288 Works

Effect of spray properties on aerosol scavenging efficiency with water mist

Hui Liang, Qian Zhou, Nejdet Erkan & Shunichi Suzuki
In the foreseen decommissioning plans of damaged Fukushima Daiichi reactors, submicron aerosol particles will be generated when retrieving fuel debris from reactor buildings by cutting it into small pieces. A multi-nozzle spray system will be used to scavenge these aerosol particles inside the primary containment vessel. To improve the aerosol removal efficiency of the multi-nozzle spray system, it is now necessary to study the aerosol removal performance by different single spray nozzles with different spray...

Single-machine scheduling with energy generation and storage systems

Hyun-Jung Kim, Eun-Seok Kim, Jun-Ho Lee, Lixin Tang & Yang Yang
This paper considers a single-machine scheduling problem with sequence-dependent setup times and energy-generation and storage systems. Each job requires a sequence-dependent setup to be processed on the machine, and both setup and processing of the job require job-dependent amounts of energy. The energy consumed by the machine can be bought from an Electric Power Company (EPC) or generated by own Distributed Energy Resource (DER), such as solar photovoltaic or wind, and the energy can be...

A new cycloheptane derivative from the fungus Penicillium crustosum JT-8

Jun-Tao Hu, Jia-Peng Wang, Yan Shu, Xue-Yun Cai, Cheng-Tong Sun, Hao Ding, Le Cai & Zhong-Tao Ding
A new highly oxygenated cycloheptane derivative crustane (1), along with fourteen known compounds (2–15) were isolated from Penicillium crustosum JT-8. The structure of compound 1 was determined by extensive spectroscopic data, DP4+ probability analyses and dimolybdenum CD method. Compound 1 exhibited moderate antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus with MIC of 4.0 μg/mL.

Four new cembranoids from the South China Sea soft coral Sarcophyton trocheliophorum

Lu Ren, Xue Leng, Te Li, Jing Liu, Wei Wang, Xiaojun Yan, Xia Yan & Shan He
Four new cembrane diterpenes, 1,13-di-epi-13-acetoxy launine P (1), 13-oxo-thunbergol (2), isocrassumol B (3) and 7α, 8α-sarcophine (4), together with two known launine P (5) and sarcophytonin B (6), were isolated from the extract of the South China Sea soft coral Sarcophyton trocheliophorum. The structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, ECD analysis and comparison with literature data. All compounds were tested for their antimicrobial activity and antiviral activity. Compounds 1, 2 and 5 were found to...

mRNA m5C controls adipogenesis by promoting CDKN1A mRNA export and translation

Youhua Liu, Yuanling Zhao, Ruifan Wu, Yushi Chen, Wei Chen, Yuxi Liu, Yaojun Luo, Chaoqun Huang, Botao Zeng, Xing Liao, Guanqun Guo, Yizhen Wang & Xinxia Wang
5-Methylcytosine (m5C) is a type of RNA modification that exists in tRNAs and rRNAs and was recently found in mRNA. Although mRNA m5C modification has been reported to regulate diverse biological process, its function in adipogenesis remains unknown. Here, we demonstrated that knockdown of NOL1/NOP2/Sun domain family member 2 (NSUN2), a m5C methyltransferase, increased lipid accumulation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes through accelerating cell cycle progression during mitotic clonal expansion (MCE) at the early stage of adipogenesis....

Synergy of alanine and gentamicin to reduce nitric oxide for elevating killing efficacy to antibiotic-resistant Vibrio alginolyticus

Su-fang Kuang, Yue-tao Chen, Jia-jie Chen, Xuan-xian Peng, Zhuanggui Chen & Hui Li
The present study explored the cooperative effect of both alanine (Ala) and gentamicin (Gent) on metabolic mechanisms by which exogenous Ala potentiates Gent to kill antibiotic-resistant Vibrio alginolyticus. To test this, GC-MS-based metabolomics was used to characterize Ala-, Gent- and both-induced metabolic profiles, identifying nitric oxide (NO) production pathway as the most key clue to understand metabolic mechanisms. Gent, Ala and both led to low, lower and lowest activity of total nitric oxide synthase (tNOS)...

Association of soft drink and 100% fruit juice consumption with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular diseases mortality, and cancer mortality: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

Bei Pan, Long Ge, Honghao Lai, Qi Wang, Qian Zhang, Min Yin, Sheng Li, Jinhui Tian, Kehu Yang & Jiancheng Wang
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), artificially sweetened beverages (ASBs), and 100% fruit juices are frequently consumed and have been documented that they could lead to serious disease burden. However, inconsistent evidence on the association between SSBs, ASBs, and 100% fruit juices consumption and mortality have been presented. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO were systematically searched. We conducted a random-effects meta-analysis and dose-response meta-analysis to assess the association and calculated...

