3,190 Works

Dibenzofurans from Crataegus oresbia and their lipid-lowering activity

Ying Wang, Li-Juan Lang, Qi-Jie Zhu, Xiu-Rong Wu, Lei Shen, Bei Jiang & Chao-Jiang Xiao
Three new dibenzofurans, 2-hydroxy-3,4-dimethoxydibenzofuran (1), 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,9-trimethoxydibenzofuran (5) and 2-hydroxy-3,4,6,8-tetramethoxydibenzofuran (6), together with three known dibenzofurans 1-hydroxy-2,3,4-trimethoxydibenzofuran (2), 2-hydroxy-3,4,6-trimethoxydibenzofuran (3) and 1,6-dihydroxy-2,3,4-trimethoxydibenzofuran (4), were isolated from the twigs and leaves of Crataegus oresbia. Their structures were identified by the comprehensive analyses of the physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data (NMR and HR-ESI-MS). Compounds 1–3 showed significant in vitro lipid-lowering activities, especially compound 3 was stronger than simvastatin.

Regulation of microRNA miR-197-3p/CDC28 protein kinase regulatory subunit 1B (CKS1B) axis by Circular RNA hsa_circ_0000285 promotes glioma progression

Tao Deng, Yang Liu, Yanlong Yang, Leyong Yuan, Fangfang Liu, Xiaobo Wang, Qiuying Zhang & Mingshui Xie
Circular RNA circ_0000285 is differentially expressed in several malignancies; however, its role in gliomas is under investigation. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction was conducted to evaluate the expression of circ_0000285, miR-197-3p, and CDC28 protein kinase regulatory subunit 1B (CKS1B) in glioma tissues and cells. Cell Counting Kit-8 and Transwell invasion assays coupled with Western blotting analysis using anti-Bax and anti-Bcl-2 antibodies were performed to evaluate cell proliferation, invasion, and apoptosis. Luciferase reporter and AGO2...

Nucleosides and amino acids, isolated from Cordyceps sinensis, protected against cyclophosphamide-induced myelosuppression in mice

Yu Zhang, Jie Liu, Yan Wang, Chengpeng Sun, Wenjia Li, Jianjian Qiu, Yanling Qiao, Fan Wu, Xiaokui Huo, Yue An, Baojing Zhang, Shuangcheng Ma, Jian Zheng & Xiaochi Ma
The material basis of Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc has not yet been well understood and natural C. sinensis resources are very rare. The present study aimed to clarify the substance basis and compare the protective effect of natural and artificially-cultivated C. sinensis against cyclophosphamide (CTX)-induced myelosuppression. Both natural and artificially-cultivated C. sinensis effectively improved CTX-induced decrease of peripheral blood counts and hemopoietic growth factors, pathological changes, and apoptosis of bone marrow. Importantly, artificially-cultivated C. sinensis...

Circular RNA 0000654 facilitates the growth of gastric cancer cells through absorbing microRNA-149-5p to up-regulate inhibin-beta A

Han Liu & Wen Dai
Circular (circ) RNAs are differentially expressed in gastric cancer (GC) and participate in the biological growth of tumor cells. Given that, investigations were performed to unravel the function of circ_0000654 in GC. GC tissue and normal tissue specimens were obtained, in which circ_0000654, microRNA (miR)-149-5p, and inhibin-beta A (INHBA) levels were examined. GC cell line (BGC-823) was transfected to alter circ_0000654 and miR-149-5p expression, thereby observing cell malignancy. Stably-transfected BGC-823 cells were injected into nude...

Intercity innovation collaboration and the role of high-speed rail connections: evidence from Chinese co-patent data

Li Yao & Jun Li
This study explores the extent to which changes in transport infrastructure counterbalance pre-existing geographical friction and foster innovation collaboration, using the Chinese high-speed rail (HSR) construction as a quasi-natural experiment. Using a comprehensive dataset of city-pair co-patents from 2005 to 2018, we show that HSR connections significantly increase intercity co-patents, patent quality and collaborative partnerships, and such effects are strongest for city-pairs within 250 km and decrease for longer distances. Moreover, the HSR effect is...

Optimization of fermentation conditions for the production of acidophilic β-glucosidase by Trichoderma reesei S12 from mangrove soil

Nan Sun, Xiaoxuan Liu, Xuemei Wang, Huiyu Shi, Haiwen Zhang, Lianbin Li, Wei Na & Qingfeng Guan
Vegetative biomass contains a large number of macromolecular substances such as cellulose and hemicellulose, which can be used by microorganisms to produce biofuels and other chemical byproducts. In this study, a filamentous fungus with high β-glucosidase activity was isolated from mangrove soil in Hainan Province, China. Through morphological identification and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence analysis, the strain was identified as Trichoderma reesei. Fermentation conditions were optimized with the response surface method to improve β-glucosidase...

