli Zheng, Lei Wang, Shuang Wu, Weihua Wu, Hui Liu, Jing Yuan, Xuejiao Liao, Zhen Zhang, Xiaolu Shi, Yijie Geng, Huan Zhang, Huanying Zheng, Min Wan, Linying Lu, Xiaohu Ren … & Qinghua Hu
Managing recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent-positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results is challenging. We performed a population-based observational study to characterize the viral RNA level and serum antibody responses in recurrent-positive patients and evaluate their viral transmission risk. Of 479 recovered COVID-19 patients, 93 (19%) recurrent-positive patients were identified, characterized by younger age, with a median discharge-to-recurrent-positive length of 8 days. After readmission, recurrent-positive patients exhibited mild (28%) or absent (72%) symptoms, with no disease progression....

Acylation of the antimicrobial peptide CAMEL for cancer gene therapy

Jingjing Song, Panpan Ma, Sujie Huang, Juanli Wang, Huan Xie, Bo Jia & Wei Zhang
Obtaining ideal gene delivery vectors is still a major goal in cancer gene therapy. CAMEL, a short hybrid antimicrobial peptide, can kill cancer cells by membrane lysis. In this study, we constructed a series of non-viral vectors by attaching fatty acids with different chain lengths to the N-terminus of CAMEL. Our results showed that the cellular uptake and transfection efficiency of acyl-CAMEL started to significantly increase from a chain length of 12 carbons. C18-CAMEL was...

Phenylboronic ester-modified anionic micelles for ROS-stimuli response in HeLa cell

Qi Y. Wang, Yi S. Xu, Nan X. Zhang, Zhi P. Dong, Bo N. Zhao, Lin C. Liu, Tao Lu & Yue Wang
Smart polymers as ideal drug nanocarriers have attracted much attention due to the effective drug delivery, internalization and release once triggered by intracellular stimuli, as well as reduced cytotoxicity. We here reported the anionic micelle consisting of copolymer (PEG-b-PAsp) and a PBE (Phenylboronic Ester) group grafted, which can achieve fast response to intracellular ROS and enhanced anti-tumor activity. With this, PEG-b-PAsp-g-PBE/DOX system showed better tumor growth inhibition when studied on HeLa cell lines with high...

Antecedents of purpose in life: Evidence from a lagged exposure-wide analysis

Ying Chen, Eric S. Kim, Alexandra E. Shields & Tyler J. VanderWeele
Potential antecedents to having a sense of purpose in life remain understudied. As researchers begin contemplating purpose as a promising target of public health intervention, it is critical to identify its antecedents. Using prospective data from the Nurses’ Health Study II (2009–2016; N ranged from 3,905 to 4,189), this study evaluated a wide range of potential antecedents of purpose, including psychosocial well-being, psychological distress, employment characteristics, lifestyle, and physical health factors. In separate regression models,...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    42

Resource Types

  • Text
    42

Affiliations

  • Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center
    42
  • Sichuan University
    38
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    37
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    34
  • Zhejiang University
    32
  • Fudan University
    32
  • Capital Medical University
    29
  • First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
    27
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    25
  • Central South University
    25