Additional file 2 of Transcriptional dynamics of transposable elements when converting fibroblast cells of Macaca mulatta to neuroepithelial stem cells

Dahai Liu, Li Liu, Kui Duan, Junqiang Guo, Shipeng Li, Zhigang Zhao, Xiaotuo Zhang, Nan Zhou & Yun Zheng
Additional file 2 Supplementary Figure S1. The expression levels of LTRs in the Cluster L4 of Figure 3A. Supplementary Figure S2. The primers used to validate the expressions of 13 MacERV3 LTRs. (A) The alignment of the forward primer MacERV3_LTR2_34_F and the 13 MacERV3 LTRs. (B) The alignment of the reverse primer MacERV3_LTR2_34_R and the 13 MacERV3 LTRs. (C) The precise loci of the two primers in one of the selected MacERV3 LTRs, MacERV3_LTR2_34. Supplementary...

Comparison of the accelerating effect of graphene oxide and graphene on anaerobic transformation of bisphenol F by Pseudomonas sp. LS

Hong Lu, Jingyi Li, Ze Fu, Xiaolei Wang, Jiti Zhou & Jing Wang
It was found that bisphenol F (BPF) could be anaerobically transformed to 4,4-dihydroxybenzophenone using nitrate as an electron acceptor by Pseudomonas sp. LS. However, BPF removal was a slow process under anaerobic conditions. In the present study, effects of graphene oxide (GO) and graphene on the anaerobic transformation of BPF were studied in detail. Results showed that GO (2–10 mg/L) and graphene (2–20 mg/L) could increase the anaerobic biotransformation rate of BPF. For GO-mediated system,...

Computational study of novel inhibitory molecule, 1-(4-((2S,3S)-3-amino-2-hydroxy-4-phenylbutyl)piperazin-1-yl)-3-phenylurea, with high potential to competitively block ATP binding to the RNA dependent RNA polymerase of SARS-CoV-2 virus

Prem Prakash Sharma, Sumit Kumar, Sukrit Srivastava, Mitul Srivastava, Babban Jee, Nikolay Yu. Gorobets, Dhruv Kumar, Mukesh Kumar, Shailendra Asthana, Peng Zhang, Poonam, Martin Zoltner & Brijesh Rathi
For coronaviruses, RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) is an essential enzyme that catalyses the replication from RNA template and therefore remains an attractive therapeutic target for anti-COVID drug discovery. In the present study, we performed a comprehensive in silico screening for 16,776 potential molecules from recently established drug libraries based on two important pharmacophores (3-amino-4-phenylbutan-2-ol and piperazine). Based on initial assessment, 4042 molecules were obtained suitable as drug candidates, which were following Lipinski’s rule. Molecular docking...

Efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab for treating advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a meta-analysis of phase II and III randomized controlled trials

Tianyao Gong, Lei Liu, Yufei Liu, Ke Liu, Yang Yang, Liuying Li & Chuantao Zhang
We conducted a meta-analysis to systematically review the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab for advanced NSCLC. Databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) treated with pembrolizumab till July 2021. Seven RCTs and 3988 patients were included. Our analysis suggests that pembrolizumab was more effective at improving PFS (HR, 0.59; 95% CI: 0.43–0.79; p = 0.0005), OS (HR, 0.65; 95% CI: 0.55–0.76; p < 0.00001) and ORR (RR, 1.85; 95% CI: 1.64–2.09; p < 0.00001)...

A novel genetic variant potentially altering the expression of MANBA in the cerebellum associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Han Chinese children

Xinzhen Chen, Ting Yao, Jinliang Cai, Qi Zhang, Shanyawen Li, Huiru Li, Xihang Fu & Jing Wu
To obtain additional insight into the genetic factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). First, we performed a transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) integrating human cerebellum-specific variant-expression/splicing correlations to identify ADHD susceptibility genes. Then, the associations between expression/splicing quantitative trait loci (eQTLs/sQTLs) of the transcriptome-wide significant genes and ADHD were observed in a case-control study of Han Chinese children. Furthermore, dual luciferase reporter gene assays were performed to validate the regulatory function of ADHD risk variants....