Multi-spatiotemporal heterogeneous legacy effects of climate on terrestrial vegetation dynamics in China

Xihong Lian, Limin Jiao, Zejin Liu, Qiqi Jia, Jing Zhong, Miao Fang & Weilin Wang
Investigating vegetation–climate interactions is critical for understanding behavioral patterns of terrestrial ecosystems and formulating food security strategies. However, the multi-spatiotemporal legacy effects of climate on terrestrial vegetation remain unclear. In this study, we examined the dynamic trends of vegetation distribution and climatic factors at multiple temporal and spatial scales. Moreover, using cross-wavelet transform, wavelet coherence transform, and partial correlation analysis, a paradigm framework was established to determine the multi-spatiotemporal legacy effect of climate on vegetation...

DNA topoisomerase II alpha promotes the metastatic characteristics of glioma cells by transcriptionally activating β-catenin

Yi Liu, Jun Ma, Jiu-Shan Song, Hai-Ying Zhou, Jing-Hui Li, Cheng Luo, Xin Geng & He-Xiang Zhao
DNA topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A) reportedly plays a crucial role in several cancers, however, the precise regulatory role of TOP2A in metastatic characteristics of glioma is still poorly understood. Herein, we sought to elucidate the mechanisms by which TOP2A affects the metastatic phenotypes of glioma. We observed that a high level of TOP2A expression was dramatically linked with inferior survival in glioma patients while silencing of TOP2A impaired glioma cell proliferation and aggressiveness. TOP2A was...

DNA topoisomerase II alpha promotes the metastatic characteristics of glioma cells by transcriptionally activating β-catenin

Yi Liu, Jun Ma, Jiu-Shan Song, Hai-Ying Zhou, Jing-Hui Li, Cheng Luo, Xin Geng & He-Xiang Zhao
DNA topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A) reportedly plays a crucial role in several cancers, however, the precise regulatory role of TOP2A in metastatic characteristics of glioma is still poorly understood. Herein, we sought to elucidate the mechanisms by which TOP2A affects the metastatic phenotypes of glioma. We observed that a high level of TOP2A expression was dramatically linked with inferior survival in glioma patients while silencing of TOP2A impaired glioma cell proliferation and aggressiveness. TOP2A was...

AFAP1 antisense RNA 1 promotes retinoblastoma progression by sponging microRNA miR-545-3p that targets G protein subunit beta 1

Wenting Tang, Li Zhang, Jing Li & Yu Guan
The oncogenic role of actin filament-associated protein 1 antisense RNA 1 (AFAP1-AS1) has been reported in retinoblastoma (RB). However, the underlying regulatory mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting were performed to analyze the expression of AFAP1-AS1, microRNA miR-545-3p, or G protein subunit beta 1 (GNB1). Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and Transwell migration assays were used to detect cell proliferation and migration. In addition, caspase-3 activity...

Early Cretaceous rapid exhumation processes in the southern Great Xing’an Range, NE China: implications for extensional geodynamics

Wen Zhang, Shuangfeng Zhao, Wen Chen, Jingbo Sun, Ze Shen, Qiuyi Du & Zhi Li
The Mesozoic-Cenozoic geological evolution of the southern Great Xing’an Range (GXR) has long been controversial since it is located in the superposed region of different tectonic regimes and involves complex interactions. Here, we present low-temperature thermochronological data from granitoids emplaced in multiple magmatic stages to delineate the tectono-thermal history and further understand the geodynamic process. Most zircon and apatite (U-Th)/He ages, within error, indicate Early Cretaceous: the zircon average (U-Th)/He ages range from 146.7 ±...

Functional redundancy changes along a drought stress gradient for the shift of selection effect to complementarity effect in experimental plant communities

Song Gao, Xiaoyan Wang, Tong Chen, Qiaodi Yan, Mengchun Shen, Jiang Wang & Feihai Yu
Species interactions alter with environmental change, which influences the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (BEF). How BEF relationships change with environments requires knowledge of the changes of functional attributes in individual species in response to environmental change. Here, we assembled experimental plant communities with different species richness (1, 2, 4, 8, and 16) and exposed them to a drought stress gradient (control, moderate and intensive drought stress). Functional redundancy decreased with increasing drought stress...

FUS mutations in Asian amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients: a case report and literature review of genotype-phenotype correlations

Ting Lu, Jie Yang, Lijun Luo & Dongsheng Wei
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive weakness and muscular atrophy in the upper or lower limbs, ultimately leading to paralysis and death. Genetic studies have demonstrated that mutation in the gene encoding fused in sarcoma (FUS) is an uncommon cause of ALS. Here, we report a case of a 31-year-old Asian man with ALS with rare onset of dropped-head syndrome. Symptoms, including asymmetric proximal weakness of the upper limbs,...