Long noncoding RNA#45 exerts broad inhibitory effect on influenza a virus replication via its stem ring arms

Lei Zhang, Xinxin Zheng, Jun Li, Guoqing Wang, Zenglei Hu, Yu Chen, Xiaoquan Wang, Min Gu, Ruyi Gao, Shunlin Hu, Xiaowen Liu, Xinan Jiao, Daxin Peng, Jiao Hu & Xiufan Liu
A growing body of evidence suggests the pivotal role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) in influenza virus infection. Based on next-generation sequencing, we previously demonstrated that Lnc45 was distinctively stimulated by H5N1 influenza virus in mice. In this study, we systematically investigated the specific role of Lnc45 during influenza A virus (IAV) infection. Through qRT-PCR, we first demonstrated that Lnc45 is highly up-regulated by different subtypes of IAV strains, including H5N1, H7N9, and H1N1 viruses....

Sentinel-1 EW mode dataset for Antarctica from 2014–2020 produced by the CASEarth Cloud Service Platform

Dong Liang, Huadong Guo, Lu Zhang, Haipeng Li & Xuezhi Wang
Antarctica plays an important role in research on global change, and its unique geography, ocean, climate, and environment provide an ideal place for humankind to understand Earth’s evolution. Remote sensing provides an effective means to monitor and observe large-scale processes on the continent. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) in particular provides the capability for all-weather Earth observation. The Sentinel-1A and Sentinel-1B SAR satellites have ideal ground coverage and imaging frequency for observing Antarctica. This study developed...

Sentinel-1 EW mode dataset for Antarctica from 2014–2020 produced by the CASEarth Cloud Service Platform

Dong Liang, Huadong Guo, Lu Zhang, Haipeng Li & Xuezhi Wang
Antarctica plays an important role in research on global change, and its unique geography, ocean, climate, and environment provide an ideal place for humankind to understand Earth’s evolution. Remote sensing provides an effective means to monitor and observe large-scale processes on the continent. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) in particular provides the capability for all-weather Earth observation. The Sentinel-1A and Sentinel-1B SAR satellites have ideal ground coverage and imaging frequency for observing Antarctica. This study developed...

Quantifying stranded assets of the coal-fired power in China under the Paris Agreement target

Weirong Zhang, Yiou Zhou, Zhen Gong, Junjie Kang, Changhong Zhao, Zhixu Meng, Jian Zhang, Tao Zhang & Jiahai Yuan
Coal-fired power plays a critical role in China’s compliance with the Paris Agreement. This research quantifies China’s stranded coal assets under different coal capacity expansion scenarios with an integrated approach and high-precision coal-fired power database. From a top-down perspective, firstly, the pathway of China’s coal-fired power capacity consistent with the global 2°C scenario is outlined and then those stranded coal-fired power plants are identified with a bottom-up perspective. Stranded value is estimated based upon a...

Handling Intercurrent Events Through Hypothetical Strategy in Delayed-Start Designs

Yue Wei, Wen Li, Fang Liu, G. Frank Liu & Richard Entsuah
The medical community has been keen on developing disease-modifying (DM) products that can delay the underlying pathological or pathophysiological disease processes when treating chronic progressive diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and multiple sclerosis. The DM effects can be established through the delayed-start design, which first randomizes patients to new treatment and control (first phase), and at some timepoint, crosses over the control to new treatment (second phase). If patients initially on control then...

Cyclodextrin metal-organic framework as vaccine adjuvants enhances immune responses

Congcong Li, Chaoxi Chen, Yucai Wei, Min Tan, Shuo Zhai, Juebo Zhao, Lu Wang & Tao Dai
It is urgently needed to develop novel adjuvants for improving the safety and efficacy of vaccines. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), with high surface area, play an important role in drug delivery. With perfect biocompatibility and green preparation process, the γ-cyclodextrin metal-organic framework (γ-CD-MOF) fabricated with cyclodextrin and potassium suitable for antigen delivery. In this study, we modified γ-CD-MOF with span-85 to fabricate the SP-γ-CD-MOF as animal vaccine adjuvants. The ovalbumin (OVA) as the model antigen was...

In-hospital acute kidney injury and atrial fibrillation: incidence, risk factors, and outcome

Guoqin Wang, Lijiao Yang, Nan Ye, Weijing Bian, Changsheng Ma, Dong Zhao, Jing Liu, Yongchen Hao, Na Yang & Hong Cheng
The incidence and the risk factors of in-hospitalized acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients hospitalized for atrial fibrillation (AF) were unclear. The Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China-AF (CCC-AF) project is an ongoing registry and quality improvement project, with 240 hospitals recruited across China. We selected 4527 patients hospitalized for AF registered in the CCC-AF from January 2015 to January 2019. Patients were divided into the AKI and non-AKI groups according to the changes...