Primary graft failure following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: risk factors, treatment and outcomes

Juan Chen, Aiming Pang, Yuanqi Zhao, Li Liu, Runzhi Ma, Jialin Wei, Xin Chen, Yi He, Donglin Yang, Rongli Zhang, Weihua Zhai, Qiaoling Ma, Erlie Jiang, Mingzhe Han, Jiaxi Zhou & Sizhou Feng
Graft failure (GF) is an intractable complication of transplantation, which can severely affect the efficacy of the graft; however, the characteristics, incidence, and risk factors of primary GF have not been well described. This study aimed to analyze the risk factors and outcomes of primary GF to swiftly identify high-risk patients for GF. We performed a case-control study with a case-control ratio of 1:4 with 869 patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT)...

Therapeutic targeting of the USP2-E2F4 axis inhibits autophagic machinery essential for zinc homeostasis in cancer progression

Wenjing Xiao, Jianqun Wang, Xiaojing Wang, Shuang Cai, Yanhua Guo, Lin Ye, Dan Li, Anpei Hu, Shikai Jin, Boling Yuan, Yi Zhou, Qilan Li, Qiangsong Tong & Liduan Zheng
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a conserved cellular process associated with tumorigenesis and aggressiveness, while mechanisms regulating expression of autophagic machinery genes in cancers still remain elusive. Herein, we identified E2F4 (E2F transcription factor 4) as a novel transcriptional activator of cytoprotective autophagy crucial for zinc homeostasis in cancer cells. Gain- and loss-of-function studies showed that E2F4 promoted autophagy in a cell cycle-dependent manner, resulting in facilitated degradation of MT (metallothionein) proteins, elevated distribution of Zn2+ within autophagosomes,...

Therapeutic targeting of the USP2-E2F4 axis inhibits autophagic machinery essential for zinc homeostasis in cancer progression

Wenjing Xiao, Jianqun Wang, Xiaojing Wang, Shuang Cai, Yanhua Guo, Lin Ye, Dan Li, Anpei Hu, Shikai Jin, Boling Yuan, Yi Zhou, Qilan Li, Qiangsong Tong & Liduan Zheng
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a conserved cellular process associated with tumorigenesis and aggressiveness, while mechanisms regulating expression of autophagic machinery genes in cancers still remain elusive. Herein, we identified E2F4 (E2F transcription factor 4) as a novel transcriptional activator of cytoprotective autophagy crucial for zinc homeostasis in cancer cells. Gain- and loss-of-function studies showed that E2F4 promoted autophagy in a cell cycle-dependent manner, resulting in facilitated degradation of MT (metallothionein) proteins, elevated distribution of Zn2+ within autophagosomes,...

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of dianilinopyrimidines as EGFR inhibitors

Longjia Yan, Qin Wang, Li Liu & Yi Le
This paper described our efforts to develop dianilinopyrimidines as novel EGFR inhibitors. All the target compounds were tested for inhibitory effects against wild type EGFR (EGFRwt) and three tumour cells, including A549, PC-3, and HepG2. Some of the compounds performed well in antitumor activities. Especially, compound 4c 2-((2-((4-(3-fluorobenzamido)phenyl)amino)-5-(trifluoromethyl) pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-N-methylthiophene-3-carboxamide showed higher anti-tumour activities than Gefitinib. The IC50 values of compound 4c against A549, PC-3, and HepG2. reached 0.56 μM, 2.46 μM, and 2.21 μM, respectively....

New and bioactive polyketides from Hawaiian marine-derived fungus Trichoderma sp. FM652

KH Ahammad Uz Zaman, Xiaohua Wu, Ariel M. Sarotti & Shugeng Cao
Two new sorbicillinoid derivatives (1 and 2), together with ten other related compounds (3–12) were isolated from a Hawaiian marine fungal strain Trichoderma sp. FM652. The structures of compounds 1 and 2, including the absolute configuration, were elucidated by extensive analysis of NMR spectroscopy, HRESIMS and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data. Compounds 6–12 exhibited significant anti-proliferative activity against ovarian cancer cell line A2780, with the IC50 values ranging from 0.5 to 8.07 μM. Moreover, compounds...

UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS based characterization of anti-tumor constituents in Ceratocarpus arenarius L. and identification of EGFR-TK inhibitors by virtual screening

Le Pan, Li Li, Lu Xu, Jiaojiao Zhang, Jiashan Li, Ming Gao, JinMen Yu, Lu Jin & Dongyu Lei
The constituents of Ceratocarpus arenarius L., as a traditional anticancer medicine of Kazakh, were firstly profiled with UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS. The potential compounds against EGFR-TK were virtually screened. As a result, forty-four compounds were analyzed, including 18 flavonoids, 8 steroids, 4 phenolic acids, 9 fatty acids, 1 coumarin and 4 other compounds. Among them, 9 flavonoids, N-trans-Feruloyltyramine (5), stigmasterol (11) and carthamone (38) were recognized as potential key anti-tumor constituents of C. arenarius through docking to active...