The predictive value of diabetic retinopathy on subsequent diabetic nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies

Yu Li, Xiaoxuan Su, Qing Ye, Xiaodan Guo, Bo Xu, Tianjun Guan & Anqun Chen
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the predictive value of diabetic retinopathy (DR) on further diabetic nephropathy (DN) risk in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) based on the prospective cohort studies. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for eligible prospective cohort studies through March 2020. The predictive value of DR was assessed using sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR) and negative likelihood ratio (NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and...

Combination of autophagy and NFE2L2/NRF2 activation as a treatment approach for neuropathic pain

Jian Li, Mouli Tian, Tong Hua, Haowei Wang, Mei Yang, Wenqian Li, Xiaoping Zhang & Hongbin Yuan
Macroautophagy/autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved process, plays an important role in the regulation of immune inflammation and nervous system homeostasis. However, the exact role and mechanism of autophagy in pain is still unclear. Here, we showed that impaired autophagy flux mainly occurred in astrocytes during the maintenance of neuropathic pain. No matter the stage of neuropathic pain induction or maintenance, activation of autophagy relieved the level of pain, whereas inhibition of autophagy aggravated pain. Moreover, the...

TNF-induced necroptosis initiates early autophagy events via RIPK3-dependent AMPK activation, but inhibits late autophagy

Wenxian Wu, Xiaojing Wang, Yadong Sun, Niklas Berleth, Jana Deitersen, David Schlütermann, Fabian Stuhldreier, Nora Wallot-Hieke, María José Mendiburo, Jan Cox, Christoph Peter, Ann Kathrin Bergmann & Björn Stork
Macroautophagy/autophagy and necroptosis represent two opposing cellular s tress responses. Whereas autophagy primarily fulfills a cyto-protective function, necroptosis is a form of regulated cell death induced via death receptors. Here, we aimed at investigating the molecular crosstalk between these two pathways. We observed that RIPK3 directly associates with AMPK and phosphorylates its catalytic subunit PRKAA1/2 at T183/T172. Activated AMPK then phosphorylates the autophagy-regulating proteins ULK1 and BECN1. However, the lysosomal degradation of autophagosomes is blocked...

Fermitin family homolog 2 (Kindlin-2) affects vascularization during the wound healing process by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in vascular endothelial cells

Jianghui Ying, Qiang Wang, Lu Lu, Jiaqi Liu, Rong Guo, Hao Hu, Hua Jiang & Fazhi Qi
Kindlin-2 is a member of the FERM-containing cytoskeletal protein family that regulates cell–matrix interactions. Previous studies have shown that Kindlin-2 recruits focal adhesion proteins and regulates integration by binding to the focal adhesion region of the integrin β-segment. Although Kindlin-2 has been reported to be involved in various skin diseases and many kinds of tumors, its role in the skin wound healing process remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the...

Zinc finger C3H1 domain-containing protein (ZFC3H1) evaluates the prognosis and treatment of prostate adenocarcinoma (PRAD): A study based on TCGA data

Hang Huang, Haokai Xu, Ping Li, Xueting Ye, Wei Chen & Xixi Huang
The present study was aimed to evaluate the expression profile of Zinc finger C3H1 domain-containing protein (ZFC3H1) using bioinformatic analysis of public datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas database (TCGA). The results showed that the expression levels of ZFC3H1 were notably lower than the corresponding non-cancerous tissues in prostate adenocarcinoma (PRAD), and patients in the high ZFC3H1-expression group showed poor survival. We hypothesized that the low expression of ZFC3H1 in tumor tissue might have be...

Two types of immune infiltrating cells and six hub genes can predict the occurrence of myasthenia gravis in patients with thymoma

Ziyou Tao, Chao Lu, Shuai Gao, Peng Zhang, Yuan Chen, Yuanguo Wang, Zhaoyu Yang, Kai Xiong & Yuxin Liu
Thymoma is the most common primary mass in anterior mediastinum. Although associated with low malignancy, it is often accompanied by myasthenia gravis resulting in poor prognosis. Due to the dual factors of tumor immune tolerance and autoimmune reaction, it is urgent to understand the immune status of MG with thymoma. In this study, RNA sequencing data were obtained from the TCGA and GEO cohorts to identify differentially expressed messenger RNAs and infiltrated immune cells. A...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Text


  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Zhejiang University
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Fudan University
  • Sichuan University
  • Capital Medical University
  • Nanjing Medical University