Reproducibility of the Infinium methylationEPIC BeadChip assay using low DNA amounts

Steffan Noe Christiansen, Jeppe Dyrberg Andersen, Marie-Louise Kampmann, Jing Liu, Mikkel Meyer Andersen, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen & Niels Morling
The Infinium MethylationEPIC BeadChip (EPIC) is a reliable method for measuring the DNA methylation of more than 850,000 CpG positions. In clinical and forensic settings, it is critical to be able to work with low DNA amounts without risking reduced reproducibility. We evaluated the EPIC for a range of DNA amounts using two-fold serial dilutions investigated on two different days. While the β-value distributions were generally unaffected by decreasing DNA amounts, the median squared Pearson’s...

Study and numerical analysis of Von Mises stress of a new tumor-type distal femoral prosthesis comprising a peek composite reinforced with carbon fibers: finite element analysis

Yu Guo & Wei Guo
Research on carbon-fiber-reinforced polyetheretherketone (CF-PEEK/CFR-PEEK) as a bone tumor joint prosthesis remains limited. Herein we numerically determine the feasibility of CF-PEEK material containing 30% Wt carbon fiber (CF30-PEEK) as a material for the dual-action tumor-type distal femoral prosthesis. Use CT scan method to build a complete finite element model of the knee joint. Simulate the resection of the distal femoral tumor, and then reconstruct it with the dual-action tumor-type distal femoral prosthesis. The femoral condyle...

Network pharmacology and in vitro experimental verification to explore the mechanism of Sanhua decoction in the treatment of ischaemic stroke

Wei Zhang, Li Zhang, Wen jun Wang, Shanbo Ma, Mingming Wang, Minna Yao, Ruili Li, Wei wei Li, Xian Zhao, Dongmei Hu, Yi Ding & Jingwen Wang
Stroke is an illness with high morbidity, disability and mortality that presents a major clinical challenge. Sanhua decoction (SHD) has been widely used to treat ischaemic stroke in the clinic. However, the potential mechanism of SHD remains unknown. To elucidate the multitarget mechanism of SHD in ischaemic stroke through network pharmacology and bioinformatics analyses. Network pharmacology and experimental validation approach was used to investigate the bioactive ingredients, critical targets and potential mechanisms of SHD against...

A transcriptomic analysis of neuropathic pain in the anterior cingulate cortex after nerve injury

Yu Zhang, Shiwei Jiang, Fei Liao, Zhifeng Huang, Xin Yang, Yu Zou, Xin He, Qulian Guo & Changsheng Huang
The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is a core brain region processing pain emotion. In this study, we performed RNA sequencing analysis to reveal transcriptomic profiles of the ACC in a rat chronic constriction injury (CCI) model. A total of 1628 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by comparing sham-operated rats with rats of 12 hours, 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after surgery, respectively. Although these inflammatory-related DEGs were generally increased after CCI, different kinetics...

Network pharmacology and in vitro experimental verification to explore the mechanism of Sanhua decoction in the treatment of ischaemic stroke

Wei Zhang, Li Zhang, Wen jun Wang, Shanbo Ma, Mingming Wang, Minna Yao, Ruili Li, Wei wei Li, Xian Zhao, Dongmei Hu, Yi Ding & Jingwen Wang
Stroke is an illness with high morbidity, disability and mortality that presents a major clinical challenge. Sanhua decoction (SHD) has been widely used to treat ischaemic stroke in the clinic. However, the potential mechanism of SHD remains unknown. To elucidate the multitarget mechanism of SHD in ischaemic stroke through network pharmacology and bioinformatics analyses. Network pharmacology and experimental validation approach was used to investigate the bioactive ingredients, critical targets and potential mechanisms of SHD against...

Timosaponin B-II alleviates osteoarthritis-related inflammation and extracellular matrix degradation through inhibition of mitogen-activated protein kinases and nuclear factor-κB pathways in vitro

Xinwei Liu, Dulei Xiang, Wenming Jin, Gen Zhao, Han Li, Bing Xie & Xiaochuan Gu
Osteoarthritis (OA), an inflammatory response in chondrocytes, leads to extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation and cartilage destruction. Timosaponin B-II (TB-II) is the main bioactive component of Rhizoma Anemarrhenae with reported antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. This study investigated the anti-OA function and mechanism of TB-II on IL-1β-stimulated SW1353 cells and primary rat chondrocytes. We firstly screened the concentration of TB-II in SW1353 cells and primary rat chondrocytes using CCK-8 assay. Thereafter, SW1353 cells and chondrocytes were, respectively,...

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  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
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  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
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